Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.awt.event
Class MouseWheelEvent

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.EventObject
      extended by java.awt.AWTEvent
          extended by java.awt.event.ComponentEvent
              extended by java.awt.event.InputEvent
                  extended by java.awt.event.MouseEvent
                      extended by java.awt.event.MouseWheelEvent
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable

public class MouseWheelEvent
extends MouseEvent

An event which indicates that the mouse wheel was rotated in a component.

A wheel mouse is a mouse which has a wheel in place of the middle button. This wheel can be rotated towards or away from the user. Mouse wheels are most often used for scrolling, though other uses are possible.

A MouseWheelEvent object is passed to every MouseWheelListener object which registered to receive the "interesting" mouse events using the component's addMouseWheelListener method. Each such listener object gets a MouseEvent containing the mouse event.

Due to the mouse wheel's special relationship to scrolling Components, MouseWheelEvents are delivered somewhat differently than other MouseEvents. This is because while other MouseEvents usually affect a change on the Component directly under the mouse cursor (for instance, when clicking a button), MouseWheelEvents often have an effect away from the mouse cursor (moving the wheel while over a Component inside a ScrollPane should scroll one of the Scrollbars on the ScrollPane).

MouseWheelEvents start delivery from the Component underneath the mouse cursor. If MouseWheelEvents are not enabled on the Component, the event is delivered to the first ancestor Container with MouseWheelEvents enabled. This will usually be a ScrollPane with wheel scrolling enabled. The source Component and x,y coordinates will be relative to the event's final destination (the ScrollPane). This allows a complex GUI to be installed without modification into a ScrollPane, and for all MouseWheelEvents to be delivered to the ScrollPane for scrolling.

Some AWT Components are implemented using native widgets which display their own scrollbars and handle their own scrolling. The particular Components for which this is true will vary from platform to platform. When the mouse wheel is moved over one of these Components, the event is delivered straight to the native widget, and not propagated to ancestors.

Platforms offer customization of the amount of scrolling that should take place when the mouse wheel is moved. The two most common settings are to scroll a certain number of "units" (commonly lines of text in a text-based component) or an entire "block" (similar to page-up/page-down). The MouseWheelEvent offers methods for conforming to the underlying platform settings. These platform settings can be changed at any time by the user. MouseWheelEvents reflect the most recent settings.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
MouseWheelListener, ScrollPane, ScrollPane.setWheelScrollingEnabled(boolean), JScrollPane, JScrollPane.setWheelScrollingEnabled(boolean), Serialized Form

Field Summary
static int WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL
          Constant representing scrolling by a "block" (like scrolling with page-up, page-down keys)
static int WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL
          Constant representing scrolling by "units" (like scrolling with the arrow keys)
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.event.MouseEvent
BUTTON1, BUTTON2, BUTTON3, MOUSE_CLICKED, MOUSE_DRAGGED, MOUSE_ENTERED, MOUSE_EXITED, MOUSE_FIRST, MOUSE_LAST, MOUSE_MOVED, MOUSE_PRESSED, MOUSE_RELEASED, MOUSE_WHEEL, NOBUTTON
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.event.InputEvent
ALT_DOWN_MASK, ALT_GRAPH_DOWN_MASK, ALT_GRAPH_MASK, ALT_MASK, BUTTON1_DOWN_MASK, BUTTON1_MASK, BUTTON2_DOWN_MASK, BUTTON2_MASK, BUTTON3_DOWN_MASK, BUTTON3_MASK, CTRL_DOWN_MASK, CTRL_MASK, META_DOWN_MASK, META_MASK, SHIFT_DOWN_MASK, SHIFT_MASK
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.event.ComponentEvent
COMPONENT_FIRST, COMPONENT_HIDDEN, COMPONENT_LAST, COMPONENT_MOVED, COMPONENT_RESIZED, COMPONENT_SHOWN
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.AWTEvent
ACTION_EVENT_MASK, ADJUSTMENT_EVENT_MASK, COMPONENT_EVENT_MASK, consumed, CONTAINER_EVENT_MASK, FOCUS_EVENT_MASK, HIERARCHY_BOUNDS_EVENT_MASK, HIERARCHY_EVENT_MASK, id, INPUT_METHOD_EVENT_MASK, INVOCATION_EVENT_MASK, ITEM_EVENT_MASK, KEY_EVENT_MASK, MOUSE_EVENT_MASK, MOUSE_MOTION_EVENT_MASK, MOUSE_WHEEL_EVENT_MASK, PAINT_EVENT_MASK, RESERVED_ID_MAX, TEXT_EVENT_MASK, WINDOW_EVENT_MASK, WINDOW_FOCUS_EVENT_MASK, WINDOW_STATE_EVENT_MASK
 
Fields inherited from class java.util.EventObject
source
 
Constructor Summary
MouseWheelEvent(Component source, int id, long when, int modifiers, int x, int y, int clickCount, boolean popupTrigger, int scrollType, int scrollAmount, int wheelRotation)
          Constructs a MouseWheelEvent object with the specified source component, type, modifiers, coordinates, scroll type, scroll amount, and wheel rotation.
MouseWheelEvent(Component source, int id, long when, int modifiers, int x, int y, int xAbs, int yAbs, int clickCount, boolean popupTrigger, int scrollType, int scrollAmount, int wheelRotation)
          Constructs a MouseWheelEvent object with the specified source component, type, modifiers, coordinates, absolute coordinates, scroll type, scroll amount, and wheel rotation.
 
Method Summary
 int getScrollAmount()
          Returns the number of units that should be scrolled per click of mouse wheel rotation.
 int getScrollType()
          Returns the type of scrolling that should take place in response to this event.
 int getUnitsToScroll()
          This is a convenience method to aid in the implementation of the common-case MouseWheelListener - to scroll a ScrollPane or JScrollPane by an amount which conforms to the platform settings.
 int getWheelRotation()
          Returns the number of "clicks" the mouse wheel was rotated.
 String paramString()
          Returns a parameter string identifying this event.
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.event.MouseEvent
getButton, getClickCount, getLocationOnScreen, getMouseModifiersText, getPoint, getX, getXOnScreen, getY, getYOnScreen, isPopupTrigger, translatePoint
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.event.InputEvent
consume, getModifiers, getModifiersEx, getModifiersExText, getWhen, isAltDown, isAltGraphDown, isConsumed, isControlDown, isMetaDown, isShiftDown
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.event.ComponentEvent
getComponent
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.AWTEvent
getID, setSource, toString
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.EventObject
getSource
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL

public static final int WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL
Constant representing scrolling by "units" (like scrolling with the arrow keys)

See Also:
getScrollType(), Constant Field Values

WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL

public static final int WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL
Constant representing scrolling by a "block" (like scrolling with page-up, page-down keys)

See Also:
getScrollType(), Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

MouseWheelEvent

public MouseWheelEvent(Component source,
                       int id,
                       long when,
                       int modifiers,
                       int x,
                       int y,
                       int clickCount,
                       boolean popupTrigger,
                       int scrollType,
                       int scrollAmount,
                       int wheelRotation)
Constructs a MouseWheelEvent object with the specified source component, type, modifiers, coordinates, scroll type, scroll amount, and wheel rotation.

Absolute coordinates xAbs and yAbs are set to source's location on screen plus relative coordinates x and y. xAbs and yAbs are set to zero if the source is not showing.

Note that passing in an invalid id results in unspecified behavior. This method throws an IllegalArgumentException if source is null.

Parameters:
source - the Component that originated the event
id - the integer that identifies the event
when - a long that gives the time the event occurred
modifiers - the modifier keys down during event (shift, ctrl, alt, meta)
x - the horizontal x coordinate for the mouse location
y - the vertical y coordinate for the mouse location
clickCount - the number of mouse clicks associated with event
popupTrigger - a boolean, true if this event is a trigger for a popup-menu
scrollType - the type of scrolling which should take place in response to this event; valid values are WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL and WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL
scrollAmount - for scrollType WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL, the number of units to be scrolled
wheelRotation - the amount that the mouse wheel was rotated (the number of "clicks")
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if source is null
See Also:
MouseEvent.MouseEvent(java.awt.Component, int, long, int, int, int, int, boolean), MouseEvent.MouseEvent(java.awt.Component, int, long, int, int, int, int, int, int, boolean, int)

MouseWheelEvent

public MouseWheelEvent(Component source,
                       int id,
                       long when,
                       int modifiers,
                       int x,
                       int y,
                       int xAbs,
                       int yAbs,
                       int clickCount,
                       boolean popupTrigger,
                       int scrollType,
                       int scrollAmount,
                       int wheelRotation)
Constructs a MouseWheelEvent object with the specified source component, type, modifiers, coordinates, absolute coordinates, scroll type, scroll amount, and wheel rotation.

Note that passing in an invalid id results in unspecified behavior. This method throws an IllegalArgumentException if source is null.

Even if inconsistent values for relative and absolute coordinates are passed to the constructor, the MouseWheelEvent instance is still created and no exception is thrown.

Parameters:
source - the Component that originated the event
id - the integer that identifies the event
when - a long that gives the time the event occurred
modifiers - the modifier keys down during event (shift, ctrl, alt, meta)
x - the horizontal x coordinate for the mouse location
y - the vertical y coordinate for the mouse location
xAbs - the absolute horizontal x coordinate for the mouse location
yAbs - the absolute vertical y coordinate for the mouse location
clickCount - the number of mouse clicks associated with event
popupTrigger - a boolean, true if this event is a trigger for a popup-menu
scrollType - the type of scrolling which should take place in response to this event; valid values are WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL and WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL
scrollAmount - for scrollType WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL, the number of units to be scrolled
wheelRotation - the amount that the mouse wheel was rotated (the number of "clicks")
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if source is null
Since:
1.6
See Also:
MouseEvent.MouseEvent(java.awt.Component, int, long, int, int, int, int, boolean), MouseEvent.MouseEvent(java.awt.Component, int, long, int, int, int, int, int, int, boolean, int)
Method Detail

getScrollType

public int getScrollType()
Returns the type of scrolling that should take place in response to this event. This is determined by the native platform. Legal values are:

Returns:
either MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL or MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL, depending on the configuration of the native platform.
See Also:
Adjustable.getUnitIncrement(), Adjustable.getBlockIncrement(), Scrollable.getScrollableUnitIncrement(java.awt.Rectangle, int, int), Scrollable.getScrollableBlockIncrement(java.awt.Rectangle, int, int)

getScrollAmount

public int getScrollAmount()
Returns the number of units that should be scrolled per click of mouse wheel rotation. Only valid if getScrollType returns MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL

Returns:
number of units to scroll, or an undefined value if getScrollType returns MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_BLOCK_SCROLL
See Also:
getScrollType()

getWheelRotation

public int getWheelRotation()
Returns the number of "clicks" the mouse wheel was rotated.

Returns:
negative values if the mouse wheel was rotated up/away from the user, and positive values if the mouse wheel was rotated down/ towards the user

getUnitsToScroll

public int getUnitsToScroll()
This is a convenience method to aid in the implementation of the common-case MouseWheelListener - to scroll a ScrollPane or JScrollPane by an amount which conforms to the platform settings. (Note, however, that ScrollPane and JScrollPane already have this functionality built in.)

This method returns the number of units to scroll when scroll type is MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL, and should only be called if getScrollType returns MouseWheelEvent.WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL.

Direction of scroll, amount of wheel movement, and platform settings for wheel scrolling are all accounted for. This method does not and cannot take into account value of the Adjustable/Scrollable unit increment, as this will vary among scrolling components.

A simplified example of how this method might be used in a listener:

 
  mouseWheelMoved(MouseWheelEvent event) {
      ScrollPane sp = getScrollPaneFromSomewhere(); 
      Adjustable adj = sp.getVAdjustable()
      if (MouseWheelEvent.getScrollType() == WHEEL_UNIT_SCROLL) {
          int totalScrollAmount =
              event.getUnitsToScroll() *
              adj.getUnitIncrement();
          adj.setValue(adj.getValue() + totalScrollAmount);
      }
  }
 

Returns:
the number of units to scroll based on the direction and amount of mouse wheel rotation, and on the wheel scrolling settings of the native platform
See Also:
getScrollType(), getScrollAmount(), MouseWheelListener, Adjustable, Adjustable.getUnitIncrement(), Scrollable, Scrollable.getScrollableUnitIncrement(java.awt.Rectangle, int, int), ScrollPane, ScrollPane.setWheelScrollingEnabled(boolean), JScrollPane, JScrollPane.setWheelScrollingEnabled(boolean)

paramString

public String paramString()
Returns a parameter string identifying this event. This method is useful for event-logging and for debugging.

Overrides:
paramString in class MouseEvent
Returns:
a string identifying the event and its attributes

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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