Document Information


Part I Introduction

1.  Overview

2.  Using the Tutorial Examples

Part II The Web Tier

3.  Getting Started with Web Applications

4.  Java Servlet Technology

5.  JavaServer Pages Technology

6.  JavaServer Pages Documents

7.  JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library

8.  Custom Tags in JSP Pages

9.  Scripting in JSP Pages

10.  JavaServer Faces Technology

11.  Using JavaServer Faces Technology in JSP Pages

12.  Developing with JavaServer Faces Technology

13.  Creating Custom UI Components

Determining Whether You Need a Custom Component or Renderer

When to Use a Custom Component

When to Use a Custom Renderer

Component, Renderer, and Tag Combinations

Understanding the Image Map Example

Why Use JavaServer Faces Technology to Implement an Image Map?

Understanding the Rendered HTML

Understanding the JSP Page

Configuring Model Data

Summary of the Application Classes

Steps for Creating a Custom Component

Creating Custom Component Classes

Specifying the Component Family

Performing Encoding

Performing Decoding

Enabling Component Properties to Accept Expressions

Saving and Restoring State

Handling Events for Custom Components

Creating the Component Tag Handler

Retrieving the Component Type

Setting Component Property Values

Getting the Attribute Values

Setting the Component Property Values

Providing the Renderer Type

Releasing Resources

Defining the Custom Component Tag in a Tag Library Descriptor

14.  Configuring JavaServer Faces Applications

15.  Internationalizing and Localizing Web Applications

Part III Web Services

16.  Building Web Services with JAX-WS

17.  Binding between XML Schema and Java Classes

18.  Streaming API for XML

19.  SOAP with Attachments API for Java

Part IV Enterprise Beans

20.  Enterprise Beans

21.  Getting Started with Enterprise Beans

22.  Session Bean Examples

23.  A Message-Driven Bean Example

Part V Persistence

24.  Introduction to the Java Persistence API

25.  Persistence in the Web Tier

26.  Persistence in the EJB Tier

27.  The Java Persistence Query Language

Part VI Services

28.  Introduction to Security in the Java EE Platform

29.  Securing Java EE Applications

30.  Securing Web Applications

31.  The Java Message Service API

32.  Java EE Examples Using the JMS API

33.  Transactions

34.  Resource Connections

35.  Connector Architecture

Part VII Case Studies

36.  The Coffee Break Application

37.  The Duke's Bank Application

Part VIII Appendixes

A.  Java Encoding Schemes

B.  About the Authors



Delegating Rendering to a Renderer

Both MapComponent and AreaComponent delegate all of their rendering to a separate renderer. The section Performing Encoding explains how MapRenderer performs the encoding for MapComponent. This section explains in detail the process of delegating rendering to a renderer using AreaRenderer, which performs the rendering for AreaComponent.

To delegate rendering, you perform these tasks:

Creating the Renderer Class

When delegating rendering to a renderer, you can delegate all encoding and decoding to the renderer, or you can choose to do part of it in the component class. The AreaComponent class delegates encoding to the AreaRenderer class.

To perform the rendering for AreaComponent, AreaRenderer must implement an encodeEnd method. The encodeEnd method of AreaRenderer retrieves the shape, coordinates, and alternative text values stored in the ImageArea bean that is bound to AreaComponent. Suppose that the area tag currently being rendered has a value attribute value of "fraA". The following line from encodeEnd gets the value of the attribute "fraA" from the FacesContext instance.

ImageArea ia = (ImageArea)area.getValue();

The attribute value is the ImageArea bean instance, which contains the shape, coords, and alt values associated with the fraA AreaComponent instance. Configuring Model Data describes how the application stores these values.

After retrieving the ImageArea object, it renders the values for shape, coords, and alt by simply calling the associated accessor methods and passing the returned values to the ResponseWriter instance, as shown by these lines of code, which write out the shape and coordinates:

writer.startElement("area", area);
writer.writeAttribute("alt", iarea.getAlt(), "alt");
writer.writeAttribute("coords", iarea.getCoords(), "coords");
writer.writeAttribute("shape", iarea.getShape(), "shape");

The encodeEnd method also renders the JavaScript for the onmouseout, onmouseover, and onclick attributes. The page author need only provide the path to the images that are to be loaded during an onmouseover or onmouseout action:

<bookstore:area id="France" value="#{fraA}"
     onmouseout="/template/world.jpg" targetImage="mapImage" />

The AreaRenderer class takes care of generating the JavaScript for these actions, as shown in the following code from encodeEnd. The JavaScript that AreaRenderer generates for the onclick action sets the value of the hidden field to the value of the current area’s component ID and submits the page.

sb = new StringBuffer("document.forms[0][’").
     (String) area.getAttributes().get("onmouseout")));
writer.writeAttribute("onmouseout", sb.toString(),
sb = new StringBuffer("document.forms[0][’").
     (String) area.getAttributes().get("onmouseover")));
writer.writeAttribute("onmouseover", sb.toString(),
sb = new StringBuffer("document.forms[0][’");
sb.append(getName(context, area));
sb.append("’; document.forms[0].submit()");
writer.writeAttribute("onclick", sb.toString(), "value");

By submitting the page, this code causes the JavaServer Faces life cycle to return back to the restore view phase. This phase saves any state information, including the value of the hidden field, so that a new request component tree is constructed. This value is retrieved by the decode method of the MapComponent class. This decode method is called by the JavaServer Faces implementation during the apply request values phase, which follows the restore view phase.

In addition to the encodeEnd method, AreaRenderer contains an empty constructor. This is used to create an instance of AreaRenderer so that it can be added to the render kit.

Identifying the Renderer Type

During the render response phase, the JavaServer Faces implementation calls the getRendererType method of the component’s tag handler to determine which renderer to invoke, if there is one.

The getRendererType method of AreaTag must return the type associated with AreaRenderer. You identify this type when you register AreaRenderer with the render kit, as described in Registering a Custom Renderer with a Render Kit. Here is the getRendererType method from the AreaTag class:

public String getRendererType() { return ("DemoArea");}

Creating the Component Tag Handler explains more about the getRendererType method.