Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.io
Class PipedInputStream

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.io.InputStream
      extended by java.io.PipedInputStream
All Implemented Interfaces:
Closeable

public class PipedInputStream
extends InputStream

A piped input stream should be connected to a piped output stream; the piped input stream then provides whatever data bytes are written to the piped output stream. Typically, data is read from a PipedInputStream object by one thread and data is written to the corresponding PipedOutputStream by some other thread. Attempting to use both objects from a single thread is not recommended, as it may deadlock the thread. The piped input stream contains a buffer, decoupling read operations from write operations, within limits. A pipe is said to be broken if a thread that was providing data bytes to the connected piped output stream is no longer alive.

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
PipedOutputStream

Field Summary
protected  byte[] buffer
          The circular buffer into which incoming data is placed.
protected  int in
          The index of the position in the circular buffer at which the next byte of data will be stored when received from the connected piped output stream.
protected  int out
          The index of the position in the circular buffer at which the next byte of data will be read by this piped input stream.
protected static int PIPE_SIZE
          The default size of the pipe's circular input buffer.
 
Constructor Summary
PipedInputStream()
          Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is not yet connected.
PipedInputStream(int pipeSize)
          Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is not yet connected and uses the specified pipe size for the pipe's buffer.
PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src)
          Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is connected to the piped output stream src.
PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src, int pipeSize)
          Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is connected to the piped output stream src and uses the specified pipe size for the pipe's buffer.
 
Method Summary
 int available()
          Returns the number of bytes that can be read from this input stream without blocking.
 void close()
          Closes this piped input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.
 void connect(PipedOutputStream src)
          Causes this piped input stream to be connected to the piped output stream src.
 int read()
          Reads the next byte of data from this piped input stream.
 int read(byte[] b, int off, int len)
          Reads up to len bytes of data from this piped input stream into an array of bytes.
protected  void receive(int b)
          Receives a byte of data.
 
Methods inherited from class java.io.InputStream
mark, markSupported, read, reset, skip
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

PIPE_SIZE

protected static final int PIPE_SIZE
The default size of the pipe's circular input buffer.

Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

buffer

protected byte[] buffer
The circular buffer into which incoming data is placed.

Since:
JDK1.1

in

protected int in
The index of the position in the circular buffer at which the next byte of data will be stored when received from the connected piped output stream. in<0 implies the buffer is empty, in==out implies the buffer is full

Since:
JDK1.1

out

protected int out
The index of the position in the circular buffer at which the next byte of data will be read by this piped input stream.

Since:
JDK1.1
Constructor Detail

PipedInputStream

public PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src)
                 throws IOException
Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is connected to the piped output stream src. Data bytes written to src will then be available as input from this stream.

Parameters:
src - the stream to connect to.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

PipedInputStream

public PipedInputStream(PipedOutputStream src,
                        int pipeSize)
                 throws IOException
Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is connected to the piped output stream src and uses the specified pipe size for the pipe's buffer. Data bytes written to src will then be available as input from this stream.

Parameters:
src - the stream to connect to.
pipeSize - the size of the pipe's buffer.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
IllegalArgumentException - if pipeSize <= 0.
Since:
1.6

PipedInputStream

public PipedInputStream()
Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is not yet connected. It must be connected to a PipedOutputStream before being used.


PipedInputStream

public PipedInputStream(int pipeSize)
Creates a PipedInputStream so that it is not yet connected and uses the specified pipe size for the pipe's buffer. It must be connected to a PipedOutputStream before being used.

Parameters:
pipeSize - the size of the pipe's buffer.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if pipeSize <= 0.
Since:
1.6
Method Detail

connect

public void connect(PipedOutputStream src)
             throws IOException
Causes this piped input stream to be connected to the piped output stream src. If this object is already connected to some other piped output stream, an IOException is thrown.

If src is an unconnected piped output stream and snk is an unconnected piped input stream, they may be connected by either the call:

snk.connect(src) 

or the call:

src.connect(snk) 

The two calls have the same effect.

Parameters:
src - The piped output stream to connect to.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

receive

protected void receive(int b)
                throws IOException
Receives a byte of data. This method will block if no input is available.

Parameters:
b - the byte being received
Throws:
IOException - If the pipe is broken, unconnected, closed, or if an I/O error occurs.
Since:
JDK1.1

read

public int read()
         throws IOException
Reads the next byte of data from this piped input stream. The value byte is returned as an int in the range 0 to 255. This method blocks until input data is available, the end of the stream is detected, or an exception is thrown.

Specified by:
read in class InputStream
Returns:
the next byte of data, or -1 if the end of the stream is reached.
Throws:
IOException - if the pipe is unconnected, broken, closed, or if an I/O error occurs.

read

public int read(byte[] b,
                int off,
                int len)
         throws IOException
Reads up to len bytes of data from this piped input stream into an array of bytes. Less than len bytes will be read if the end of the data stream is reached or if len exceeds the pipe's buffer size. If len is zero, then no bytes are read and 0 is returned; otherwise, the method blocks until at least 1 byte of input is available, end of the stream has been detected, or an exception is thrown.

Overrides:
read in class InputStream
Parameters:
b - the buffer into which the data is read.
off - the start offset in the destination array b
len - the maximum number of bytes read.
Returns:
the total number of bytes read into the buffer, or -1 if there is no more data because the end of the stream has been reached.
Throws:
NullPointerException - If b is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - If off is negative, len is negative, or len is greater than b.length - off
IOException - if the pipe is broken, unconnected, closed, or if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
InputStream.read()

available

public int available()
              throws IOException
Returns the number of bytes that can be read from this input stream without blocking.

Overrides:
available in class InputStream
Returns:
the number of bytes that can be read from this input stream without blocking, or 0 if this input stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or if the pipe is unconnected, or broken.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
Since:
JDK1.0.2

close

public void close()
           throws IOException
Closes this piped input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.

Specified by:
close in interface Closeable
Overrides:
close in class InputStream
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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