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Oracle® Fail Safe Concepts and Administration Guide
Release 3.3.1 for Windows
Part No. A96684-01
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abort mode
taking single-instance databases offline in, 5
access to resources, 2.2.1
adding to database password file, 7.5.1
changing domain name for Oracle Services for MSCS account,
changing the password of, 7.5.2
privileges and permissions, 4.3
privileges required for Oracle MTS Service, 13.4
rights required for Oracle MTS Service, 13.4
single-instance database roles required for Oracle MTS Service, 13.4
changing the password of, 7.5.2
changing the password of, 7.5.2
to manage a single-instance Oracle database, 7.5
under which generic service runs,,,
under which Oracle Applications concurrent manager runs,
under which Oracle MTS Service runs,
under which Oracle Reports Server runs,
under which Oracle Services for MSCS runs,
Active Server Pages (ASP)
Web application, 11.1
active/active configurations, 3.1.2
active/passive configurations, 3.1.1
Add Resource to Group operation
troubleshooting, 7.2.2
Add Resource to Group Wizard
generic services, 14.3.2
Oracle Applications concurrent managers, 12.3.3
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.3.3
Oracle Forms Servers, 9.3.3
Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.3.3
Oracle Intelligent Agents, 7.7.1
Oracle MTS Service, 13.3.3
Oracle Reports Servers, 10.3.3
Oracle single-instance databases, 7.3.3
logging information, C.3
adding a ctxsrv server to a group, 7.6, 7.6
adding a generic service to a group, 14.3
cluster disks,
display name,
image name,
node name,
possible owner nodes,
registry keys,
sample service, 14.5
service name,
startup parameters,
steps, 14.3.1
virtual addresses,
adding a single-instance Oracle database to a group, 7.3
authentication information,
database name,
instance name,
Oracle Net listener, 7.4.2
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 7.3.1
service name,
steps, 7.3.2
tnsnames.ora file, 7.3.2
virtual addresses,
adding an Oracle Applications concurrent manager to a group, 12.3
configuration ID,
manager name,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 12.3.1
steps, 12.3.2
virtual addresses,
adding an Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server to a group, 8.3.2
data port,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 8.3.1
request port,
server name,
steps, 8.3.2
virtual addresses,,
adding an Oracle Forms Server to a group, 9.3.2
application file locations,
connection mode parameters,
port number,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 9.3.1
server name,
steps, 9.3.2
tnsnames.ora file,
adding an Oracle HTTP Server to a group, 11.3
directory index files,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 11.3.1
server name,
server root,
steps, 11.3.2
virtual addresses,
virtual directories,
adding an Oracle Intelligent Agent to a group, 7.7.1
prerequisites, 7.7.1
adding an Oracle MTS Service to a group, 13.3
account authentication,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 13.3.1
service name,,
steps, 13.3.2
virtual addresses,
adding an Oracle Reports Server to a group, 10.3.2
account with printer access,
cache directory,
jobs directory,
persistfile parameter,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites, 10.3.1
server name,
source directory,
steps, 10.3.2
tnsnames.ora file,
virtual addresses,
Administrator privileges
logging in to a cluster, 4.3.2
setting up security, 4.3.1
specifying with the FSCMD command, 5
allocating IP addresses for a cluster, 2.4
Oracle HTTP Server powered by
See Oracle HTTP Servers
application log
troubleshooting startup problems, 6.3
application software
rolling upgrade of, 1.2.2
automatic reconnection after failover, 1.2.3
failover, 1.2.3, 2.7.2
concepts, 7.10.2
flow chart, 7.10.2
mission-critical, 3.1.2
reconnecting after failover, 7.10.3,
archived files,
checking preferences in Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.11.9
log on as batch user access rights, 7.11.9
permissions and privileges required, 4.3
REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE initialization parameter, 7.5
SYSDBA role, 7.5.1
SYSOPER privileges, 7.5.1
troubleshooting DBA authentication, 7.11.6
using INTERNAL for databases, 7.5.1
using SYS for databases, 7.5.1
RAID technology, 2.1.1


backup operation
sample FSCMD commands in a script, 5
increasing with multiple virtual addresses, 2.3
requirement for internode communication, 3.1.3
of configuring generic services using Oracle Fail Safe, 14.1.1
of Oracle Fail Safe, 1.2
bequeath protocol adapter
Oracle Fail Safe connection to single-instance database and, 7.4
BYPASS value,


Java applet, 9.6.4
cache directory
Oracle Reports Server,
CGI (common gateway interface)
locating the rwcgi60.exe executable file, 10.8.1
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server and, 8.1
Oracle HTTP Server and,
Web applications and, 11.1
domain name for Oracle Services for MSCS account,
prior to database failover,
class exception error
when running Java applet, 9.6.3
client connections
to Oracle Forms Servers, 9.5
to Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.4
to Oracle Reports Servers, 10.4
to single-instance Oracle database servers, 7.4.2
access to resources, 2.3
accessing groups with multiple virtual addresses, 4.7
cluster connections, 2.7.2
connecting to resources using multiple virtual addresses, 4.7
reconnecting to a single-instance database after failover, 7.10
reconnecting to a Web server after failover, 11
reconnecting to an Oracle Forms Server after a failover, 9.3
reconnecting to an Oracle Reports Server after failover, 10.4
registering addresses of, B.1
reloading a Web site after failover, 11
client/server configurations
Oracle Reports, 10
cluster alias
definition, 2.5
Oracle Fail Safe Manager and, 2.5
registering address of, B.1
use of, 2.5
cluster disks
generic services and,
Oracle Forms Servers and, 9.3.1
Oracle HTTP Servers and, 11.3.2,
Oracle Reports Servers and, 10.3.1
Oracle single-instance databases and, 7.3.1
RAID hardware and, 1.3
redundancy and, 2.1.1
storing jobs and events information, 7.7.1
See also disks
Cluster Group, 2.5
cluster alias network name, 2.5
resources in, 2.5
cluster nodes, 2.1
adding to an existing cluster, 4.8
defined, 1.1
shared servers configuration and, 7.4.5
CLUSTER qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
cluster recovery
quorum disk, 2.1.4
cluster registry
run Verify Group to correct, 7.9
cluster resource
defined, 2.2.1
CLUSTER_MGR string, C.3
clusters, 1.1
adding a new node to, 4.8
cluster alias, 2.5
configuration, 2.1
connecting to, 2.5
definition, 2
different configurations, 2.1.2
discovering in Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.7
disk configurations, 2.1.3
See cluster disks
in multitiered configurations, 9.1
introduction, 2.1
members of, 2.1
metadata, 2.1.4
nodes, 1.2.1, 2.1
synchronizing password files on, 7.5.1
Dump Cluster operation, 6.2
typical configuration, 1.3
verifying the configuration, 5, 6.1.1
clusterwide operations
rolling back, 7.11.3
Verify Group operation, 6.1.2
Verify Standalone Database operation, 6.1.3
common gateway interface
lost between cluster nodes, 2.1.4
lost when a system fails, 7.11.10
managing with Oracle Intelligent Agent, 2.2.2
redundant, 11.1
concurrent managers
See Oracle Applications concurrent managers
configuration files
for Oracle HTTP Server,
configuration ID
Oracle Applications concurrent manager, 12.3.1,
configurations, 3.1
active/active, 3.1.2
active/passive, 3.1.1
customizing, 3.1, 3.1
disk-level, 2.1.3
multiple virtual addresses in, 4.7
multitiered, 3.1.4
partitioned workload, 3.1.3
shared-nothing, 2.1.3
system-level, 2.1.2
troubleshooting problems with groups, 12.5.2, 13.5.2
typical, 1.3
using wizard input, 4.2, 4.2
verifying, 6.1.2, 6.1.3
connect to cluster
domain user account, 4.3.2
CONNECT_DATA parameter, 7.10.3,
DELAY parameter,
FAILOVER_MODE parameter,
METHOD subparameter,
RETRIES parameter,
TYPE parameter,
connection modes
connection time
improving, 7.4.1
tnsnames.ora and listener.ora files,
CR_DBRES string, C.3
CR_SAMPLE string, C.3
creating a sample database
tracing information about, C.3
creating a single-instance sample database
failure, 7.11.7
ctxsrv servers
configuring as a generic application, 7.6
configuring for high availability, 7.6
custom resource types, 2.2.4
customer support
calling, C.1
customizing configurations, 3.1


data files
adding new, 7.9
.dat file for scheduling Oracle Reports,
.fmx files, 9.6.7
for Oracle Forms Servers,, 9.6.7
for Oracle Reports Servers,
Data Guard
See Oracle Data Guard, 3.2
data host
default value for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Client, 8.5.2
data port
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Client, 8.5.2
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server,
database account
INTERNAL, 7.11.9
password change, 7.5.2
SYS, 7.5, 7.11.9
database administrator
changing the password, 7.11.6
connecting as internal, 7.11.6
DBA_AUTHORIZATION parameter,, 7.5
Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA), 7.2.1
creating the Oracle Net configuration, 7.2.1
net service name entry and, 7.2.1
database password file
adding accounts to for a database, 7.5.1
database recovery
optimization for single-instance databases, 7.8
access to over a dedicated network link, 3.1.3
accessed by Oracle Forms Server,
accessed by Oracle Reports Server,
adding a new data file, 7.9
adding to a group
shared sockets and, 7.4.1
backup operations on, 7.9
using FSCMD commands, 5
changing DBA passwords, 7.11.6
checkpointing and,
clients lose single-instance database connection, 7.11.10
configuration data, 7.3.3
configuring database resource to use shared servers, 7.4.5
configuring using wizard input, 4.2
dependency on listener removed, 7.4
EXCLUSIVE access, 7.5
group resource, 2.2.2
improving connection time, 7.4.1
in a multitiered configuration, 9.1
Is Alive polling, 7.11.6
listeners for standalone, 7.2.4
LOCAL_LISTENER parameter in the initialization file,
net service name entry, 7.2.1
upgrading from, 7.2.3, 7.5.3
Oracle8 using shared servers,
reconnecting to a single-instance database after failover, 7.10.3
resolving an unstable state, 7.11.4
security, 7.5
SHARED access, 7.5
shared servers and MSCS cluster nodes, 7.4.5
steps for configuring, 7.3.2, 7.3.2
synchronizing password files, 7.5.1
taking offline, 5, 5,, 7.9
due to change in password, 7.11.6
for cold backup operation, 7.9
Pending Timeout, 7.11.4
problems, 7.11.6
to stop and restart the group,
with FSCMD command, 7.8
testing shutdown on the secondary node, 4.2
transparent application failover demonstrations, 7.10.4, A
updating tnsnames.ora file for remote client access,
upgrading with Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant, 7.5.3
using shared servers, 7.4.5
using SQL*Plus for cold backup operations, 7.9
verifying, 6.1.2, 6.1.3
virtual addresses,
See also resources
DBA_AUTHORIZATION parameter,, 7.5
See Database Configuration Assistant
DBName parameter,
DCOM, 13
dedicated network link, 3.1.3
dedicated server mode
USE_SHARED_SOCKETS listener parameter and, 7.4.1
DEL_SAMPLE string, C.3
DELAY parameter
in CONNECT_DATA parameter,
deleting a sample database
capturing information about, C.3
errors when trying to, 7.11.7
transparent application failover, 7.10.4, A
among resources, 2.2.3, 2.2.3
generic services,,
listener, 7.4
directory index files
Oracle HTTP Server,,
DISABLEISALIVE parameter, 5, 7.11.5
disaster tolerance, 3.2
resources, 4.4
standalone generic services, 14.2
standalone Oracle Applications concurrent managers, 12.2
standalone Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.2
standalone Oracle Forms Servers, 9.2
standalone Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.2
standalone Oracle MTS Services, 13.2
standalone Oracle Reports Servers, 10.2
standalone single-instance databases, 7.1
standalone single-instance sample databases, 7.1
with Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.7, 7.7
disk devices
detecting changes with Verify Group, 7.11.2
resources in a group, 2.2.2
verification after adding more, 7.11.2
disk resources
possible owners nodes list and, 2.6.6
configuration, 2.1.3
resource type, 2.2.4
See also cluster disks
specifying full listener information in,
specifying information in,
display name
generic services and,
DNS server
registering IP address and host name in, B.1
document root directory
for Oracle HTTP Servers,
domain account
for Oracle Fail Safe Manager, 4.3
for Oracle Reports Server, 4.3
for Oracle Services for MSCS, 4.3
updating default values, 7.2.1
domain name
changing for Oracle Services for MSCS account,
DOMAIN qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
Dump Cluster command, 6.2
DUMPCLUSTER parameter, 5
dynamic discovery
with Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.7
dynamic-link libraries (DLLs)
custom, 2.2.4
FsResOdbs.dll, 2.2.4
FsResOdbsEx.dll, 2.2.4
generic services, 2.2.4, 2.2.4
IP addresses, 2.2.4
managing resources, 2.2.4
Oracle database, 2.2.4
Oracle resources, 2.2.4
physical disks, 2.2.4
single-instance database access at the Is Alive interval, 7.11.4


ENABLEISALIVE parameter, 5, 7.11.5
environment variables
error handling
scripts and, 7.11.1
FS-10101, 7.11.9
FS-10270, 7.11.7
FS-10618, 13.5.1
FS-10778, 13.5.1
ORA-01031, 7.11.9
reporting, C.1
returned for insufficient privileges, 7.11.9
tracking information in a trace file, C.3
user authentication, 7.11.9
written to the Oracle Net listener log, 7.11.4
storing information about, 7.7.1
external procedures
configuring, 7.4.4


effect of preferred owner nodes list on, 2.7.1, 2.7.1
move group operation effect on, 2.7.1
failback policy
dumping information about, 6.2
specifying, 2.7
verifying with Verify Group operation, 6.1.2, 7.11.2
failover period, 2.6.7
failover policy
for groups, 2.6.7
failover threshold, 2.6.7
FAILOVER_MODE parameter,
in the CONNECT_DATA string,
METHOD keyword,
TYPE keyword,
failovers, 2.6
applications, 1.2.3
automatic application reconnection, 1.2.3
checking with the Verify command, 4.2
client applications and, 2.7.2
database checkpointing and,
definition, 2.1
disabling during backup operations, 7.9
due to resource failure,
dumping information about policies, 6.2
effect of possible owner nodes list on, 2.6.10
effect of preferred owner nodes list on, 2.6.10
effect of resource restart policy on, 2.6.8
fastest, 3.1.1
for load-balancing, 2.6
groups and, 2.2.2
in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
limiting repeated, 2.6.7
node failures and,
node to which group moves during, 2.6.10
Oracle Intelligent Agent resource, 7.7.1
persist file and, 10.7
planned, 2.6,
reestablishing user sessions after,
replaying transactions and, 1.2.3
troubleshooting, 7.11.5
unit of, 2.2.2
unplanned, 2.6
verifying with Verify Group operation, 6.1.2, 7.11.2
Web server, 11.1
eliminating in multitiered configurations, 8.1, 9.1, 13.1
unplanned, 2.6.1
verifying resources to prevent, 6.1.2, 6.1.3
Fibre Channel
shared storage interconnect, 1.3
file corruption
in tnsnames.ora and listener.ora files,
tracing Oracle Services for MSCS errors, C.3
forms applications
cannot access multiform pages of, 9.6.7
forms .fmx files, 9.6.7
FORMS60_HTTP_NEGOTIATE_DOWN environment variable,
FORMS60_PATH registry variable, 9.6.5, 9.6.7
Oracle Forms Servers and,
formsweb.cfg file,, 8.5.3
MetricServerPort parameter,
FSCMD command, 1.2.2
DISABLEISALIVE parameter, 5, 7.11.5
DUMPCLUSTER parameter, 5
ENABLEISALIVE parameter, 5, 7.11.5
example usage in a script, 5
examples, 5
MOVEGROUP parameter, 5
OFFLINEGROUP parameter, 5
ONLINEGROUP parameter, 5
parameters and qualifiers, 5
syntax, 5
usage notes, 5
use in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
VERIFYCLUSTER parameter, 5
VERIFYGROUP parameter, 5
FsDbError.bat script, 7.11.1
FsResOdbs.dll file
functions, 2.2.4
FsResOdbsEx.dll file
functions, 2.2.4


General property page
for resources, 2.6.6
generic services
adding to a group, 14.3.1
advantages of configuring using Oracle Fail Safe, 14.1.1
compared to other services Oracle Fail Safe supports, 14.1
configuration steps, 14.3.2
configuring for high availability, 14.3, 14.3.2
creating and adding to a group, 14.3.2
defined, 2.2.4, 14
discovering standalone, 14.2, 14.2
display name and,
for Windows services, 2.2.4
generic service identity,
image name and,
LocalSystem account and,
node name and,
passing parameters to Windows Service Control Manager,
placement of data files and,
placement of executable files and,
possible owner nodes,
resource type, 2.2.4
security requirements for, 14.4
service name and,
specifying account for,
startup parameters,
startup type and,
steps for configuring for high availability, 14.3.1
troubleshooting, 14.6
virtual addresses,
what not to configure for high availability, 14.1.2
Windows registry keys and,
See also resources
GR_VERIFY string, C.3
added bandwidth for, 2.3
adding a generic service to, 14.3.1
adding a single-instance database to, 7.3.2
adding an Oracle Applications concurrent manager to, 12.3.2
adding an Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server to, 8.3.2
adding an Oracle Forms Server to, 9.3.2
adding an Oracle HTTP Server to, 11.3.2
adding an Oracle Intelligent Agent to, 7.7.1
adding an Oracle Reports Server to, 10.3.2
adding Oracle MTS Services to, 13.3.2
adding virtual addresses to, 2.3
correcting the network name,
creating, 2.2.2
DBA password mismatches, 7.11.6
definition of, 2.2.2
discovering in Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.7
dumping information about, 6.2
examples of resources, 2.2.2
failover, 2.2.2
failover period, 2.6.7
failover policy, 2.6.7
failover threshold, 2.6.7
moving, 5
multiple virtual addresses in, 4.7
Nodes property page for, 2.6.6
Oracle homes, 4.6
ownership of, 2.2.2
placing online, 5
populating, 4.2
preferred owner nodes list, 2.6.9
privileges for adding a single-instance database, 7.11.9
resource dependencies, 2.2.3
taking offline, 5
verifying all groups in a cluster, 5
verifying resources in, 6.1.2
virtual addresses and, 7.3.3
with multiple virtual addresses, 4.7


configuration, 1.3
RAID, 1.3
heartbeat connection, 2.1
definition of, 1.3
host name
registering, B.1
troubleshooting improper name resolution with, B.3
validating proper name resolution, 11.7.2, B.2
HOST parameter
in the tnsnames.ora file,
Hosts files
registering IP address and host names in, B.1
HTML files, 9.6.1
for Oracle Forms applications, 9.6.2
JInitiator tags in, 9.6.3
module= syntax, 9.6.5
HTTP connection mode,
HTTPS connection mode,


image name
generic services and,
immediate mode
taking single-instance databases offline in, 5
initialization parameter file
deleting the LOCAL_LISTENER parameter,
exporting SPFILE and,
for highly available single-instance databases,,
location of,
PFILE and,
placement of,
REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE initialization parameter,, 7.5, 7.11.6
restrictions on specifying SPFILE and,
interactive, 1.2.2
of Oracle Fail Safe, 1.2.2
silent mode, 1.2.2
supplying security setup information, 4.3.1
using a response file with, 1.2.2
instance name
for highly available single-instance databases,
insufficient privileges, 7.11.9, 7.11.9
private internode connection, 2.1
shared storage, 2.1, 7.11.3
INTERNAL account, 7.11.9
password change, 7.5.2
internal cluster communications
virtual addresses configured for,
intracluster communications, 1.3
IP addresses
allocating for a cluster, 2.4
determining number needed, 2.4
overlapping among listeners,
registering, B.1
resource type, 2.2.4
troubleshooting improper name resolution with, B.3
troubleshooting multiple, B.3
validating proper name resolution, 11.7.2, B.2
Is Alive polling
disabling, 5, 7.11.5
DLL file function, 2.2.4
effect during backup operations, 7.9
enabling, 7.11.5
reenabling, 5


consistency using virtual machines, 11.1
problems downloading applet for, 9.6.2
problems running applet, 9.6.3
reloading the applet, 9.6.4
turning off the applet cache, 9.6.4
Web application, 11.1
recommendation for using, 11.1
software compatibility for Oracle Forms, 9.6.3
scheduled Oracle Reports,
storing information about, 7.7.1
troubleshooting access problems, 7.11.9
jobs directory
Oracle Reports Server,


Listener Control Utility (LSNRCTL)
creating listeners,
listener.ora files, 4.2
checking configuration data, 7.11.4
configuring multiple, 7.2.4
EXTPROC prefix, 7.4.4
problems configuring the virtual server,
rollback files,
sample definition,
updated by Database Configuration Assistant, 7.2.1
changed behavior for listener, 7.2.2
changes for shared servers, 7.2.5
configuring, 4.2
configuring Oracle Net on nodes with multiple listeners, 7.2.4
created for single-instance databases added to a group, 7.4.2
creating new,
creating with Listener Control Utility (LSNRCTL),
definition in rollback file,
enabling shared sockets and, 7.4.1
log file, 7.11.4
network resources, 2.2.2
output files,
problems after changing or creating definition of,
problems creating,
specifying in the LOCAL_LISTENER parameter,
specifying information in the DISPATCHERS parameter,
starting, 7.2.4
troubleshooting, 7.11.4
Load Balancer Servers
See Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers
load balancing, 2.6, 8.1
in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
Oracle Forms Servers, 8.1
Oracle Reports Servers, 10.1.3
See also Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers
local area network, 1.3
adding to single-instance database parameter file, 7.2.5
deletion after removing a single-instance database from a group,
specifying listeners in,
updating information for the group,
writing to the single-instance database parameter file,
LocalSystem account
generic services and,
log on as a service privilege
generic services and, 14.4
LOGFILE qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
logical standby database, 3.2
LSNRCTL utility
troubleshooting listener problems,


management operations
single-instance database, 7.9
cluster security, 4.3
integrating with Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.7
tnsnames.ora file on client systems, 7.3.2,
using a cluster alias, 2.5
master Oracle Reports Server
making highly available, 10
master/slave implementation
configuring for Oracle Reports Servers, 10.5
quorum resource and, 2.1.4
METHOD subparameter
in CONNECT_DATA string,
MetricServerPort parameter
of the formsweb.cfg file,
Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
Microsoft Transaction Server
description, 13
See also Oracle MTS Services
Microsoft Windows NT Enterprise Edition 4.0
registration considerations, B
mission-critical applications
in active/active configurations, 3.1.2
possible owner nodes list, 2.6.6
move group operation
effect on failback, 2.7.1
MOVEGROUP parameter, 5
configuring for high availability, 13.3.1
verifying configuration of, 13.3.1
cluster software, 1.1
displaying database properties with Cluster Administrator, 2.2.4
Is Alive polling, 2.2.4
Pending Timeout value, 7.11.4, 12.5.2
resource types, 2.2.4
MSCS Cluster Administrator
displaying Oracle database properties, 2.2.4
displaying Oracle Reports Server, Forms Server, and listener resource types, 2.2.4
use during tracing, C.3
See DISPATCHERS parameter
multiform applications, 9.6.7
multiple network cards
troubleshooting improper name resolution with
on Windows 2000, B.3.2
on Windows NT Service Pack 5 and higher, B.3.1
multiple Oracle homes, 4.6
checking for overlapping addresses and single-instance database SID names,
configuring multiple listeners, 7.2.4
multiple listeners, 7.2.4
single-instance database SID in listener.ora files,
updating tnsnames.ora with Verify Standalone Database command, 7.2.1
multithreaded servers
See shared servers
multitiered configurations, 3.1.4
using UNIX in, 3.1.4


Names Server
CONNECT_DATA string, 7.10.3,
HOST parameter,
net service name,
added for single-instance databases, 7.2.1
appended with the default domain name,
default domain name and,
referencing in archived configuration files,
entry after adding a single-instance database to a group,
entry for new single-instance databases, 7.2.1
highly available single-instance databases and,
when configuring the virtual server,
network configuration
updating domain name values in sqlnet.ora files, 7.2.1
network name
cluster alias, 2.5
correcting for group,
configuration, B
for highly available single-instance databases, 7.4.2
Oracle Net on nodes with multiple listeners, 7.2.4
updating, 7.2.1
verify with Verify Group, 7.11.2
dumping public and private information, 6.2
problems while configuring virtual server,
protocol information in tnsnames.ora file, 4.2
tracing configuration information, C.3
using private in an active/active configuration, 3.1.3
to which a group fails over, 2.6.10
node failures
effects of, 2.7.2
failover and,
node name
generic services and,
NODE qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
adding to an existing cluster, 4.8
cluster, 1.2.1
definition of, 2.1
excluding from possible owner nodes list, 2.6.6
possible owner, 2.6.6
preferred, 2.7
preferred ownership of groups and, 2.6.9
Nodes property page
for groups, 2.6.6
normal mode
taking single-instance databases offline in, 5


enabling automatic reconnect, 7.10.3
failover process, 7.10.2
ODBC clients
enabling automatic reconnect, 7.10.3
OFFLINE qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
OFFLINEGROUP parameter, 5
offline-option modes, 5
ONLINEGROUP parameter, 5
operating system authentication,
Windows operating system group,
Windows operating system group,
Oracle Applications concurrent managers
configuration ID, 12.3.1,
discovering standalone, 12.2
possible owner nodes,
re-creating a deleted Windows service for, 12.5
resolving an unstable state, 12.5.2
taking offline
Pending Timeout, 12.5.2
virtual address,
See also resources
Oracle Data Guard
using with Oracle Fail Safe, 3.2
Oracle database resource type, 2.2.4
Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant
upgrading single-instance databases, 7.5.3
Oracle Enterprise Manager
authentication problems, 7.11.9
discovering clusters in, 7.7
discovering groups in, 7.7
integrating with, 7.7
setting User Credentials, 7.11.9
troubleshooting authentication problems, 7.11.9
troubleshooting client connection problems, 7.11.9
use in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
Oracle Fail Safe
installation of, 1.2.2
Oracle Fail Safe Manager, 1.1
cluster alias and, 2.5
compatibility with prior releases of Oracle Fail Safe Server, 4.6
introduction to, 1.2.2
tree view, 1.2.2
verify tools, 1.2.2
wizards, 1.2.2
Oracle Fail Safe Server
Oracle Fail Safe Manager releases and, 4.6
See also Oracle Services for MSCS
Oracle Forms
CGI-bin executable file, 8.1
configuring with a Web server, 11.1
invoking the Forms Runtime engine, 9.6.6
JInitiator tags in application, 9.6.3
using JInitiator, 9.6.3
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Clients
data port, 8.5.2
default value for data host, 8.5.2
localhost, 8.5.2
relationship to Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server, 8.1
startup parameters for, 8.5.2
virtual addresses and, 8.5.2
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers
adding to a group, 8.3
CGI executables files and, 8.1
changing startup parameters for, 8.5.3, 8.5.4
configuration steps, 8.3.2
data port,
discovering, 8.2
discovering standalone, 8.2
formsweb.cfg file,
maximum number of clients for,
overview of, 8.1
possible owner nodes,
relationship to Oracle Forms Load Balancer Clients, 8.1
relationship to Oracle Forms Servers, 8.1
request port,
security requirements for, 8.4
startup parameters for, 8.5.2
steps for adding to a group, 8.3.2
three-tier configuration in a cluster, 8.1
trace level,
troubleshooting, 8.6
virtual addresses,,
See also resources
Oracle Forms Servers, 9.6
access to databases,
appearance in Oracle Fail Safe Manager tree view,
application file location,
application set up in a cluster, 9.3
client connections to, 9.5
configuration steps, 9.3.2
configuring for high availability, 9.3
data files,
discovering, 9.2, 9.2
FORMS60_PATH registry variable and,
information needed to make highly available, 9.3.3
pool parameter,
possible owner nodes,
prerequisites to adding to a group, 9.3.1
relationship to Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.1
security requirements of, 9.4
specifying Oracle database accessed by,
steps for adding to a group, 9.3.2
troubleshooting, 9.6, 9.6
application cannot be found, 9.6.5
unable to access servers, 9.6.1
virtual addresses, 9.3,,
See also resources
Oracle homes
configuring for Oracle Forms, 9.3.1
configuring for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.3.1
groups and, 4.6
multiple, 4.6
name of, 6.1.1
path for Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.3.1
Oracle HTTP Servers
adding to a group, 11.3.3
client connections to, 11.4
cluster disk,
configuration file,, 11.5
configuring for high availability, 11.3
directory index files,,
discovering standalone, 11.2
document root directory,
HTTP access,
Oracle home and, 11.3.1
possible owner nodes list,
prerequisites to adding to a group, 11.3.1
removing from a group, 11.5
security requirements for, 11.6
SSL access,
troubleshooting, 11.7
unable to connect to Web site, 11.7.3
users cannot access, 11.7.2
virtual addresses,
virtual directories,
See also resources
Oracle Intelligent Agent
adding to a group, 7.7.1
default, 7.7.1
managing communications, 2.2.2
virtual addresses, 7.7.1
Oracle MTS Services
discovering, 13.2
discovering standalone, 13.2
possible owner nodes,
re-creating if deleted, 13.5
service name,
virtual address,
Oracle Net Assistant
using to re-create network files,
Oracle Net listener
behavior, 7.2.2
configuration of, 7.4
creation of, 7.4
dependencies and, 7.4
Oracle Net network
archived configuration files,
modifying tnsnames.ora file,
resource in a group, 2.2.2
rollback files,
single-instance database configuration, 7.4.3
tracing configuration information, C.3
troubleshooting the configuration, 7.11.4
Oracle Portal
using with Oracle Reports Server to control user access, 10.6
Oracle Reports Servers
account to run under,
adding slave server to existing master/slave implementation, 10.5.3
architecture, 10.1.1
cache directory,,
pointed to by virtual directory, 10.8.6
registry variable, 10.8.6
client connections to, 10.4
client/server implementation, 10.1, 10.1.2
cluster configuration, 10.1.3
configuring for high availability, 10.3
configuring master/slave implementation, 10.5
configuring with a Web server, 11.1
database accessed by,
determining the virtual address for, 10.4.1
discovering, 10.2
example tnsnames.ora file, 10.4.1
identifying master server to slave servers,
identifying slaves to master,
jobs directory,
load balancing, 10.1.3
location of data files, 10.3.1
location of executable files, 10.3.1
location of output files, 10.3.1
making master highly available, 10
master/slave implementations, 10.1, 10.1.3
multiple, 3.1.4
persist file, 10.7
persistfile parameter,
possible owner nodes,
printers and,
.rdf files,, 10.8.4
running reports and, 10.4
runtime engine and, 10.8.5
source directory,,
on cluster disks, 10.8.4
tiers, 10.1
tnsnames.ora file and, 10.4.1
troubleshooting, 10.8
updating tnsnames.ora file for client access, 10.4.1
using Oracle Portal to control user access, 10.6
viewing queue activity, 10.7.1
virtual addresses,
Web server virtual directory registry variable, 10.8.6
Web-based configurations, 10.1
See also resources
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
See Oracle MTS Services
Oracle Services for MSCS
account for,
described, 1.1
Security Setup tool,
updating Windows security information and,
Oracle single-instance databases
upgrades to Oracle8i and, 7.2.3
upgrades to Oracle9i and, 7.2.3
Oracle Support
calling, C.1
Oracle7 databases
See databases
Oracle8 databases
See databases
Oracle8i databases
See databases
output files
owner nodes
See possible owner nodes list
of group, 2.2.2


parameter file
See initialization parameter file
SERVER=DEDICATED in tnsnames.ora file, 7.4.5
USE_SHARED_SOCKETS listener parameter, 7.4.1
partitioned workload configuration, 3.1.3
password files
synchronizing, 7.5.1
changes cause group problems, 7.11.4
changing for the DBA account, 7.11.6
changing for the SYSDBA account, 7.5.2
problems with REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE parameter, 7.11.6
Pending Timeout value
setting, 7.11.4, 12.5.2
troubleshooting, 7.11.4, 12.5.2
in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
optimizing database, 3.1.3
Web application, 11.1
insufficient return error ORA-01031, 7.11.9
persist file
failovers and, 10.7
Oracle Reports Server and, 10.7
persistfile parameter,
Oracle Reports Server,
See initialization parameter file
physical standby database, 3.2
verifying network communication between cluster nodes, 11.7.2, B.2
planned failover
static load balancing,
planned group failover,
planned maintenance,
dumping failover and failback information, 6.2
failures, 7.11.4, 7.11.6
pool parameters
Oracle Forms Server,
Oracle Forms Server,
Oracle Reports Server,
port number
verifying for Oracle Forms Servers, 9.6.1
possible owner nodes list
adjusting, 2.6.6
effect on failover, 2.6.10
effect on resources, 2.6.6
excluding nodes from, 2.6.6
for a generic service,
for a group, 2.6.6, 2.6.6
for a resource, 2.6.6
for a single-instance Oracle database,
for an Oracle Applications concurrent manager,
for an Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server,
for an Oracle Forms Server,
for an Oracle HTTP Server,
for an Oracle MTS Service,
for an Oracle Reports Server,
in determining failover node, 2.6.10
modifying, 2.6.6
resources and, 2.6.6
specifying, 2.6.6, 2.6.6
Verify Group command and, 2.6.6, 2.6.6, 2.6.6, 4.8
setting to avoid access problems, 7.11.9
preferred owner nodes list
effect on failback, 2.7.1, 2.7.1
effect on failover, 2.6.9, 2.6.10
move group operation and, 2.7.1
testing database shutdown, 4.2
Oracle Reports Server and,
private disks
generic services and,
private interconnect, 1.3, 2.1
bandwidth, 3.1.3
generic services and, 14.4
granting on each cluster node, 7.5.1
required, 4.3
protocol address, 7.4.2
public interconnect, 1.3
PWD qualifier
FSCMD command, 5, 5


quorum disk
cluster recovery and, 2.1.4
dumping information about, 6.2
quorum resource
metadata and, 2.1.4


hardware, 1.3
technology, 2.1.1
readme.txt instruction file
for transparent application failover demonstration, A
servers and, 2.1.1
host names and IP addresses, B.1
jobs and events, 7.7
pinging to validate proper name resolution, 11.7.2, B.2
troubleshooting improper name resolution, B.3
dumping information about resource, 6.2
FORMS60_PATH variable, 9.6.5, 9.6.7
variables for Oracle Reports Server, 10.8.6
registry editor
registering host names and IP addresses, B.1
registry keys
for Oracle Reports cache directory, 10.8.6
generic services and,,
Oracle Applications concurrent manager configuration ID, 12.3.1
Oracle Forms connection mode and,
Oracle Forms pool parameter and,
Oracle Forms Server port number and,
Oracle Forms Server virtual address and,
replicating across cluster,
registry variables
Oracle Applications concurrent manager configuration ID,
Oracle Reports cache directory, 10.8.6
REPORTS60_PHYSICAL_MAP, 10.8.6, 10.8.6
REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE initialization parameter, 7.11.6
setting, 7.11.4
when password files are not used,
when password files are used,
Oracle HTTP Servers from a group, 11.5
REPORTS60_CGIMAP registry variable, 10.4
REPORTS60_PHYSICAL_MAP registry variable, 10.8.6, 10.8.6
REPORTS60_VIRTUAL_MAP registry variable, 10.8.6
request port
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server,
resource types
custom, 2.2.4
displaying in Oracle Fail Safe Manager, 2.2.4
generic service, 2.2.4
IP addresses, 2.2.4
MSCS, 2.2.4
Oracle Applications concurrent manager, 2.2.4
Oracle database, 2.2.4
Oracle Forms, 2.2.4
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server, 2.2.4
Oracle HTTP Server, 2.2.4
Oracle MTS Service, 2.2.4
Oracle Reports, 2.2.4
physical disks, 2.2.4
resources, 1.1
access to, 2.2.1
accessing through a virtual server, 2.3
among dependencies, 2.2.3
client access to, 2.1
defined, 2.2.1
dependencies, 2.2.3, 2.2.3
discovering, 4.4
disks used by the database configuration, 4.2
DLLs, 2.2.4
effect of group Nodes property page changes on, 2.6.6
examples of, 2.2.2
failover policy effect on groups, 2.6.7
failure of,
General property page for, 2.6.6
Oracle Intelligent Agent, 7.7.1
placing online, 5
using FSCMD, 5
possible owner nodes list and, 2.6.6
renaming, 4.5
repairing misconfigured, 7.11.2
restart policy, 2.6.8
returning to a preferred owner node, 2.7
taking offline, 5, 5
using FSCMD, 5
verifying configuration of, 6.1.2, 6.1.2, 6.1.3
RETRIES parameter
in CONNECT_DATA parameter,
clusterwide operation, 7.11.3
rolling upgrade
of application software, 1.2.2
standalone Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.5
rwcgi60.exe file
downloading, 10.8.2
problems locating, 10.8.1


sample database
privileges required, 7.11.9
troubleshooting problems with, 7.11.7
scheduled jobs
for Oracle Reports Servers,, 10.7
FSCMD commands in an active/active configuration, 3.1.2
FsDbError.bat script, 7.11.1
to handle errors when single-instance database cannot be placed online, 7.11.1
using FSCMD commands in, 5, 5
SCSI shared storage interconnect, 1.3
secondary node
creating the database instance on, 4.2
testing database shutdown, 4.2
changing the SYSDBA account password, 7.5.2
changing the SYSDBA password of a single-instance database, 7.5.2
increasing with multiple virtual addresses, 2.3
Oracle Services for MSCS Security Setup tool,
for generic services,, 14.4
for Oracle Applications concurrent managers, 12.4
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.4
for Oracle Forms Servers, 9.4
for Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.6
for Oracle MTS Services, 13.4
for single-instance databases, 7.5
specifying with the FSCMD command, 5
synchronizing password files on nodes, 7.5.1
SELECT statements
reexecuting after failover,
replaying during transparent application failover, A
server nodes
attempting to restart, 2.7.2
cluster polling failure, 7.11.6
FSS_TRACE_FLAGS value and strings, C.3
losing client connections, 7.11.10
registering addresses of, B.1
trace flags, C.3
server redundancy, 2.1.1
SERVER=DEDICATED parameter, 7.4.5
service name
generic services and,
Oracle MTS Service,
See also net service name
SERVICE_NAME parameter
added by Database Configuration Assistant, 7.2.1
shared-nothing configuration, 2.1.3
shared servers
configuring for Oracle8 databases,
configuring for Oracle8i databases,,
configuring for Oracle9i databases,
SERVER=DEDICATED parameter and, 7.4.5
shared sockets
adding a database to a group and, 7.4.1
error messages and, 7.4.1
third-party proxy servers and, 7.4.1
using, 7.4.1
shared storage interconnect, 1.2.1, 2.1
Fibre Channel, 1.3
SCSI, 1.3
database modes, 5
entering for single-instance database,
entry in tnsnames.ora file, 4.2
for multiple listeners, 7.2.4
keyword in CONNECT_DATA string,
name added by Database Configuration Assistant, 7.2.1
overlapping names among listeners,
SID_DESC parameters, 7.2.1
added for new single-instance database, 7.2.1
updated after adding a single-instance database to a group,
upgrades to Oracle8i and, 7.2.3
upgrades to Oracle9i and, 7.2.3
silent mode installation, 1.2.2
single-instance databases
clients lose connection to, 7.11.10
configuring database resource to use shared servers, 7.4.5
handling errors for failures to place online, 7.11.1
initialization parameter file,
instance name,
management operations and, 7.9
possible owner nodes list for,
prerequisites to adding to a group, 7.3.1
reconnecting to after failover, 7.10.3
service name,
upgrading, 7.5.3
slave servers
identifying to master Oracle Reports Servers,
Socket connection mode,
software configuration, 1.3
source directory
specifying for Oracle Reports Server,
specifying possible owner nodes list, 2.6.6
See initialization parameter file
performing administrative tasks, 7.9
SQLNET string, C.3
updated after adding a single-instance database to a group,
sqlnet.ora files
updates made when a single-instance database is added to a group,
updating default domain values in, 7.2.1
standalone databases
discovering, 7.1
Oracle8i and shared servers, 7.2.5
Oracle9i and shared servers, 7.2.5
searching for listener of, 7.2.4
Verify Standalone Database, 4.1, 6.1.3
verifying, 4.1, 6.1.3
viewing, 7.1
standalone resources
discovering, 4.4
See also index entries for each resource
standby configurations, 3.1.1
standby database, 3.2
startup parameters
changing for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server, 8.5.4
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Clients, 8.5.2
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.5.2
generic services and,
startup types
generic services and,
static load-balancing,
Oracle Services for MSCS tracing, C.3
SYS account, 7.5, 7.11.9, 7.11.9
password change, 7.5.2
SYSDBA account
password change, 7.5.2, 7.5.2
SYSDBA privileges, 7.5.1
SYSOPER privileges, 7.5.1
SYSTEM account
Oracle Reports Server and,


TAFDemoGUI.exe executable program
demonstration using, A
temporary tables
failover and, 7.3.1
third-party proxy servers
using shared sockets and, 7.4.1
maximizing, 3.1.3, 3.1.3
TNS listeners
updating net service names in, 7.2.4
TNS_ADMIN Windows environment variable, 7.4.2
TNS_ADMIN Windows registry parameter, 7.4.2
tnsnames.ora files, 4.2
checking Oracle Net configuration data, 7.11.4
CONNECT_DATA string, 7.10.3,
example for Oracle Reports Server, 10.4.1
EXTPROC_CONNECTION_DATA net service name entry, 7.4.4
HOST parameter,
modifying for highly available single-instance databases, 7.4.2
Oracle Forms Server and,
Oracle Reports Server and,, 10.4.1
Oracle Reports Server master/slave implementations and, 10.5.2
parsing to discover single-instance databases, 7.1
problems configuring the virtual server,
rollback files,
SERVER=DEDICATED parameter and, 7.4.5
single-instance Oracle database servers, 7.3.2
updated by Database Configuration Assistant, 7.2.1
updating, 7.4.2
updating for transparent application failover demonstration, A
updating with default domain name values, 7.2.1
trace level
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Server,
enabling, C.3
flags, C.3
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers,
transactional mode
taking databases offline in, 5
failover and, 1.2.3
rollback after failover,
transparent application failover, 7.10
demonstration applications, 7.10.4, A
tree view, 1.2.2
populating with clusters, 2.5
troubleshooting, 9.6
access to the cluster, 7.11.9
configuring the virtual address,
databases, 7.11
Dump Cluster operation, 6.2
generic services, 14.6
IP address and host name registration, 6.1.1, B.3
multiple IP addresses, B.3
Oracle Applications concurrent managers, 12.5
Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers, 8.6, 8.6
Oracle Forms Servers, 9.6, 9.6
Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.7
Oracle MTS Services, 13.5
Oracle Reports Servers, 10.8, 10.8
order of network adapters, 6.1.1, B.3
security access using Oracle Enterprise Manager, 7.11.9
startup problems, 6.3
unable to place a group online, 7.11.4, 12.5.2, 13.5.2
users unable to connect to single-instance database, 7.4
verification tools, 6.1
with groups, 7.11.4, 12.5.2, 13.5.2
TYPE keyword
in CONNECT_DATA string,


UNIX system
in a multitiered configuration, 3.1.4
unplanned failover, 2.6.1
Update Database Password Wizard, 7.5.2
upgrading a single-instance database, 7.5.3
specifying for Oracle HTTP Server Web sites, 11.4
troubleshooting Oracle Reports Server communications, 10.8.3
USE_SHARED_SOCKETS parameter, 7.4.1
changing account information for Oracle Services for MSCS,
domain account for Oracle Fail Safe Manager, 4.3.2
user account
for Oracle Fail Safe, 4.3.1
for Oracle Reports Server,
user credentials
setting, 7.11.9
USER qualifier
FSCMD command, 5
user sessions
reestablishing after failover,,


Verify Cluster operation
description, 6.1
purpose, 6.1.1
Verify Group operation
description, 6.1
FSCMD command, 5
logging information about, C.3
overview, 6.1.2
possible owner nodes list and, 2.6.6, 2.6.6, 2.6.6, 4.8
purpose, 6.1.2
updating information in the cluster registry, 7.9
updating resource dependencies, 7.11.2
verifying Oracle Forms Servers, 9.6.1
verifying Oracle HTTP Servers, 11.7.2
Verify Standalone Database operation, 6.1.3, 6.1.3
clusterwide operation status window, 6.1.3
description, 6.1
running on newly created databases, 7.2.1
tracing, C.3
verify tools, 1.2.2
VERIFY_DB string, C.3
VERIFYCLUSTER parameter, 5
VERIFYGROUP parameter, 5
virtual addresses, 1.2.1
adding to a group, 2.3
cluster alias, 2.5
definition, 2.3
for Oracle Applications concurrent managers,
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Clients, 8.5.2
for Oracle Forms Load Balancer Servers,
for Oracle Forms Servers, 9.3,
for Oracle HTTP Servers,
for Oracle Intelligent Agents, 7.7.1
for Oracle MTS Service,
for Oracle Reports Server master/slave implementations, 10.5.2
for Oracle Reports Servers,
for single-instance Oracle databases,
generic services and,
groups and, 7.3.3
identifying, 2.3
internal cluster communications and,
multiple, 2.3, 4.7
Oracle Intelligent Agent uses the, 7.7.1
reasons for multiple in a group, 4.7
registering, B.1
troubleshooting configuration problems,
virtual directories
accessing the CGI executable file, 10.8.1
cache directory and, 10.8.6
Oracle HTTP Server,,
specification, 9.6.2
virtual directory setting
downloading a Java applet, 9.6.2
virtual servers, 1.2.1
configuration, 2.3
configuration problems,
definition, 2.3
discovering, 7.7
listener failure and,
multiple, 4.7
multiple virtual addresses, 2.3
network configuration for, 7.4.2
registering address of, B.1
specifying in the tnsnames.ora file,
updates to tnsnames.ora files during configuration of, 7.4.2
Visual Basic
Web application, 11.1


Web applications
standard, 11.1
supported by Oracle Fail Safe, 11.1
Web browsers
accessing the Oracle Reports .rdf file, 10.8.4
cannot download Java applet, 9.6.2
consistency through JInitiator, 11.1
reloading Oracle Forms after failover, 9.3
reloading Oracle Reports in, 10.4
Web pages
in a partitioned workload configuration, 3.1.3
Web sites
unable to connect to Oracle HTTP Server, 11.7.3
wide area network, 1.3
Windows 2000 Advanced Server, 1.3
configuring default Oracle Intelligent Agent on, B.3.2
Windows cluster
See clusters
Windows environment variables
TNS_ADMIN, 7.4.2
Windows NT Enterprise Edition, 1.3
Windows NT user account
security setup, 4.3.1
Windows operating system groups
Windows registry editor, B.1
Windows registry keys
See registry keys
Windows registry parameters
TNS_ADMIN, 7.4.2
registering IP address and host name, B.1
wizards, 1.2.2
input, 4.2
worker processes
pool of,
setting Pending Timeout to accommodate heavy, 7.11.4, 12.5.2

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