Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.security
Class KeyPairGenerator

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.security.KeyPairGeneratorSpi
      extended by java.security.KeyPairGenerator

public abstract class KeyPairGenerator
extends KeyPairGeneratorSpi

The KeyPairGenerator class is used to generate pairs of public and private keys. Key pair generators are constructed using the getInstance factory methods (static methods that return instances of a given class).

A Key pair generator for a particular algorithm creates a public/private key pair that can be used with this algorithm. It also associates algorithm-specific parameters with each of the generated keys.

There are two ways to generate a key pair: in an algorithm-independent manner, and in an algorithm-specific manner. The only difference between the two is the initialization of the object:

In case the client does not explicitly initialize the KeyPairGenerator (via a call to an initialize method), each provider must supply (and document) a default initialization. For example, the Sun provider uses a default modulus size (keysize) of 1024 bits.

Note that this class is abstract and extends from KeyPairGeneratorSpi for historical reasons. Application developers should only take notice of the methods defined in this KeyPairGenerator class; all the methods in the superclass are intended for cryptographic service providers who wish to supply their own implementations of key pair generators.

See Also:
AlgorithmParameterSpec

Constructor Summary
protected KeyPairGenerator(String algorithm)
          Creates a KeyPairGenerator object for the specified algorithm.
 
Method Summary
 KeyPair generateKeyPair()
          Generates a key pair.
 KeyPair genKeyPair()
          Generates a key pair.
 String getAlgorithm()
          Returns the standard name of the algorithm for this key pair generator.
static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm)
          Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.
static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm, Provider provider)
          Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.
static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm, String provider)
          Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.
 Provider getProvider()
          Returns the provider of this key pair generator object.
 void initialize(AlgorithmParameterSpec params)
          Initializes the key pair generator using the specified parameter set and the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider as the source of randomness.
 void initialize(AlgorithmParameterSpec params, SecureRandom random)
          Initializes the key pair generator with the given parameter set and source of randomness.
 void initialize(int keysize)
          Initializes the key pair generator for a certain keysize using a default parameter set and the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider as the source of randomness.
 void initialize(int keysize, SecureRandom random)
          Initializes the key pair generator for a certain keysize with the given source of randomness (and a default parameter set).
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

KeyPairGenerator

protected KeyPairGenerator(String algorithm)
Creates a KeyPairGenerator object for the specified algorithm.

Parameters:
algorithm - the standard string name of the algorithm. See Appendix A in the Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification & Reference for information about standard algorithm names.
Method Detail

getAlgorithm

public String getAlgorithm()
Returns the standard name of the algorithm for this key pair generator. See Appendix A in the Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification & Reference for information about standard algorithm names.

Returns:
the standard string name of the algorithm.

getInstance

public static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm)
                                    throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.

This method traverses the list of registered security Providers, starting with the most preferred Provider. A new KeyPairGenerator object encapsulating the KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation from the first Provider that supports the specified algorithm is returned.

Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

Parameters:
algorithm - the standard string name of the algorithm. See Appendix A in the Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification & Reference for information about standard algorithm names.
Returns:
the new KeyPairGenerator object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if no Provider supports a KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm.
See Also:
Provider

getInstance

public static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm,
                                           String provider)
                                    throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
                                           NoSuchProviderException
Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.

A new KeyPairGenerator object encapsulating the KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified provider is returned. The specified provider must be registered in the security provider list.

Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

Parameters:
algorithm - the standard string name of the algorithm. See Appendix A in the Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification & Reference for information about standard algorithm names.
provider - the string name of the provider.
Returns:
the new KeyPairGenerator object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if a KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm is not available from the specified provider.
NoSuchProviderException - if the specified provider is not registered in the security provider list.
IllegalArgumentException - if the provider name is null or empty.
See Also:
Provider

getInstance

public static KeyPairGenerator getInstance(String algorithm,
                                           Provider provider)
                                    throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
Returns a KeyPairGenerator object that generates public/private key pairs for the specified algorithm.

A new KeyPairGenerator object encapsulating the KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified Provider object is returned. Note that the specified Provider object does not have to be registered in the provider list.

Parameters:
algorithm - the standard string name of the algorithm. See Appendix A in the Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification & Reference for information about standard algorithm names.
provider - the provider.
Returns:
the new KeyPairGenerator object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if a KeyPairGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm is not available from the specified Provider object.
IllegalArgumentException - if the specified provider is null.
Since:
1.4
See Also:
Provider

getProvider

public final Provider getProvider()
Returns the provider of this key pair generator object.

Returns:
the provider of this key pair generator object

initialize

public void initialize(int keysize)
Initializes the key pair generator for a certain keysize using a default parameter set and the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider as the source of randomness. (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of SecureRandom, a system-provided source of randomness is used.)

Parameters:
keysize - the keysize. This is an algorithm-specific metric, such as modulus length, specified in number of bits.
Throws:
InvalidParameterException - if the keysize is not supported by this KeyPairGenerator object.

initialize

public void initialize(int keysize,
                       SecureRandom random)
Initializes the key pair generator for a certain keysize with the given source of randomness (and a default parameter set).

Specified by:
initialize in class KeyPairGeneratorSpi
Parameters:
keysize - the keysize. This is an algorithm-specific metric, such as modulus length, specified in number of bits.
random - the source of randomness.
Throws:
InvalidParameterException - if the keysize is not supported by this KeyPairGenerator object.
Since:
1.2

initialize

public void initialize(AlgorithmParameterSpec params)
                throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
Initializes the key pair generator using the specified parameter set and the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider as the source of randomness. (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of SecureRandom, a system-provided source of randomness is used.).

This concrete method has been added to this previously-defined abstract class. This method calls the KeyPairGeneratorSpi initialize method, passing it params and a source of randomness (obtained from the highest-priority installed provider or system-provided if none of the installed providers supply one). That initialize method always throws an UnsupportedOperationException if it is not overridden by the provider.

Parameters:
params - the parameter set used to generate the keys.
Throws:
InvalidAlgorithmParameterException - if the given parameters are inappropriate for this key pair generator.
Since:
1.2

initialize

public void initialize(AlgorithmParameterSpec params,
                       SecureRandom random)
                throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
Initializes the key pair generator with the given parameter set and source of randomness.

This concrete method has been added to this previously-defined abstract class. This method calls the KeyPairGeneratorSpi initialize method, passing it params and random. That initialize method always throws an UnsupportedOperationException if it is not overridden by the provider.

Overrides:
initialize in class KeyPairGeneratorSpi
Parameters:
params - the parameter set used to generate the keys.
random - the source of randomness.
Throws:
InvalidAlgorithmParameterException - if the given parameters are inappropriate for this key pair generator.
Since:
1.2

genKeyPair

public final KeyPair genKeyPair()
Generates a key pair.

If this KeyPairGenerator has not been initialized explicitly, provider-specific defaults will be used for the size and other (algorithm-specific) values of the generated keys.

This will generate a new key pair every time it is called.

This method is functionally equivalent to generateKeyPair.

Returns:
the generated key pair
Since:
1.2

generateKeyPair

public KeyPair generateKeyPair()
Generates a key pair.

If this KeyPairGenerator has not been initialized explicitly, provider-specific defaults will be used for the size and other (algorithm-specific) values of the generated keys.

This will generate a new key pair every time it is called.

This method is functionally equivalent to genKeyPair.

Specified by:
generateKeyPair in class KeyPairGeneratorSpi
Returns:
the generated key pair

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright © 1993, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Scripting on this page tracks web page traffic, but does not change the content in any way.