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Oracle® Application Express Application Builder User's Guide
Release 4.2

E35125-05
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18.3 Understanding the Translation Process

To translate an application developed in Application Builder, you must map the primary and target language, seed and export text to a translation file, translate the text, apply the translation file, and publish the translated application.

Topics:

18.3.1 Step 1: Map the Target Language

The first step in translating an application is to map the primary and target application language. The primary application is the application to be translated. The target application is the resulting translated application.

To map the primary and target application language:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate page appears.

  2. Click Map your primary language application to a translated application.

    The Mappings page appears.

  3. Click Create.

  4. On the Translation Application Mapping page:

    • Translation Application - Enter a unique integer value that identifies an application. The application ID must be unique on your instance of Oracle Application Express.

    • Language - Select the language to be translated.

    • Image Directory - Enter the directory where images are obtained. Unless you are using static files from the images directory which are translated, leave this field blank. This is the default and most common option.

      This attribute determines the virtual path for translated images. For example, if your primary language application had an image prefix of /i/, you could define additional virtual directories for other languages, such as /i/de/ for German or /i/es/ for Spanish.

  5. Click Create.

18.3.2 Step 2: Seed and Download to a Translation File

The second step is to seed the translation table and then export the translation text to a translation file.

Topics:

18.3.2.1 Seeding Translatable Text

Seeding the translation copies all translatable text into the Translation Text repository. After you specify the language and seed the Translation Text, you can then generate and export an XLIFF file for translation.

The seeding process keeps your primary language application synchronized with the Translation Text repository. You should run the seed process any time your primary language application changes.

To seed translatable text:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate page appears.

  2. Select Seed translatable text to translation repository.

  3. Select the appropriate target application.

  4. Click Seed.

    When completed, the following message displays:

    Successfully seeded translatable text.
    

18.3.2.2 Downloading an XLIFF File

Once the translation mappings are established the translatable text within the application is seeded into a translation repository. This repository can then be exported to an XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF) file for translation.

The XLIFF Export page is divided into two sections. Use the upper section to export translatable text for an entire application (that is, all pages, lists of values, messages, and so on). Use the lower section to export translatable text for a specific page.

Note:

XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF) is an XML-based format for exchanging localization data. For information about the XLIFF or to view the XLIFF specification, see:
http://www.xliff.org

18.3.2.2.1 Downloading a XLIFF file for an Application

To download an XLIFF file for an complete application:

  1. Seed the translatable text. See "Seeding Translatable Text".

  2. On the Translate page, click Download XLIFF translation files from translation repository.

  3. Under Download XLIFF file for complete Application:

    1. Language - Choose the language to be downloaded in the XLIFF file.

    2. Include XLIFF Target Elements - Specify whether to include XLIFF target elements. To include then, select Include XLIFF Target Elements.

    3. Export - Choose to export all translatable elements of the application or only those elements which are new or have been updated.

    4. Click Export XLIFF.

  4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

18.3.2.2.2 Downloading an XLIFF File for an Application Page

To download an XLIFF file for a specific page:

  1. Seed the translatable text as described in "Seeding Translatable Text".

  2. On the Translate page, click Download XLIFF translation files from translation repository.

  3. Under Download XLIFF file for Application Page:

    1. Language - Choose the language to be downloaded in the XLIFF file.

    2. Page - Select a page.

    3. Include XLIFF Target Elements - Specify whether to include XLIFF target elements. To include then, select Include XLIFF Target Elements.

    4. Export - Choose to export all translatable elements of the page or only those elements which are new or have been updated.

    5. Click Export XLIFF.

  4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

18.3.2.2.3 About Including XLIFF Target Elements

When Oracle Application Express generates an XLIFF document, each document contains multiple translation units. Each translation unit consists of a source element and a target element. The XLIFF document can be generated with both the source and target elements for each translation unit. You have the option of generating a file containing only source elements. The updated translations will be applied from the target elements of the translation units.

18.3.3 Step 3: Translate the XLIFF File

After you export a translatable file to XLIFF format, you can translate it into the appropriate languages. Because XLIFF is an open standard XML file for exchanging translations, most translation vendors should support it. Oracle Application Express only supports XLIFF files encoded in UTF-8 character sets. In other words, it exports XLIFF files for translation in UTF-8 and assumes that the translated XLIFF files are in the same character set.

Translation is a time-consuming task. Oracle Application Express supports incremental translation so that application development can be done in parallel with the translation. An XLIFF file can be translated and uploaded to Oracle Application Express even when only part of the XLIFF file is translated. For strings that have no translation in the corresponding translated application, Oracle Application Express uses the corresponding ones in the primary language.

See Also:

For more information about the XLIFF, or to view the XLIFF specification, see:
http://www.xliff.org

18.3.4 Step 4: Upload and Apply a Translated XLIFF Document

After your XLIFF document has been translated, the next step is to upload and then apply it.

Topics:

18.3.4.1 Uploading a Translated XLIFF Document

To upload a translated XLIFF document:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate page appears.

  2. Click Upload and apply XLIFF translation file to translation repository.

    The XLIFF Translation Files page appears.

  3. Click Upload Files.

  4. On the XLIFF Upload page:

    1. Enter a description.

    2. Locate the file to be uploaded.

    3. Click Upload.

    The uploaded document appears on the XLIFF Translation Files page.

18.3.4.2 Applying an Uploaded XLIFF Document

After you upload an XLIFF document, the next step is to apply the XLIFF document and then publish the translated application. When you apply an XLIFF document, the Application Express engine parses the file and then updates the translation tables with the new translatable text.

Publishing your application creates a copy of the base language application, substituting the translated text strings from your translations table. This published application can then be used to render your application in alternate languages.

Remember that to run an application in an alternative language, you must run it with globalization settings that cause an alternative language version to display. For example, if the language is derived from the browser language, you must set the browser language to the same language as the translated application.

To apply a translated XLIFF document:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate Application page appears.

  2. Click Upload and apply XLIFF translation file to translation repository.

    The XLIFF Translation Files page appears.

  3. To apply the XLIFF files:

    1. Select the XLIFF files you want to apply.

    2. From Apply to Translation, choose a translation mapping.

    3. Click Apply Checked.

    The XLIFF file is parsed and the contents is applied to the translation repository. Once this process is complete, you must publish the application for each translation. See "Step 5: Publish the Application".

18.3.4.3 Deleting an Uploaded XLIFF Document

To delete an uploaded XLIFF document:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate page appears.

  2. Click Upload and apply XLIFF translation file to translation repository.

    The XLIFF Translation Files page appears.

  3. In the XLIFF Files repository, select the check box to the left of the Filename column.

  4. Click Delete Checked.

18.3.5 Step 5: Publish the Application

Publishing your application creates a copy of the base language application, substituting the translated text strings from your translations table. This published application can then be used to render your application in alternate languages.

Remember that to run an application in an alternative language, you must run it with globalization settings that cause an alternative language version to display. For example, if the language is derived from the browser language, you must set the browser language to the same language as the translated application.

To publish an application:

  1. Navigate to the Translate Application page:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

      The Translate Application page appears.

  2. Click Publish translated applications.

    The XLIFF Translation Files page appears.

  3. Select the items you want to publish and click Publish.

You should verify the existence of the translated application after it is published. Translated applications do not display in the Available Applications list on the Application Builder home page. Instead, use the Application Navigate list on the left side of the page.

Note that in order for a translated application to appear in Application Builder, you must ensure that you have correctly configured the application Globalization attributes.

18.3.6 Manually Editing a Translation

Once you have mapped the target language and seeded the translatable text, you manually edit a translation.

To manually edit a translation:

  1. Map the target language. See "Step 1: Map the Target Language".

  2. Seed the translatable text. See "Seeding Translatable Text".

  3. Navigate to the Translatable Text:

    1. On the Workspace home page, click the Application Builder icon.

    2. Select an application.

    3. Click Shared Components.

    4. Under Globalization, click Translate Application.

  4. Under Translation Utilities, click Manually Edit Translation Repository.

    The Translatable Text page appears.

  5. Select a Language Mapping or page and click Set.

  6. To further customize the report, use the Search bar at the top of the page. To learn more, see "Customizing Interactive Reports".

  7. To edit translatable text:

    1. Click the Edit icon.

      The Translatable Text page appears.

    2. In Translate to Text, enter the appropriate text.

    3. Click Apply Changes

  8. To access a Grid Edit page:

    1. Click Grid Edit.

      The Translatable Text - Grid Edit page appears.

    2. In Translate To, enter the appropriate text.

    3. Click Apply Changes