man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle(9F)

Name

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle - binds an address to a DMA handle

Synopsis

#include <sys/ddi.h> 
#include <sys/sunddi.h>

int ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle(ddi_dma_handle_t handle, struct as *as,
     caddr_t addr, size_t len, uint_t flags, int (*callback) (caddr_t) ,
     caddr_t arg, ddi_dma_cookie_t *cookiep, uint_t *ccountp);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI).

Parameters

handle

The DMA handle previously allocated by a call to ddi_dma_alloc_handle(9F).

as

A pointer to an address space structure. This parameter should be set to NULL, which implies kernel address space.

addr

Virtual address of the memory object.

len

Length of the memory object in bytes.

flags

Valid flags include:

DDI_DMA_WRITE

Transfer direction is from memory to I/O.

DDI_DMA_READ

Transfer direction is from I/O to memory.

DDI_DMA_RDWR

Both read and write.

DDI_DMA_REDZONE

Establish an MMU redzone at end of the object.

DDI_DMA_PARTIAL

Partial resource allocation.

DDI_DMA_CONSISTENT

Nonsequential, random, and small block transfers.

DDI_DMA_STREAMING

Sequential, unidirectional, block-sized, and block-aligned transfers.

callback

The address of a function to call back later if resources are not currently available. The following special function addresses may also be used.

DDI_DMA_SLEEP

Wait until resources are available.

DDI_DMA_DONTWAIT

Do not wait until resources are available and do not schedule a callback.

arg

Argument to be passed to the callback function, callback, if such a function is specified.

cookiep

A pointer to the first ddi_dma_cookie(9S) structure.

ccountp

Upon a successful return, ccountp points to a value representing the number of cookies for this DMA object.

Description

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle() allocates DMA resources for a memory object such that a device can perform DMA to or from the object. DMA resources are allocated considering the device's DMA attributes as expressed by ddi_dma_attr(9S) (see ddi_dma_alloc_handle(9F)).

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle() fills in the first DMA cookie pointed to by cookiep with the appropriate address, length, and bus type. *ccountp is set to the number of DMA cookies representing this DMA object. Subsequent DMA cookies must be retrieved by calling ddi_dma_nextcookie(9F) the number of times specified by *countp-1.

When a DMA transfer completes, the driver frees up system DMA resources by calling ddi_dma_unbind_handle(9F).

The flags argument contains information for mapping routines.

DDI_DMA_WRITE, DDI_DMA_READ, DDI_DMA_RDWR

These flags describe the intended direction of the DMA transfer.

DDI_DMA_STREAMING

This flag should be set if the device is doing sequential, unidirectional, block-sized, and block-aligned transfers to or from memory. The alignment and padding constraints specified by the minxfer and burstsizes fields in the DMA attribute structure, ddi_dma_attr(9S) (see ddi_dma_alloc_handle(9F)) is used to allocate the most effective hardware support for large transfers.

DDI_DMA_CONSISTENT

This flag should be set if the device accesses memory randomly, or if synchronization steps using ddi_dma_sync(9F) need to be as efficient as possible. I/O parameter blocks used for communication between a device and a driver should be allocated using DDI_DMA_CONSISTENT.

DDI_DMA_REDZONE

If this flag is set, the system attempts to establish a protected red zone after the object. The DMA resource allocation functions do not guarantee the success of this request as some implementations may not have the hardware ability to support a red zone.

DDI_DMA_PARTIAL

Setting this flag indicates the caller can accept resources for part of the object. That is, if the size of the object exceeds the resources available, only resources for a portion of the object are allocated. The system indicates this condition by returning status DDI_DMA_PARTIAL_MAP. At a later point, the caller can use ddi_dma_getwin(9F) to change the valid portion of the object for which resources are allocated. If resources were allocated for only part of the object, ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle() returns resources for the first DMAwindow. Even when DDI_DMA_PARTIAL is set, the system may decide to allocate resources for the entire object (less overhead) in which case DDI_DMA_MAPPED is returned.

The callback function callback indicates how a caller wants to handle the possibility of resources not being available. If callback is set to DDI_DMA_DONTWAIT, the caller does not care if the allocation fails, and can handle an allocation failure appropriately. If callback is set to DDI_DMA_SLEEP, the caller wishes to have the allocation routines wait for resources to become available. If any other value is set and a DMA resource allocation fails, this value is assumed to be the address of a function to be called when resources become available. When the specified function is called, arg is passed to it as an argument. The specified callback function must return either DDI_DMA_CALLBACK_RUNOUT or DDI_DMA_CALLBACK_DONE. DDI_DMA_CALLBACK_RUNOUT indicates that the callback function attempted to allocate DMA resources but failed. In this case, the callback function is put back on a list to be called again later. DDI_DMA_CALLBACK_DONE indicates that either the allocation of DMA resources was successful or the driver no longer wishes to retry.

The callback function is called in interrupt context. Therefore, only system functions accessible from interrupt context are be available. The callback function must take whatever steps are necessary to protect its critical resources, data structures, queues, and so on.

Return Values

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle() returns:

DDI_DMA_MAPPED

Successfully allocated resources for the entire object.

DDI_DMA_PARTIAL_MAP

Successfully allocated resources for a part of the object. This is acceptable when partial transfers are permitted by setting the DDI_DMA_PARTIAL flag in flags.

DDI_DMA_INUSE

Another I/O transaction is using the DMA handle.

DDI_DMA_NORESOURCES

No resources are available at the present time.

DDI_DMA_NOMAPPING

The object cannot be reached by the device requesting the resources.

DDI_DMA_TOOBIG

The object is too big. A request of this size can never be satisfied on this particular system. The maximum size varies depending on machine and configuration.

Context

ddi_dma_addr_bind_handle() can be called from user, kernel, or interrupt context, except when callback is set to DDI_DMA_SLEEP, in which case it can only be called from user or kernel context.

See Also

ddi_dma_alloc_handle(9F), ddi_dma_free_handle(9F), ddi_dma_getwin(9F), ddi_dma_mem_alloc(9F), ddi_dma_mem_free(9F), ddi_dma_nextcookie(9F), ddi_dma_sync(9F), ddi_dma_unbind_handle(9F), ddi_umem_iosetup(9F), ddi_dma_attr(9S), ddi_dma_cookie(9S)

Writing Device Drivers for Oracle Solaris 11.2

Notes

If the driver permits partial mapping with the DDI_DMA_PARTIAL flag, the number of cookies in each window may exceed the size of the device's scatter/gather list as specified in the dma_attr_sgllen field in the ddi_dma_attr(9S) structure. In this case, each set of cookies comprising a DMA window will satisfy the DMA attributes as described in the ddi_dma_attr(9S) structure in all aspects. The driver should set up its DMA engine and perform one transfer for each set of cookies sufficient for its scatter/gather list, up to the number of cookies for this window, before advancing to the next window using ddi_dma_getwin(9F).