man pages section 3: Basic Library Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

dup2(3C)

Name

dup2 - duplicate an open file descriptor

Synopsis

#include <unistd.h>

int dup2(int fildes, int fildes2);

Description

The dup2() function causes the file descriptor fildes2 to refer to the same file as fildes. The fildes argument is a file descriptor referring to an open file, and fildes2 is a non-negative integer less than the current value for the maximum number of open file descriptors allowed the calling process. See getrlimit(2). If fildes2 already refers to an open file, not fildes, it is closed first. If fildes2 refers to fildes, or if fildes is not a valid open file descriptor, fildes2 will not be closed first.

The dup2() function is equivalent to fcntl(fildes, F_DUP2FD, fildes2).

Return Values

Upon successful completion a non-negative integer representing the file descriptor is returned. Otherwise, −1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

Errors

The dup2() function will fail if:

EBADF

The fildes argument is not a valid open file descriptor.

EBADF

The fildes2 argument is negative or is not less than the current resource limit returned by getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, . . .).

EINTR

A signal was caught during the dup2() call.

EMFILE

The process has too many open files. See fcntl(2).

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
MT-Level
Async-Signal-Safe
Standard

See Also

close(2), creat(2), exec(2), fcntl(2), getrlimit(2), open(2), pipe(2), attributes(5), standards(5)