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Oracle9i Application Server Installation Guide
Release 1 (v1.0.2.2.2) for AIX-Based Systems, Compaq Tru64 UNIX, HP 9000 Series HP-UX, and Linux Intel

Part Number A95909-01
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5
Standard Edition

This chapter guides you through the installation steps for the Standard Edition of Oracle9i Application Server. The following topics provide detailed installation steps, and basic postinstallation tasks:

Installation

The following instructions guide you through Oracle9iAS Standard Edition install.

  1. Review the Oracle Universal Installer Welcome screen and click Next.

Figure 5-1 Welcome Screen


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The Welcome screen provides information about the Oracle Universal Installer.

The following function buttons appear on the installation screens.

  • Verify the source and destination paths and click Next. If you have not previously installed Oracle products on your machine, the "OraInventory Location screen" appears after you click Next. Enter the complete location path for oraInventory directory and click OK.

    Figure 5-2 File Locations Screen


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    The File Locations screen allows you to enter the full path for the source and destination locations of Oracle9i Application Server.

  • This screen appears only the first time you run Oracle Universal Installer on your machine. Take note of the default value if it appears. Enter a UNIX group name and click Next.

    Figure 5-3 UNIX Group Name Screen


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    The UNIX Group Name screen grants permission for the oraInventory directory to the group specified. For more information, refer to "UNIX Group Name for the Oracle Universal Installer Inventory" on page 2-9.

    UNIX Group Name:

  • Select Standard Edition and click Next.

    Figure 5-4 Installation Types Screen


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    The Installation Types screen allows you to select the Oracle9i Application Server installation option that you are licensed to use.

    Java Development Kit (JDK)

    Enter the full path of the JDK home directory. Refer to "Software Requirements" for a list of JDK requirements.

    JDK is a prerequisite for the Oracle HTTP (Apache) component. The following screen prompts for JDK_HOME path during the Oracle9i Application Server installation:

    Figure 5-5 JDK Home Directory Screen


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  • This screen appears only if Oracle Universal Installer has detected insufficient disk space in the Oracle home directory. If needed, verify and change the locations of the components displayed on the screen, and click Next.

    Figure 5-6 Component Locations Screen


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    The Component Locations screen allows you to select alternative locations for some components.


    Note:

    Insufficient disk space is indicated in red with a hand icon next to it. 


    Show all components to be installed: To view the complete list of components chosen for installation. Select check box to display component list. Click individual components to view and change destination location path. The installer enables you to change the destination location of the components displayed on the screen.

  • This screen appears if the installer detects insufficient TMP space. Remove unneeded files from the swap directory to provide sufficient space for installation and click Next. If your swap space is smaller than 500 MB, click Exit and correct the problem.

    Figure 5-7 Insufficient Swap Space for Install Screen


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    The Insufficient Swap Space for Install screen indicated inadequate space in the swap directory. You have two options:

    For detailed information on TMP directory, refer "TMP".

  • Click the Help button to verify that all the preinstallation tasks have been performed, and then click Next.

    Figure 5-8 Installation Overview Screen


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    The Installation Overview screen gives you an overview of the installation process. Click on the Help button for information on the installation process, preinstallation checklist, automatic process startup, configuration tools, and frequently asked questions.

  • Select the components you wish to configure during the installation process and click Next. These components will automatically start up after installation. If you wish to configure the components later, do not select them.

    Figure 5-9 Component Configuration and Startup Screen


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    The Component Configuration and Startup screen allows you to select the components that you want the installer to configure and start after installation. This screen offers two configuration options:

    You can select or de-select multiple components by holding down the Control key while clicking on the component name.

  • This screen appears only if the oracle account is not a member of the dba group. Enter the database administrator and operator group name and click Next.

    Figure 5-10 Privileged Operating System Groups Screen


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    The Privileged Operating System Groups screen allows you to enter the database administrator and operator group name. For more information regarding privileged group names, refer to "UNIX Group Names for Privileged Groups". The installer detects and defaults to the user's OS group.

  • Enter or accept the default Portal DAD and Schema names. Also, enter the database connection information. Click Next.

    Figure 5-11 Apache Listener Configuration for Oracle9iAS Portal (DAD and Schema name) Screen


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    The Apache Listener Configuration for Oracle9iAS Portal screen allows you to enter the name of the Database Access Descriptor (DAD) that will be used to access Oracle9iAS Portal, and the name of the database schema where Oracle9iAS Portal will be installed. It also enables you to enter the database connection information if Oracle9iAS Portal and Oracle HTTP Server are installed in different Oracle homes. The information you enter here is used to create the PL/SQL Gateway settings which you can access upon installation from the following location: http://machine_name:port/pls/admin_/gateway.htm

  • Enter or accept the default Login Server DAD and Schema names. Click Next.

    Figure 5-12 Apache Listener Configuration for Oracle9iAS Portal (Login Server) Screen


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    The Apache Listener Configuration for Oracle9iAS Portal screen allows you to enter the Login Server DAD and Schema Name, with a _sso extension for easy recognition. The Login Server provides an enterprise-wide Single Sign-On (SSO) mechanism that enables an Oracle Portal user to log in securely to Oracle Portal and any partner and external applications using a single user name and password.

  • Enter the Global Database Name and System Identifier (SID) of the mid tier database and click Next.

    Figure 5-13 Database Identification Screen


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    The Database Identification screen allows you to enter the Global Database name and SID of the database that is created to run Oracle Enterprise Java Engine applications.


    Note:

    This database is licensed only to run Oracle Enterprise Java Engine applications in the mid tier and should not be used for any other purposes. It will be installed in the same Oracle home as Oracle9i Application Server. 


  • Enter the location for the database files and click Next.

    Figure 5-14 Database File Location Screen


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    The Database File Location screen allows you to enter the directory name for the database files. Oracle recommends installing the database software and the database content, including files, on separate disks.


    Note:

    This database is licensed only to run Oracle Enterprise Java Engine applications in the mid tier and should not be used for any other purposes. It will be installed in the same Oracle home as Oracle9i Application Server. 


  • Enter the hostname, port number, and SID of the origin database where you will install the Oracle9iAS Wireless, and click Next. If you are upgrading from Oracle9i Application Server, version 1.0.2.1, then an "Upgrade Installation Detected" screen will appear. Review the content on the screen and click Next or Exit accordingly. If you click Next, then the installation will continue and the following screen will appear.


    Note:

    Do not enter Oracle9iAS Database Cache hostname, port number, and SID in this screen. 


    Figure 5-15 Wireless Edition Repository Information Screen


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    The Wireless Edition Repository Information screen allows you to enter the hostname, Net8 Listener port number, and SID of the database where you will install the Oracle9iAS Wireless repository.

  • Enter the new username and password for the database user to store the Oracle9iAS Wireless repository, and click Next. If you are upgrading from Oracle9i Application Server, version 1.0.2.1, then the "Oracle9iAS Wireless Schema Information Screen" will be slightly different. Enter the existing Oracle9iAS Wireless username and password, and click Next.


    Note:

    Do not use an existing database user, (that is, SYS, SYSTEM, or any other existing database user) as the username. 


    Figure 5-16 Wireless Edition Schema Information Screen


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    The Wireless Edition Schema Information screen allows you to create a database user to store the Oracle9iAS Wireless repository.

  • Enter and confirm the SYSTEM password of the database, and click Next. If you are upgrading from Oracle9i Application Server, version 1.0.2.1, then a "Wireless Edition Administrator Password Information" screen appears. Enter and confirm the "Administrator" password, and click Next.


    Note:

    Do not enter the database schema owner password. 


    Figure 5-17 System Password for Wireless Edition Screen


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    The System Password for Wireless Edition screen allows you to enter and confirm the SYSTEM password of the database where you are loading the Oracle9iAS Wireless repository.

  • Review the summary and click Install to begin the installation process.

    Figure 5-18 Summary Screen


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    The Summary screen allows you to review all the settings before the actual installation process. These settings include source, destination, installation type, product language, space requirements, and a list of components.

    When you click Install, the installation process begins.

  • Monitor the installation process and after the installer finishes, click Next.

    Figure 5-19 Install Screen


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    The Install screen appears while the product is installing. Installation operations include executing actions such as file copy and linking, and executing decision points and calculations. It also displays the full path of the installation log.

    For more information about installation log, refer to "oraInventory Directory".

    Changing Disks

    During installation, the installer prompts you to switch between Disks 1 through 5. Use these steps to change disks and continue the installation process.

    Figure 5-20 Changing Disks Dialog


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    1. Eject and unmount the current disk.

      You must manually eject and unmount the disk. For further instructions, refer to your operating system documentation

    2. Insert the next disk into the CD-ROM drive and mount it.

      You must manually mount the disk. For further instructions, refer to "Starting Oracle Universal Installer".

    3. Click the Browse button on the changing disks dialog, and navigate to /cdrom/9ias_10222_diskx. This directory may be different depending on where the original disk was mounted.

    4. Click OK to continue the installation process.

    Running root.sh

    After installation is completed, the installer prompts you to run root.sh script. Use these steps to run the root.sh script.

    1. Log on as the root user.

    2. Go to the Oracle home directory.

      prompt> cd $ORACLE_HOME
      
      
    3. Run the root.sh script.

      prompt> ./root.sh
      
      
    4. Exit root user.

    Once you see "Finished running generic part of the root.sh script" and "Now product-specific root actions will be performed," exit root user and return to the Install screen.

    The root.sh script detects:

  • Start the origin database if it has been shut down during installation. Verify the list of configuration tools and click Next. This screen appears only if you select components to configure and start in the Components Configuration and Startup screen.


    Note:

    The installer has completed copying and linking the necessary files. Be sure to start the database if it had been shut down for the installation process. The configuration tools such as Oracle9iAS Portal Configuration Assistant need to connect to an active database for configuration purposes. 


    Figure 5-21 Configuration Tools Screen


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    The Configuration Tools screen lists the configuration tools for all installed components.

    Scroll down the list to review the configuration status of each tool. The status changes as each component is configured.

    The installer performs the following functions in this screen:

    Configuration Tools

    This installation option launches the following configuration tools:

    Net8 Configuration Assistant - This configuration assistant enables you to connect and configure the Oracle client/server network environment.

    See Also:

    Net8 Administration's Guide in the Oracle Database Documentation Library for information on running Net8 Configuration Assistant. 

    Oracle Database Configuration Assistant - This configuration assistant configures the database for Oracle Enterprise Java Engine.

    See Also:

    "Oracle Database Configuration Assistant" for instructions on running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant. 

    Oracle9iAS Portal Configuration Assistant - This configuration assistant loads necessary database objects for Oracle9iAS Portal to run.


    See Also:

    "Oracle9iAS Portal Configuration Assistant" for instructions on running Oracle9iAS Portal Configuration Assistant. 


    Starting HTTP Server - This starts Oracle HTTP Server.

  • Ensure that the installation was successful. Click Exit to quit the installer.

    Figure 5-22 End of Installation Screen


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    The End of Installation screen appears at the end of the installation process. It notifies you whether the installation was successful or unsuccessful.

    If the installer detects that specific port numbers such as 7777, are occupied, it will display the alternate port numbers on the end of Installation screen. For Oracle HTTP Server port number information, refer to "Port Allocation".

    You have successfully installed the Standard Edition installation option of Oracle9i Application Server. Proceed to "Postinstallation" to complete the installation process.

    Postinstallation

    The following instructions guide you through the basic postinstallation tasks for Oracle9i Application Server. Before performing these tasks, install, if needed, Oracle9i Application Server Client from the Oracle9i Application Server Administrative and Development Client CD included in the Oracle9i Application Server CD pack.

    See Also:

    Appendix B, "Installing Oracle9i Application Server Administrative and Development Client CD-ROM" 

    The postinstallation contains the following sections:

    Configuring Oracle9iAS Containers for J2EE

    For Oracle9iAS Containers for J2EE (OC4J) installation and configuration information, refer to Oracle9iAS Containers for J2EE Quick Reference Card located in the Oracle9i Application Server Documentation Library.

    Environment Scripts

    Table 5-1 lists the environment script for Standard Edition installation option:

    Table 5-1 Environment Scripts
    Component  Environment Scripts 

    Oracle Internet File System 

    ORACLE_HOME/ifs1.1/bin/infenv.sh
    ORACLE_HOME/ifs1.1/bin/ifsconfig
    
     

    Component-specific Tasks

    This section describes the postinstallation tasks for the following components:

    Oracle Internet File System

    You must run the Oracle Internet File System Configuration Assistant manually to configure Oracle Internet File System.

    See Also:

    "Oracle Internet File System Configuration Assistant" for instructions on running Oracle Internet File System Configuration Assistant. 

    JSP Configuration

    The Oracle9i Application Server installation adds the following extra entry to the $ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Jserv/etc/jserv.properties file:

    wrapper.classpath=$ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/htdocs/_pages
    
    

    Delete this line and restart Oracle HTTP Server. Otherwise, automatic class reloading of JavaServer Pages (JSPs) will not work correctly.

    Oracle9iAS Wireless

    Refer to Appendix F, "Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle9iAS Wireless" for postinstallation tasks for Oracle9iAS Wireless.

    Starting and Stopping Components

    Table 5-2 lists the commands needed to individually start and stop the components.

    Table 5-2 Starting and Stopping Components
    Component  Function  Command 

    Oracle9iAS Wireless Web Integration Server 

    Start 

    ORACLE_HOME/panama/WebIntegration/Server/bin/server.sh
    
     

    Stop 

    Go to http://hostname.domainname:5555 and click on shutdown. 

    Oracle HTTP Server

     

    Start 

    ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin/apachectl start
    
     

    Stop 

    ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin/apachectl stop
    
     

    Oracle HTTP Server SSL-enabled 

    Start 

    ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin/apachectl startssl
    

    (Log in as root user.) 

    Stop 

    ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin/apachectl stop
    

    (Log in as root user.) 

    Oracle Internet File System 

    Start 

    ORACLE_HOME/ifs1.1/bin/ifsstart
    
     

    Stop 

    ORACLE_HOME/ifs1.1/bin/ifsstop
    
     

    Component Web Sites

    Table 5-3 lists Web sites for Oracle9i Application Server components.

    Table 5-3 Component Web sites
    Component  Web Site 

    Oracle9iAS Portal 

    http://hostname.domain:listener_port/pls/portal30
    
     

    Oracle9iAS Wireless Web Integration Server 

    http://hostname.domain:5555
    

    (Log on as Administrator/manage

    Oracle HTTP Server
    Oracle HTTP Server (SSL-enabled) 

    http://hostname.domain:listener_port
    https://hostname.domain:listener_port
    
     

    Oracle Internet File System 

    http://hostname.domain:listener_port/ifs/files
    

    (Log on as system/manager

    Component Port Numbers

    Table 5-4 lists the default port numbers on which requests are received for each component.

    Table 5-4 Port Numbers  
    Components  Port Number 

    Oracle9iAS Portal 

    Oracle9iAS Portal uses the same port number as Oracle HTTP Server 

    Oracle9iAS Wireless

    Oracle9iAS Wireless Web Integration Server 

    Oracle9iAS Wireless uses the same port as Oracle HTTP Server

    5555 

    Oracle HTTP Server
    Oracle HTTP Server (SSL-enabled)
    Oracle HTTP Server Jserv Servlet Engine 

    For information on port numbers, refer to "Port Allocation".
    8007 

    Oracle Internet File System 

    Oracle Internet File System uses the same port number as Oracle HTTP Server
    FTP: 21
    SMB: 139
    SMTP: 2500
    IMAP: 143
    CUP: 4180 

    Oracle Enterprise Java Engine TNS Listener  

    TCP/IP: 1521
    IIOP: 2481 

    Additional Documentation

    For further information on postinstallation and configuration tasks, refer to component-specific documentation. For information on viewing and installing the documentation, refer to Appendix E, "Installing Documentation Library".


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