Quick Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier
11g Release 1 (184.108.40.206.0)
This document describes how to install and configure Oracle Web Tier on a single host. All of the products in the Web Tier Utilities Suite will be installed and configured:
The following topics are covered:
The Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Web Tier can be installed and configured in one of the following ways:
In stand-alone mode. Oracle Web Tier is configured without a domain and administered from the command line.
Using Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control. This approach requires Oracle Web Tier to be associated with an existing WebLogic domain. For more information, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier.
This guide contains instructions for installing and configuring Oracle Web Tier on a single host in a stand-alone mode (the components will not be associated with a WebLogic domain). Figure 1 illustrates the topology that will be created on your system at the conclusion of this procedure.
Note that although Oracle WebLogic Server is not required to complete an Oracle Web Tier installation, the directory structure for the Middleware home must still be present. This is to make the directory structure for Oracle Web Tier consistent with other Oracle Fusion Middleware products, all of which require the existence of WebLogic Server and its corresponding directory structure.
In the case of an Oracle Web Tier installation in a stand-alone mode, the directory structure will still be created despite the absence of Oracle WebLogic Server.
This section contains important information you should read prior to installing Oracle Web Tier. The following topics are covered:
This section contains information to help you verify that your system environment meets the minimum requirements for installation:
Before performing any installation, you should read the system requirements and certification documents to ensure that your environment meets the minimum installation requirements for the products you are installing. Both of these documents are available on Oracle Technology Network (OTN):
"Oracle Fusion Middleware System Requirements and Specifications for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Release 1 (11.1.1)" at:
This document contains information related to hardware and software requirements, minimum disk space and memory requirements, and required system libraries, packages, or patches.
"Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations" at:
This document contains information related to supported installation types, platforms, operating systems, databases, JDKs, and third-party products.
For interoperability and compatibility issues that may arise when installing, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Interoperability and Compatibility Guide.
If you are using a 64-bit JVM in your environment, ensure that all your Oracle Fusion Middleware components are using the 64-bit JVM. You cannot mix components using a 32-bit JVM with those using a 64-bit JVM.
For more information, refer to the "System Requirements and Supported Platforms for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11gR1" document, available on the following page:
If your Oracle Fusion Middleware components are running in a 64-bit JVM environment, ensure that WebLogic Server is installed with the 64-bit JDK. For 32-bit JVM support, refer to the Oracle Fusion Middleware Release Notes for information on how to configure your environment for 32-bit JVM support for your platform.
This section contains important information regarding the installation of 32-bit Oracle Web Tier products on a 64-bit operating system. If this does not describe your environment, then, you can skip this section.
If you are installing the 32-bit version of the product on a Windows operating system, the system on which you are installing must also be a supported 32-bit system. Installing a 32-bit version of the product on a 64-bit system is not supported.
A 32-bit Linux version of Oracle Web Tier may be installed on most 64-bit Linux platforms. To see which platforms are supported, refer to the "System Requirements and Supported Platforms for Oracle Fusion Middleware 11gR1" document, available on the following page:
Ensure that you complete the pre-requisites procedure described in "Starting the 32-Bit Oracle Web Tier Installer on a 64-Bit Linux Operating System" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware System Requirements and Specifications document, available on the following page:
If you are installing Oracle Web Tier on a DHCP host, you must follow the configuration steps in this section for your platform.
On Linux operating systems, configure the host to resolve hostnames to the loopback IP address by modifying the
/etc/hosts file to contain the following entries:
127.0.0.1 hostname.domainname hostname 127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
After doing so, check that the hostname resolves to the loopback IP address by entering the following command:
On Windows operating systems, install a loopback adapter on the DHCP server (see Section 2.2.3, "Installing a Loopback Adapter (Windows Only)"). This assigns a local IP address to your computer.
After installing the adapter, add a line to the
%SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file with the following format, immediately after the
IP_address hostname.domainname hostname
IP_address with the local IP address of the loopback adapter.
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:
Open the Windows Control Panel.
Windows 2003: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, and then Add Hardware.
Windows XP: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, and then double-click Add Hardware.
In the "Add Hardware Wizard" window, click Next.
In the "Is the hardware connected?" window, select Yes, I have already connected the hardware, and then click Next.
In the "The following hardware is already installed on your computer" window, in the list of installed hardware, select Add a new hardware device, and then click Next.
In the "The wizard can help you install other hardware" window, select Install the hardware that I manually select from a list, and then click Next.
In the "From the list of hardware types, select the type of hardware you are installing" window, select Network adapters, and then click Next.
In the "Select Network Adapter" window, make the following selections:
Network Adapter: Microsoft Loopback Adapter
In the "The wizard is ready to install your hardware" window, click Next.
In the "Completing the Add Hardware Wizard" window, click Finish.
If you are using Windows 2003, restart your computer.
Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and choose Properties. This displays the Network Connections Control Panel.
Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually named "Local Area Connection 2". Select Properties.
On the "General" tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), then click Properties.
In the "Properties" dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the following:
IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP for the loopback adapter. Oracle recommends the following non-routable addresses:
192.168.x.x (x is any value between 1 and 255) 10.10.10.10
Subnet mask: Enter
Record the values that you have entered, you will need them later in this procedure.
Leave all other fields empty.
In the "Local Area Connection 2 Properties" dialog, click OK.
Close Network Connections.
Restart the computer.
To remove a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:
Start the System Control panel.
Windows 2003: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, and then System.
Windows XP: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, and then double-click System.
In the "Hardware" tab, click Device Manager.
In the "Device Manager" window, expand Network adapters. You should see Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
Right-click Microsoft Loopback Adapter and select Uninstall.
You can install Oracle Web Tier on a non-networked computer, such as a laptop. Because a non-networked computer has no access to other computers, you have to install all the components that you need on the computer.
In addition, you must follow the instructions in Section 2.2, "Installing on a DHCP Host" to install a loopback adapter and modify the
hosts file on your system.
You can install Oracle Web Tier on a multihomed computer. A multihomed computer is associated with multiple IP addresses. This is typically achieved by having multiple network cards on the computer. Each IP address is associated with a hostname; additionally, you can set up aliases for each hostname.
The installer picks up the fully qualified domain name from the first entry in
/etc/hosts file, on UNIX, and
%SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file, on Windows. So if your file looks like the following:
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost 10.222.333.444 examplehost1.example.com examplehost1 20.222.333.444 examplehost2.example.com examplehost2
examplehost1.example.com would be picked for configuration.
For specific network configuration of a system component, refer to the individual component's configuration documentation.
The Oracle Web Tier installer will present you with two types of installation:
Install and Configure
Install Software - Do Not Configure
The Install and Configure option installs the product binaries in an Oracle home directory, and create and configure a working instance in an Oracle instance directory. Common product binaries are also copied to the
oracle_common directory. If you choose to install Web Tier, and associate it with the Fusion Middleware (EM) Control, then you should be able to begin configuring and managing your products using the Enterprise Manager.
The Install Software - Do Not Configure option only installs the software binaries in an Oracle home directory, and also copies the common product binaries to the
oracle_common directory. You must then manually run the Configuration Tool from the bin directory in your Web Tier Oracle home to configure your products before you can use them. This option can be used to quickly create multiple instances of the software that share a common disk.
For more information about Oracle home and Oracle instance directories, see the "Oracle Fusion Middleware Directory Structure" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Planning Guide.
The instructions in this section describe how to install and configure a single instance of Oracle Web Tier on a single host in stand-alone mode, by choosing the Install and Configure installation type.
Table 1 describes the Oracle Web sites where you can download the latest Oracle Fusion Middleware software.
|Oracle Website||Purpose and Location|
Oracle Technology Network
If you are a developer, go to the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) to download Oracle software under the terms of the OTN Developer License:
For more information, refer to the Download and Certification Frequently Asked Questions document, which is available by clicking the FAQ icon on the main Middleware download page.
Note: Oracle Technology Network requires free registration.
My Oracle Support
If you are a customer with a valid support agreement with Oracle and you want to download software updates and fixes, then go to My Oracle Support:
To obtain the specific patch set numbers for your installation, as well as additional information about maintaining your software, refer to My Oracle Support document ID 1073776.1.
If you have purchased an Oracle software license and you want to download software under the terms of that license, or if you want to download Oracle software under the terms of the Oracle Electronic Delivery Trial License then go to Oracle E-Delivery:
After you download the archive file, unpack the archive file into a directory of your choice on the machine where you will be performing the installation.
To start the installer, go to the directory where you unpacked the archive file and switch to the
cd unpacked_archive_directory/Disk1 ./runInstaller
Starting the installer as
root user is not supported.
cd unpacked_archive_directory\Disk1 setup.exe
Follow the instructions below to install and configure Oracle Web Tier:
Install Software Updates Screen
If you want to search for and download software updates from My Oracle Support, enter My Oracle Support Account Username and Password, and then click Test Connection.
If you want to search your local directory for updates, select Search Local Directory for Updates, and then click Search For Updates.
If you want to skip software updates, then select Skip Software Updates.
Click Next to continue.
Select Installation Type Screen
Select Install and Configure.
Prerequisite Checks Screen
Oracle Middleware Home: Specify the directory where you want to create the Middleware home directory. If you already have Oracle WebLogic Server installed on your system, you can specify this installation location as the Middleware home.
Oracle Home Directory: Specify the directory where you want to install the software. This directory will be created inside the Middleware home.
You can specify a pre-existing directory that you want to use as the Oracle home; this must be an empty directory.
You can specify the name of a new directory that will be created for you inside the Middleware home.
This directory is referred to as
Web_Tier_ORACLE_HOME throughout this document.
For more information about the Middleware home and Oracle home directories, see "Oracle Fusion Middleware Directory Structure" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Planning Guide.
Specify Security Updates Screen
If you want to receive the latest product information and security updates, enter your E-mail address. If you have a My Oracle account and want to receive updates through this mechanism, select I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support, then enter your account password.
If you do not want to register for Oracle Configuration Manager, leave all the fields on this screen blank. You will be asked to confirm that you do not wish to receive updates for your configuration. Click Yes to confirm your selection.
Configure Components Screen
Make sure both Oracle HTTP Server and Oracle Web Cache are selected.
Since the instructions provided in this document are for a stand-alone Oracle Web Tier installation, make sure Associate Selected Components with WebLogic Domain is not selected.
Instance Home Location: Specify the directory where you want to create your Oracle instance. This will be your Oracle instance directory; runtime components will write only to this location.
Instance Name: Specify a unique name for this instance of Oracle Web Tier (for example,
OHS Component Name: Specify the name of your OHS component (for example,
Web Cache Component Name: Specify the name of your Web Cache component (for example,
Instance and component names may only contain alphanumeric, underscore (_), or hyphen (-) characters, must begin with an alphabetic (a-z or A-Z) character, and must be 4 to 30 characters in length.
Web Cache Administrator Password Screen
Specify the password for your Web Cache administrator. Valid passwords are 5 to 30 characters long, must begin with an alphabetic character, use only alphanumeric, underscore (_), dollar ($) or pound (#) characters and include at least one number.
Configure Ports Screen
Select Auto Port Configuration.
Installation Summary Screen
Installation Progress Screen
After the installation is 100% complete, click Next.
Installation Complete Screen
You can perform any combination of the following tasks to verify that your installation was successful:
Check for the presence of installation log files in
logs directory inside your Oracle Inventory directory. On UNIX, if you do not know the location of your Oracle Inventory directory, you can find it in the
/oraInst.loc file. On Windows, the default location for the inventory directory is
opmnctl status command from the
bin directory in your instance home location. For example, on UNIX:
> cd $INSTANCE_HOME/bin > ./opmnctl status Processes in Instance: instance2 ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------- ias-component | process-type | pid | status ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+--------- webcache1 | WebCache-admin | 24057 | Alive webcache1 | WebCache | 24056 | Alive ohs1 | OHS | 23890 | Alive
This information shows the components configured for this installation. The status "Alive" means the component is up and running.
opmnctl status -l command from the
bin directory in your instance home location to obtain a list of ports used by the components. For example, on UNIX:
> cd $INSTANCE_HOME/bin > ./opmnctl status -l ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+----------+------------+----------+-----------+------ ias-component | process-type | pid | status | uid | memused | uptime | ports ---------------------------------+--------------------+---------+----------+------------+----------+-----------+------ webcache1 | WebCache-admin | 24057 | Alive | 1067146469 | 43712 | 14:43:29 | http_admin:7799 webcache1 | WebCache | 24056 | Alive | 1067146468 | 64072 | 14:43:29 | http_stat:7800,http_invalidation:7801,https_listen:7802,http_listen:7798 ohs1 | OHS | 23890 | Alive | 1067146467 | 50260 | 14:43:39 | https:9999,https:4447,http:7777
Use the port numbers in this display to point your browser to the appropriate pages. Use the format:
Based on the information above, you would use the URLs in Table 2 to access the various pages from this configuration:
Oracle HTTP Server
Oracle HTTP Server SSL
Oracle Web Cache
Oracle Web Cache SSL
Oracle Web Cache Administration
Oracle Web Cache Statistics
You should always use the instructions provided in this section for removing the software. If you try to remove the software manually, you may experience problems when you try to reinstall the software again at a later time. Following the procedures in this section will ensure that the software is properly removed.
The Oracle Web Tier deinstaller gives you the following software removal options:
Deinstall Oracle Home
Deinstall ASInstances managed by WebLogic Domain
Deinstall Unmanaged ASInstances
In order to deinstall Oracle Web Tier properly, you must perform the following in order:
Start the deinstaller (see Section 6.1, "Starting the Deinstaller").
Remove all managed or unmanaged Oracle Instances (see Section 6.2, "Removing the Oracle Instances").
Run the deinstaller again to remove the Oracle home (see Section 6.3, "Removing the Oracle Home").
Remove the Oracle Common home (see Section 6.4, "Removing the Oracle Common Home").
If you are using a Windows operating system, remove the program groups (see Section 6.5, "Removing the Program Groups (Windows Only)").
If you are using a Windows operating system, reboot your computer (see Section 6.6, "Rebooting Your System (Windows Only)").
To start the deinstaller, navigate to the
/oui/bin directory, on UNIX and
\oui\bin directory, on Windows, and start the deinstaller.
On Windows systems, you can also start the deinstaller from the Start menu by selecting Programs, then selecting Oracle Web Tier 11g - Home1, and then Uninstall.
This document provided instructions for installing and configuring one unmanaged instance of Oracle HTTP Server and one unmanaged instance of Oracle Web Cache. These instances must be removed before the Oracle home directory is removed.
Select Deinstallation Type Screen
Select Deinstall Unmanaged ASInstances.
Specify Instance Location Screen
Specify the location of the Web Tier Oracle Instance; this location was provided on the Specify Component Details Screen (see Section 4, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Web Tier").
Click Next to continue.
Deinstallation Summary Screen
Verify the location and name of the Oracle Instance you are about to remove.
Click Deinstall to continue.
Deinstallation Progress Screen
This screen shows the progress and status of the deinstallation. No action is required; the installer will automatically advance to the next screen when deinstallation is complete.
Deinstallation Complete Screen
After the Oracle Instances are removed from your system, you should remove the Web Tier Oracle home. Before you choose to remove your Oracle home, make sure that it is not in use by an existing domain, and also make sure you stop all running processes that use this Oracle home.
Start the deinstaller again (see Section 6.1, "Starting the Deinstaller"), then follow the instructions in this section to remove your Oracle home:
Select Deinstallation Type Screen
Select Deinstall Oracle Home.
Deinstall Oracle Home Screen
Verify the Oracle home you are about to deinstall.
Click Deinstall to continue.
A warning dialog box will appear. Click Yes to confirm that you want to proceed with the deinstallation and remove the Oracle home directory.
Deinstall Progress Screen
This screen shows the progress and status of the deinstallation. No action is required; the installer will automatically advance to the next screen when deinstallation is complete.
Deinstall Complete Screen
On Windows operating systems, manually remove the Oracle home directory (even if you answer Yes in the warning dialog box).
For example, if your Oracle home directory is
C:\Oracle\Middleware\Oracle_WT1, then you should navigate to the
C:\Oracle\Middleware directory, right-click on the
Oracle_WT1 folder, and select Delete.
This procedure should also be repeated to manually remove the Oracle Common home directory on Windows operating systems after you have run the deinstaller to remove the Oracle Common home.
This section describes how to remove the
oracle_common directory. This directory contains its own deinstaller in the
oui/bin directory, on UNIX, and
oui\bin directory, on Windows, like any other Oracle home directory.
Before you begin, you must:
Stop all processes that use the
Remove all Oracle Instances (see Section 6.2).
Remove the Oracle home directory (see Section 6.3).
To start the deinstaller, go to the
/oracle_common/oui/bin directory, on UNIX, and
\oracle_common\oui\bin directory, on Windows, and start the deinstaller.
To start the deinstaller:
After you start the deinstaller, follow the instructions in Section 6.3 to remove the Oracle Common home.
On Windows operating systems, you must also manually remove the program groups from the
Start Menu\Programs folder. For example (the folder names and program group names on your system may be different), you might remove the following from
C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu\Programs:
Oracle Fusion Middleware 220.127.116.11.0
Oracle HTTP Server 11g - Home1
On Windows operating systems, you should reboot your computer after you have finished removing all your programs to ensure proper cleanup.
For additional information, refer to the Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier.
Printed documentation is available for sale through your Oracle representative or in the Oracle Store at:
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If you purchased Oracle Product Support, you can call Oracle Support Services for assistance. Oracle Support Services include phone assistance, version updates and access to our service offerings. You have access to phone support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In the U.S.A., you can call Product Support at 1-800-223-1711.
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It has technical forums, where you can post questions about your Oracle products and receive answers from Oracle Technical Support Analysts and other Oracle users. The questions and answers remain posted for the benefit of all users.
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For quick access to additional information, see Table 3:
|I want to...||Contact Information or Web Site|
Purchase additional products, full-use licenses, version updates, and documentation in the U.S.A.
Access technical resources for developers.
Access installation documentation.
Access information about technical support.
Locate local Oracle Support Centers outside the U.S.A.
Call Client Relations in the U.S.A.
Speak with your sales representative in the U.S.A.
Locate TTY Access to technical support in the U.S.A.
For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program website at
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Oracle Fusion Middleware Quick Installation Guide for Oracle Web Tier 11g Release 1 (18.104.22.168.0)
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