|Oracle® Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Content
11g Release 1 (11.1.1)
Part Number E26692-01
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
This chapter provides information on Oracle WebCenter Content system administration responsibilities, tools, applets, and utilities. It also introduces the Oracle WebCenter Content administration interface.
This chapter includes the following topics:
The Oracle WebCenter Content system administrator must be assigned two administrator roles to be able to perform administrative tasks: first in the Oracle WebLogic Server domain through whatever authentication/authorization software is used for a site, and second in WebCenter Content through the Oracle WebLogic Server. Both roles are required for a user to have full administrative privileges for Enterprise Management Fusion Middleware Control, the Oracle WebLogic Server domain where WebCenter Content is deployed, and the WebCenter Content system and Content Server instance. An administrator is typically specified during WebCenter Content software installation. More than one system administrator can be assigned for WebCenter Content, such as an administrator with limited permissions, or an administrator for each Content Server instance. For more information, see Oracle WebCenter Content Installation Guide.
The default WebCenter Content administrator can use the Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control interface, the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console, and Content Server applications and utilities to perform administrative tasks including:
Starting and stopping Content Server instances
Configuring WebCenter Content system settings
Configuring WebCenter Content security configuration, both internal and integrated with Fusion Middleware components
Creating and assigning WebCenter Content user accounts, roles, permissions, user groups, and group accounts (this may be shared with the administrator of whichever authentication/authorization and database software is used for a site)
Configuring and implementing WebCenter Content search tools
Managing WebCenter Content system and custom components
Managing WebCenter Content system migration and archiving
Monitoring and troubleshooting Content Server instances
Additional tasks include configuring and managing Content Server features such as the Repository Manager, Workflow Admin, Inbound Refinery, Imaging, and Records. These tasks are documented in Oracle Fusion Middleware Managing Oracle WebCenter Content.
This document is written with the assumption that WebCenter Content software is already installed and ready for use. For information on installing WebCenter Content software with a Content Server instance and setting initial post-installation configuration options, see Oracle WebCenter Content Installation Guide.
Oracle provides tools for managing a WebCenter Content system with a Content Server instance. The WebCenter Content administrator should use these tools instead of directly editing configuration files to perform Content Server administrative tasks unless a specific procedure requires that a file be edited. Editing a file may cause the settings to be inconsistent and generate problems.
The WebCenter Content system includes specific administration utilities and applications for managing processes, providers, archives, user, and so forth.
See the browser considerations section in your installation and deployment guide for information about Java browser plug-ins and applet display issues.
Fusion Middleware Control is a Web-based interface from which you can monitor and administer a farm.
A farm is a collection of components managed by Fusion Middleware Control. It can contain an Oracle WebLogic Server domain, one Administration Server, one or more Managed Servers, clusters, one or more Oracle instances, and the Oracle Fusion Middleware components that are installed, configured, and running in the domain or Oracle instances, including Oracle WebCenter Content.
Fusion Middleware Control organizes a wide variety of performance data and administrative functions into distinct, Web-based home pages for the farm, domain, servers, components, and applications. These home pages make it easy to locate the most important monitoring data and the most commonly used administrative functions for a component from your web browser.
Fusion Middleware Control can be used to:
Start and stop Oracle WebLogic Server
Deploy and monitor SOA composite applications
Modify Oracle BPEL Process Manager MBean properties
Debug applications such as Oracle BPEL Process Manager applications
Deploy ADF applications
Deploy Java EE applications
Configure and manage auditing
View and manage log files
Manage Oracle HTTP Server
Manage Oracle Web Cache
Start and stop components
Start and stop applications
For more information about accessing Fusion Middlware Control to administer WebCenter Content, see Section 3.4. For more information about accessing and using Fusion Middleware Control, see "Getting Started with Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.
For detailed information while using the Fusion Middleware Control Console, you can click Help at the top of the page. In most cases, the Help window displays a help topic about the current page. Click Contents in the Help window to browse the list of help topics, or click Search to search for a particular word or phrase.
Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console is a Web-based interface that you use to manage a WebLogic Server domain. It is accessible from any supported Web browser with network access to the Administration Server. A WebLogic Server domain includes one or more WebLogic Servers. You manage your applications as part of a domain.
One instance of WebLogic Server in each domain is configured as an Administration Server. The Administration Server provides a central point for managing a WebLogic Server domain. All other WebLogic Server instances in a domain are called Managed Servers. In a domain with only a single WebLogic Server instance, that server functions both as Administration Server and Managed Server. The Administration Server hosts the Administration Console, which is a Web application accessible from any supported Web browser with network access to the Administration Server. Managed Servers host applications.
The Administration Console can be used to:
Configure, start, and stop WebLogic Server domains
Configure WebLogic Server clusters
Configure WebLogic Server services, such as database connectivity (JDBC) and messaging (JMS)
Configure security parameters, including creating and managing users, groups, and roles
Configure and deploy applications
Monitor server and application performance
View server and domain log files
View application deployment descriptors
Edit selected run-time application deployment descriptor elements
For detailed information on using the Administration Console, click Help from any Administration Console page.
The Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) can be used to manage Fusion Middleware components, such as WebCenter Content with a Content Server instance, from the command line.
The WebLogic Scripting Tool is a command-line scripting environment for creating, managing, and monitoring Oracle WebLogic Server domains. It is based on the Java scripting interpreter, Jython. In addition to supporting standard Jython features such as local variables, conditional variables, and flow control statements, the WebLogic Scripting Tool provides a set of scripting functions (commands) that are specific to Oracle WebLogic Server instances. Administrators can extend the WebLogic scripting language to suit site-specific needs by following the Jython language syntax.
WebCenter Content provides custom WLST commands for managing Content Server application connections (to the repository, portlet producers, external applications, and other back-end services). All the WLST commands specific to Content Server are described in the WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.
Content Server provides the following administration tools to configure and maintain system operation:
The following tools can be started only as standalone applications from the computer where the Content Server instance is installed:
Batch Loader: Update or check in a large number of content items simultaneously.
Component Tool: Install and enable or disable Content Server components using the command line.
Component Wizard: Create and install custom components to modify Content Server behavior.
Content Analyzer: Confirm the integrity of Content Server repository components, including the file system, database, and search index.
System Properties: Configure the system options and functionality of a Content Server instance.
The following management pages can be accessed by using a web browser and choosing Administration in the Content Server portal:
Admin Server: Configure system-wide settings and view Content Server status. A Content Server instance has its own Admin Server instance, which manages the Content Server instance on the WebCenter Content domain and WebLogic Server domain. Many of the functions provided by the Admin Server for a Content Server instance also can be performed using Fusion Middleware Control.
Providers: Add providers, configure provider information, and test providers.
The following Content Server applications can be started as standalone applications from the Admin Applets page, as applets through a web browser, or by choosing the Apps menu in each of the tools.
For more information on Configuration Manager, Repository Manager, Web Layout Editor, and Workflow Admin applications, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Managing Oracle WebCenter Content.
Archiver: Export, import, transfer, and replicate content server files and information. For details, see the chapter on managing system archiving and migration.
Configuration Manager: Manage content types, file formats, and custom metadata fields.
Repository Manager: Perform file diagnostics, file management functions, search data re-indexing, and subscription management functions.
User Admin: Manage the local user base, set up security (by assigning roles and permissions to users), define aliases, and manage security groups.
Web Layout Editor: Build a website, work with reports, write queries.
Workflow Admin: Set up workflows to route content to specific people for action.
The IdcShell tool enables administrators to run Idoc Script from a command line. Idoc Script is a proprietary server-side scripting language for WebCenter Content. For more information, see Section 4.6 and Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing with Oracle WebCenter Content.
The Admin Applets page provides access to Content Server administration applets and configuration tools. To access this page, log in as a WebCenter Content administrator and choose Administration, then Admin Applets.
The Apple Safari browser is incompatible with Content Server administration applets and tools accessed using the Admin Applets page.
You may experience problems if you start any Java applets (such as a Content Server administration applet or the multiple-file upload applet) from a browser that is using the Sun JDK 1.3/1.4 Java plug-in. These issues are related to authentication when launching an applet for the first time and applets closing when the parent window is changed.
The Administration tray is the default layout in the WebCenter Content interface to provide access to administration log files and to pages for configuring and managing Content Server applications and tools.
To access the Administration tray, log in as a Content Server administrator, then choose Administration to view available administration options. If your Content Server instance is configured to use Menus, choose Administration to view the same options in a menu layout. Figure 3-1 shows a sample Content Server tray layout with the Administration selection expanded to show options.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control is an alternate way to access WebCenter Content and Content Server related screens for performing basic administration tasks.
For more information, see "Getting Started Managing Oracle Fusion Middleware" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide.
You can also use Oracle Fusion Middleware with IBM WebSphere. For information about using administration tools for IBM WebSphere, see "Summary of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Management Tools on IBM WebSphere" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Third-Party Application Server Guide.
Fusion Middleware administrators can use Fusion Middleware Control to access and manage a Content Server instance. Fusion Middleware Control is configured for a domain and it is automatically started when you start the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Server.
To access Fusion Middleware Control:
Enter the Fusion Middleware Control URL in your Web browser. The URL must include the name of the host and the port number assigned during the installation.
adminServerHost, specify the name of the computer that hosts the WebLogic Server Administration Server for your domain. For
adminServerPort, specify the listen port number for the Administration Server. The default number is
7001. For example:
You can find the exact URL, including the administration port number, in the
Enter a valid Fusion Middleware administrator user name and password, and click Login.
A default user name for the administrator user is provided with the software. This is the account you can use to log in to Fusion Middleware Control for the first time. The password is the one supplied during the installation of Fusion Middleware.
The first page Fusion Middleware Control displays is the Farm domain home page. You can also view this page at any time by selecting the name of the farm in the navigation pane.
From the navigation pane, you can expand the tree and select a target to view and manage components in your farm.
The Content Server home page in the Fusion Middleware Control interface is your starting place for managing a Content Server instance.
From the Content Server home page you can:
Check the current status of an instance
View overall response time for services
View resource information on concepts and tasks
The Content Server home page displays the Content Server menu. From the Content Server menu you can:
Start and shut down an instance
Configure instance parameters and email settings
Monitor instance performance metrics
Analyze diagnostic information and log files
Modify attributes using the system MBean browser
View general information about the system configuration
Figure 3-2 Content Server Menu
To navigate to the Content Server home page:
Log in to Fusion Middleware Control. See Section 3.4.1, "Displaying the Fusion Middleware Control User Interface."
In the navigation pane, expand the tree to select the appropriate target domain name (for example,
Expand WebCenter, then Content, then Content Server.
Select the Content Server instance to navigate to the home page.
Figure 3-3 shows an example of navigation on a WebLogic Server to the instance:
Oracle WebCenter Content - Content Server (UCM_server1).
Figure 3-4 shows an example of navigation on an IBM WebSphere Application Server to the instance:
Oracle WebCenter Content - Content Server.
Figure 3-3 Navigation on WebLogic Server to Content Server
Figure 3-4 Navigation on WebSphere to Content Server
To access a running WebCenter Content instance as an administrator, start a web browser and enter the URL for the specific WebCenter Content configuration.
To access a Content Server instance:
Enter the URL:
Log in with the administrator user name and password for the WebLogic Server.
managedServerHost, specify the name of the computer that hosts the WebLogic Server Managed Server for the WebCenter Content domain where the Content Server instance is installed.
managedServerPort, specify the listen port number for the WebLogic Server Managed Server for the WebCenter Content domain where the Content Server instance is installed.
The default port number for a Content Server instance is
16200. For example:
To access an Oracle WebCenter Content: Inbound Refinery instance
Enter the URL:
Log in with the administrator user name and password for WebLogic Server. The default port number for Inbound Refinery is
To access an Oracle Webcenter Content: Imaging instance:
Enter the URL:
Log in with the administrator user name and password for WebLogic Server. The default port number for Imaging is
To access an Oracle WebCenter Content: Records instance:
Enter the URL:
Log in with the administrator user name and password for WebLogic Server. The default port number for Records is