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Oracle® Real Application Clusters Installation and Configuration Guide
10g Release 1 (10.1) for AIX-Based Systems, Apple Mac OS X, hp HP-UX, hp Tru64 UNIX, Linux, Solaris Operating System, and Windows Platforms
Part No. B10766-08
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Preface

The Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation and Configuration Guide explains how to install and configure Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC). With the exception of the platform-specific sections, information in this manual applies to Oracle Database 10g RAC as it runs on most operating systems. This preface contains the following topics:


See Also:

Oracle Database System Administration Guide 10g Release 1 (10.1) for IBM z/OS (OS/390) for more information about installing RAC on the IBM z/OS platform

Intended Audience

The Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation and Configuration Guide is primarily for network or Database Administrators (DBAs) who install and configure RAC.

Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For additional information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at

http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

JAWS, a Windows screen reader, may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, JAWS may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation

This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

Structure

This document contains the following five parts:

Part I: "Oracle Database 10g Real Application Clusters Installation Planning and Requirements"

Part I introduces the RAC installation process.

Chapter 1, "Introduction to Installing and Configuring Oracle Database 10g RAC"

This chapter describes the RAC installation process and provides RAC installation planning information.

Part II: Real Application Clusters Platform-Specific Pre-Installation Procedures

Part II describes the platform-specific pre-installation procedures for installing RAC.

Chapter 2, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on AIX"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on IBM AIX systems.

Chapter 3, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on HP-UX"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on HP-UX systems.

Chapter 4, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on hp Tru64 UNIX"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on HP Tru64 UNIX systems.

Chapter 5, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on Linux"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on Linux-based systems.

Chapter 6, "Pre-installation Tasks for RAC on Mac OS X"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on Mac OS X-based systems.

Chapter 7, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on Solaris"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on Solaris Operating Systems.

Chapter 8, "Pre-Installation Tasks for RAC on Windows"

This chapter describes the pre-installation procedures for installing RAC on Windows-based systems.

Part III: "Installing CRS and Oracle Database 10g with RAC, Creating RAC Databases, and Performing Post-Installation Tasks"

Part III describes how to install Cluster Ready Services and Oracle Database 10g with Real Application Clusters on UNIX- and Windows-based systems.

Chapter 9, "Installing Cluster Ready Services on UNIX"

This chapter describes how to install Cluster Ready Services on UNIX-based systems.

Chapter 10, "Installing Cluster Ready Services on Windows"

This chapter describes how to install Cluster Ready Services on Windows-based systems.

Chapter 11, "Installing Oracle Database 10g with Real Application Clusters"

This chapter describes how to install Oracle Database 10g with Real Application Clusters on all operating systems.

Chapter 12, "Creating RAC Databases with the Database Configuration Assistant"

This chapter explains how to use the Database Configuration Assistant to create RAC databases.

Chapter 13, "Real Application Clusters Post-Installation Procedures"

This chapter describes the post-installation tasks for RAC.

Part IV: Real Application Clusters Environment Configuration

Part IV provides Oracle Database 10g Real Application Clusters environment configuration information.

Chapter 14, " Configuring the Server Parameter File in Real Application Clusters Environments"

This chapter describes the use of the server parameter file (SPFILE) in Real Application Clusters.

Chapter 15, "Understanding the Real Application Clusters Installed Configuration"

This chapter describes the Oracle Database 10g Real Application Clusters installed configuration.

Part V: Real Application Clusters Installation and Configuration Reference Information

Part V provides reference information for the installation and configuration of RAC.

Appendix A, "Troubleshooting the Real Application Clusters Installation Process"

This appendix provides RAC installation and configuration troubleshooting information.

Appendix B, " Using Scripts to Create Real Application Clusters Databases"

This appendix explains how to use scripts in RAC.

Appendix C, "Configuring Raw Devices for Real Application Clusters"

This appendix explains how to configure shared disk subsystems using raw devices in RAC environments.

Appendix D, " Converting to Real Application Clusters from Single-Instance Oracle Databases"

This appendix describes how to convert to Oracle Database 10g RAC from single-instance Oracle databases.

Appendix E, " Directory Structure for Oracle Database 10g Real Application Clusters Environments"

This appendix describes the directory structure for the installed RAC software on both UNIX- and Windows-based systems.

Related Documents

For more information, refer to these Oracle resources:

Error messages are only available online or by using Tahiti, the Oracle documentation search tool.

Installation Guides

Operating System-Specific Administrative Guides

Oracle Database 10g Real Application Clusters Management

Generic Documentation

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http://oraclestore.oracle.com/

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Conventions

This section describes the conventions used in the text and code examples of this documentation set. It describes:

Terminology Conventions

The names for some operating systems have been shortened in this guide, as described in the following table.

Operating System Abbreviated Name
AIX-Based Systems AIX
Apple Mac OS X Mac OS X
hp HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit) hp HP-UX Itanium HP-UX Note: Where the information for HP-UX is different on a particular architecture, this is noted in the text.
hp Tru64 UNIX Tru64 UNIX
Linux x86 Linux Itanium IBM zSeries Based Linux Linux Note: Where the information for Linux is different on a particular architecture, this is noted in the text.
Microsoft Windows Windows
Solaris Operating System (SPARC) Solaris Operating System (x86) Solaris Note: Where the information for Solaris is different on a particular architecture, this is noted in the text.

Conventions in Text

We use various conventions in text to help you more quickly identify special terms. The following table describes those conventions and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
Bold Bold typeface indicates terms that are defined in the text or terms that appear in a glossary, or both. When you specify this clause, you create an index-organized table.
Italics Italic typeface indicates book titles or emphasis. Oracle Database Concepts

Ensure that the recovery catalog and target database do not reside on the same disk.

UPPERCASE monospace (fixed-width) font Uppercase monospace typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. Such elements include parameters, privileges, datatypes, RMAN keywords, SQL keywords, SQL*Plus or utility commands, packages and methods, as well as system-supplied column names, database objects and structures, usernames, and roles. You can specify this clause only for a NUMBER column.

You can back up the database by using the BACKUP command.

Query the TABLE_NAME column in the USER_TABLES data dictionary view.

Use the DBMS_STATS.GENERATE_STATS procedure.

lowercase monospace (fixed-width) font Lowercase monospace typeface indicates executables, filenames, directory names, and sample user-supplied elements. Such elements include computer and database names, net service names, and connect identifiers, as well as user-supplied database objects and structures, column names, packages and classes, usernames and roles, program units, and parameter values.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

Enter sqlplus to start SQL*Plus.

The password is specified in the orapwd file.

Back up the datafiles and control files in the /disk1/oracle/dbs directory.

The department_id, department_name, and location_id columns are in the hr.departments table.

Set the QUERY_REWRITE_ENABLED initialization parameter to true.

Connect as oe user.

The JRepUtil class implements these methods.

lowercase italic monospace (fixed-width) font Lowercase italic monospace font represents placeholders or variables. You can specify the parallel_clause.

Run old_release.SQL where old_release refers to the release you installed prior to upgrading.


Conventions in Code Examples

Code examples illustrate SQL, PL/SQL, SQL*Plus, or other command-line statements. They are displayed in a monospace (fixed-width) font and separated from normal text as shown in this example:

SELECT username FROM dba_users WHERE username = 'MIGRATE';

The following table describes typographic conventions used in code examples and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
[ ]
Brackets enclose one or more optional items. Do not enter the brackets.
DECIMAL (digits [ , precision ])
{ }
Braces enclose two or more items, one of which is required. Do not enter the braces.
{ENABLE | DISABLE}
|

A vertical bar represents a choice of two or more options within brackets or braces. Enter one of the options. Do not enter the vertical bar.
{ENABLE | DISABLE}
[COMPRESS | NOCOMPRESS]
...
Horizontal ellipsis points indicate either:
  • That we have omitted parts of the code that are not directly related to the example

  • That you can repeat a portion of the code

CREATE TABLE ... AS subquery;

SELECT col1, col2, ... , coln FROM employees;
 .
 .
 .
Vertical ellipsis points indicate that we have omitted several lines of code not directly related to the example.
SQL> SELECT NAME FROM V$DATAFILE;
NAME
------------------------------------
/fsl/dbs/tbs_01.dbf
/fs1/dbs/tbs_02.dbf
.
.
.
/fsl/dbs/tbs_09.dbf
9 rows selected.
Other notation You must enter symbols other than brackets, braces, vertical bars, and ellipsis points as shown.
acctbal NUMBER(11,2);
acct    CONSTANT NUMBER(4) := 3;
Italics
Italicized text indicates placeholders or variables for which you must supply particular values.
CONNECT SYSTEM/system_password
DB_NAME = database_name
UPPERCASE
Uppercase typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. We show these terms in uppercase in order to distinguish them from terms you define. Unless terms appear in brackets, enter them in the order and with the spelling shown. However, because these terms are not case sensitive, you can enter them in lowercase.
SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;
SELECT * FROM USER_TABLES;
DROP TABLE hr.employees;
lowercase
Lowercase typeface indicates programmatic elements that you supply. For example, lowercase indicates names of tables, columns, or files.

Note: Some programmatic elements use a mixture of UPPERCASE and lowercase. Enter these elements as shown.

SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;
sqlplus hr/hr
CREATE USER mjones IDENTIFIED BY ty3MU9;

Conventions for Windows Operating Systems

The following table describes conventions for Windows operating systems and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
Choose Start > How to start a program. To start the Database Configuration Assistant, choose Start > Programs > Oracle - HOME_NAME > Configuration and Migration Tools > Database Configuration Assistant.
File and directory names File and directory names are not case sensitive. The following special characters are not allowed: left angle bracket (<), right angle bracket (>), colon (:), double quotation marks ("), slash (/), pipe (|), and dash (-). The special character backslash (\) is treated as an element separator, even when it appears in quotes. If the file name begins with \\, then Windows assumes it uses the Universal Naming Convention.
c:\winnt"\"system32 is the same as C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32
C:\> Represents the Windows command prompt of the current hard disk drive. The escape character in a command prompt is the caret (^). Your prompt reflects the subdirectory in which you are working. Referred to as the command prompt in this manual.
C:\oracle\oradata>
Special characters The backslash (\) special character is sometimes required as an escape character for the double quotation mark (") special character at the Windows command prompt. Parentheses and the single quotation mark (') do not require an escape character. Refer to your Windows operating system documentation for more information on escape and special characters.
C:\>exp scott/tiger TABLES=emp QUERY=\"WHERE job='SALESMAN' and sal<1600\"
C:\>imp SYSTEM/password FROMUSER=scott TABLES=(emp, dept)
HOME_NAME
Represents the Oracle home name. The home name can be up to 16 alphanumeric characters. The only special character allowed in the home name is the underscore.
C:\> net start OracleHOME_NAMETNSListener
ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_BASE In releases prior to Oracle8i release 8.1.3, when you installed Oracle components, all subdirectories were located under a top level ORACLE_HOME directory that by default used one of the following names:
  • C:\orant for Windows NT

  • C:\orawin98 for Windows 98

This release complies with Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines. All subdirectories are not under a top level ORACLE_HOME directory. There is a top level directory called ORACLE_BASE that by default is C:\oracle. If you install the latest Oracle release on a computer with no other Oracle software installed, then the default setting for the first Oracle home directory is C:\oracle\orann, where nn is the latest release number. The Oracle home directory is located directly under ORACLE_BASE.

All directory path examples in this guide follow OFA conventions.

Refer to Oracle Database Platform Guide for Windows for additional information about OFA compliances and for information about installing Oracle products in non-OFA compliant directories.

Go to the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\rdbms\admin directory.