Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.net
Class JarURLConnection

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.net.URLConnection
      extended by java.net.JarURLConnection

public abstract class JarURLConnection
extends URLConnection

A URL Connection to a Java ARchive (JAR) file or an entry in a JAR file.

The syntax of a JAR URL is:

 jar:<url>!/{entry}
 

for example:

jar:http://www.foo.com/bar/baz.jar!/COM/foo/Quux.class

Jar URLs should be used to refer to a JAR file or entries in a JAR file. The example above is a JAR URL which refers to a JAR entry. If the entry name is omitted, the URL refers to the whole JAR file: jar:http://www.foo.com/bar/baz.jar!/

Users should cast the generic URLConnection to a JarURLConnection when they know that the URL they created is a JAR URL, and they need JAR-specific functionality. For example:

 URL url = new URL("jar:file:/home/duke/duke.jar!/");
 JarURLConnection jarConnection = (JarURLConnection)url.openConnection();
 Manifest manifest = jarConnection.getManifest();
 

JarURLConnection instances can only be used to read from JAR files. It is not possible to get a OutputStream to modify or write to the underlying JAR file using this class.

Examples:

A Jar entry
jar:http://www.foo.com/bar/baz.jar!/COM/foo/Quux.class
A Jar file
jar:http://www.foo.com/bar/baz.jar!/
A Jar directory
jar:http://www.foo.com/bar/baz.jar!/COM/foo/

!/ is refered to as the separator.

When constructing a JAR url via new URL(context, spec), the following rules apply:

Since:
1.2
See Also:
URL, URLConnection, JarFile, JarInputStream, Manifest, ZipEntry

Field Summary
protected  URLConnection jarFileURLConnection
          The connection to the JAR file URL, if the connection has been initiated.
 
Fields inherited from class java.net.URLConnection
allowUserInteraction, connected, doInput, doOutput, ifModifiedSince, url, useCaches
 
Constructor Summary
protected JarURLConnection(URL url)
          Creates the new JarURLConnection to the specified URL.
 
Method Summary
 Attributes getAttributes()
          Return the Attributes object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise.
 Certificate[] getCertificates()
          Return the Certificate object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise.
 String getEntryName()
          Return the entry name for this connection.
 JarEntry getJarEntry()
          Return the JAR entry object for this connection, if any.
abstract  JarFile getJarFile()
          Return the JAR file for this connection.
 URL getJarFileURL()
          Returns the URL for the Jar file for this connection.
 Attributes getMainAttributes()
          Returns the main Attributes for the JAR file for this connection.
 Manifest getManifest()
          Returns the Manifest for this connection, or null if none.
 
Methods inherited from class java.net.URLConnection
addRequestProperty, connect, getAllowUserInteraction, getConnectTimeout, getContent, getContent, getContentEncoding, getContentLength, getContentType, getDate, getDefaultAllowUserInteraction, getDefaultRequestProperty, getDefaultUseCaches, getDoInput, getDoOutput, getExpiration, getFileNameMap, getHeaderField, getHeaderField, getHeaderFieldDate, getHeaderFieldInt, getHeaderFieldKey, getHeaderFields, getIfModifiedSince, getInputStream, getLastModified, getOutputStream, getPermission, getReadTimeout, getRequestProperties, getRequestProperty, getURL, getUseCaches, guessContentTypeFromName, guessContentTypeFromStream, setAllowUserInteraction, setConnectTimeout, setContentHandlerFactory, setDefaultAllowUserInteraction, setDefaultRequestProperty, setDefaultUseCaches, setDoInput, setDoOutput, setFileNameMap, setIfModifiedSince, setReadTimeout, setRequestProperty, setUseCaches, toString
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

jarFileURLConnection

protected URLConnection jarFileURLConnection
The connection to the JAR file URL, if the connection has been initiated. This should be set by connect.

Constructor Detail

JarURLConnection

protected JarURLConnection(URL url)
                    throws MalformedURLException
Creates the new JarURLConnection to the specified URL.

Parameters:
url - the URL
Throws:
MalformedURLException - if no legal protocol could be found in a specification string or the string could not be parsed.
Method Detail

getJarFileURL

public URL getJarFileURL()
Returns the URL for the Jar file for this connection.

Returns:
the URL for the Jar file for this connection.

getEntryName

public String getEntryName()
Return the entry name for this connection. This method returns null if the JAR file URL corresponding to this connection points to a JAR file and not a JAR file entry.

Returns:
the entry name for this connection, if any.

getJarFile

public abstract JarFile getJarFile()
                            throws IOException
Return the JAR file for this connection.

Returns:
the JAR file for this connection. If the connection is a connection to an entry of a JAR file, the JAR file object is returned
Throws:
IOException - if an IOException occurs while trying to connect to the JAR file for this connection.
See Also:
URLConnection.connect()

getManifest

public Manifest getManifest()
                     throws IOException
Returns the Manifest for this connection, or null if none.

Returns:
the manifest object corresponding to the JAR file object for this connection.
Throws:
IOException - if getting the JAR file for this connection causes an IOException to be trown.
See Also:
getJarFile()

getJarEntry

public JarEntry getJarEntry()
                     throws IOException
Return the JAR entry object for this connection, if any. This method returns null if the JAR file URL corresponding to this connection points to a JAR file and not a JAR file entry.

Returns:
the JAR entry object for this connection, or null if the JAR URL for this connection points to a JAR file.
Throws:
IOException - if getting the JAR file for this connection causes an IOException to be trown.
See Also:
getJarFile(), getJarEntry()

getAttributes

public Attributes getAttributes()
                         throws IOException
Return the Attributes object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise.

Returns:
the Attributes object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise.
Throws:
IOException - if getting the JAR entry causes an IOException to be thrown.
See Also:
getJarEntry()

getMainAttributes

public Attributes getMainAttributes()
                             throws IOException
Returns the main Attributes for the JAR file for this connection.

Returns:
the main Attributes for the JAR file for this connection.
Throws:
IOException - if getting the manifest causes an IOException to be thrown.
See Also:
getJarFile(), getManifest()

getCertificates

public Certificate[] getCertificates()
                              throws IOException
Return the Certificate object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise. This method can only be called once the connection has been completely verified by reading from the input stream until the end of the stream has been reached. Otherwise, this method will return null

Returns:
the Certificate object for this connection if the URL for it points to a JAR file entry, null otherwise.
Throws:
IOException - if getting the JAR entry causes an IOException to be thrown.
See Also:
getJarEntry()

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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