Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.nio.channels
Class Channels

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.nio.channels.Channels

public final class Channels
extends Object

Utility methods for channels and streams.

This class defines static methods that support the interoperation of the stream classes of the java.io package with the channel classes of this package.

Since:
1.4

Method Summary
static ReadableByteChannel newChannel(InputStream in)
          Constructs a channel that reads bytes from the given stream.
static WritableByteChannel newChannel(OutputStream out)
          Constructs a channel that writes bytes to the given stream.
static InputStream newInputStream(ReadableByteChannel ch)
          Constructs a stream that reads bytes from the given channel.
static OutputStream newOutputStream(WritableByteChannel ch)
          Constructs a stream that writes bytes to the given channel.
static Reader newReader(ReadableByteChannel ch, CharsetDecoder dec, int minBufferCap)
          Constructs a reader that decodes bytes from the given channel using the given decoder.
static Reader newReader(ReadableByteChannel ch, String csName)
          Constructs a reader that decodes bytes from the given channel according to the named charset.
static Writer newWriter(WritableByteChannel ch, CharsetEncoder enc, int minBufferCap)
          Constructs a writer that encodes characters using the given encoder and writes the resulting bytes to the given channel.
static Writer newWriter(WritableByteChannel ch, String csName)
          Constructs a writer that encodes characters according to the named charset and writes the resulting bytes to the given channel.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Method Detail

newInputStream

public static InputStream newInputStream(ReadableByteChannel ch)
Constructs a stream that reads bytes from the given channel.

The read methods of the resulting stream will throw an IllegalBlockingModeException if invoked while the underlying channel is in non-blocking mode. The stream will not be buffered, and it will not support the mark or reset methods. The stream will be safe for access by multiple concurrent threads. Closing the stream will in turn cause the channel to be closed.

Parameters:
ch - The channel from which bytes will be read
Returns:
A new input stream

newOutputStream

public static OutputStream newOutputStream(WritableByteChannel ch)
Constructs a stream that writes bytes to the given channel.

The write methods of the resulting stream will throw an IllegalBlockingModeException if invoked while the underlying channel is in non-blocking mode. The stream will not be buffered. The stream will be safe for access by multiple concurrent threads. Closing the stream will in turn cause the channel to be closed.

Parameters:
ch - The channel to which bytes will be written
Returns:
A new output stream

newChannel

public static ReadableByteChannel newChannel(InputStream in)
Constructs a channel that reads bytes from the given stream.

The resulting channel will not be buffered; it will simply redirect its I/O operations to the given stream. Closing the channel will in turn cause the stream to be closed.

Parameters:
in - The stream from which bytes are to be read
Returns:
A new readable byte channel

newChannel

public static WritableByteChannel newChannel(OutputStream out)
Constructs a channel that writes bytes to the given stream.

The resulting channel will not be buffered; it will simply redirect its I/O operations to the given stream. Closing the channel will in turn cause the stream to be closed.

Parameters:
out - The stream to which bytes are to be written
Returns:
A new writable byte channel

newReader

public static Reader newReader(ReadableByteChannel ch,
                               CharsetDecoder dec,
                               int minBufferCap)
Constructs a reader that decodes bytes from the given channel using the given decoder.

The resulting stream will contain an internal input buffer of at least minBufferCap bytes. The stream's read methods will, as needed, fill the buffer by reading bytes from the underlying channel; if the channel is in non-blocking mode when bytes are to be read then an IllegalBlockingModeException will be thrown. The resulting stream will not otherwise be buffered, and it will not support the mark or reset methods. Closing the stream will in turn cause the channel to be closed.

Parameters:
ch - The channel from which bytes will be read
dec - The charset decoder to be used
minBufferCap - The minimum capacity of the internal byte buffer, or -1 if an implementation-dependent default capacity is to be used
Returns:
A new reader

newReader

public static Reader newReader(ReadableByteChannel ch,
                               String csName)
Constructs a reader that decodes bytes from the given channel according to the named charset.

An invocation of this method of the form

 Channels.newReader(ch, csname)
behaves in exactly the same way as the expression
 Channels.newReader(ch,
                    Charset.forName(csName)
                        .newDecoder(),
                    -1);

Parameters:
ch - The channel from which bytes will be read
csName - The name of the charset to be used
Returns:
A new reader
Throws:
UnsupportedCharsetException - If no support for the named charset is available in this instance of the Java virtual machine

newWriter

public static Writer newWriter(WritableByteChannel ch,
                               CharsetEncoder enc,
                               int minBufferCap)
Constructs a writer that encodes characters using the given encoder and writes the resulting bytes to the given channel.

The resulting stream will contain an internal output buffer of at least minBufferCap bytes. The stream's write methods will, as needed, flush the buffer by writing bytes to the underlying channel; if the channel is in non-blocking mode when bytes are to be written then an IllegalBlockingModeException will be thrown. The resulting stream will not otherwise be buffered. Closing the stream will in turn cause the channel to be closed.

Parameters:
ch - The channel to which bytes will be written
enc - The charset encoder to be used
minBufferCap - The minimum capacity of the internal byte buffer, or -1 if an implementation-dependent default capacity is to be used
Returns:
A new writer

newWriter

public static Writer newWriter(WritableByteChannel ch,
                               String csName)
Constructs a writer that encodes characters according to the named charset and writes the resulting bytes to the given channel.

An invocation of this method of the form

 Channels.newWriter(ch, csname)
behaves in exactly the same way as the expression
 Channels.newWriter(ch,
                    Charset.forName(csName)
                        .newEncoder(),
                    -1);

Parameters:
ch - The channel to which bytes will be written
csName - The name of the charset to be used
Returns:
A new writer
Throws:
UnsupportedCharsetException - If no support for the named charset is available in this instance of the Java virtual machine

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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