The ROW_NUMBER function returns the row number over a named or unnamed window specification.
The ROW_NUMBER function does not take any arguments, and for each row over the window it returns an ever increasing BIGINT. It is normally used to limit the number of rows returned for a query. The LIMIT keyword used in other databases is not defined in the SQL standard, and is not supported.
Derby does not currently allow the named or unnamed window specification to be specified in the OVER() clause, but requires an empty parenthesis. This means the function is evaluated over the entire result set.
The ROW_NUMBER function cannot currently be used in a WHERE clause.
Derby does not currently support ORDER BY in subqueries, so there is currently no way to guarantee the order of rows in the SELECT subquery. An optimizer override can be used to force the optimizer to use an index ordered on the desired column(s) if ordering is a firm requirement.
The data type of the returned value is a BIGINT number.
ROW_NUMBER() OVER ()
To limit the number of rows returned from a query to the 10 first rows of table T, use the following query:
SELECT * FROM (
ROW_NUMBER() OVER () AS R,
) AS TR
WHERE R <= 10;