INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT

Property Description
Parameter type String
Syntax INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT = '[INMEMORY] [NO INMEMORY] [other-clauses]'
  other-clauses::=

[compression-clause] [priority-clause] [rac-clause]Foot 1 

  compression-clause::=

NO MEMCOMPRESS | MEMCOMPRESS FOR { DML | QUERY [ LOW | HIGH ] | CAPACITY [LOW | HIGH] }Footref 1

  priority-clause::=

PRIORITY { LOW | MEDIUM | HIGH | CRITICAL | NONE }Footref 1

  rac-clause::=

[distribute-clause] [duplicate-clause]

  distribute-clause::=

DISTRIBUTE [ AUTO | BY ROWID RANGE | BY PARTITION | BY SUBPARTITION ]Footref 1

  duplicate-clause::=

NO DUPLICATE | DUPLICATE [ ALL ]Footref 1

Default value An empty string
Modifiable ALTER SESSION, ALTER SYSTEM
Basic No
Oracle RAC All instances should use the same value

Footnote 1 See Table 1-2 for more information about this clause.

INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT enables you to specify a default In-Memory Column Store (IM column store) clause for new tables and materialized views.

If the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter is unset or set to an empty string (the default), only tables and materialized views explicitly specified as INMEMORY will be populated into the IM column store. Setting the value of the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter to NO INMEMORY has the same effect as setting it to the default value.

If the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter is set, then any newly created table or materialized view specified as INMEMORY will inherit unspecified attributes from this parameter. This can force certain in-memory options by default that are not explicitly specified in the syntax. For example, if the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter is set to MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY LOW and a table is created as INMEMORY PRIORITY HIGH, then the table is treated as if it was declared as INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY LOW PRIORITY HIGH.

If INMEMORY is specified as part of this parameter, then all newly created tables and materialized views will be populated into the IM column store, except tables and materialized views explicitly specified as NO INMEMORY. For example, if this parameter is set to INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY HIGH, then all new tables will be created as if this clause were present in the SQL CREATE TABLE statement. If there is a default INMEMORY value for the tablespace for a given segment, then it will override the value for this parameter.

Table 1-2 Meaning of INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT Parameter Values

Syntax Description

INMEMORY

Specifies that all newly-created tables and materialized views populate the IM column store unless they are specified as NO INMEMORY in the SQL CREATE TABLE or CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW statement

NO INMEMORY

Specifies that only tables and materialized views explicitly specified as INMEMORY in the SQL CREATE TABLE or CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW statements populate the IM column store

compression-clause

Specifies that in-memory compression should be used for the instance. Use the MEMCOMPRESS FOR values to specify the in-memory compression level.

NO MEMCOMPRESS

When NO MEMCOMPRESS is specified, no in-memory compression is done in the IM column store.

MEMCOMPRESS FOR

MEMCOMPRESS FOR is used to indicate the in-memory compression level for the IM column store.

DML

When DML is specified, the IM column store is optimized for DML operations, and some lightweight in-memory compression may be done.

QUERY

When QUERY is specified, the in-memory compression level is for high performance. If QUERY is specified without LOW or HIGH, it defaults to QUERY LOW.

QUERY LOW

When QUERY LOW is specified, the in-memory compression level provides the highest performance.

QUERY HIGH

When QUERY HIGH is specified, the in-memory compression level provides a balance between compression and performance, weighted toward performance.

CAPACITY

When CAPACITY is specified without LOW or HIGH, it defaults to CAPACITY LOW.

CAPACITY LOW

When CAPACITY LOW is specified, the in-memory compression level is a balance between compression and performance, weighted toward capacity.

CAPACITY HIGH

When CAPACITY HIGH is specified, the in-memory compression level is for highest capacity.

priority-clause

Specifies the priority to use when populating tables in the IM column store. Use the PRIORITY values to specify the priority.

By default, the population of a table in the IM column store can be delayed until the database determines it is useful.

On database instance startup, tables are populated in priority order.

PRIORITY NONE

When PRIORITY NONE is specified, the population of a table in the IM column store can be delayed until the database determines it is useful.

This is the default value when no priority is specified.

PRIORITY LOW

When PRIORITY LOW is specified for a table or tables, the population of those tables in the IM column store is done before tables that have no priority specified.

PRIORITY MEDIUM

When PRIORITY MEDIUM is specified for a table or tables, the population of those tables in the IM column store is done before tables that have no priority and PRIORITY LOW specified.

PRIORITY HIGH

When PRIORITY HIGH is specified for a table or tables, the population of those tables in the IM column store is done before tables that have no priority, PRIORITY LOW, and PRIORITY MEDIUM specified.

PRIORITY CRITICAL

When PRIORITY CRITICAL is specified for a table or tables, the population of those tables in the IM column store is done before tables that have no priority, PRIORITY LOW, PRIORITY MEDIUM, and PRIORITY HIGH specified.

rac-clause

Specifies how tables in the IM column store will be managed among Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) instances. Use the distribute-clause and duplicate-clause to specify how tables in the IM store will be managed in Oracle RAC instances.

For a non-Oracle RAC database, these settings have no effect, because the whole table or partition has to be on the single instance.

distribute-clause

Specifies how a table is distributed among Oracle RAC instances.

DISTRIBUTE AUTO

Specifies that the database will automatically decide how to distribute tables in the IM column store across the Oracle RAC instances based on the type of partitioning and the value of the duplicate-clause.

DISTRIBUTE AUTO is the default, and it is also used when DISTRIBUTE is specified by itself.

DISTRIBUTE BY ROWID RANGE

Specifies that the tables in the IM column store will be distributed by rowid range to different Oracle RAC instances.

DISTRIBUTE BY PARTITION

Specifies that partitions in the IM column store will be distributed to different Oracle RAC instances.

DISTRIBUTE BY SUBPARTITION

Specifies that subpartitions in the IM column store will be distributed to different Oracle RAC instances.

duplicate-clause

Specifies how many copies of each In-Memory Compression Unit (IMCU) of the tables in the IM column store will be spread across all the Oracle RAC instances.

Note: The duplicate-clause is only applicable if you are using Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) on an engineered system. Otherwise, the duplicate-clause is ignored and there is only one copy of each IMCU in memory.

NO DUPLICATE

Data is not duplicated across Oracle RAC instances. This is the default.

DUPLICATE

Data is duplicated on another Oracle RAC instance, resulting in data existing on a total of two Oracle RAC instances..

DUPLICATE ALL

Data is duplicated across all Oracle RAC instances. If you specify DUPLICATE ALL, then the database uses the DISTRIBUTE AUTO setting, regardless of whether or how you specify the distribute-clause.


Examples

The following statement causes no tables to populate the IM column store:

alter system set INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT='NO INMEMORY'
scope=both;

The following statement causes new tables and materialized views (except those specified as NO INMEMORY) to populate the IM column store at the high capacity compression level:

alter system set
INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT='INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY HIGH'
scope=both;

The following statement causes new tables (even those specified as NO INMEMORY) to populate the IM column store at the highest performance compression level at LOW priority:

alter system set
INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT='INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR QUERY LOW PRIORITY LOW'
scope=both;

The following statement causes new tables (even those specified as NO INMEMORY) to populate the IM column store without any in-memory compression:

alter system set
INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT='INMEMORY NO MEMCOMPRESS'
scope=both;

The following statement causes tables in the IM column store to be duplicated on every Oracle RAC instance, unless on a non-engineered system. For a non-engineered system, the duplicate-clause (DUPLICATE ALL) will be ignored and tables in the column store will be automatically distributed across the Oracle RAC instance, with only one copy of each IMCU in the tables in the IM column store:

alter system set
INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT='INMEMORY MEMCOMPRESS FOR QUERY
DISTRIBUTE AUTO DUPLICATE ALL'
scope=both;

The following statement sets the value of the INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT parameter back to its default value, the empty string:

alter system set
INMEMORY_CLAUSE_DEFAULT=''
scope=both;

Note:

This initialization parameter is available starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.2).

See Also: