Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.sql
Interface Blob

All Known Implementing Classes:
SerialBlob

public interface Blob

The representation (mapping) in the JavaTM programming language of an SQL BLOB value. An SQL BLOB is a built-in type that stores a Binary Large Object as a column value in a row of a database table. By default drivers implement Blob using an SQL locator(BLOB), which means that a Blob object contains a logical pointer to the SQL BLOB data rather than the data itself. A Blob object is valid for the duration of the transaction in which is was created.

Methods in the interfaces ResultSet, CallableStatement, and PreparedStatement, such as getBlob and setBlob allow a programmer to access an SQL BLOB value. The Blob interface provides methods for getting the length of an SQL BLOB (Binary Large Object) value, for materializing a BLOB value on the client, and for determining the position of a pattern of bytes within a BLOB value. In addition, this interface has methods for updating a BLOB value.

All methods on the Blob interface must be fully implemented if the JDBC driver supports the data type.

Since:
1.2

Method Summary
 void free()
          This method frees the Blob object and releases the resources that it holds.
 InputStream getBinaryStream()
          Retrieves the BLOB value designated by this Blob instance as a stream.
 InputStream getBinaryStream(long pos, long length)
          Returns an InputStream object that contains a partial Blob value, starting with the byte specified by pos, which is length bytes in length.
 byte[] getBytes(long pos, int length)
          Retrieves all or part of the BLOB value that this Blob object represents, as an array of bytes.
 long length()
          Returns the number of bytes in the BLOB value designated by this Blob object.
 long position(Blob pattern, long start)
          Retrieves the byte position in the BLOB value designated by this Blob object at which pattern begins.
 long position(byte[] pattern, long start)
          Retrieves the byte position at which the specified byte array pattern begins within the BLOB value that this Blob object represents.
 OutputStream setBinaryStream(long pos)
          Retrieves a stream that can be used to write to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents.
 int setBytes(long pos, byte[] bytes)
          Writes the given array of bytes to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents, starting at position pos, and returns the number of bytes written.
 int setBytes(long pos, byte[] bytes, int offset, int len)
          Writes all or part of the given byte array to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents and returns the number of bytes written.
 void truncate(long len)
          Truncates the BLOB value that this Blob object represents to be len bytes in length.
 

Method Detail

length

long length()
            throws SQLException
Returns the number of bytes in the BLOB value designated by this Blob object.

Returns:
length of the BLOB in bytes
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the length of the BLOB
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.2

getBytes

byte[] getBytes(long pos,
                int length)
                throws SQLException
Retrieves all or part of the BLOB value that this Blob object represents, as an array of bytes. This byte array contains up to length consecutive bytes starting at position pos.

Parameters:
pos - the ordinal position of the first byte in the BLOB value to be extracted; the first byte is at position 1
length - the number of consecutive bytes to be copied; the value for length must be 0 or greater
Returns:
a byte array containing up to length consecutive bytes from the BLOB value designated by this Blob object, starting with the byte at position pos
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value; if pos is less than 1 or length is less than 0
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.2
See Also:
setBytes(long, byte[])

getBinaryStream

InputStream getBinaryStream()
                            throws SQLException
Retrieves the BLOB value designated by this Blob instance as a stream.

Returns:
a stream containing the BLOB data
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.2
See Also:
setBinaryStream(long)

position

long position(byte[] pattern,
              long start)
              throws SQLException
Retrieves the byte position at which the specified byte array pattern begins within the BLOB value that this Blob object represents. The search for pattern begins at position start.

Parameters:
pattern - the byte array for which to search
start - the position at which to begin searching; the first position is 1
Returns:
the position at which the pattern appears, else -1
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB or if start is less than 1
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.2

position

long position(Blob pattern,
              long start)
              throws SQLException
Retrieves the byte position in the BLOB value designated by this Blob object at which pattern begins. The search begins at position start.

Parameters:
pattern - the Blob object designating the BLOB value for which to search
start - the position in the BLOB value at which to begin searching; the first position is 1
Returns:
the position at which the pattern begins, else -1
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if start is less than 1
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.2

setBytes

int setBytes(long pos,
             byte[] bytes)
             throws SQLException
Writes the given array of bytes to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents, starting at position pos, and returns the number of bytes written. The array of bytes will overwrite the existing bytes in the Blob object starting at the position pos. If the end of the Blob value is reached while writing the array of bytes, then the length of the Blob value will be increased to accomodate the extra bytes.

Note: If the value specified for pos is greater then the length+1 of the BLOB value then the behavior is undefined. Some JDBC drivers may throw a SQLException while other drivers may support this operation.

Parameters:
pos - the position in the BLOB object at which to start writing; the first position is 1
bytes - the array of bytes to be written to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents
Returns:
the number of bytes written
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if pos is less than 1
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.4
See Also:
getBytes(long, int)

setBytes

int setBytes(long pos,
             byte[] bytes,
             int offset,
             int len)
             throws SQLException
Writes all or part of the given byte array to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents and returns the number of bytes written. Writing starts at position pos in the BLOB value; len bytes from the given byte array are written. The array of bytes will overwrite the existing bytes in the Blob object starting at the position pos. If the end of the Blob value is reached while writing the array of bytes, then the length of the Blob value will be increased to accomodate the extra bytes.

Note: If the value specified for pos is greater then the length+1 of the BLOB value then the behavior is undefined. Some JDBC drivers may throw a SQLException while other drivers may support this operation.

Parameters:
pos - the position in the BLOB object at which to start writing; the first position is 1
bytes - the array of bytes to be written to this BLOB object
offset - the offset into the array bytes at which to start reading the bytes to be set
len - the number of bytes to be written to the BLOB value from the array of bytes bytes
Returns:
the number of bytes written
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if pos is less than 1
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.4
See Also:
getBytes(long, int)

setBinaryStream

OutputStream setBinaryStream(long pos)
                             throws SQLException
Retrieves a stream that can be used to write to the BLOB value that this Blob object represents. The stream begins at position pos. The bytes written to the stream will overwrite the existing bytes in the Blob object starting at the position pos. If the end of the Blob value is reached while writing to the stream, then the length of the Blob value will be increased to accomodate the extra bytes.

Note: If the value specified for pos is greater then the length+1 of the BLOB value then the behavior is undefined. Some JDBC drivers may throw a SQLException while other drivers may support this operation.

Parameters:
pos - the position in the BLOB value at which to start writing; the first position is 1
Returns:
a java.io.OutputStream object to which data can be written
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if pos is less than 1
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.4
See Also:
getBinaryStream()

truncate

void truncate(long len)
              throws SQLException
Truncates the BLOB value that this Blob object represents to be len bytes in length.

Note: If the value specified for pos is greater then the length+1 of the BLOB value then the behavior is undefined. Some JDBC drivers may throw a SQLException while other drivers may support this operation.

Parameters:
len - the length, in bytes, to which the BLOB value that this Blob object represents should be truncated
Throws:
SQLException - if there is an error accessing the BLOB value or if len is less than 0
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.4

free

void free()
          throws SQLException
This method frees the Blob object and releases the resources that it holds. The object is invalid once the free method is called.

After free has been called, any attempt to invoke a method other than free will result in a SQLException being thrown. If free is called multiple times, the subsequent calls to free are treated as a no-op.

Throws:
SQLException - if an error occurs releasing the Blob's resources
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.6

getBinaryStream

InputStream getBinaryStream(long pos,
                            long length)
                            throws SQLException
Returns an InputStream object that contains a partial Blob value, starting with the byte specified by pos, which is length bytes in length.

Parameters:
pos - the offset to the first byte of the partial value to be retrieved. The first byte in the Blob is at position 1
length - the length in bytes of the partial value to be retrieved
Returns:
InputStream through which the partial Blob value can be read.
Throws:
SQLException - if pos is less than 1 or if pos is greater than the number of bytes in the Blob or if pos + length is greater than the number of bytes in the Blob
SQLFeatureNotSupportedException - if the JDBC driver does not support this method
Since:
1.6

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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