man pages section 3: Basic Library Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

stack_violation(3C)

Name

stack_violation - determine stack boundary violation event

Synopsis

#include <ucontext.h>

int stack_violation(int sig, const siginfo_t *sip,
     const ucontext_t *ucp);

Description

The stack_violation() function returns a boolean value indicating whether the signal, sig, and accompanying signal information, sip, and saved context, ucp, represent a stack boundary violation event or a stack overflow.

Return Values

The stack_violation() function returns 0 if the signal does not represent a stack boundary violation event and 1 if the signal does represent a stack boundary violation event.

Errors

No errors are defined.

Examples

Example 1 Set up a signal handler to run on an alternate stack.

The following example sets up a signal handler for SIGSEGV to run on an alternate signal stack. For each signal it handles, the handler emits a message to indicate if the signal was produced due to a stack boundary violation.

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <ucontext.h>
#include <signal.h>


static void
handler(int sig, siginfo_t *sip, void *p)
{
        ucontext_t *ucp = p;
        const char *str;

        if (stack_violation(sig, sip, ucp))
                str = "stack violation.\n";
        else
                str = "no stack violation.\n";

        (void) write(STDERR_FILENO, str, strlen(str));

        exit(1);
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
        struct sigaction sa;
        stack_t altstack;

        altstack.ss_size = SIGSTKSZ;
        altstack.ss_sp = malloc(SIGSTKSZ);
        altstack.ss_flags = 0;

        (void) sigaltstack(&altstack, NULL);

        sa.sa_sigaction = handler;
        (void) sigfillset(&sa.sa_mask);
        sa.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK | SA_SIGINFO;
        (void) sigaction(SIGSEGV, &sa, NULL);

        /*
         * The application is now set up to use stack_violation(3C).
         */

        return (0);
}

Usage

An application typically uses stack_violation() in a signal handler that has been installed for SIGSEGV using sigaction(2) with the SA_SIGINFO flag set and is configured to run on an alternate signal stack.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
MT-Level
Async-Signal-Safe

See Also

sigaction(2), sigaltstack(2) , stack_getbounds(3C), stack_inbounds(3C), stack_setbounds(3C), attributes(5)