CREATE [UNIQUE] INDEX index-Name ON table-Name ( Simple-column-Name [ ASC | DESC ] [ , Simple-column-Name [ ASC | DESC ]] * )
The maximum number of columns for an index key in Derby is 16.
An index name cannot exceed 128 characters.
A column must not be named more than once in a single CREATE INDEX statement. Different indexes can name the same column, however.
Derby can use indexes to improve the performance of data manipulation statements (see Tuning Java DB). In addition, UNIQUE indexes provide a form of data integrity checking.
Index names are unique within a schema. (Some database systems allow different tables in a single schema to have indexes of the same name, but Derby does not.) Both index and table are assumed to be in the same schema if a schema name is specified for one of the names, but not the other. If schema names are specified for both index and table, an exception will be thrown if the schema names are not the same. If no schema name is specified for either table or index, the current schema is used.
By default, Derby uses the ascending order of each column to create the index. Specifying ASC after the column name does not alter the default behavior. The DESC keyword after the column name causes Derby to use descending order for the column to create the index. Using the descending order for a column can help improve the performance of queries that require the results in mixed sort order or descending order and for queries that select the minimum or maximum value of an indexed column.
If a qualified index name is specified, the schema name cannot begin with SYS.
Unique, primary key, and foreign key constraints generate indexes that enforce or "back" the constraint (and are thus sometimes called backing indexes). If a column or set of columns has a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint on it, you can not create an index on those columns. Derby has already created it for you with a system-generated name. System-generated names for indexes that back up constraints are easy to find by querying the system tables if you name your constraint. Adding a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint when an existing UNIQUE index exists on the same set of columns will result in two physical indexes on the table for the same set of columns. One index is the original UNIQUE index and one is the backing index for the new constraint.
To find out the name of the index that backs a constraint called FLIGHTS_PK:
SELECT CONGLOMERATENAME FROM SYS.SYSCONGLOMERATES, SYS.SYSCONSTRAINTS WHERE SYS.SYSCONGLOMERATES.TABLEID = SYSCONSTRAINTS.TABLEID AND CONSTRAINTNAME = 'FLIGHTS_PK'
CREATE INDEX OrigIndex ON Flights(orig_airport); -- money is usually ordered from greatest to least, -- so create the index using the descending order CREATE INDEX PAY_DESC ON SAMP.EMPLOYEE (SALARY); -- use a larger page size for the index call SYSCS_UTIL.SYSCS_SET_DATABASE_PROPERTY('derby.storage.pageSize','8192'); CREATE INDEX IXSALE ON SAMP.SALES (SALES); call SYSCS_UTIL.SYSCS_SET_DATABASE_PROPERTY('derby.storage.pageSize',NULL);
Prepared statements that involve SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, UPDATE WHERE CURRENT, DELETE, and DELETE WHERE CURRENT on the table referenced by the CREATE INDEX statement are invalidated when the index is created. Open cursors on the table are not affected.