CONVERT converts a character string from one character set to another.
char argument is the value to be converted. It can be any of the data types
dest_char_set argument is the name of the character set to which
char is converted.
source_char_set argument is the name of the character set in which
char is stored in the database. The default value is the database character set.
The return value for
NVARCHAR2, it is
CLOB, it is
CLOB, and for
NCLOB, it is
Both the destination and source character set arguments can be either literals or columns containing the name of the character set.
For complete correspondence in character conversion, it is essential that the destination character set contains a representation of all the characters defined in the source character set. Where a character does not exist in the destination character set, a replacement character appears. Replacement characters can be defined as part of a character set definition.
Oracle discourages the use of the
CONVERT function in the current Oracle Database release. The return value of
CONVERT has a character data type, so it should be either in the database character set or in the national character set, depending on the data type. Any
dest_char_set that is not one of these two character sets is unsupported. The
char argument and the
source_char_set have the same requirements. Therefore, the only practical use of the function is to correct data that has been stored in a wrong character set.
Values that are in neither the database nor the national character set should be processed and stored as
BLOB. Procedures in the PL/SQL packages
UTL_RAW.CONVERT—allow limited processing of such values. Procedures accepting a
RAW argument in the packages
UTL_SMTP can be used to output the processed data.
Appendix C in Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for the collation derivation rules, which define the collation assigned to the character return value of
The following example illustrates character set conversion by converting a Latin-1 string to ASCII. The result is the same as importing the same string from a WE8ISO8859P1 database to a US7ASCII database.
SELECT CONVERT('Ä Ê Í Õ Ø A B C D E ', 'US7ASCII', 'WE8ISO8859P1') FROM DUAL; CONVERT('ÄÊÍÕØABCDE' --------------------- A E I ? ? A B C D E ?
You can query the
V$NLS_VALID_VALUES view to get a listing of valid character sets, as follows:
SELECT * FROM V$NLS_VALID_VALUES WHERE parameter = 'CHARACTERSET';