The image illustrates the details of the expires caching technique. The details are as follows:
The Oracle HTTP Server receives a PL/SQL Server Page request from a client server. The Oracle HTTP Server routes the request to mod_plsql.
The request is forwarded by mod_plsql to the Oracle Database.
mod_plsql invokes the PL/SQL procedure in the application and passes the usual Common Gateway Interface (CGI) environment variables to the application.
The PL/SQL procedure generates content to pass back. If the PL/SQL procedure decides that the generated content is cacheable, it calls the owa_cache procedure from the PL/SQL Web Toolkit to set the validity period and cache level:
The HTML is returned to mod_plsql.
mod_plsql stores the cacheable content in its file system for the next request.
The Oracle HTTP Server sends the response to the client browser.