Document Information


Part I Introduction

1.  Overview

2.  Using the Tutorial Examples

Part II The Web Tier

3.  Getting Started with Web Applications

4.  JavaServer Faces Technology

5.  Introduction to Facelets

6.  Expression Language

7.  Using JavaServer Faces Technology in Web Pages

8.  Using Converters, Listeners, and Validators

9.  Developing with JavaServer Faces Technology

10.  JavaServer Faces Technology: Advanced Concepts

11.  Using Ajax with JavaServer Faces Technology

Overview of Ajax

Using Ajax Functionality with JavaServer Faces Technology

Using Ajax with Facelets

Using the f:ajax Tag

Sending an Ajax Request

Using the event Attribute

Using the execute Attribute

Using the immediate Attribute

Using the listener Attribute

Monitoring Events on the Client

Handling Errors

Receiving an Ajax Response

Grouping of Components

Loading JavaScript as a Resource

Using JavaScript API in a Facelets Application

Using the @ResourceDependency Annotation in a Bean Class

The ajaxguessnumber Example Application

The ajaxguessnumber Source Files

The ajaxgreeting.xhtml Facelets Page

The ui.js JavaScript File

The UserNumberBean Managed Bean

Running the ajaxguessnumber Example

To Build, Package, and Deploy the ajaxguessnumber Example Using NetBeans IDE

To Build, Package, and Deploy the ajaxguessnumber Example Using Ant

To Run the ajaxguessnumber Example

Further Information about Ajax in JavaServer Faces Technology

12.  Composite Components: Advanced Topics and Example

13.  Creating Custom UI Components and Other Custom Objects

14.  Configuring JavaServer Faces Applications

15.  Java Servlet Technology

16.  Uploading Files with Java Servlet Technology

17.  Internationalizing and Localizing Web Applications

Part III Web Services

18.  Introduction to Web Services

19.  Building Web Services with JAX-WS

20.  Building RESTful Web Services with JAX-RS

21.  JAX-RS: Advanced Topics and Example

Part IV Enterprise Beans

22.  Enterprise Beans

23.  Getting Started with Enterprise Beans

24.  Running the Enterprise Bean Examples

25.  A Message-Driven Bean Example

26.  Using the Embedded Enterprise Bean Container

27.  Using Asynchronous Method Invocation in Session Beans

Part V Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform

28.  Introduction to Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform

29.  Running the Basic Contexts and Dependency Injection Examples

30.  Contexts and Dependency Injection for the Java EE Platform: Advanced Topics

31.  Running the Advanced Contexts and Dependency Injection Examples

Part VI Persistence

32.  Introduction to the Java Persistence API

33.  Running the Persistence Examples

34.  The Java Persistence Query Language

35.  Using the Criteria API to Create Queries

36.  Creating and Using String-Based Criteria Queries

37.  Controlling Concurrent Access to Entity Data with Locking

38.  Using a Second-Level Cache with Java Persistence API Applications

Part VII Security

39.  Introduction to Security in the Java EE Platform

40.  Getting Started Securing Web Applications

41.  Getting Started Securing Enterprise Applications

42.  Java EE Security: Advanced Topics

Part VIII Java EE Supporting Technologies

43.  Introduction to Java EE Supporting Technologies

44.  Transactions

45.  Resources and Resource Adapters

46.  The Resource Adapter Example

47.  Java Message Service Concepts

48.  Java Message Service Examples

49.  Bean Validation: Advanced Topics

50.  Using Java EE Interceptors

Part IX Case Studies

51.  Duke's Bookstore Case Study Example

52.  Duke's Tutoring Case Study Example

53.  Duke's Forest Case Study Example



Ajax Request Lifecycle

An Ajax request varies from other typical JavaServer Faces requests, and its processing is also handled differently by the JavaServer Faces lifecycle.

As described in Partial Processing and Partial Rendering, when an Ajax request is received, the state associated with that request is captured by the javax.faces.context.PartialViewContext. This object provides access to information such as which components are targeted for processing/rendering. The processPartial method of PartialViewContext uses this information to perform partial component tree processing and rendering.

The execute attribute of the f:ajax tag identifies which segments of the server side component tree should be processed. Because components can be uniquely identified in the JavaServer Faces component tree, it is easy to identify and process a single component, a few components, or a whole tree. This is made possible by the visitTree method of the javax.faces.component.UIComponent class. The identified components then run through the JavaServer Faces request lifecycle phases.

Similar to the execute attribute, the render attribute identifies which segments of the JavaServer Faces component tree need to be rendered during the render response phase.

During the render response phase, the render attribute is examined. The identified components are found and asked to render themselves and their children. The components are then packaged up and sent back to the client as a response.