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Oracle® Java Micro Edition Software Development Kit Developer's Guide
Release 3.3 for NetBeans on Windows
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27 JSR 256: Mobile Sensor API Support

The JSR 256 Mobile Sensor API allows Java ME application developers to fetch data from sensors. A sensor is any measurement data source. JSR 256 supports many different types of sensor connections (wired, wireless, embedded, and more) but Oracle Java ME SDK only provides preconfigured support for sensors embedded in a device.

Sensors can vary from physical sensors such as magnetometers and accelerometers to virtual sensors that combine and manipulate the data they have received from various kinds of physical sensors. An example of a virtual sensor might be a level sensor indicating the remaining charge in a battery or a field intensity sensor that measures the reception level of the mobile network signal in a mobile phone.

The SDK GUI provides sensor simulation. The emulator's External Events Generator Sensors tab enables you to run a script that simulates sensor data.

You can use the API available with the SDK to create a custom sensor implementation with additional capabilities and support for different connection types.

The Sensors demonstration has two MIDlets, SensorBrowser and Marbles that demonstrate the SDK's implementation of the Mobile Sensor API.

27.1 Creating a Mobile Sensor Project

The Mobile Sensor API is automatically included in version 3.3 CLDC projects. In NetBeans, create a new Java ME Mobile Application, choose the CLDC version 3.3 platform, and specify a device that supports CLDC-1.1 and MIDP-2.1 (JavaMEPhone1 for example).

A sensor project freely detects sensors, but this does not imply you can get data from the sensors you find. You might need to explicitly set permissions in your project so you can interact with certain sensors. To see an example, open the Sensors sample project. Right-click on Sensors and select Properties, choose the Application Descriptor category, and select the API Permissions tab.

The following permissions work with the preconfigured embedded sensors shipped with the SDK:

A sensor is private or protected if the sensor's security property has the value private or protected. The security property is an example of a sensor property you might create for yourself in your own sensor configuration. You can create your own optional properties using com.sun.javame.sensorN.proplist and com.sun.javame.sensorN.prop.any_name, where N is the sensor number and any_name is the name of your property. The security sensor property was created as follows:

# add security into proplist
com.sun.javame.sensor<N>.proplist: security
# add security property value
com.sun.javame.sensor<N> private

27.2 Using a Mobile Sensor Project

The sample Sensor project can be installed over the air. To install the application into the emulator right-click the Sensors project and select Properties, select the Running category, select Execute through OTA, and click OK.

In the emulator window, click the Tools menus and select External Events Generator. In the External Events Generator, click the Sensors tab. In this tabbed pane, you can view all sensors currently available in the emulator, with the sensor ID, name, and availability. If the sensor supports change to availability you can click on the check box to change it. As mentioned earlier, the provided implementation does not support availability change, but a custom implementation you create might do so.

When you select a sensor row the bottom of the dialog displays any custom sensor controls. For example, the acceleration sensor, has three channels: axis_x, axis_y, and axis_z. Each channel has a slider that changes the current channel value, and an edit box you can use to input a value. The channel unit label is displayed on the far right.

Under the channels there is a script player control that enables you to play sensor value events from a script file of the format discussed in "Creating a Sensor Script File." See "SensorBrowser" for a description of how to use the Sensors demo.

27.3 Creating a Sensor Script File

To simulate sensor inputs, provide a sensor script. The file format is as follows:

Example 27-1 Sensor Script File Format Example

   <value time="0">
      <channel id="0" value="0" />
      <channel id="1" value="0" />
   <value time="100">
      <sensor active="false"/>
   <value time="100">
      <channel id="0" value="-50" />
      <channel id="1" value="10" />
     <sensor active="true"/>

marbles.xml in the Sensors project directory is an example of a sensor script file. The attributes are as follows:

27.4 SensorBrowser

The SensorBrowser application displays the sensor detail information for reach channel defined for the demo.

  1. In the emulator, select SensorBrowser and use the soft key to select Launch the application.

    Depending on your security settings you might see the warning: "Sensors" wants to connect to sensor <#>. Is it OK to use sensor? For test purposes, select "Ask once per application use" and choose the Yes soft button.

    The emulator displays a list of sensors.

  2. Use the navigation keys to highlight a sensor, then use the soft key to select Detail.

    For example, the following screen shows the details for the acceleration sensor.

    Figure 27-1 Acceleration Sensor Screen

    Description of Figure 27-1 follows
    Description of "Figure 27-1 Acceleration Sensor Screen"

    Click Back, then click Exit to return to the application menu.

27.5 Marbles

This demonstration uses the Marbles game to provide visual feedback for sensor inputs provided in a script.

  1. From the application menu select Marbles and use the soft key to launch the application.

  2. In the emulator, click the Tools menu and select External Events Generator. Click the Sensors tab to display a list of the sensors in this application.

  3. Select the Acceleration Sensor row (ID 3).

  4. Click the Browse button, and in the Sensors project directory select marbles.xml.

  5. Observe the movement of the marbles on the emulator screen. On the external events screen you can see the sliders move as the script runs. You can use the familiar controls to play, pause, and stop the script.