Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.awt
Class LinearGradientPaint

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.awt.MultipleGradientPaint
      extended by java.awt.LinearGradientPaint
All Implemented Interfaces:
Paint, Transparency

public final class LinearGradientPaint
extends MultipleGradientPaint

The LinearGradientPaint class provides a way to fill a Shape with a linear color gradient pattern. The user may specify two or more gradient colors, and this paint will provide an interpolation between each color. The user also specifies start and end points which define where in user space the color gradient should begin and end.

The user must provide an array of floats specifying how to distribute the colors along the gradient. These values should range from 0.0 to 1.0 and act like keyframes along the gradient (they mark where the gradient should be exactly a particular color).

In the event that the user does not set the first keyframe value equal to 0 and/or the last keyframe value equal to 1, keyframes will be created at these positions and the first and last colors will be replicated there. So, if a user specifies the following arrays to construct a gradient:

     {Color.BLUE, Color.RED}, {.3f, .7f}
 
this will be converted to a gradient with the following keyframes:
     {Color.BLUE, Color.BLUE, Color.RED, Color.RED}, {0f, .3f, .7f, 1f}
 

The user may also select what action the LinearGradientPaint should take when filling color outside the start and end points. If no cycle method is specified, NO_CYCLE will be chosen by default, which means the endpoint colors will be used to fill the remaining area.

The colorSpace parameter allows the user to specify in which colorspace the interpolation should be performed, default sRGB or linearized RGB.

The following code demonstrates typical usage of LinearGradientPaint:

     Point2D start = new Point2D.Float(0, 0);
     Point2D end = new Point2D.Float(50, 50);
     float[] dist = {0.0f, 0.2f, 1.0f};
     Color[] colors = {Color.RED, Color.WHITE, Color.BLUE};
     LinearGradientPaint p =
         new LinearGradientPaint(start, end, dist, colors);
 

This code will create a LinearGradientPaint which interpolates between red and white for the first 20% of the gradient and between white and blue for the remaining 80%.

This image demonstrates the example code above for each of the three cycle methods:

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Paint, Graphics2D.setPaint(java.awt.Paint)

Nested Class Summary
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.MultipleGradientPaint
MultipleGradientPaint.ColorSpaceType, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from interface java.awt.Transparency
BITMASK, OPAQUE, TRANSLUCENT
 
Constructor Summary
LinearGradientPaint(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
          Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
          Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
          Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
          Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod, MultipleGradientPaint.ColorSpaceType colorSpace, AffineTransform gradientTransform)
          Constructs a LinearGradientPaint.
 
Method Summary
 PaintContext createContext(ColorModel cm, Rectangle deviceBounds, Rectangle2D userBounds, AffineTransform transform, RenderingHints hints)
          Creates and returns a PaintContext used to generate the color pattern.
 Point2D getEndPoint()
          Returns a copy of the end point of the gradient axis.
 Point2D getStartPoint()
          Returns a copy of the start point of the gradient axis.
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.MultipleGradientPaint
getColors, getColorSpace, getCycleMethod, getFractions, getTransform, getTransparency
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(float startX,
                           float startY,
                           float endX,
                           float endY,
                           float[] fractions,
                           Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.

Parameters:
startX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
startY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
endX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
endY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
Throws:
NullPointerException - if fractions array is null, or colors array is null,
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(float startX,
                           float startY,
                           float endX,
                           float endY,
                           float[] fractions,
                           Color[] colors,
                           MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.

Parameters:
startX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
startY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
endX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
endY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
Throws:
NullPointerException - if fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start,
                           Point2D end,
                           float[] fractions,
                           Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.

Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start,
                           Point2D end,
                           float[] fractions,
                           Color[] colors,
                           MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.

Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start,
                           Point2D end,
                           float[] fractions,
                           Color[] colors,
                           MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod,
                           MultipleGradientPaint.ColorSpaceType colorSpace,
                           AffineTransform gradientTransform)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint.

Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
colorSpace - which color space to use for interpolation, either SRGB or LINEAR_RGB
gradientTransform - transform to apply to the gradient
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null, or colorSpace is null, or gradientTransform is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order
Method Detail

createContext

public PaintContext createContext(ColorModel cm,
                                  Rectangle deviceBounds,
                                  Rectangle2D userBounds,
                                  AffineTransform transform,
                                  RenderingHints hints)
Creates and returns a PaintContext used to generate the color pattern. Since the ColorModel argument to createContext is only a hint, implementations of Paint should accept a null argument for ColorModel. Note that if the application does not prefer a specific ColorModel, the null ColorModel argument will give the Paint implementation full leeway in using the most efficient ColorModel it prefers for its raster processing.

Since the API documentation was not specific about this in releases before 1.4, there may be implementations of Paint that do not accept a null ColorModel argument. If a developer is writing code which passes a null ColorModel argument to the createContext method of Paint objects from arbitrary sources it would be wise to code defensively by manufacturing a non-null ColorModel for those objects which throw a NullPointerException.

Parameters:
cm - the ColorModel that receives the Paint data. This is used only as a hint.
deviceBounds - the device space bounding box of the graphics primitive being rendered
userBounds - the user space bounding box of the graphics primitive being rendered
transform - the AffineTransform from user space into device space
hints - the hint that the context object uses to choose between rendering alternatives
Returns:
the PaintContext for generating color patterns
See Also:
PaintContext

getStartPoint

public Point2D getStartPoint()
Returns a copy of the start point of the gradient axis.

Returns:
a Point2D object that is a copy of the point that anchors the first color of this LinearGradientPaint

getEndPoint

public Point2D getEndPoint()
Returns a copy of the end point of the gradient axis.

Returns:
a Point2D object that is a copy of the point that anchors the last color of this LinearGradientPaint

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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