REVOKE statement

Use the REVOKE statement to remove permissions from a specific user or from all users to perform actions on database objects.

The following types of permissions can be revoked:
  • Delete data from a specific table.
  • Insert data into a specific table.
  • Create a foreign key reference to the named table or to a subset of columns from a table.
  • Select data from a table, view, or a subset of columns in a table.
  • Create a trigger on a table.
  • Update data in a table or in a subset of columns in a table.
  • Run a specified routine (function or procedure).

Before you issue a REVOKE statement, check that the derby.database.sqlAuthorization property is set to true. The derby.database.sqlAuthorization property enables the SQL Authorization mode.

You can revoke privileges from an object if you are the owner of the object or the database owner.

The syntax that you use for the REVOKE statement depends on whether you are revoking privileges to a table or to a routine.

Syntax for tables

REVOKE privilege-type ON [ TABLE ] { table-Name | view-Name } FROM grantees

Revoking a privilege without specifying a column list revokes the privilege for all of the columns in the table.

Syntax for routines

REVOKE EXECUTE ON { FUNCTION | PROCEDURE } routine-designator FROM grantees  RESTRICT

You must use the RESTRICT clause on REVOKE statements for routines. The RESTRICT clause specifies that the EXECUTE privilege cannot be revoked if the specified routine is used in a view, trigger, or constraint, and the privilege is being revoked from the owner of the view, trigger, or constraint.

privilege-types

  ALL PRIVILEGES |
  privilege-list 

privilege-list

  table-privilege {, table-privilege }* 

table-privilege

  DELETE |
  INSERT |
  REFERENCES [column list] |
  SELECT [column list] |
  TRIGGER |
  UPDATE [column list] 

column list

  ( column-identifier {, column-identifier}* ) 

Use the ALL PRIVILEGES privilege type to revoke all of the permissions from the user for the specified table. You can also revoke one or more table privileges by specifying a privilege-list.

Use the DELETE privilege type to revoke permission to delete rows from the specified table.

Use the INSERT privilege type to revoke permission to insert rows into the specified table.

Use the REFERENCES privilege type to revoke permission to create a foreign key reference to the specified table. If a column list is specified with the REFERENCES privilege, the permission is revoked on only the foreign key reference to the specified columns.

Use the SELECT privilege type to revoke permission to perform SELECT statements on a table or view. If a column list is specified with the SELECT privilege, the permission is revoked on only those columns. If no column list is specified, then the privilege is valid on all of the columns in the table.

Use the TRIGGER privilege type to revoke permission to create a trigger on the specified table.

Use the UPDATE privilege type to revoke permission to use the UPDATE statement on the specified table. If a column list is specified, the permission is revoked only on the specified columns.

grantees

  { authorization ID | PUBLIC } [,{ authorization ID | PUBLIC } ] *

You can revoke the privileges from specific users or from all users. Use the keyword PUBLIC to specify all users. The privileges revoked from PUBLIC and from individual users are independent privileges. For example, a SELECT privilege on table t is granted to both PUBLIC and to the authorization ID harry. The SELECT privilege is later revoked from the authorization ID harry, but the authorization ID harry can access the table t through the PUBLIC privilege.

Restriction: You cannot revoke the privileges of the owner of an object.

routine-designator

  {
   qualified-name [ signature ]
  }

Cascading object dependencies

For views, triggers, and constraints, if the privilege on which the object depends on is revoked, the object is automatically dropped. Derby does not try to determine if you have other privileges that can replace the privileges that are being revoked. For more information, see "SQL standard authorization" in the Java DB Developer's Guide.

Limitations

The following limitations apply to the REVOKE statement:

Table-level privileges
All of the table-level privilege types for a specified grantee and table ID are stored in one row in the SYSTABLEPERMS system table. For example, when user2 is granted the SELECT and DELETE privileges on table user1.t1, a row is added to the SYSTABLEPERMS table. The GRANTEE field contains user2 and the TABLEID contains user1.t1. The SELECTPRIV and DELETEPRIV fields are set to Y. The remaining privilege type fields are set to N.

When a grantee creates an object that relies on one of the privilege types, the Derby engine tracks the dependency of the object on the specific row in the SYSTABLEPERMS table. For example, user2 creates the view v1 by using the statement SELECT * FROM user1.t1, the dependency manager tracks the dependency of view v1 on the row in SYSTABLEPERMS for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1). The dependency manager knows only that the view is dependent on a privilege type in that specific row, but does not track exactly which privilege type the view is dependent on.

When a REVOKE statement for a table-level privilege is issued for a grantee and table ID, all of the objects that are dependent on the grantee and table ID are dropped. For example, if user1 revokes the DELETE privilege on table t1 from user2, the row in SYSTABLEPERMS for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1) is modified by the REVOKE statement. The dependency manager sends a revoke invalidation message to the view user2.v1 and the view is dropped even though the view is not dependent on the DELETE privilege for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1).

Column-level privileges
Only one type of privilege for a specified grantee and table ID are stored in one row in the SYSCOLPERMS system table. For example, when user2 is granted the SELECT privilege on table user1.t1 for columns c12 and c13, a row is added to the SYSCOLPERMS. The GRANTEE field contains user2, the TABLEID contains user1.t1, the TYPE field contains S, and the COLUMNS field contains c12, c13.

When a grantee creates an object that relies on the privilege type and the subset of columns in a table ID, the Derby engine tracks the dependency of the object on the specific row in the SYSCOLPERMS table. For example, user2 creates the view v1 by using the statement SELECT c11 FROM user1.t1, the dependency manager tracks the dependency of view v1 on the row in SYSCOLPERMS for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1), TYPE(S). The dependency manager knows that the view is dependent on the SELECT privilege type, but does not track exactly which columns the view is dependent on.

When a REVOKE statement for a column-level privilege is issued for a grantee, table ID, and type, all of the objects that are dependent on the grantee, table ID, and type are dropped. For example, if user1 revokes the SELECT privilege on column c12 on table user1.t1 from user2, the row in SYSCOLPERMS for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1), TYPE(S) is modified by the REVOKE statement. The dependency manager sends a revoke invalidation message to the view user2.v1 and the view is dropped even though the view is not dependent on the column c12 for GRANTEE(user2), TABLEID(user1.t1), TYPE(S).

Revoke examples

To revoke the SELECT privilege on table t from the authorization IDs maria and harry, use the following syntax:
REVOKE SELECT ON TABLE t FROM maria,harry 
To revoke the UPDATE and TRIGGER privileges on table t from the authorization IDs anita and zhi, use the following syntax:
REVOKE UPDATE, TRIGGER ON TABLE t FROM anita,zhi 
To revoke the SELECT privilege on table s.v from all users, use the following syntax:
REVOKE SELECT ON TABLE s.v FROM PUBLIC
To revoke the UPDATE privilege on columns c1 and c2 of table s.v from all users, use the following syntax:
REVOKE UPDATE (c1,c2) ON TABLE s.v FROM PUBLIC

To revoke the EXECUTE privilege on procedure p from the authorization ID george, use the following syntax:

REVOKE EXECUTE ON PROCEDURE p FROM george RESTRICT 
Related concepts
SQL standard authorization
Related reference
GRANT statement
SYSCOLPERMS system table
SYSTABLEPERMS system table