Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.util
Class Stack<E>

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.AbstractCollection<E>
      extended by java.util.AbstractList<E>
          extended by java.util.Vector<E>
              extended by java.util.Stack<E>
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Cloneable, Iterable<E>, Collection<E>, List<E>, RandomAccess

public class Stack<E>
extends Vector<E>

The Stack class represents a last-in-first-out (LIFO) stack of objects. It extends class Vector with five operations that allow a vector to be treated as a stack. The usual push and pop operations are provided, as well as a method to peek at the top item on the stack, a method to test for whether the stack is empty, and a method to search the stack for an item and discover how far it is from the top.

When a stack is first created, it contains no items.

A more complete and consistent set of LIFO stack operations is provided by the Deque interface and its implementations, which should be used in preference to this class. For example:

   Deque<Integer> stack = new ArrayDeque<Integer>();

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form

Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class java.util.Vector
capacityIncrement, elementCount, elementData
 
Fields inherited from class java.util.AbstractList
modCount
 
Constructor Summary
Stack()
          Creates an empty Stack.
 
Method Summary
 boolean empty()
          Tests if this stack is empty.
 E peek()
          Looks at the object at the top of this stack without removing it from the stack.
 E pop()
          Removes the object at the top of this stack and returns that object as the value of this function.
 E push(E item)
          Pushes an item onto the top of this stack.
 int search(Object o)
          Returns the 1-based position where an object is on this stack.
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.Vector
add, add, addAll, addAll, addElement, capacity, clear, clone, contains, containsAll, copyInto, elementAt, elements, ensureCapacity, equals, firstElement, get, hashCode, indexOf, indexOf, insertElementAt, isEmpty, lastElement, lastIndexOf, lastIndexOf, remove, remove, removeAll, removeAllElements, removeElement, removeElementAt, removeRange, retainAll, set, setElementAt, setSize, size, subList, toArray, toArray, toString, trimToSize
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractList
iterator, listIterator, listIterator
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.List
iterator, listIterator, listIterator
 

Constructor Detail

Stack

public Stack()
Creates an empty Stack.

Method Detail

push

public E push(E item)
Pushes an item onto the top of this stack. This has exactly the same effect as:
 addElement(item)

Parameters:
item - the item to be pushed onto this stack.
Returns:
the item argument.
See Also:
Vector.addElement(E)

pop

public E pop()
Removes the object at the top of this stack and returns that object as the value of this function.

Returns:
The object at the top of this stack (the last item of the Vector object).
Throws:
EmptyStackException - if this stack is empty.

peek

public E peek()
Looks at the object at the top of this stack without removing it from the stack.

Returns:
the object at the top of this stack (the last item of the Vector object).
Throws:
EmptyStackException - if this stack is empty.

empty

public boolean empty()
Tests if this stack is empty.

Returns:
true if and only if this stack contains no items; false otherwise.

search

public int search(Object o)
Returns the 1-based position where an object is on this stack. If the object o occurs as an item in this stack, this method returns the distance from the top of the stack of the occurrence nearest the top of the stack; the topmost item on the stack is considered to be at distance 1. The equals method is used to compare o to the items in this stack.

Parameters:
o - the desired object.
Returns:
the 1-based position from the top of the stack where the object is located; the return value -1 indicates that the object is not on the stack.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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