7.2 Overview of JMX-Based Management in UCP

JMX (Java Management Extensions) is a Java technology that supplies tools for managing and monitoring applications, system objects, devices, service-oriented networks, and JVM (Java Virtual Machine). In JMX, a given resource is instrumented by one or more Java objects known as MBeans (Managed Beans). An MBean is composed of an MBean interface and a class. The MBean interface lists the methods for all exposed attributes and operations. The class implements this interface and provides the functionality of the instrumented resource.

The MBeans are registered in a core managed object server, known as an MBean server, which acts as a management agent and can run on most devices enabled for the Java programming language. A JMX agent consists of an MBean server, in which MBeans are registered, and a set of services for handling MBeans.

UCP provides the following two MBeans for pool management support:


  • All MBean attributes and operations are available only when the UniversalConnectionPoolManager.isJmxEnabled method returns true. The default value of this flag is true. This default value can be altered by calling the UniversalConnectionPoolManager.setJmxEnabled method. When an MBeanServer is not available, the jmxFlag is automatically set to false.

  • Oracle Universal Connection Pool Java API Reference

7.2.1 UniversalConnectionPoolManagerMBean

The UniversalConnectionPoolManagerMBean is a manager MBean that includes all the functionalities of a conventional connection pool manager. The UniversalConnectionPoolManagerMBean provides the following functionalities:

  • Registering and unregistering pool MBeans

  • Pool management operations like starting the pool, stopping the pool, refreshing the pool, and so on

  • Starting and stopping DMS statistics

  • Logging

7.2.2 UniversalConnectionPoolMBean

The UniversalConnectionPoolMBean is a pool MBean that covers dynamic configuration of pool properties and pool statistics. The UniversalConnectionPoolMBean provides the following functionalities:

  • Configuring pool property attributes like size, timeouts, and so on

  • Pool management operations like refreshing the pool, recycling the pool, and so on

  • Monitoring pool statistics and life cycle states