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Oracle® Fusion Middleware SNMP Management Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server
11g Release 1 (10.3.6)

Part Number E13743-06
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4 Understanding SNMP Proxies

The following sections provide background information on WebLogic Server and SNMP proxy agents. For information on configuring a WebLogic Server agent to be a proxy for other SNMP agents, refer to "Create SNMP Proxies" in the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.

SNMP Agent as Proxy for Other Agents

WebLogic SNMP agents can function as master agents that forward (proxy) requests to other SNMP agents. To use the master agent functionality of a WebLogic Server agent, you assign branches of the registration tree (OID tree) as the responsibility of other SNMP agents. When an SNMP manager sends a request to a WebLogic SNMP agent, if the OID of the requested object is under the branch of the OID tree assigned to a proxied agent, then the WebLogic SNMP agent forwards the request to the proxied agent.

Note:

You cannot use a WebLogic Server SNMP agent as a proxy for SNMP agents in other WebLogic Server domains. For example, a WebLogic Server agent in domainA cannot proxy requests to a WebLogic Server agent in domainB. This limitation is in effect because all WebLogic Server agents use the same MIB root.

Instead of proxying requests to multiple WebLogic Server domains, you can place all of your server instances in a single domain and send requests directly to each Managed Server. See Narrowing the Scope of a Request.

Configuring the SNMP Protocols for Proxied Communication

When a WebLogic SNMP agent proxies requests to another agent, the communication process consists of separate events (conversations), each of which can use different SNMP protocols (see Figure 4-1):

  • Communication between the SNMP manager and the WebLogic SNMP agent.

    WebLogic SNMP agents can receive requests that use the SNMPv1, v2, or v3 protocols. If you want an agent to reject SNMPv1 or v2 requests, you can disable community-based access. See "Create SNMP Agents" in Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.

  • Communication between the WebLogic SNMP agent and the proxied agent.

    Regardless of the protocol used between a manager and a WebLogic SNMP agent, you can specify whether a WebLogic SNMP agent forwards SNMPv1 or v3 requests to proxied agents.

    If you specify a security name when you configure a proxy, then the WebLogic SNMP agent will always use SNMPv3 to communicate with the proxied agent. If you do not specify a security name, the WebLogic SNMP agent will always use SNMPv1. See "SNMP Proxies" in Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.

Figure 4-1 Separate Conversations for Proxied SNMP Communication

Description of Figure 4-1 follows
Description of "Figure 4-1 Separate Conversations for Proxied SNMP Communication"

Specifying Credentials for Proxied Communication

When the WebLogic SNMP agent receives a request from a manager, it always authenticates and performs other security operations on the request before determining if it should process the request itself or forward it to a proxied agent. Therefore, regardless of the protocol or the credentials that are used for communication between the SNMP manager and the WebLogic SNMP agent, the WebLogic SNMP agent supplies its own credentials for its conversation with the proxied agent.

If you want to use SNMPv1 to communicate with the proxied agent, use the WebLogic Server Administration Console to specify a community name to secure the communication. By default, the WebLogic SNMP agent sends public as the community name. If you want to use SNMPv3 to communicate with the proxied agent, specify a security name and security level. See "Create SNMP Proxies" in Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.

Choosing Listen Ports for Proxied Agents

By default a WebLogic SNMP agent listens for management requests on port 161. If a WebLogic SNMP agent is to proxy for other SNMP agents, then those other agents must be configured to listen for SNMP management requests on some other port. For information on configuring the WebLogic Server SNMP agent, see "Create SNMP Agents" in the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.

The Microsoft Windows SNMP Service

While a WebLogic Server SNMP agent can be a proxy for other SNMP agents, it cannot be configured as a subagent of the Microsoft Windows SNMP agent service.

Using Microsoft Extension Agent API, the Microsoft Windows 2000 SNMP agent service can be a proxy for other SNMP agents. However, WebLogic Server does not support this feature and cannot use the Windows SNMP agent as a proxy.