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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Directory Integration Platform
11g Release 1 (11.1.1)

Part Number E10031-06
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11 Synchronizing with Third-Party Metadirectory Solutions

To enable synchronization with supported third-party metadirectory solutions, the Oracle back-end directory uses change logs. The Oracle Directory Integration Platform does not provide mapping or scheduling services for third-party metadirectory solutions.

This chapter describes how change log information is generated and how supporting solutions use that information. It tells you how to enable third-party metadirectory solutions to synchronize with the Oracle back-end directory.

This chapter contains these topics:

11.1 About Change Logs

The Oracle back-end directory records each change as an entry in the change log container. A third-party metadirectory solution retrieves changes from the change log container and applies them to the third-party directory. To retrieve these changes, the third-party metadirectory solution must subscribe to the Oracle back-end directory change logs.

Each entry in the change log has a change number. The third-party metadirectory solution keeps track of the number of the last change it applied, and it retrieves from the Oracle back-end directory only those changes with numbers greater than the last change it applied. For example, if the last change a third-party metadirectory solution retrieved was a number of 250, then subsequent changes it retrieves would be greater than 250.

Note:

If a third-party metadirectory solution is not subscribed to the Oracle back-end directory change logs, and the first change it retrieves is more than one number higher than the last change it last applied, then some of the changes in the Oracle back-end directory change log have been purged. In this case, the third-party metadirectory solution must read the entire Oracle back-end directory to synchronize its copy with that in the Oracle back-end directory.

See Also:

"Components Involved in Oracle Directory Synchronization" for a conceptual discussion of directory integration profiles

11.2 Enabling Third-Party Metadirectory Solutions to Synchronize with the Oracle Back-end Directory

To enable third-party metadirectory solutions to retrieve changes from the Oracle back-end directory, perform the tasks described in this section.

11.2.1 Task 1: Perform Initial Bootstrapping

To bootstrap a directory to synchronize data between a local directory and the Oracle back-end directory, do the following:

  1. Find the number of the last change recorded in the Oracle back-end directory. This number is in the DSE root attribute, lastChangeNumber.

    To find the number of the last change recorded in the Oracle back-end directory, use the ldapsearch command. Enter the following command:

    ldapsearch -h host_name -p port_number -D binddn -q -s base \
    -b "" 'objectclass=*' lastchangenumber
    

    If the change log does not contain change entries because they have been purged, then the last change number retrieved is 0 (zero).

  2. Use the ldifwrite command to export data from the Oracle back-end directory into an LDIF file.

  3. Convert the LDIF file to a format suitable to the client directory, then load it into the client directory.

    Note:

    Initial bootstrapping is not required with a new installation of the Oracle back-end directory. In this case, the current change number of the newly installed Oracle back-end directory is 0 (zero).

    See Also:

    If your Oracle back-end directory is Oracle Internet Directory, see the ldifwrite section in the Oracle Internet Directory data management tools chapter of the Oracle Identity Management User Reference.

11.2.2 Task 2: Create a Change Subscription Object in the Oracle Back-end Directory for the Third-Party Metadirectory Solution

To enable a third-party metadirectory solution to synchronize with the Oracle back-end directory, you must create a change subscription object for it in the Oracle back-end directory. This gives the third-party metadirectory solution access to change log objects stored in the Oracle back-end directory.

11.2.2.1 About the Change Subscription Object

If Oracle Internet Directory is the Oracle back-end directory, the change subscription object is an entry located under the following container:

cn=Subscriber Profile,cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory

If Oracle Unified Directory or Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition is the Oracle back-end directory, the change subscription object is an entry located under the following container:

cn=Subscriber Profile,cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Directory Integration Platform, <suffix>

This change subscription object provides a unique credential for a third-party metadirectory solution to bind with the Oracle back-end directory and to retrieve changes from it. You associate the change subscription object with the auxiliary object class orclChangeSubscriber. This object class has several attributes, of which the following are mandatory:

  • userPassword

    Password to be used by the directory when accessing the change log object in the Oracle back-end directory.

  • orclLastAppliedChangeNumber

    Number of the change applied during the last synchronization. This attribute allows the directory to retrieve only the changes in the Oracle back-end directory it has not already applied.

11.2.2.2 Creating a Change Subscription Object

To create a change subscription object, use the ldapadd command. The following example uses an input file, named add.ldif, to create and enable a change subscription object, named my_change_subscription_object, under the following container:

  • If Oracle Internet Directory is the Oracle back-end directory:

    cn=Subscriber Profile,cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory
    
  • If Oracle Unified Directory or Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition is the Oracle back-end directory:

    cn=Subscriber Profile,cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Directory Integration Platform, <suffix>
    

The orclLastAppliedChangeNumber attribute is the current change number in the directory before initial bootstrapping—in this example, 250.

  • Edit the add.ldif file (in this example Oracle Internet Directory is the back-end directory):

    dn: cn=my_change_subscription_object,cn=Subscriber Profile,
      cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory
    userpassword: my_password
    orclLastAppliedChangeNumber: 250
    orclSubscriberDisable: 0
    objectclass: orclChangeSubscriber
    objectclass: top
    
    
  • Add the entry:

    ldapadd -h my_host -D binddn -q -p PORT -f add.ldif
    

    See Also:

    "Disabling and Deleting Change Subscription Objects" for instructions about temporarily disabling or deleting change subscription objects

11.3 Synchronization Process

This section contains these topics:

11.3.1 How a Connected Directory Retrieves Changes the First Time from the Oracle Back-end Directory

In this example, a connected directory with a change subscription object named my_change_subscription_object acquires changes from the Oracle back-end directory.

ldapsearch -h my_host -D binddn -q -p PORT -b "cn=changeLog" -s one  
(&(objectclass=changeLogEntry)  
(changeNumber >= orclLastAppliedChangeNumber ) 
( ! (modifiersname =cn=my_change_subscription_object,cn=Subscriber Profile,
     cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory ) ) )

When the directory is retrieving changes for the first time, the value for orclLastAppliedChangeNumber is the number you set in "Task 2: Create a Change Subscription Object in the Oracle Back-end Directory for the Third-Party Metadirectory Solution".

The (!(modifiersname=client_bind_dn)) argument in the filter ensures that the Oracle back-end directory does not return changes made by the connected directory itself.

11.3.2 How a Connected Directory Updates the orclLastAppliedChangeNumber Attribute in the Oracle Back-end Directory

After retrieving changes from the Oracle back-end directory, the connected directory updates the orclLastAppliedChangeNumber attribute in its change subscription object in the Oracle back-end directory. This allows the Oracle back-end directory to purge changes that connected directories have already applied. It also enables the connected directory to retrieve only the most recent changes, ignoring those it has already applied.

This example uses an input file, mod.ldif, in which the connected directory has a change subscription object named my_change_subscription_object, and the last applied change number is 121. The connected directory updates orclLastAppliedChangeNumber in its change subscription object in the Oracle back-end directory as follows:

  1. Edit the mod.ldif file:

    dn: cn=my_change_subscription_object,cn=Subscriber Profile,
    
        cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory
    changetype:modify
    replace: orclLastAppliedChangeNumber
    orclLastAppliedChangeNumber: 121
    
  2. Use the ldapmodify command to load the edited mod.ldif file:

    ldapmodify -h host -D binddn -q -p port -f mod.ldif
    

    See Also:

    If Oracle Internet Directory is your Oracle back-end directory, see the chapter about garbage collection in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Internet Directory for information about purging changes according to change numbers.

11.4 Disabling and Deleting Change Subscription Objects

You can temporarily disable or delete an existing change subscription object. This section contains these topics:

11.4.1 Disabling a Change Subscription Object

If a change subscription object already exists for a third-party metadirectory solution, but you want to disable it temporarily, then set the orclSubscriberDisable attribute to 1. The following example uses an input file, mod.ldif, to disable a change subscription object.

  • Edit the mod.ldif file (in this example Oracle Internet Directory is the back-end directory):

    dn: cn=my_change_subscription_object,cn=Subscriber Profile,
        cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory
    changetype: modify
    replace: orclSubscriberDisable
    orclSubscriberDisable: 1
    
  • Modify the entry:

    ldapmodify -h my_ldap_host -D binddn -q -p PORT -v -f mod.ldif
    

11.4.2 Deleting a Change Subscription Object

To delete a change subscription object, use the ldapdelete command. Enter the following command (in this example Oracle Internet Directory is the back-end directory):

ldapdelete -h ldap_host -D binddn -q -p ldap_port 
           "cn=my_change_subscription_object,cn=Subscriber Profile,
            cn=ChangeLog Subscriber,cn=Oracle Internet Directory"