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Oracle Database Online Documentation 12c Release 1 (12.1)

Application Development

Application development for Oracle Database involves a wide range of programming technologies. The supporting documentation covers the languages, programming interfaces, and development tools in detail.

Essentials

Explains general concepts behind development with Oracle Database, introduces basic features of SQL and PL/SQL, provides references to in-depth information elsewhere in Oracle Database library, and shows how to create a simple application.
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Introduces you to application development using Oracle Application Express. This manual shows you how to set up a development environment, or access a hosted demonstration environment. It then walks you through building an initial application, modifying it, and previewing it.
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Guides application developers on how to use Java to access and modify data in Oracle Database.
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Provides a tutorial on how to develop PHP scripts that use the database languages SQL and PL/SQL to access and manipulate Oracle data.
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Application Development Concepts

These guides provide advanced conceptual and architectural information applicable to all development environments and languages with which you can develop Oracle applications.

Provides usage information for developers (all experience levels) of databases and database applications.
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Describes Oracle Database architecture and essential topics for database administrators and developers.
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Explains how to configure an Oracle database to use the default security features.
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Describes use of SecureFiles and large object data types BLOB, CLOB, NCLOB, and BFILE in application development. Presents APIs for working with LOBs in supported programmatic environments. Describes database file systems and the Oracle Database File System Hierarchical Store package.
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Explains how to use the object-relational features of Oracle Database.
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Provides usage and reference information about Oracle Workspace Manager, which enables applications to create workspaces and group different versions of table row values in different workspaces.
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SQL and PL/SQL

SQL and PL/SQL are fundamental to all Oracle application development. SQL is the language used to query and modify Oracle databases. PL/SQL is used to create and call triggers, stored procedures and functions, and PL/SQL packages. Other programming technologies depend upon SQL and PL/SQL to interact with the Oracle Database server.

Contains a complete description of Oracle SQL, the language used to manage information in Oracle Database.
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Contains a high-level text description of the SQL syntax used to manage information in Oracle Database.
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Presents PL/SQL, the Oracle procedural extension of SQL, an advanced fourth-generation programming language. Explains the concepts behind PL/SQL and illustrates every facet of the language.
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Describes the PL/SQL packages provided with the Oracle database server that extend database functionality and provide PL/SQL access to SQL features.
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Describes how to use Oracle Application Express SQL Workshop and utilities to load and unload data from an Oracle database, generate DDL, view object reports, and restore dropped database objects.
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Describes the sample database schemas available with Oracle Database and used in some Oracle documentation and curriculum examples.
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SQL Developer and SQL Plus

Oracle SQL Developer is a powerful easy-to-use GUI with browse, create, edit, and drag-and-drop capabilities for managing database objects, and creating and viewing reports. SQL*Plus is a command-line client used for running SQL statements and compiling PL/SQL code. SQL Developer has all the capabilities of SQL*Plus in a GUI-based interface.

Provides conceptual and usage information about Oracle SQL Developer, a graphical tool that enables you to browse, create, edit, and delete (drop) database objects; run SQL statements and scripts; edit and debug PL/SQL code; manipulate and export data; migrate third-party databases to Oracle; view metadata and data in third-party databases; and view and create reports.Note: This book is for an old release of SQL Developer. You are encouraged to use the latest available release. See http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/sql-developer/ for information about downloads and documentation.
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Contains important information not included in the SQL*Plus User's Guide and Reference.
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Contains a complete description of the SQL*Plus command-line interface to Oracle Database, and a complete reference to SQL*Plus commands and syntax.
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Contains a complete list of SQL*Plus command syntax.
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Provides introductory, installation, post-installation configuration, and usage information for Oracle Database Extensions for .NET, which makes it possible to build and run .NET stored procedures or functions with Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows.
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Application Express

Oracle Application Express is a declarative, rapid web application development tool for the Oracle database. It is a fully supported, no cost option available with all editions of the Oracle database. Using only a web browser, you can develop and deploy professional applications that are both fast and secure.

Introduces you to application development using Oracle Application Express. This manual shows you how to set up a development environment, or access a hosted demonstration environment. It then walks you through building an initial application, modifying it, and previewing it.
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Contains important information not included in the documentation for Oracle Application Express.
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Provides an overview of installing Oracle Application Express and describes issues to consider before installing.
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Describes how to perform administration tasks for an Oracle Application Express workspace, application, or an entire development instance.
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Describes the Application Programming Interfaces, referred to as APIs, available when programming in the Oracle Application Express environment.
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Describes how to use the Oracle Application Express development environment to build and deploy database-centric Web applications.
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Describes how to convert applications from either Microsoft Access or Oracle Forms to Oracle Application Express.
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Describes how to use Oracle Application Express SQL Workshop and utilities to load and unload data from an Oracle database, generate DDL, view object reports, and restore dropped database objects.
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Explains common Oracle Application Express end user tasks.
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Java

The Java programming language is used for database code that runs inside the database, on a middle tier, or on a client system. Reference documentation for database components that have Java APIs is presented in Javadoc format.

Guides application developers on how to use Java to access and modify data in Oracle Database.
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Describes how to develop, load, and run Java applications in Oracle Database.
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This book describes how to use Oracle JDBC drivers to develop powerful Java database applications.
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Provides instructions for using Oracle Universal Connection Pooling API. The API is JDBC driver agnostic.
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Provides guidance for developing client applications using the Oracle OLAP Java API.
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Provides guidance to developers on SQLJ programming. This document can be read by anyone with an interest in SQLJ programming, but assumes at least some prior knowledge of Java, SQLJ, PL/SQL, and Oracle database.
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Describes the JPublisher utility useful for Java programmers who want classes in their applications to correspond to SQL or PL/SQL entities or server-side Java classes.
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Provides Java API reference for Java Database connectivity.
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Provides reference information for the Oracle OLAP Java API.
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Describes APIs for the Oracle Globalization Development Kit.
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Provides Java API reference for Universal Connection Pool for JDBC.
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Provides easy access to Oracle Fast Application Notification (FAN) events.
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Describes Java APIs for XML.
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Provides Javadoc-generated information about interfaces and classes that support features available with Oracle Spatial and Graph, including GeoRaster and the Topology Data Model and Network Data Model Graph features, and with MapViewer, which is packaged with Oracle Fusion Middleware.
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Presents reference information about writing Java applications using Oracle Multimedia objects to manage multimedia content within Oracle Database.
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Presents reference information about writing Java applications using the Oracle Multimedia object designed to store Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) data within Oracle Database.
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Presents reference information about writing Java applications using Oracle Multimedia to extract Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) metadata outside of the database, either on the client or in the middle tier.
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Presents reference information about writing Java applications using Java servlets and JavaServer Pages (JSP) to retrieve and upload multimedia data from and to Oracle Database.
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.NET and Windows Application Development

The topics below are also available in a rich context-sensitive help set installed in the Visual Studio environment when you install Oracle Developer Tools for Visual Studio (ODT). This help set includes documentation for ODT, Oracle Data Provider for .NET, PL/SQL and SQL language reference guides, and other reference topics.

Describes provider-specific features and properties of ODP.NET. Oracle Data Provider for .NET is an implementation of Microsoft's ADO.NET interface and provides access to Oracle databases.
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Provides introductory, installation, postinstallation configuration, and usage information for using these providers with ASP.NET services and controls.
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Provides introductory, installation, post-installation configuration, and usage information for Oracle Database Extensions for .NET, which makes it possible to build and run .NET stored procedures or functions with Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows.
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Describes Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server, which allows Oracle databases to be used as resource managers in distributed transactions. The guide describes its usage and configuration in a Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator environment.
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Describes Oracle Provider for OLE DB, a high performance, feature rich mechanism for Microsoft ADO and OLE DB data access to Oracle databases, its usage, and its configuration.
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Enables ADO.NET data access from .NET client applications to TimesTen databases. This document covers features specific to ODP.NET support of and use with TimesTen.
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XML

Oracle XML DB and XML Developer's Kit enable you to develop high performance applications that process XML content and manage XML stored in the database. XDK and XML APIs allow you to generate and store XML data in the database or in documents outside the database.

This manual describes Oracle XML DB. It includes guidelines and examples for storing, generating, accessing, searching, validating, transforming, evolving, and indexing XML data in Oracle Database.
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Provides information to application developers who need to use components of the Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK) to generate and store XML data in a database or in a document outside the database.
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Describes Java APIs for XML.
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Describes Oracle XML Developer's Kits (XDK) and Oracle XML DB APIs for the C programming language. It primarily lists the syntax of functions, methods, and procedures associated with these APIs.
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Describes Oracle XML Developer's Kits (XDK) and Oracle XML DB APIs for the C++ programming language. This manual primarily lists the syntax of functions, methods, and procedures associated with these APIs.
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Globalization Support

You can store data from different character sets and code pages, and manipulate and present that data as appropriate for each locale.

Describes Oracle globalization support for the database. Explains how to set up a globalization support environment, choose and migrate a character set, customize locale data, do linguistic sorting, program in a global environment, and program with Unicode.
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Describes APIs for the Oracle Globalization Development Kit.
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Contains late-breaking information for Oracle Database Migration Assistant for Unicode.
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Introduces you to the Oracle Database Migration Assistant for Unicode, discusses the database character set migration process, and verifies that there are no character set data problems in a current Unicode database.
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Oracle Call Interface

The Oracle Call Interface is for low-level, efficient coding in C or C++.

Describes the Oracle Call Interface (OCI) which is an application programming interface (API) that allows applications written in C or C++ to interact with Oracle Database.
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Presents the Oracle C++ Call Interface, an application program interface that enables applications written in C++ to interact with one or more Oracle databases. To extend the functionality of code generated by the Object Type Translator, programmers may want to add code in the OTT-generated file. The OTT can distinguish between OTT-generated code and user-generated code by looking for some predefined markers (tags).
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Precompilers

The precompilers are used for traditional client-server applications in various languages.

Describes how to develop applications using the Oracle precompilers and the SQL and PL/SQL database languages to access and manipulate Oracle data.
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Describes how to develop C++ programs that use the SQL and PL/SQL database languages to access and manipulate Oracle data.
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Describes how to develop COBOL programs that use the database languages SQL and PL/SQL to access and manipulate Oracle data.
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Supplements the Oracle Database Programmer's Guide to the Oracle precompilers to provide additional information on how to develop FORTRAN programs that use the database languages SQL and PL/SQL to access and manipulate Oracle data.
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Contains important information not included in the Pro*C/C++ Programmer's Guide.
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Contains important information not included in the Pro*COBOL Programmer's Guide.
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