Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.applet
Class Applet

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.awt.Component
      extended by java.awt.Container
          extended by java.awt.Panel
              extended by java.applet.Applet
All Implemented Interfaces:
ImageObserver, MenuContainer, Serializable, Accessible
Direct Known Subclasses:
JApplet

public class Applet
extends Panel

An applet is a small program that is intended not to be run on its own, but rather to be embedded inside another application.

The Applet class must be the superclass of any applet that is to be embedded in a Web page or viewed by the Java Applet Viewer. The Applet class provides a standard interface between applets and their environment.

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form

Nested Class Summary
protected  class Applet.AccessibleApplet
          This class implements accessibility support for the Applet class.
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Panel
Panel.AccessibleAWTPanel
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Container
Container.AccessibleAWTContainer
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Component
Component.AccessibleAWTComponent, Component.BaselineResizeBehavior, Component.BltBufferStrategy, Component.FlipBufferStrategy
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.Component
BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT, CENTER_ALIGNMENT, LEFT_ALIGNMENT, RIGHT_ALIGNMENT, TOP_ALIGNMENT
 
Fields inherited from interface java.awt.image.ImageObserver
ABORT, ALLBITS, ERROR, FRAMEBITS, HEIGHT, PROPERTIES, SOMEBITS, WIDTH
 
Constructor Summary
Applet()
          Constructs a new Applet.
 
Method Summary
 void destroy()
          Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it is being reclaimed and that it should destroy any resources that it has allocated.
 AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
          Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this Applet.
 AppletContext getAppletContext()
          Determines this applet's context, which allows the applet to query and affect the environment in which it runs.
 String getAppletInfo()
          Returns information about this applet.
 AudioClip getAudioClip(URL url)
          Returns the AudioClip object specified by the URL argument.
 AudioClip getAudioClip(URL url, String name)
          Returns the AudioClip object specified by the URL and name arguments.
 URL getCodeBase()
          Gets the base URL.
 URL getDocumentBase()
          Gets the URL of the document in which this applet is embedded.
 Image getImage(URL url)
          Returns an Image object that can then be painted on the screen.
 Image getImage(URL url, String name)
          Returns an Image object that can then be painted on the screen.
 Locale getLocale()
          Gets the locale of the applet.
 String getParameter(String name)
          Returns the value of the named parameter in the HTML tag.
 String[][] getParameterInfo()
          Returns information about the parameters that are understood by this applet.
 void init()
          Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it has been loaded into the system.
 boolean isActive()
          Determines if this applet is active.
static AudioClip newAudioClip(URL url)
          Get an audio clip from the given URL.
 void play(URL url)
          Plays the audio clip at the specified absolute URL.
 void play(URL url, String name)
          Plays the audio clip given the URL and a specifier that is relative to it.
 void resize(Dimension d)
          Requests that this applet be resized.
 void resize(int width, int height)
          Requests that this applet be resized.
 void setStub(AppletStub stub)
          Sets this applet's stub.
 void showStatus(String msg)
          Requests that the argument string be displayed in the "status window".
 void start()
          Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it should start its execution.
 void stop()
          Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it should stop its execution.
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Panel
addNotify
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Container
add, add, add, add, add, addContainerListener, addImpl, addPropertyChangeListener, addPropertyChangeListener, applyComponentOrientation, areFocusTraversalKeysSet, countComponents, deliverEvent, doLayout, findComponentAt, findComponentAt, getAlignmentX, getAlignmentY, getComponent, getComponentAt, getComponentAt, getComponentCount, getComponents, getComponentZOrder, getContainerListeners, getFocusTraversalKeys, getFocusTraversalPolicy, getInsets, getLayout, getListeners, getMaximumSize, getMinimumSize, getMousePosition, getPreferredSize, insets, invalidate, isAncestorOf, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, isFocusTraversalPolicySet, layout, list, list, locate, minimumSize, paint, paintComponents, paramString, preferredSize, print, printComponents, processContainerEvent, processEvent, remove, remove, removeAll, removeContainerListener, removeNotify, setComponentZOrder, setFocusCycleRoot, setFocusTraversalKeys, setFocusTraversalPolicy, setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, setFont, setLayout, transferFocusBackward, transferFocusDownCycle, update, validate, validateTree
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Component
action, add, addComponentListener, addFocusListener, addHierarchyBoundsListener, addHierarchyListener, addInputMethodListener, addKeyListener, addMouseListener, addMouseMotionListener, addMouseWheelListener, bounds, checkImage, checkImage, coalesceEvents, contains, contains, createImage, createImage, createVolatileImage, createVolatileImage, disable, disableEvents, dispatchEvent, enable, enable, enableEvents, enableInputMethods, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, getBackground, getBaseline, getBaselineResizeBehavior, getBounds, getBounds, getColorModel, getComponentListeners, getComponentOrientation, getCursor, getDropTarget, getFocusCycleRootAncestor, getFocusListeners, getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, getFont, getFontMetrics, getForeground, getGraphics, getGraphicsConfiguration, getHeight, getHierarchyBoundsListeners, getHierarchyListeners, getIgnoreRepaint, getInputContext, getInputMethodListeners, getInputMethodRequests, getKeyListeners, getLocation, getLocation, getLocationOnScreen, getMouseListeners, getMouseMotionListeners, getMousePosition, getMouseWheelListeners, getName, getParent, getPeer, getPropertyChangeListeners, getPropertyChangeListeners, getSize, getSize, getToolkit, getTreeLock, getWidth, getX, getY, gotFocus, handleEvent, hasFocus, hide, imageUpdate, inside, isBackgroundSet, isCursorSet, isDisplayable, isDoubleBuffered, isEnabled, isFocusable, isFocusOwner, isFocusTraversable, isFontSet, isForegroundSet, isLightweight, isMaximumSizeSet, isMinimumSizeSet, isOpaque, isPreferredSizeSet, isShowing, isValid, isVisible, keyDown, keyUp, list, list, list, location, lostFocus, mouseDown, mouseDrag, mouseEnter, mouseExit, mouseMove, mouseUp, move, nextFocus, paintAll, postEvent, prepareImage, prepareImage, printAll, processComponentEvent, processFocusEvent, processHierarchyBoundsEvent, processHierarchyEvent, processInputMethodEvent, processKeyEvent, processMouseEvent, processMouseMotionEvent, processMouseWheelEvent, remove, removeComponentListener, removeFocusListener, removeHierarchyBoundsListener, removeHierarchyListener, removeInputMethodListener, removeKeyListener, removeMouseListener, removeMouseMotionListener, removeMouseWheelListener, removePropertyChangeListener, removePropertyChangeListener, repaint, repaint, repaint, repaint, requestFocus, requestFocus, requestFocusInWindow, requestFocusInWindow, reshape, setBackground, setBounds, setBounds, setComponentOrientation, setCursor, setDropTarget, setEnabled, setFocusable, setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, setForeground, setIgnoreRepaint, setLocale, setLocation, setLocation, setMaximumSize, setMinimumSize, setName, setPreferredSize, setSize, setSize, setVisible, show, show, size, toString, transferFocus, transferFocusUpCycle
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

Applet

public Applet()
       throws HeadlessException
Constructs a new Applet.

Note: Many methods in java.applet.Applet may be invoked by the applet only after the applet is fully constructed; applet should avoid calling methods in java.applet.Applet in the constructor.

Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless() returns true.
Since:
1.4
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()
Method Detail

setStub

public final void setStub(AppletStub stub)
Sets this applet's stub. This is done automatically by the system.

If there is a security manager, its checkPermission method is called with the AWTPermission("setAppletStub") permission if a stub has already been set.

Parameters:
stub - the new stub.
Throws:
SecurityException - if the caller cannot set the stub

isActive

public boolean isActive()
Determines if this applet is active. An applet is marked active just before its start method is called. It becomes inactive just before its stop method is called.

Returns:
true if the applet is active; false otherwise.
See Also:
start(), stop()

getDocumentBase

public URL getDocumentBase()
Gets the URL of the document in which this applet is embedded. For example, suppose an applet is contained within the document:
    http://java.sun.com/products/jdk/1.2/index.html
 
The document base is:
    http://java.sun.com/products/jdk/1.2/index.html
 

Returns:
the URL of the document that contains this applet.
See Also:
getCodeBase()

getCodeBase

public URL getCodeBase()
Gets the base URL. This is the URL of the directory which contains this applet.

Returns:
the base URL of the directory which contains this applet.
See Also:
getDocumentBase()

getParameter

public String getParameter(String name)
Returns the value of the named parameter in the HTML tag. For example, if this applet is specified as
 <applet code="Clock" width=50 height=50>
 <param name=Color value="blue">
 </applet>
 

then a call to getParameter("Color") returns the value "blue".

The name argument is case insensitive.

Parameters:
name - a parameter name.
Returns:
the value of the named parameter, or null if not set.

getAppletContext

public AppletContext getAppletContext()
Determines this applet's context, which allows the applet to query and affect the environment in which it runs.

This environment of an applet represents the document that contains the applet.

Returns:
the applet's context.

resize

public void resize(int width,
                   int height)
Requests that this applet be resized.

Overrides:
resize in class Component
Parameters:
width - the new requested width for the applet.
height - the new requested height for the applet.

resize

public void resize(Dimension d)
Requests that this applet be resized.

Overrides:
resize in class Component
Parameters:
d - an object giving the new width and height.

showStatus

public void showStatus(String msg)
Requests that the argument string be displayed in the "status window". Many browsers and applet viewers provide such a window, where the application can inform users of its current state.

Parameters:
msg - a string to display in the status window.

getImage

public Image getImage(URL url)
Returns an Image object that can then be painted on the screen. The url that is passed as an argument must specify an absolute URL.

This method always returns immediately, whether or not the image exists. When this applet attempts to draw the image on the screen, the data will be loaded. The graphics primitives that draw the image will incrementally paint on the screen.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the location of the image.
Returns:
the image at the specified URL.
See Also:
Image

getImage

public Image getImage(URL url,
                      String name)
Returns an Image object that can then be painted on the screen. The url argument must specify an absolute URL. The name argument is a specifier that is relative to the url argument.

This method always returns immediately, whether or not the image exists. When this applet attempts to draw the image on the screen, the data will be loaded. The graphics primitives that draw the image will incrementally paint on the screen.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the base location of the image.
name - the location of the image, relative to the url argument.
Returns:
the image at the specified URL.
See Also:
Image

newAudioClip

public static final AudioClip newAudioClip(URL url)
Get an audio clip from the given URL.

Parameters:
url - points to the audio clip
Returns:
the audio clip at the specified URL.
Since:
1.2

getAudioClip

public AudioClip getAudioClip(URL url)
Returns the AudioClip object specified by the URL argument.

This method always returns immediately, whether or not the audio clip exists. When this applet attempts to play the audio clip, the data will be loaded.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the location of the audio clip.
Returns:
the audio clip at the specified URL.
See Also:
AudioClip

getAudioClip

public AudioClip getAudioClip(URL url,
                              String name)
Returns the AudioClip object specified by the URL and name arguments.

This method always returns immediately, whether or not the audio clip exists. When this applet attempts to play the audio clip, the data will be loaded.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the base location of the audio clip.
name - the location of the audio clip, relative to the url argument.
Returns:
the audio clip at the specified URL.
See Also:
AudioClip

getAppletInfo

public String getAppletInfo()
Returns information about this applet. An applet should override this method to return a String containing information about the author, version, and copyright of the applet.

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class returns null.

Returns:
a string containing information about the author, version, and copyright of the applet.

getLocale

public Locale getLocale()
Gets the locale of the applet. It allows the applet to maintain its own locale separated from the locale of the browser or appletviewer.

Overrides:
getLocale in class Component
Returns:
the locale of the applet; if no locale has been set, the default locale is returned.
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setLocale(java.util.Locale)

getParameterInfo

public String[][] getParameterInfo()
Returns information about the parameters that are understood by this applet. An applet should override this method to return an array of Strings describing these parameters.

Each element of the array should be a set of three Strings containing the name, the type, and a description. For example:

 String pinfo[][] = {
         {"fps",    "1-10",    "frames per second"},
         {"repeat", "boolean", "repeat image loop"},
         {"imgs",   "url",     "images directory"}
 };
 

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class returns null.

Returns:
an array describing the parameters this applet looks for.

play

public void play(URL url)
Plays the audio clip at the specified absolute URL. Nothing happens if the audio clip cannot be found.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the location of the audio clip.

play

public void play(URL url,
                 String name)
Plays the audio clip given the URL and a specifier that is relative to it. Nothing happens if the audio clip cannot be found.

Parameters:
url - an absolute URL giving the base location of the audio clip.
name - the location of the audio clip, relative to the url argument.

init

public void init()
Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it has been loaded into the system. It is always called before the first time that the start method is called.

A subclass of Applet should override this method if it has initialization to perform. For example, an applet with threads would use the init method to create the threads and the destroy method to kill them.

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class does nothing.

See Also:
destroy(), start(), stop()

start

public void start()
Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it should start its execution. It is called after the init method and each time the applet is revisited in a Web page.

A subclass of Applet should override this method if it has any operation that it wants to perform each time the Web page containing it is visited. For example, an applet with animation might want to use the start method to resume animation, and the stop method to suspend the animation.

Note: some methods, such as getLocationOnScreen, can only provide meaningful results if the applet is showing. Because isShowing returns false when the applet's start is first called, methods requiring isShowing to return true should be called from a ComponentListener.

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class does nothing.

See Also:
destroy(), init(), stop(), Component.isShowing(), ComponentListener.componentShown(java.awt.event.ComponentEvent)

stop

public void stop()
Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it should stop its execution. It is called when the Web page that contains this applet has been replaced by another page, and also just before the applet is to be destroyed.

A subclass of Applet should override this method if it has any operation that it wants to perform each time the Web page containing it is no longer visible. For example, an applet with animation might want to use the start method to resume animation, and the stop method to suspend the animation.

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class does nothing.

See Also:
destroy(), init()

destroy

public void destroy()
Called by the browser or applet viewer to inform this applet that it is being reclaimed and that it should destroy any resources that it has allocated. The stop method will always be called before destroy.

A subclass of Applet should override this method if it has any operation that it wants to perform before it is destroyed. For example, an applet with threads would use the init method to create the threads and the destroy method to kill them.

The implementation of this method provided by the Applet class does nothing.

See Also:
init(), start(), stop()

getAccessibleContext

public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this Applet. For applets, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleApplet. A new AccessibleApplet instance is created if necessary.

Specified by:
getAccessibleContext in interface Accessible
Overrides:
getAccessibleContext in class Panel
Returns:
an AccessibleApplet that serves as the AccessibleContext of this Applet
Since:
1.3

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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