Oracle® Fail Safe Installation Guide
Release 3.3.1 for Windows
Part No. A96685-01
Note:If you are upgrading to Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1 from an earlier release, see Appendix A for information about performing a rolling upgrade.
The discussions in this chapter assume that you have already set up your hardware configuration and installed Microsoft Windows and the corresponding version of Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS). If you plan to configure Oracle products or other components with Oracle Fail Safe, install the component software prior to installing Oracle Fail Safe.
The following topics are discussed in this chapter:
|Review the Before You Install Checklist||Section 2.1|
|Install the Oracle Fail Safe Software||Section 2.2|
Verify the release of any other Oracle software or third-party software that you plan to use with Oracle Fail Safe against the software compatibility guidelines that are documented in the Oracle Fail Safe Release Notes.
If necessary, install MSCS.
Verify that the cluster is up and running on all nodes.
Remove the previous version of Oracle Fail Safe, if necessary. If you need to deinstall Oracle Fail Safe release 2.1.3, you must use the Oracle Installer program located at OracleInstall\setup.exe on the Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1 CD-ROM.
Install additional components that you want to configure with Oracle Fail Safe (Oracle database server, Oracle Forms, Oracle Reports, Web applications, and so on).
If necessary, install Oracle Enterprise Manager. To start Oracle Fail Safe Manager from within Oracle Enterprise Manager, you must install Oracle Fail Safe Manager after Oracle Enterprise Manager has already been installed on the system.
Plan your installation strategy for multiple Oracle homes. If you are installing on a system with multiple Oracle homes, refer to the documentation for the Oracle component to find compatibility information.
Install Oracle Fail Safe on all cluster nodes, but perform the Oracle Services for MSCS installation sequentially on only one node at a time. Optionally, you can install Oracle Fail Safe Manager on the cluster nodes at the same time.
To install Oracle Fail Safe software on the cluster nodes, they must be running the following software:
To install Oracle Fail Safe Manager on client systems, they must be running Microsoft Windows.
See the Oracle Fail Safe Release Notes for information regarding the required versions of Microsoft Windows and MSCS.
Note:If you decide to update a Windows NT service pack from one supported version to another, you can do so regardless of whether or not Oracle Fail Safe or the software for resources that Oracle Fail Safe supports has been installed.
Oracle Universal Installer, which is included in the Oracle Fail Safe software kit, must be used to install Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1.
Oracle Universal Installer should be invoked automatically upon inserting the CD-ROM. If it is not invoked, run the Oracle Fail Safe setup.exe program, which is on the CD-ROM.
Oracle Universal Installer automatically performs the installation procedure in the same language used by the operating system. For example, if the node operating system is in Japanese, Oracle Universal Installer automatically performs the installation in Japanese.
Step 2 Verify installed components and Oracle homes.
After you start Oracle Universal Installer, the Welcome window shown in Figure 2-1 is displayed.
Figure 2-1 Oracle Universal Installer Welcome Window
You can optionally click Installed Products to view the Oracle components that are already installed and the Oracle homes where they reside.
Click Next to proceed.
In the File Locations dialog box (shown in Figure 2-2), the destination directory is the location where you want to install the Oracle Fail Safe software. Install Oracle Fail Safe on a private disk on each cluster node.
Figure 2-2 Specifying the Oracle Home Directory
Install Oracle Fail Safe on a private disk, not on a shared cluster disk.
Install the Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1 software in an Oracle home created by Oracle Universal Installer.
You cannot specify an Oracle home that contains components installed with Oracle Installer (the predecessor to Oracle Universal Installer); you must specify an Oracle home that was created by Oracle Universal Installer. To more easily upgrade to future releases of Oracle Fail Safe, Oracle Corporation recommends that you install Oracle Fail Safe in its own Oracle home. However, if you choose to also install Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard, beginning with release 3.3.1 it must be installed in the same home as Oracle Fail Safe. Oracle Fail Safe and Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard share both client and server components.
Install the Oracle Fail Safe server software (which includes Oracle Services for MSCS and additional Oracle Fail Safe server components) in one Oracle home, not in multiple Oracle homes. (Oracle Universal Installer prevents you from installing Oracle Fail Safe server components in more than one Oracle home.) The name of the Oracle home must be the same on each node in the cluster. Although not required, Oracle Corporation recommends that the Oracle home path also be the same on each cluster node.
In versions of Oracle Fail Safe prior to 3.1, Oracle Fail Safe Manager also could only be installed in one Oracle home. Starting with Oracle Fail Safe release 3.1, however, it is possible to have Oracle Fail Safe Manager installed in more than one Oracle home. It is also possible to have multiple copies of Oracle Fail Safe Manager in multiple Oracle homes. Because of this, you can have multiple versions of Oracle Fail Safe Manager installed on the same system.
Step 4 Select the product to install.
In the Available Products dialog box (shown in Figure 2-3), choose Oracle Fail Safe.
As mentioned earlier, Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard and Oracle Fail Safe share the Oracle Services for MSCS software. You use Oracle Fail Safe to configure and manage single-instance databases and applications for high availability through cold failover on Windows clusters. You use Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard with Oracle Real Application Clusters multiple-instance databases to provide high availability on Windows clusters through enhanced warm failover.
See the Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard Installation Guide for information on how to install Oracle Real Application Clusters Guard.
Figure 2-3 Selecting the Product to Install
Click Next to load the installation information from the source location. The installer displays a Loading Product Information window that is incremented as the Oracle Fail Safe components are loaded.
You can select the Typical, Client Only, or Custom or Reinstall installation option from the Installation Types window shown in Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-4 Choosing an Installation Type
Typical is the default installation type.
If you choose the Typical option, you will install Oracle Fail Safe Manager and Oracle Services for MSCS.
If you choose the Client Only option, you will install Oracle Fail Safe Manager.
If you choose the Custom or Reinstall option, Oracle Universal Installer displays the window shown in Figure 2-5. By default, Oracle Fail Safe Manager, Oracle Fail Safe server components, and Oracle Services for MSCS are preselected. You must deselect the components that you do not want to install.
The Oracle Fail Safe server components have a dependency on Oracle Services for MSCS. Do not deselect one and not the other. However, you can choose to install just the manager (by deselecting both Oracle Fail Safe server components and Oracle Services for MSCS) or you can choose to install just the server software (by deselecting Oracle Fail Safe Manager).
Figure 2-5 Custom Installation Options
If you select Sample Databases, the installer checks to see which database releases are installed on the cluster node and installs only the sample database files with the same release numbers, as described in the following paragraph. It installs the sample database files in the same Oracle home as Oracle Fail Safe.
The Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1 installation kit includes sample Oracle 8.0.5 and Oracle 8.1.5 database files. Oracle Universal Installer installs one or a combination of these files, depending on which database versions you currently have installed on the server node. Thus, if only an Oracle8 database is installed on the node, then only Oracle 8.0.5 sample database files are installed. If the cluster node has Oracle8 and Oracle8i installed, then Oracle 8.0.5 and Oracle 8.1.5 sample database files are installed to match the installed database configuration. If the server node has Oracle9i installed, Oracle Fail Safe issues a Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) command to create a sample database for you when you issue a Create Sample Database command.
If you do not select Sample Databases, then the installer does not install any sample database files.
Later, if you issue a command to create a sample Oracle 8.0.5 or Oracle 8.1.5 database, Oracle Fail Safe checks to see if all necessary sample files are located in the Oracle home where you installed Oracle Fail Safe. If the sample database files are not in the Oracle home, Oracle Fail Safe checks to see if the Oracle Fail Safe release 3.3.1 CD-ROM is online. If Oracle Fail Safe finds the sample files in either the Oracle home or on the CD-ROM, the Create Sample Database operation will succeed. Otherwise, it will return an error message.
Note:If you are performing the installation on a node that does not have the MSCS software installed and you choose an installation type that includes Oracle Services for MSCS, an error message is displayed, as shown in Figure 5-1.
Click OK to exit the error message window. Click Exit to stop the installation.
At this point, Oracle Universal Installer displays a window informing you that you must reboot the node at the end of the installation, as shown in Figure 2-6. (Step 10 in these instructions provides more information about rebooting the node.) This window is not displayed if you have previously installed Oracle Fail Safe and the changes to the system path have been made and detected previously.
Figure 2-6 Reboot Needed After Installation Window
Step 6 Verify the component installations in the Summary window.
Figure 2-7 shows a Summary window that lists the components selected for this installation.
Verify that the information in the Summary window is correct. If the summary includes a component that you do not want to install, click Previous to back up through the installation dialog and deselect the component.
Note that the Oracle Fail Safe documentation and Oracle Fail Safe quick tour are installed automatically and cannot be deselected.
Figure 2-7 Summary Window Showing Components to Be Installed
Note:If your system has insufficient space to perform the installation, the text below Space Requirements is displayed in red.
If the information in the Summary window is correct, click Install to start the installation.
The Install window shown in Figure 2-8 displays the progress of the installation, including the names of the files that are being installed.
Figure 2-8 Installation Progress Window
Typically, the installation completes in 1 to 5 minutes.
If the installation is successful, the Configuration Tools window and the Oracle Services for MSCS Account/Password dialog box shown in Figure 2-9 are displayed.
In the Oracle Services for MSCS Account/Password dialog box, enter the domain, user name, and password of a user account that has Administrator privileges. This is the account that Oracle Services for MSCS will be using to access this cluster. Oracle Services for MSCS runs as a Windows service (called OracleMSCSServices) under a user account that must be a domain user account (not the system account) that has Administrator privileges on all nodes of this cluster. The account must be the same on all nodes of this cluster, or you will receive an error message when you attempt to connect to a cluster using Oracle Fail Safe Manager.
You enter the information in the form Domain\Username, as shown in Figure 2-9, or if you are using Windows 2000, you can enter a user principal name in the form Username@DnsDomainName in the Domain\Username box.
Figure 2-9 Oracle Services for MSCS Security Information
Step 8 Confirm the installation.
Oracle Universal Installer displays the End of Installation window shown in Figure 2-10. You can confirm the installation of Oracle Fail Safe and any additional components by clicking Installed Products.
Figure 2-10 End of Installation Window
Step 9 View the Oracle Fail Safe Release Notes.
Step 10 Reboot the cluster node if you are instructed to do so.
If a window was presented that instructed you to reboot the cluster node (as shown in Figure 2-6), then do so after you exit the installer.
Note:You must wait until the current node is finished rebooting before you start installing Oracle Fail Safe on other nodes. (Other nodes can be up or down when you reboot the current node.)
Step 11 Verify the Oracle Fail Safe installation.
See Chapter 3 for information on verifying the Oracle Fail Safe installation.