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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Enterprise Deployment Guide for Oracle WebCenter Portal
11g Release 1 (11.1.1.7.0)

Part Number E12037-08
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6 Installing the Software for an Enterprise Deployment

This chapter describes the software installations required for the enterprise deployment reference topology for Oracle WebCenter Portal. You install Oracle HTTP Server and then Oracle Fusion Middleware.

This chapter contains the following sections:

6.1 Overview of the Software Installation Process

The enterprise deployment software installation is divided into two parts. The first part covers the required web tier installations, while the second part addresses the required Fusion Middleware (FMW) components. Later chapters describe the required configuration steps to create the reference topology for Oracle WebCenter Portal.

Obtaining the Software

For information about where to obtain the software, See "Obtain the Oracle Fusion Middleware Software" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Planning Guide for information on where to obtain the software.

Select one of the download locations and download "Oracle WebCenter Portal." The .zip archive file is saved to your system.

After you download the archive file, extract the archive file into a directory of your choice on the machine where you are performing the installation.

Software to Install

Table 6-1 shows what software should be installed on each host or be accessible from each host.

Table 6-1 Software To Be Installed On Each Host or Accessible From Each Host

Hosts Oracle
HTTP
Server
Oracle WebLogic Server Oracle
SOA
Suite
Oracle WebCenter Portal Oracle WebCenter Content

WEBHOST1

X

       

WEBHOST2

X

       

SOAHOST1

 

X

X

X

X

SOAHOST2

 

X

X

X

X

WCPHOST1

 

X

X

X

X

WCPHOST2

 

X

X

X

X


6.2 Installing Oracle HTTP Server

This section covers these topics:

6.2.1 Prerequisites to Installing Oracle HTTP Server

Prior to installing Oracle HTTP Server (OHS), check that your machines meet the following requirements:

  • Ensure that the system, patch, kernel, and other requirements are met as specified in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier.

  • Because Oracle HTTP Server is installed on port 7777 by default, you must make sure that port 7777 is not used by any service on the nodes. To check if this port is in use, run the following command before installing Oracle HTTP Server:

    netstat -an | grep 7777
    

    You must free port 7777 if it is in use.

  • On Linux platforms, if the /etc/oraInst.loc file exists, check that its contents are correct. Specifically, check that the inventory directory is correct and that you have write permissions for that directory. If the /etc/oraInst.loc file does not exist, you can skip this step.

  • Before starting the installation, make sure that the following environment variables are not set:

    • LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

    • ORACLE_INSTANCE

6.2.2 Installing Oracle HTTP Server on WEBHOST1 and WEBHOST2

As described in Chapter 4, "Preparing the File System for an Enterprise Deployment," you install Oracle Fusion Middleware in at least two storage locations for redundancy.

To install Oracle HTTP Server on WEBHOST1 and WEBHOST2:

  1. Start the installer for Oracle HTTP Server from the installation media:

    ./runInstaller

  2. In the Specify Inventory Directory screen, do the following:

    1. Enter HOME/oraInventory, where HOME is the home directory of the user performing the installation (this is the recommended location).

    2. Enter the OS group for the user performing the installation.

    3. Click OK.

    Follow the instructions on screen to execute /createCentralInventory.sh as root.

    Click OK.

  3. In the Welcome screen, click Next.

  4. In the Install Software Updates screen, select Skip Software Updates and click Next.

  5. In the Select Installation Type screen, select Install - Do Not Configure, and click Next.

  6. In the Prerequisite Checks screen, verify that all checks complete successfully, and click Next.

  7. In the Specify Installation Location screen, specify the following:

    • Fusion Middleware Home Location (installation location): ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw

    • Oracle Home Location Directory: web

    Click Next.

  8. In the Specify Security Updates screen, choose whether you want to receive security updates from Oracle support and if you do, enter your e-mail address.

  9. In the Installation Summary screen, review the selections to ensure they are correct. If they are not, click Back to modify selections on previous screens. When you are ready, click Install.

    On UNIX systems, if prompted to run the oracleRoot.sh script, make sure you run it as the root user.

    The Oracle HTTP Server software is installed.

  10. In the Installation Completed screen, click Finish to exit.

  11. Validate the installation by verifying that the following directories appear in the ORACLE_HOME directory after installing Oracle HTTP Server:

    • oracle_common

    • web

6.2.3 Backing Up the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation

The Fusion Middleware Home should be backed up now (make sure no server is running at this point):

WEBHOST1> tar -cvpf fmwhomeback.tar ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw HOME/oraInventory

6.3 Installing Oracle Fusion Middleware

This section describes how to install the required Oracle Fusion Middleware software for the enterprise deployment reference topology for Oracle WebCenter Portal. The software components to be installed consist of the Oracle WebLogic Server Home (WL_HOME) and Oracle Home (ORACLE_HOME). As described in Chapter 4, "Preparing the File System for an Enterprise Deployment,"you install Oracle Fusion Middleware in at least two storage locations for redundancy.

Note:

Before starting the setup process, read the Oracle Fusion Middleware Release Notes for additional installation and deployment information.

This section covers these topics:

6.3.1 Installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Creating the Fusion Middleware Home

Install Oracle WebLogic Server on SOAHOST1, SOAHOST2, WCPHOST1, and WCPHOST2.

Note:

If you are installing WebLogic Server on a 64-bit platform using a 64-bit JDK, follow the steps in section "Installing WebLogic Server on 64-Bit Platforms Using a 64-Bit JDK" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server instead of the steps in this section.

To install Oracle WebLogic Server:

  1. Start the installer for Oracle WebLogic Server from the installation media:

    $ ./wls1036_linux32.bin
    
  2. In the Welcome screen, click Next.

  3. In the Choose Middleware Home Directory screen, do the following:

    ORACLE_BASE is the base directory under which Oracle products are installed. The recommended value is /u01/app/oracle. See Section 4.3, "Recommended Locations for the Different Directories" for more information.

    Click Next.

  4. In the Register for Security Updates screen, enter your contact information so that you can be notified of security updates, and click Next.

  5. In the Choose Install Type screen, select Custom, and click Next.

  6. In the Choose Products and Components screen, click Next.

  7. In the JDK Selection screen, select only Oracle JRockit 1.6.0_<version> SDK, and click Next.

  8. In the Choose Product Installation Directories screen, accept the directories ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw/wlserver_10.3 and ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw/coherence_3.7, and click Next.

  9. In the Installation Summary screen, click Next.

    The Oracle WebLogic Server software is installed.

  10. In the Installation Complete screen, deselect the Run Quickstart check box and click Done.

6.3.2 Installing Oracle Fusion Middleware Components

This section covers these topics:

6.3.2.1 Installing Oracle SOA Suite

To install Oracle SOA Suite on SOAHOST1, SOAHOST2, WCPHOST1, and WCPHOST2:

Note:

Since the installation is performed on a shared storage, the MW_HOME is accessible and used by Oracle WebCenter Portal in WCPHOST1 and WCPHOST2.

  1. On Linux platforms, if the /etc/oraInst.loc file exists, check that its contents are correct. Specifically, check that the inventory directory is correct and that you have write permissions for that directory. If the /etc/oraInst.loc file does not exist, you can skip this step.

  2. Start the installer for Oracle SOA Suite from the installation media:

    ./runInstaller
    

    When the installer prompts you for a JRE/JDK location, enter the Oracle SDK location created in the Oracle WebLogic Server installation; for example, ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw/jrockit-jdk1.6.0_version. For more information, see Section 6.3.1, "Installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Creating the Fusion Middleware Home".

  3. In the Specify Inventory Directory screen, do the following:

    1. Enter HOME/oraInventory, where HOME is the home directory of the user performing the installation (this is the recommended location).

    2. Enter the Operating System Group name for the user performing the installation.

    3. Click OK.

    Follow the instructions on screen to execute /createCentralInventory.sh as root. Click OK.

    Note:

    The Specify Inventory Directory screen appears only on a UNIX operating system, for the first installation by Oracle Universal Installer. The installer will use the inventory directory to keep track of all Oracle products installed on the machine.

  4. In the Welcome screen, click Next.

  5. In the Install Software Updates screen, select Skip Software Updates and click Next.

  6. In the Prerequisite Checks screen, verify that all checks complete successfully, and click OK.

  7. In the Specify Installation Location screen, provide the installation location for Oracle SOA Suite. Select the previously installed Oracle Middleware Home from the drop-down list. For the Oracle Home directory, enter the SOA Suite directory name (soa).

    Figure 6-1 Specify Installation Location Screen in Installer Wizard

    Description of Figure 6-1 follows
    Description of "Figure 6-1 Specify Installation Location Screen in Installer Wizard"

    Click Next when you are done.

  8. In the Application Server screen, select WebLogic Server and click Next.

  9. In the Installation Summary screen, click Install.

    The Oracle Fusion Middleware SOA Suite software is installed.

  10. In the Installation Complete screen, click Finish.

  11. Validate the installation by verifying that the following files and directories appear in the ORACLE_HOME directory after installing both Oracle WebLogic Sever and Oracle SOA Suite:

    • coherence_X.X

    • jrockit-jdkY.Y

    • modules

    • oracle_common

    • registry.xml

    • utils

    • domain-registry.xml

    • logs

    • ocm.rsp

    • registry.dat

    • soa

    • wlserver_10.3

6.3.2.2 Installing Oracle WebCenter Portal

To install Oracle WebCenter Portal on SOAHOST1, SOAHOST2, WCPHOST1, and WCPHOST2:

  1. Start the installer for Oracle WebCenter Portal:

    ./runInstaller
    

    When the installer prompts you for a JRE/JDK location, enter the Oracle SDK location created in the Oracle WebLogic Server installation; for example, ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw/jrockit-jdk1.6.0_version. For more information, see Section 6.3.1, "Installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Creating the Fusion Middleware Home".

  2. In the Specify Inventory Directory screen, do the following:

    1. Enter HOME/oraInventory, where HOME is the home directory of the user performing the installation (this is the recommended location).

    2. Enter the Operating System Group name for the user performing the installation.

    3. Click OK.

    Note:

    The Specify Inventory Directory screen appears only on a UNIX operating system, for the first installation by Oracle Universal Installer. The installer will use the inventory directory to keep track of all Oracle products installed on the machine.

  3. In the Welcome screen, click Next.

  4. In the Install Software Updates screen, select Skip Software Updates and click Next.

  5. In the Prerequisite Checks screen, verify that all checks complete successfully, and click OK.

  6. In the Specify Installation Location screen, provide the installation location for Oracle WebCenter Portal. Select the previously installed Oracle Middleware Home from the drop-down list. For the Oracle Home directory, enter the WebCenter Portal directory name (wc).

    Click Next.

  7. In the Application Server screen, select WebLogic Server and click Next.

  8. In the Installation Summary screen, click Install.

    The Oracle WebCenter Portal software is installed.

  9. In the Installation Complete screen, click Finish.

  10. Validate the installation by verifying that the following directories and files appear in the ORACLE_HOME directory after installing both Oracle WebLogic Sever, Oracle SOA Suite, and Oracle WebCenter Portal:

    • coherence_version

    • jrockit-jdkversion

    • modules

    • oracle_common

    • registry.xml

    • utils

    • domain-registry.xml

    • logs

    • ocm.rsp

    • registry.dat

    • soa

    • wc

    • wlserver_10.3

6.3.2.3 Installing Oracle WebCenter Content

To install Oracle WebCenter Content on SOAHOST1, SOAHOST2, WCPHOST1, and WCPHOST2:

  1. Start the installer for Oracle WebCenter Content:

    ./runInstaller
    

    When the installer prompts you for a JRE/JDK location, enter the Oracle SDK location created in the Oracle WebLogic Server installation; for example, ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw/jrockit-jdk1.6.0_version. For more information, see Section 6.3.1, "Installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Creating the Fusion Middleware Home."

  2. In the Welcome screen, click Next.

  3. In the Install Software Updates screen, select Skip Software Updates and click Next.

  4. In the Prerequisite Checks screen, verify that all checks complete successfully, and click Next.

  5. In the Specify Installation Location screen, provide the installation location for Oracle WebCenter Content. Select the previously installed Oracle Middleware Home from the drop-down list. For the Oracle Home directory, enter directory name (wcc).

    Click Next when you are done.

  6. In the Application Server screen, make sure WebLogic Server is selected (which is the default), and click Next.

  7. In the Installation Summary screen, click Install.

    The Oracle WebCenter Content software is installed.

  8. In the Installation Complete screen, click Finish.

  9. Validate the installation by verifying that the following directories and files appear in the ORACLE_HOME directory after installing Oracle WebLogic Server, Oracle Fusion Middleware for SOA, Oracle WebCenter Portal, and Oracle WebCenter Content:

    • coherence_version

    • jrockit-jdkversion

    • modules

    • oracle_common

    • registry.xml

    • utils

    • domain-registry.xml

    • logs

    • ocm.rsp

    • registry.dat

    • soa

    • wc

    • wlserver_10.3

    • wcc

6.3.3 Backing Up the Fusion Middleware Installation

The Fusion Middleware Home should be backed up now from SOAHOST1 (make sure that you stop the servers first):

tar -cvpf fmwhomeback.tar ORACLE_BASE/product/fmw

This creates a backup of the installation files for both Oracle WebLogic Server and Oracle Fusion Middleware components.