Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.net
Class URLClassLoader

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.lang.ClassLoader
      extended by java.security.SecureClassLoader
          extended by java.net.URLClassLoader
Direct Known Subclasses:
MLet

public class URLClassLoader
extends SecureClassLoader

This class loader is used to load classes and resources from a search path of URLs referring to both JAR files and directories. Any URL that ends with a '/' is assumed to refer to a directory. Otherwise, the URL is assumed to refer to a JAR file which will be opened as needed.

The AccessControlContext of the thread that created the instance of URLClassLoader will be used when subsequently loading classes and resources.

The classes that are loaded are by default granted permission only to access the URLs specified when the URLClassLoader was created.

Since:
1.2

Constructor Summary
URLClassLoader(URL[] urls)
          Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader.
URLClassLoader(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent)
          Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the given URLs.
URLClassLoader(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent, URLStreamHandlerFactory factory)
          Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory.
 
Method Summary
protected  void addURL(URL url)
          Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.
protected  Package definePackage(String name, Manifest man, URL url)
          Defines a new package by name in this ClassLoader.
protected  Class<?> findClass(String name)
          Finds and loads the class with the specified name from the URL search path.
 URL findResource(String name)
          Finds the resource with the specified name on the URL search path.
 Enumeration<URL> findResources(String name)
          Returns an Enumeration of URLs representing all of the resources on the URL search path having the specified name.
protected  PermissionCollection getPermissions(CodeSource codesource)
          Returns the permissions for the given codesource object.
 URL[] getURLs()
          Returns the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources.
static URLClassLoader newInstance(URL[] urls)
          Creates a new instance of URLClassLoader for the specified URLs and default parent class loader.
static URLClassLoader newInstance(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent)
          Creates a new instance of URLClassLoader for the specified URLs and parent class loader.
 
Methods inherited from class java.security.SecureClassLoader
defineClass, defineClass
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.ClassLoader
clearAssertionStatus, defineClass, defineClass, defineClass, defineClass, definePackage, findLibrary, findLoadedClass, findSystemClass, getPackage, getPackages, getParent, getResource, getResourceAsStream, getResources, getSystemClassLoader, getSystemResource, getSystemResourceAsStream, getSystemResources, loadClass, loadClass, resolveClass, setClassAssertionStatus, setDefaultAssertionStatus, setPackageAssertionStatus, setSigners
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

URLClassLoader

public URLClassLoader(URL[] urls,
                      ClassLoader parent)
Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the given URLs. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the specified parent class loader. Any URL that ends with a '/' is assumed to refer to a directory. Otherwise, the URL is assumed to refer to a JAR file which will be downloaded and opened as needed.

If there is a security manager, this method first calls the security manager's checkCreateClassLoader method to ensure creation of a class loader is allowed.

Parameters:
urls - the URLs from which to load classes and resources
parent - the parent class loader for delegation
Throws:
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkCreateClassLoader method doesn't allow creation of a class loader.
See Also:
SecurityManager.checkCreateClassLoader()

URLClassLoader

public URLClassLoader(URL[] urls)
Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the parent class loader. Any URL that ends with a '/' is assumed to refer to a directory. Otherwise, the URL is assumed to refer to a JAR file which will be downloaded and opened as needed.

If there is a security manager, this method first calls the security manager's checkCreateClassLoader method to ensure creation of a class loader is allowed.

Parameters:
urls - the URLs from which to load classes and resources
Throws:
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkCreateClassLoader method doesn't allow creation of a class loader.
See Also:
SecurityManager.checkCreateClassLoader()

URLClassLoader

public URLClassLoader(URL[] urls,
                      ClassLoader parent,
                      URLStreamHandlerFactory factory)
Constructs a new URLClassLoader for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory. The parent argument will be used as the parent class loader for delegation. The factory argument will be used as the stream handler factory to obtain protocol handlers when creating new jar URLs.

If there is a security manager, this method first calls the security manager's checkCreateClassLoader method to ensure creation of a class loader is allowed.

Parameters:
urls - the URLs from which to load classes and resources
parent - the parent class loader for delegation
factory - the URLStreamHandlerFactory to use when creating URLs
Throws:
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkCreateClassLoader method doesn't allow creation of a class loader.
See Also:
SecurityManager.checkCreateClassLoader()
Method Detail

addURL

protected void addURL(URL url)
Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.

Parameters:
url - the URL to be added to the search path of URLs

getURLs

public URL[] getURLs()
Returns the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources. This includes the original list of URLs specified to the constructor, along with any URLs subsequently appended by the addURL() method.

Returns:
the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources.

findClass

protected Class<?> findClass(String name)
                      throws ClassNotFoundException
Finds and loads the class with the specified name from the URL search path. Any URLs referring to JAR files are loaded and opened as needed until the class is found.

Overrides:
findClass in class ClassLoader
Parameters:
name - the name of the class
Returns:
the resulting class
Throws:
ClassNotFoundException - if the class could not be found

definePackage

protected Package definePackage(String name,
                                Manifest man,
                                URL url)
                         throws IllegalArgumentException
Defines a new package by name in this ClassLoader. The attributes contained in the specified Manifest will be used to obtain package version and sealing information. For sealed packages, the additional URL specifies the code source URL from which the package was loaded.

Parameters:
name - the package name
man - the Manifest containing package version and sealing information
url - the code source url for the package, or null if none
Returns:
the newly defined Package object
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the package name duplicates an existing package either in this class loader or one of its ancestors

findResource

public URL findResource(String name)
Finds the resource with the specified name on the URL search path.

Overrides:
findResource in class ClassLoader
Parameters:
name - the name of the resource
Returns:
a URL for the resource, or null if the resource could not be found.

findResources

public Enumeration<URL> findResources(String name)
                               throws IOException
Returns an Enumeration of URLs representing all of the resources on the URL search path having the specified name.

Overrides:
findResources in class ClassLoader
Parameters:
name - the resource name
Returns:
an Enumeration of URLs
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O exception occurs

getPermissions

protected PermissionCollection getPermissions(CodeSource codesource)
Returns the permissions for the given codesource object. The implementation of this method first calls super.getPermissions and then adds permissions based on the URL of the codesource.

If the protocol of this URL is "jar", then the permission granted is based on the permission that is required by the URL of the Jar file.

If the protocol is "file" and the path specifies a file, then permission to read that file is granted. If protocol is "file" and the path is a directory, permission is granted to read all files and (recursively) all files and subdirectories contained in that directory.

If the protocol is not "file", then to connect to and accept connections from the URL's host is granted.

Overrides:
getPermissions in class SecureClassLoader
Parameters:
codesource - the codesource
Returns:
the permissions granted to the codesource

newInstance

public static URLClassLoader newInstance(URL[] urls,
                                         ClassLoader parent)
Creates a new instance of URLClassLoader for the specified URLs and parent class loader. If a security manager is installed, the loadClass method of the URLClassLoader returned by this method will invoke the SecurityManager.checkPackageAccess method before loading the class.

Parameters:
urls - the URLs to search for classes and resources
parent - the parent class loader for delegation
Returns:
the resulting class loader

newInstance

public static URLClassLoader newInstance(URL[] urls)
Creates a new instance of URLClassLoader for the specified URLs and default parent class loader. If a security manager is installed, the loadClass method of the URLClassLoader returned by this method will invoke the SecurityManager.checkPackageAccess before loading the class.

Parameters:
urls - the URLs to search for classes and resources
Returns:
the resulting class loader

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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