Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.lang
Class Float

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.lang.Number
      extended by java.lang.Float
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Comparable<Float>

public final class Float
extends Number
implements Comparable<Float>

The Float class wraps a value of primitive type float in an object. An object of type Float contains a single field whose type is float.

In addition, this class provides several methods for converting a float to a String and a String to a float, as well as other constants and methods useful when dealing with a float.

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form

Field Summary
static int MAX_EXPONENT
          Maximum exponent a finite float variable may have.
static float MAX_VALUE
          A constant holding the largest positive finite value of type float, (2-2-23)·2127.
static int MIN_EXPONENT
          Minimum exponent a normalized float variable may have.
static float MIN_NORMAL
          A constant holding the smallest positive normal value of type float, 2-126.
static float MIN_VALUE
          A constant holding the smallest positive nonzero value of type float, 2-149.
static float NaN
          A constant holding a Not-a-Number (NaN) value of type float.
static float NEGATIVE_INFINITY
          A constant holding the negative infinity of type float.
static float POSITIVE_INFINITY
          A constant holding the positive infinity of type float.
static int SIZE
          The number of bits used to represent a float value.
static Class<Float> TYPE
          The Class instance representing the primitive type float.
 
Constructor Summary
Float(double value)
          Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the argument converted to type float.
Float(float value)
          Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the primitive float argument.
Float(String s)
          Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the floating-point value of type float represented by the string.
 
Method Summary
 byte byteValue()
          Returns the value of this Float as a byte (by casting to a byte).
static int compare(float f1, float f2)
          Compares the two specified float values.
 int compareTo(Float anotherFloat)
          Compares two Float objects numerically.
 double doubleValue()
          Returns the double value of this Float object.
 boolean equals(Object obj)
          Compares this object against the specified object.
static int floatToIntBits(float value)
          Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "single format" bit layout.
static int floatToRawIntBits(float value)
          Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "single format" bit layout, preserving Not-a-Number (NaN) values.
 float floatValue()
          Returns the float value of this Float object.
 int hashCode()
          Returns a hash code for this Float object.
static float intBitsToFloat(int bits)
          Returns the float value corresponding to a given bit representation.
 int intValue()
          Returns the value of this Float as an int (by casting to type int).
 boolean isInfinite()
          Returns true if this Float value is infinitely large in magnitude, false otherwise.
static boolean isInfinite(float v)
          Returns true if the specified number is infinitely large in magnitude, false otherwise.
 boolean isNaN()
          Returns true if this Float value is a Not-a-Number (NaN), false otherwise.
static boolean isNaN(float v)
          Returns true if the specified number is a Not-a-Number (NaN) value, false otherwise.
 long longValue()
          Returns value of this Float as a long (by casting to type long).
static float parseFloat(String s)
          Returns a new float initialized to the value represented by the specified String, as performed by the valueOf method of class Float.
 short shortValue()
          Returns the value of this Float as a short (by casting to a short).
static String toHexString(float f)
          Returns a hexadecimal string representation of the float argument.
 String toString()
          Returns a string representation of this Float object.
static String toString(float f)
          Returns a string representation of the float argument.
static Float valueOf(float f)
          Returns a Float instance representing the specified float value.
static Float valueOf(String s)
          Returns a Float object holding the float value represented by the argument string s.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

POSITIVE_INFINITY

public static final float POSITIVE_INFINITY
A constant holding the positive infinity of type float. It is equal to the value returned by Float.intBitsToFloat(0x7f800000).

See Also:
Constant Field Values

NEGATIVE_INFINITY

public static final float NEGATIVE_INFINITY
A constant holding the negative infinity of type float. It is equal to the value returned by Float.intBitsToFloat(0xff800000).

See Also:
Constant Field Values

NaN

public static final float NaN
A constant holding a Not-a-Number (NaN) value of type float. It is equivalent to the value returned by Float.intBitsToFloat(0x7fc00000).

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_VALUE

public static final float MAX_VALUE
A constant holding the largest positive finite value of type float, (2-2-23)·2127. It is equal to the hexadecimal floating-point literal 0x1.fffffeP+127f and also equal to Float.intBitsToFloat(0x7f7fffff).

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_NORMAL

public static final float MIN_NORMAL
A constant holding the smallest positive normal value of type float, 2-126. It is equal to the hexadecimal floating-point literal 0x1.0p-126f and also equal to Float.intBitsToFloat(0x00800000).

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_VALUE

public static final float MIN_VALUE
A constant holding the smallest positive nonzero value of type float, 2-149. It is equal to the hexadecimal floating-point literal 0x0.000002P-126f and also equal to Float.intBitsToFloat(0x1).

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_EXPONENT

public static final int MAX_EXPONENT
Maximum exponent a finite float variable may have. It is equal to the value returned by Math.getExponent(Float.MAX_VALUE).

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_EXPONENT

public static final int MIN_EXPONENT
Minimum exponent a normalized float variable may have. It is equal to the value returned by Math.getExponent(Float.MIN_NORMAL).

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Constant Field Values

SIZE

public static final int SIZE
The number of bits used to represent a float value.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

TYPE

public static final Class<Float> TYPE
The Class instance representing the primitive type float.

Since:
JDK1.1
Constructor Detail

Float

public Float(float value)
Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the primitive float argument.

Parameters:
value - the value to be represented by the Float.

Float

public Float(double value)
Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the argument converted to type float.

Parameters:
value - the value to be represented by the Float.

Float

public Float(String s)
      throws NumberFormatException
Constructs a newly allocated Float object that represents the floating-point value of type float represented by the string. The string is converted to a float value as if by the valueOf method.

Parameters:
s - a string to be converted to a Float.
Throws:
NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable number.
See Also:
valueOf(java.lang.String)
Method Detail

toString

public static String toString(float f)
Returns a string representation of the float argument. All characters mentioned below are ASCII characters. How many digits must be printed for the fractional part of m or a? There must be at least one digit to represent the fractional part, and beyond that as many, but only as many, more digits as are needed to uniquely distinguish the argument value from adjacent values of type float. That is, suppose that x is the exact mathematical value represented by the decimal representation produced by this method for a finite nonzero argument f. Then f must be the float value nearest to x; or, if two float values are equally close to x, then f must be one of them and the least significant bit of the significand of f must be 0.

To create localized string representations of a floating-point value, use subclasses of NumberFormat.

Parameters:
f - the float to be converted.
Returns:
a string representation of the argument.

toHexString

public static String toHexString(float f)
Returns a hexadecimal string representation of the float argument. All characters mentioned below are ASCII characters.

Examples

Floating-point ValueHexadecimal String
1.0 0x1.0p0
-1.0 -0x1.0p0
2.0 0x1.0p1
3.0 0x1.8p1
0.5 0x1.0p-1
0.25 0x1.0p-2
Float.MAX_VALUE 0x1.fffffep127
Minimum Normal Value 0x1.0p-126
Maximum Subnormal Value 0x0.fffffep-126
Float.MIN_VALUE 0x0.000002p-126

Parameters:
f - the float to be converted.
Returns:
a hex string representation of the argument.
Since:
1.5

valueOf

public static Float valueOf(String s)
                     throws NumberFormatException
Returns a Float object holding the float value represented by the argument string s.

If s is null, then a NullPointerException is thrown.

Leading and trailing whitespace characters in s are ignored. Whitespace is removed as if by the String.trim() method; that is, both ASCII space and control characters are removed. The rest of s should constitute a FloatValue as described by the lexical syntax rules:

FloatValue:
Signopt NaN
Signopt Infinity
Signopt FloatingPointLiteral
Signopt HexFloatingPointLiteral
SignedInteger

HexFloatingPointLiteral:
HexSignificand BinaryExponent FloatTypeSuffixopt

HexSignificand:
HexNumeral
HexNumeral .
0x HexDigitsopt . HexDigits
0X HexDigitsopt . HexDigits

BinaryExponent:
BinaryExponentIndicator SignedInteger

BinaryExponentIndicator:
p
P
where Sign, FloatingPointLiteral, HexNumeral, HexDigits, SignedInteger and FloatTypeSuffix are as defined in the lexical structure sections of the of the Java Language Specification. If s does not have the form of a FloatValue, then a NumberFormatException is thrown. Otherwise, s is regarded as representing an exact decimal value in the usual "computerized scientific notation" or as an exact hexadecimal value; this exact numerical value is then conceptually converted to an "infinitely precise" binary value that is then rounded to type float by the usual round-to-nearest rule of IEEE 754 floating-point arithmetic, which includes preserving the sign of a zero value. Finally, a Float object representing this float value is returned.

To interpret localized string representations of a floating-point value, use subclasses of NumberFormat.

Note that trailing format specifiers, specifiers that determine the type of a floating-point literal (1.0f is a float value; 1.0d is a double value), do not influence the results of this method. In other words, the numerical value of the input string is converted directly to the target floating-point type. In general, the two-step sequence of conversions, string to double followed by double to float, is not equivalent to converting a string directly to float. For example, if first converted to an intermediate double and then to float, the string
"1.00000017881393421514957253748434595763683319091796875001d"
results in the float value 1.0000002f; if the string is converted directly to float, 1.0000001f results.

To avoid calling this method on an invalid string and having a NumberFormatException be thrown, the documentation for Double.valueOf lists a regular expression which can be used to screen the input.

Parameters:
s - the string to be parsed.
Returns:
a Float object holding the value represented by the String argument.
Throws:
NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable number.

valueOf

public static Float valueOf(float f)
Returns a Float instance representing the specified float value. If a new Float instance is not required, this method should generally be used in preference to the constructor Float(float), as this method is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance by caching frequently requested values.

Parameters:
f - a float value.
Returns:
a Float instance representing f.
Since:
1.5

parseFloat

public static float parseFloat(String s)
                        throws NumberFormatException
Returns a new float initialized to the value represented by the specified String, as performed by the valueOf method of class Float.

Parameters:
s - the string to be parsed.
Returns:
the float value represented by the string argument.
Throws:
NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable float.
Since:
1.2
See Also:
valueOf(String)

isNaN

public static boolean isNaN(float v)
Returns true if the specified number is a Not-a-Number (NaN) value, false otherwise.

Parameters:
v - the value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the argument is NaN; false otherwise.

isInfinite

public static boolean isInfinite(float v)
Returns true if the specified number is infinitely large in magnitude, false otherwise.

Parameters:
v - the value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the argument is positive infinity or negative infinity; false otherwise.

isNaN

public boolean isNaN()
Returns true if this Float value is a Not-a-Number (NaN), false otherwise.

Returns:
true if the value represented by this object is NaN; false otherwise.

isInfinite

public boolean isInfinite()
Returns true if this Float value is infinitely large in magnitude, false otherwise.

Returns:
true if the value represented by this object is positive infinity or negative infinity; false otherwise.

toString

public String toString()
Returns a string representation of this Float object. The primitive float value represented by this object is converted to a String exactly as if by the method toString of one argument.

Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a String representation of this object.
See Also:
toString(float)

byteValue

public byte byteValue()
Returns the value of this Float as a byte (by casting to a byte).

Overrides:
byteValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object converted to type byte

shortValue

public short shortValue()
Returns the value of this Float as a short (by casting to a short).

Overrides:
shortValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object converted to type short
Since:
JDK1.1

intValue

public int intValue()
Returns the value of this Float as an int (by casting to type int).

Specified by:
intValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object converted to type int

longValue

public long longValue()
Returns value of this Float as a long (by casting to type long).

Specified by:
longValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object converted to type long

floatValue

public float floatValue()
Returns the float value of this Float object.

Specified by:
floatValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object

doubleValue

public double doubleValue()
Returns the double value of this Float object.

Specified by:
doubleValue in class Number
Returns:
the float value represented by this object is converted to type double and the result of the conversion is returned.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
Returns a hash code for this Float object. The result is the integer bit representation, exactly as produced by the method floatToIntBits(float), of the primitive float value represented by this Float object.

Overrides:
hashCode in class Object
Returns:
a hash code value for this object.
See Also:
Object.equals(java.lang.Object), Hashtable

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
Compares this object against the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Float object that represents a float with the same value as the float represented by this object. For this purpose, two float values are considered to be the same if and only if the method floatToIntBits(float) returns the identical int value when applied to each.

Note that in most cases, for two instances of class Float, f1 and f2, the value of f1.equals(f2) is true if and only if

   f1.floatValue() == f2.floatValue()
 

also has the value true. However, there are two exceptions:

This definition allows hash tables to operate properly.

Overrides:
equals in class Object
Parameters:
obj - the object to be compared
Returns:
true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
See Also:
floatToIntBits(float)

floatToIntBits

public static int floatToIntBits(float value)
Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "single format" bit layout.

Bit 31 (the bit that is selected by the mask 0x80000000) represents the sign of the floating-point number. Bits 30-23 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x7f800000) represent the exponent. Bits 22-0 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x007fffff) represent the significand (sometimes called the mantissa) of the floating-point number.

If the argument is positive infinity, the result is 0x7f800000.

If the argument is negative infinity, the result is 0xff800000.

If the argument is NaN, the result is 0x7fc00000.

In all cases, the result is an integer that, when given to the intBitsToFloat(int) method, will produce a floating-point value the same as the argument to floatToIntBits (except all NaN values are collapsed to a single "canonical" NaN value).

Parameters:
value - a floating-point number.
Returns:
the bits that represent the floating-point number.

floatToRawIntBits

public static int floatToRawIntBits(float value)
Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "single format" bit layout, preserving Not-a-Number (NaN) values.

Bit 31 (the bit that is selected by the mask 0x80000000) represents the sign of the floating-point number. Bits 30-23 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x7f800000) represent the exponent. Bits 22-0 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x007fffff) represent the significand (sometimes called the mantissa) of the floating-point number.

If the argument is positive infinity, the result is 0x7f800000.

If the argument is negative infinity, the result is 0xff800000.

If the argument is NaN, the result is the integer representing the actual NaN value. Unlike the floatToIntBits method, floatToRawIntBits does not collapse all the bit patterns encoding a NaN to a single "canonical" NaN value.

In all cases, the result is an integer that, when given to the intBitsToFloat(int) method, will produce a floating-point value the same as the argument to floatToRawIntBits.

Parameters:
value - a floating-point number.
Returns:
the bits that represent the floating-point number.
Since:
1.3

intBitsToFloat

public static float intBitsToFloat(int bits)
Returns the float value corresponding to a given bit representation. The argument is considered to be a representation of a floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "single format" bit layout.

If the argument is 0x7f800000, the result is positive infinity.

If the argument is 0xff800000, the result is negative infinity.

If the argument is any value in the range 0x7f800001 through 0x7fffffff or in the range 0xff800001 through 0xffffffff, the result is a NaN. No IEEE 754 floating-point operation provided by Java can distinguish between two NaN values of the same type with different bit patterns. Distinct values of NaN are only distinguishable by use of the Float.floatToRawIntBits method.

In all other cases, let s, e, and m be three values that can be computed from the argument:

 int s = ((bits >> 31) == 0) ? 1 : -1;
 int e = ((bits >> 23) & 0xff);
 int m = (e == 0) ?
                 (bits & 0x7fffff) << 1 :
                 (bits & 0x7fffff) | 0x800000;
 
Then the floating-point result equals the value of the mathematical expression s·m·2e-150.

Note that this method may not be able to return a float NaN with exactly same bit pattern as the int argument. IEEE 754 distinguishes between two kinds of NaNs, quiet NaNs and signaling NaNs. The differences between the two kinds of NaN are generally not visible in Java. Arithmetic operations on signaling NaNs turn them into quiet NaNs with a different, but often similar, bit pattern. However, on some processors merely copying a signaling NaN also performs that conversion. In particular, copying a signaling NaN to return it to the calling method may perform this conversion. So intBitsToFloat may not be able to return a float with a signaling NaN bit pattern. Consequently, for some int values, floatToRawIntBits(intBitsToFloat(start)) may not equal start. Moreover, which particular bit patterns represent signaling NaNs is platform dependent; although all NaN bit patterns, quiet or signaling, must be in the NaN range identified above.

Parameters:
bits - an integer.
Returns:
the float floating-point value with the same bit pattern.

compareTo

public int compareTo(Float anotherFloat)
Compares two Float objects numerically. There are two ways in which comparisons performed by this method differ from those performed by the Java language numerical comparison operators (<, <=, ==, >= >) when applied to primitive float values: This ensures that the natural ordering of Float objects imposed by this method is consistent with equals.

Specified by:
compareTo in interface Comparable<Float>
Parameters:
anotherFloat - the Float to be compared.
Returns:
the value 0 if anotherFloat is numerically equal to this Float; a value less than 0 if this Float is numerically less than anotherFloat; and a value greater than 0 if this Float is numerically greater than anotherFloat.
Since:
1.2
See Also:
Comparable.compareTo(Object)

compare

public static int compare(float f1,
                          float f2)
Compares the two specified float values. The sign of the integer value returned is the same as that of the integer that would be returned by the call:
    new Float(f1).compareTo(new Float(f2))
 

Parameters:
f1 - the first float to compare.
f2 - the second float to compare.
Returns:
the value 0 if f1 is numerically equal to f2; a value less than 0 if f1 is numerically less than f2; and a value greater than 0 if f1 is numerically greater than f2.
Since:
1.4

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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