|Oracle® Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data .NET API Interface Guide
Release 11g R1 (22.214.171.124)
Part Number E35529-01
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
.NET API Interface Guide
Release 11g R1 (126.96.36.199)
This document provides information about the Enterprise DQ for Product (EDQP) .NET application programming interface (API). The EDQP .NET API provides a communication interface to the Oracle DataLens Servers and includes the following:
The EDQP .NET API is developed using the Microsoft .NET Framework 2 (Microsoft .NET Framework 4 is also supported). It is a language-neutral platform for you to use to integrate the .NET API into your applications.
The EDQP .NET API uses only the data structures defined in the common type system of Microsoft .NET. In addition, it conforms to the common language infrastructure, which means that the EDQP .NET API object instances and data types may be exchanged between any applications (or libraries) written in any Microsoft .NET language. The EDQP .NET API can be integrated into the following:
Microsoft .NET and other .NET languages such as C#, C++, F#
Microsoft Office applications, such as Excel and Access
Microsoft Active Server Pages (ASP) .NET Applications
HTML pages and Internet Information Services (IIS) servers
This section introduces the EDQP .NET API components that work together to provide Microsoft .NET data access to Oracle DataLens Servers and describes how they relate to each other.
The EDQP .NET API package contains the
DataLensServices.dll and that is comprised of API classes, objects, and functions for you to use in your applications to communicate with your Oracle DataLens Servers. It can be used on systems running the Microsoft Windows operating system.
DataLensServices.dll assembly contains the following:
The EDQP .NET API contains all the classes that are used to interact with the Oracle DataLens Server to allow you to do the following:
authenticate with the Oracle DataLens Server
connect to the entire Oracle DataLens Server topology
obtain access to individual Oracle DataLens Servers
obtain Data Service Application (DSA) information
run DSA jobs
The TransformInfo component contains metadata classes that contain the objects with information from EDQP .NET API requests that include:
data lens server group information
metadata about transformed data records and fields from DSA jobs
This section describes installation and configuration requirements for EDQP .NET API.
Note:If you have installed the EDQP Services for Excel application on your Windows system, the EDQP .NET API is already installed and no further installation is necessary.
It is important to note the following about the EDQP .NET API:
It was developed and compiled with the Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 release.
All libraries and software necessary to this API are included as part of the Microsoft .NET system libraries; there are no third-party libraries used by the API so it can be used:
to access the Oracle DataLens Server from a Microsoft ASP or .NET application.
to be embedded in applications, such as Microsoft Excel and Access using .NET integration or VBA scripting.
from any application that supports the Microsoft .NET interface.
You must ensure that the Microsoft .NET Framework 2 is installed on your Windows-based system. You can obtain the installation instructions and the download file from the Microsoft website at
The EDQP .NET API is provided as part of your Oracle DataLens Server installation, though it is not automatically loaded onto your system for you. This means that you need to register it on your system for use by your Microsoft ASP or Office applications.
To register the appropriate dynamic link libraries (DLLs) on your Windows system:
Open a Windows Command Prompt (
cmd.exe) in the directory you installed the Microsoft .NET Framework 2 as an administrator user.
Register the .NET assembly by entering:
A confirmation message is displayed that indicates the success of the DLL registration.
DataLensServices.dll to Global Assembly Cache by entering:
gacutil /i DataLensServices.dll
Close the Command Prompt window.
If you want to use the EDQP .NET API with Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 or 2010, you must add a reference to it in your project. In the following example, the'DataLensServices_x86' reference added is for use with 32-bit applications:
If you want to interface with 64-bit applications, then you must add a reference to 'DataLensServices_x64' in the same manner.
Either reference sets the
DataLensServices namespace so that all the objects that are created in your source do not need to be prefixed with a
DataLensServices. The examples in this document are formatted in this manner.
The DSA interface and the associated job interface in the EDQP .NET API provide the highest level of abstraction from the low-level processing, minimizing the amount of code that must change when modifying the DSAs and data lenses.
The EDQP .NET main objects that you can use in the API are:
This error object is inherited from all API objects. The status of any object can be checked by accessing the members of this class.
This top level object contains information on all the server groups in the topology. It contains a collection of
TopologyServer objects based on the currently active Server Group as follows:
TopologyServer—-A particular server in the topology (from the system object) to which job requests are made. The server has jobs.
Job—-This is a particular DSA job. Monitors the progress of that job. Retrieves the results of specific steps from the job. Contains a collection of
||A collection of the result data from the DSA job.|
||A collection of the individual fields in each record.|
This section describes how to use the EDQP .NET API when developing your applications.
Topology object has information on the entire EDQP Topology, which includes all server groups (pods) and all Oracle DataLens Servers contained within each pod. When a pod has been selected for processing within a topology, then a
TopologyServer object can be obtained from that particular pod. This server object can be used directly to run DSA jobs.
There are three steps to activating a
TopologySystem object before it is ready for production use:
Log on to the Oracle DataLens Administration Server in your topology.
Activate the Server Group that you want to use for DSA job processing.
Get an active server to use for processing a job.
The following sections provide examples of how to use the
TopologySession object can be used as follows:
Public g_oTopologySession As TopologySession = New TopologySession()
The following sections describe an example method of creating a Topology Server object.
Use the server name and port with a valid user name and password to log on to your Oracle DataLens Server Topology as in the following example:
bLoggedIn = g_oTopologySession.SessionLogon(sServerName, sServerPort, sUsername, sPassword) If bLoggedIn = True Then ' Success! Else ' Failure MsgBox(g_oTopologySession.errorMsgTerse) End If
This example uses the error message from the
TopologySession object. All the objects in the EDQP .NET API are derived from the
ApiError class and use these error status fields.
In a production environment, the server pod types can be checked and you can automate the activation of a server group based on the type. So if you had 4 server groups, then you would select the server group that is a production group and set that as the active pod. This avoids the need for the name of the server group to be included in the software code in case it should change in the future. For example:
Dim oInfoPods As DataLensServices.InfoPods = g_oTopologySession.getPods() If oInfoPods.isDlsError Then MsgBox(oInfoPods.errorMsgTerse) Exit Sub End If Dim colPods As List(Of InfoPod) = oInfoPods.getPods() Dim pod As DataLensServices.InfoPod For Each pod In colPods currPodId = CStr(pod.id) currPodName = pod.Name currPodType = pod.podAreaType Next
The topology may have only an Oracle DataLens Administration Server, or it may have any combination of Production, QA or Development Server Groups. A server group must be activated before any DSA jobs can be run. In a production environment, the server group can be a parameter in the end-user application, rather than retrieving a list and selecting the group of interest. For example:
If g_oTopologySession.setActivePod(currPodId) Then 'successfully set Else MsgBox("Error setting " + currPodName + " as current Server Group" End If
Your client applications must ensure that the user you used to log in to the topology has the correct permissions to run DSAs in a particular server group. The
TopologySession object is used to do this by beginning with an activated
TopologySession object as in the following example:
' Check if the user has rights to run this job. If g_oTopologySession.canRunDSA Then RichTextBox_job.AppendText("Starting User Test at " + CStr(DateTime.Now) + vbCrLf) Else MsgBox("User " + g_oTopologySession.InfoUser.name + " Does not have capability to run in this Server Group") Return End If
For more information about users, see Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Oracle DataLens Server Administration Guide.
All the servers in the currently active server group are stored as
TopologyServer objects in the
TopologySession object. If there multiple servers in the server group, then each call to the
getServer function returns a different server in the server group using a round-robin approach. This approach helps distribute the processing load across all the servers in a server group. These server objects are cached in the
TopologySession object so that there is no performance penalty with distributing the processing load among all the servers in the pod.
Use the following standard method of the
TopologySession object to get a topology server:
g_oTopologyServer = g_oTopologySession.getServer() If g_oTopologyServer.isDlsError Then MsgBox("Error: " & g_oTopologyServer.errorMsg & vbCrLf) Exit Sub End If
TopologyServers object is used to perform DSA jobs and other actions. Use of this object is dependent on the creation of a
TopologySession object as described in Section 4.1, "Using the Topology Object".
Public g_oTopologyServer As TopologyServer = New TopologyServer()
When a DSA job is run against a particular Oracle DataLens Server, the DSA is then always run on that particular server. The processing of the Transform Maps and data lenses can run on any server in the same server group that the DSA is a member of. The server decides which server to use based on the load on each server, which automatically provides load balancing. For information about configuring each server to run particular types of maps or data lenses, see Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Oracle DataLens Server Administration Guide.
When you have a topology server obtained using the
TopologySession object, you can use this in conjunction with a job object to run a DSA job. The following example creates a job object and assigns it to the obtained server in your
' Create the Job object Dim oJob As Job = New Job oJob.topologyServer = g_oTopologyServer
Next, you set the basic options for the DSA job as in this example:
' Set all the basic job data Dim sPriority As String = "High" Dim sDescription As String = "Process Acme Product Data" Dim sWorkflow As String = "myDSA" Dim sRuntimeLocale As String = "en_US"
The input data is a collection of input lines, each with a collection of input data fields that must be provided to the DSA job as in this example:
Dim rec1 As System.Collections.ArrayList = New System.Collections.ArrayList Dim m_cInputCol As System.Collections.ArrayList = New System.Collections.ArrayList Rec1.add() = "17 Rec1.add() = "resistor, 10 ohm, 20w, 25% 5 v" m_cInputCol.Add(rec1)
Once you have created the job object, set the job options, and provided the input data, you run the job as in this example:
'Run the Job Dim lJobId As Long ' Use the Collections Interface lJobId = oJob.start(sPriority, sDescription, sWorkflow, m_cInputCol, sRuntimeLocale)
You must continue to check the status of the job until it has completed so that you can retrieve the results if the job successfully runs as in this example:
' Synchronously get the results; ' The function call will not return till the data is ready Dim oTransformedRecords As TransformedRecords oTransformedRecords = oJob.getResultData(lJobId, True) If oTransformedRecords.isDlsError Then MsgBox(oTransformedRecords.errorMsgTerse) End If
Finally, you iterate through the collection of returned data from your DSA job as in this example:
'Iterate through the collection of transformed records ' and the collection of transformed fields Dim sField As String For Each oTransformedRecord In oTransformedRecords.Items Dim oTransformedField As TransformedField For Each oTransformedField In oTransformedRecord.Items sField = oTransformedField.value textBox.AppendText(sField + vbTab) Next textBox.AppendText(vbCrLf) Next
You can manually create a server object as a shortcut to creating a
TopologyServer object; this does not require an activated
TopologySession object to create the
TopologyServer object. Additionally, this method bypasses the topology login, server group selection, and the round-robin accessing of the topology servers.
This is useful in an environment where you want to re-instantiate these classes each time there is a call, rather than keeping a
TopologySession object in memory.
An example of this manual creation is as follows:
g_oTopologyServer = g_oTopologySession.createDataServer(serverName.Text, serverPort.Text, serverUser.Text) If g_oTopologyServer.isDlsError Then 'oops End If
When manually creating a server object, there are no checks to ensure that the server name and port are correct or that the user is a valid user in the topology.
This manually created
TopologyServer object can be used to run jobs the same as a
TopologyServer object created with the
TopologySession standard method.
You can set the following optional parameters for use when running a job:
Email output from a job.
FTP output from a job.
Filtering out control characters from the input data prior to submitting the job.
Changing the separator character. This is used internally between DSA job steps during processing and is used to separate output data fields for file, email, or FTP output. The default is the TAB character.
Examples of these settings are as follows:
If outputEmail.Checked Then oJob.email = outputEmail.Text ElseIf outputFTP.Checked Then oJob.ftp = outputFTP.Text End If oJob.filterData = True oJob.separatorChar = "|"
You can set the job priority using the following valid values:
This is a similar call to the
ojob.start() object previously described. This call,
oJob.startFile, uses 3 additional parameters as follows:
filePath - The path to the input text file.
RTOutput flag - if the results of the job need to be retrieved.
The final parameter (
"\tmp" in the example) sets the location of where output data files are written. This is only used if the
RTOutput flag is set to
An example of how
oJob.startFile is as follows:
lJobId = oJob.startFile(sPriority, sDescription, sWorkflow, filePath, sRuntimeLocale, isRTOutput, "\tmp")
This is useful if you want to process a large amount of data with the .NET API and do not want your program to hang while waiting for the job results to be ready.
Use the same call as in Section 4.2.1, "Running a DSA Job" (
oJob.getResultData(jobId, syncFlag)) though you set the Synchronous flag to
An example of a simple way to check when the job has completed is as follows:
' Asynchronously get the results Do oTransformedRecords = oJob.getResultData(lJobId, False) If oTransformedRecords.isDlsError Then If oTransformedRecords.errorCode = oJob.JOB_NOT_COMPLETED Then System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5 * 1000) ' Sleep for 5 seconds Else MsgBox(oTransformedRecords.errorMsgTerse) Exit Sub End If End If Loop While oTransformedRecords.errorCode = oJob.JOB_NOT_COMPLETED
There is no client-side debugging toggle to review the actual HTTP request and response SOAP calls. However, there is a better way to look at this data in the development stage of a project. You turn on Server Tracing on your Oracle DataLens Development Server, then the output of this is written into the log file. The log file will contain the actual requests from the .NET API with the data and the DSA job processing server response from the Oracle DataLens Server.
For information about toggling on server-side tracing, see Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Oracle DataLens Server Administration Guide.
You can use a database query as input to your DSA jobs by replacing the
System.Collections.ArrayList parameter with the
To set the parameters on the job object prior to this call in the same manner as described Section 4.1, "Using the Topology Object", the following example could be used:
Dim arrQueryParameterList arrQueryParameterList = Split("p1|p2|p3, "|") ' Create the Job object Dim oJob As Job = New Job oJob.topologyServer = g_oTopologyServer ' Run a job with database input and an array of Db parameters lJobId = oJob.startDb(sPriority, sDescription, _ sDSAName, arrQueryParameterList, sRuntimeLocale)
You can run the job in real-time (synchronously) as in this example:
' Synchronously get the results; ' The function call will not return till the data is ready Dim oTransformedRecords As TransformedRecords oTransformedRecords = oJob.getResultData(lJobId, True) If oTransformedRecords.IsError Then MsgBox (oTransformedRecords.errorMsg) GoTo exception End If
Alternatively, you can run the job in the background (asynchronously) as in this example:
' Asynchronously get the results Do oTransformedRecords = oJob.getResultData(lJobId, False) If oTransformedRecords.IsError Then If oTransformedRecords.errorCode = oJob.JOB_NOT_COMPLETED Then Sleep (5 * 1000) Else MsgBox (oTransformedRecords.errorMsg) GoTo exception End If End If Loop While oTransformedRecords.errorCode = oJob.JOB_NOT_COMPLETED
The transformed DSA job results can be retrieved directly from the job object by using named DSA output steps. This is useful for integrating a Transform Map process into an application where there are multiple outputs to be used for different purposes within the application. For example:
' Synchronously get the results (Note: if the flag is False, then the call is asynchronous) oTransformedRecords = oJob.getResultStepData(lJobId, sStepName, True) If oTransformedRecords.IsError Then MsgBox (oTransformedRecords.errorMsg) GoTo exception End If
The transformed DSA job results can be retrieved directly from the individual DSA output steps using
JobStep. This gives you control of the job at the individual DSA output step level. This is useful for an application where the actual names of the output steps are not known at run-time. For example:
'Retrieve result sets for all output steps Dim oJobStep As JobStep Dim oTransformedRecords As TransformedRecords For Each oJobStep In oJob.steps If oJobStep.isOutputStep Then RichTextBox.AppendText(vbCrLf + "Output Step: " + oJobStep.name + vbCrLf) If oJobStep.isCompleted Then oTransformedRecords = oJobStep.getResults(g_oTopologyServer, True) If oTransformedRecords.isDlsError Then MsgBox(oTransformedRecords.errorMsgTerse) Exit Sub End If Dim oTransformedRecord As TransformedRecord For Each oTransformedRecord In oTransformedRecords.Items Dim colFields As System.Collections.ArrayList = oTransformedRecord.Items Dim sFields As String = "" Dim oField As Object For Each oField In oTransformedRecord.Items sFields = sFields + oField.Value + vbTab Next RichTextBox.AppendText(sFields + vbCrLf) Next End If Else ' No need to output the non-output step names 'RichTextBox_jobStep.AppendText("Process Step: " + oJobStep.name + vbCrLf) End If Next
This section describes some examples of how to retrieve information about your Oracle DataLens Server and the DSAs on the server.
The following example lists all the jobs on a particular server group:
Dim oJob As Job Dim oJobs As Jobs Dim bListAllServers As Boolean Dim sinceSecs As Long ' use 0 to list all the jobs. This will list all jobs in the last hour sinceSecs = 3600 ' The TopologyServer object will not refresh the job list once it has been created for performance. ' In order to get a fresh list, we must reset the Topology Server object. g_oTopologyServer.resetJobs() Dim bRefresh As Boolean = False If CheckBox_topSrv_userJobs.Checked Then Dim user As String = g_oTopologyServer.user oJobs = g_oTopologyServer.getJobsBySubmitter(user, bListAllServers, sinceSecs, bRefresh) Else oJobs = g_oTopologyServer.getJobs(bListAllServers, sinceSecs, bRefresh) End If If oJobs.isDlsError Then RichTextBox.AppendText("Error loading TransformSystem... " & oJobs.errorMsg + vbCrLf) Exit Sub End If Dim sUserName As String = g_oTopologyServer.user Dim sJobInfo As String = "" For Each oJob In oJobs.Jobs sJobInfo = sJobInfo + displaySingleJob(oJob) Next
You can list the individual job information as in this example:
Private Function displaySingleJob(ByVal oJob As Job) As String Dim m_tmpStatus As String m_tmpStatus = vbCrLf + "Job Id: " & CStr(oJob.jobId) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += CStr(oJob.priority) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.getStatusDesc(oJob.status) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.runtimeLocale + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.createdBy + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.description + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.definition + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.startTime + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.endTime + vbTab m_tmpStatus += oJob.server + vbTab m_tmpStatus += " Completed: " + CStr(oJob.isCompleted) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += " Cancelled: " + CStr(oJob.isCanceled) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += " Results retrieved: " + CStr(oJob.isResultsRetrieved) + vbTab m_tmpStatus += " Error Msg: " + oJob.errorMsg + vbTab displaySingleJob = m_tmpStatus End Function
You can list information about the DSA jobs that have been submitted to an Oracle DataLens Server using the
The following example lists all of the DSAs that are available to run in the current server group:
Dim oProcessMaps As Dsas = g_oTopologyServer.getDsas If oProcessMaps.isDlsError Then MsgBox(oProcessMaps.errorMsgTerse) Exit Sub End If Dim oProcessMap As Dsa For Each oProcessMap In oProcessMaps.Items RichTextBox.AppendText(oProcessMap.name + vbCrLf) Next
You can list the information about a particular DSA on your server as in the following example:
Dim oPMap As Dsa = g_oTopologyServer.getDsa(SvrDsa.Text) If oPMap.isDlsError Then MsgBox(oPMap.errorMsgTerse) Exit Sub End If RichTextBox.AppendText("Name: " + oPMap.name + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText("Desc: " + oPMap.description + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText("Is Db Input: " + CStr(oPMap.hasDbDataSource) + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText("Num Db Parms: " + CStr(oPMap.dbParameterCount) + vbCrLf) 'Input Steps RichTextBox.AppendText("Input Steps: " + vbCrLf) Dim cInput As System.Collections.ArrayList = oPMap.inputSteps Dim step1 As DsaStep ' the step is a jobStep object For Each step1 In cInput RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + step1.name + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + "Description: " + step1.description + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + "Data Fields:" + vbCrLf) Dim cInputFields As List(Of String) = step1.inputFields Dim sField As Object For Each sField In cInputFields RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + vbTab + sField + vbCrLf) Next Next 'Output Steps RichTextBox.AppendText("Output Steps: " + vbCrLf) Dim cOutput As System.Collections.ArrayList = oPMap.outputSteps ' the step is a jobStep object For Each step1 In cOutput RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + step1.name + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + "Description: " + step1.description + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + "Dont Return Results: " + CStr(step1.dontReturnResults) + vbCrLf) RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + "Data Fields:" + vbCrLf) Dim cOutputFields As List(Of String) = step1.outputFields Dim sOutField As Object For Each sOutField In cOutputFields RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + vbTab + vbTab + sOutField + vbCrLf) Next Next 'Db Connections RichTextBox.AppendText("Db Connections: " + vbCrLf) Dim cConnections As System.Collections.ArrayList = oPMap.dbConnections Dim connection As Object For Each connection In cConnections RichTextBox.AppendText(vbTab + connection + vbCrLf) Next
You use the
ApiError object to monitor error status and display any errors that occur.
The fields that are available to check the error status in all of the EDQP .NET API objects are:
isDlsError—A flag that checks the error status of any .EDQP .NET API objects.
errorMsg—A full error message, often with SOAP fragments and stack trace.
errorMsgTerse—A shorter error message, suitable for display to users.
errorCode—An integer error code that can be use to check the fault state.
In the example in Section 188.8.131.52, "Logging On to the Topology", if an error occurs then a standard Microsoft Windows message box would be displayed because the following line of code was included:
MsgBox("User " + g_oTopologySession.InfoUser.name + " Does not have capability to run in this Server Group")
All of the EDQP .NET API objects keep track of the error state. This includes the API objects and the objects that return collections of data. You can add the following check to retrieve the client-side exceptions:
If oDlsObject.IsError Then ' oSilverCreekObject.errorMsg End If
Server-side errors are propagated back to the client where they can be monitored and reported on.
This document is intended for programmers who are developing applications to access an Oracle DataLens Server using the EDQP .NET API.
To use this document, you must be familiar with Microsoft .NET Framework classes and ADO.NET and have a working knowledge of application programming using Microsoft C#, Visual Basic .NET, or another .NET language.
Although the examples in the documentation and the samples in the sample directory are written in Microsoft .NET, developers can use these examples as models for writing code in other .NET languages.
For more information, see the following documents in the EDQP documentation set:
The Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Getting Started Guide provides information about how to get started with EDQP.
The Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Oracle DataLens Server Installation Guide provides detailed Oracle DataLens Server installation instructions.
The Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Oracle DataLens Server Administration Guide provides information about managing an Oracle DataLens Server including users and user roles.
See the latest version of this and all documents in the Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data Documentation Web site at
For additional information about Microsoft .NET, see:
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Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for Product Data .NET API Interface Guide, Release 11g R1 (184.108.40.206)
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