Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.util
Class StringTokenizer

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.StringTokenizer
All Implemented Interfaces:
Enumeration<Object>

public class StringTokenizer
extends Object
implements Enumeration<Object>

The string tokenizer class allows an application to break a string into tokens. The tokenization method is much simpler than the one used by the StreamTokenizer class. The StringTokenizer methods do not distinguish among identifiers, numbers, and quoted strings, nor do they recognize and skip comments.

The set of delimiters (the characters that separate tokens) may be specified either at creation time or on a per-token basis.

An instance of StringTokenizer behaves in one of two ways, depending on whether it was created with the returnDelims flag having the value true or false:

A StringTokenizer object internally maintains a current position within the string to be tokenized. Some operations advance this current position past the characters processed.

A token is returned by taking a substring of the string that was used to create the StringTokenizer object.

The following is one example of the use of the tokenizer. The code:

     StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer("this is a test");
     while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
         System.out.println(st.nextToken());
     }
 

prints the following output:

     this
     is
     a
     test
 

StringTokenizer is a legacy class that is retained for compatibility reasons although its use is discouraged in new code. It is recommended that anyone seeking this functionality use the split method of String or the java.util.regex package instead.

The following example illustrates how the String.split method can be used to break up a string into its basic tokens:

     String[] result = "this is a test".split("\\s");
     for (int x=0; x<result.length; x++)
         System.out.println(result[x]);
 

prints the following output:

     this
     is
     a
     test
 

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
StreamTokenizer

Constructor Summary
StringTokenizer(String str)
          Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string.
StringTokenizer(String str, String delim)
          Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string.
StringTokenizer(String str, String delim, boolean returnDelims)
          Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string.
 
Method Summary
 int countTokens()
          Calculates the number of times that this tokenizer's nextToken method can be called before it generates an exception.
 boolean hasMoreElements()
          Returns the same value as the hasMoreTokens method.
 boolean hasMoreTokens()
          Tests if there are more tokens available from this tokenizer's string.
 Object nextElement()
          Returns the same value as the nextToken method, except that its declared return value is Object rather than String.
 String nextToken()
          Returns the next token from this string tokenizer.
 String nextToken(String delim)
          Returns the next token in this string tokenizer's string.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

StringTokenizer

public StringTokenizer(String str,
                       String delim,
                       boolean returnDelims)
Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string. All characters in the delim argument are the delimiters for separating tokens.

If the returnDelims flag is true, then the delimiter characters are also returned as tokens. Each delimiter is returned as a string of length one. If the flag is false, the delimiter characters are skipped and only serve as separators between tokens.

Note that if delim is null, this constructor does not throw an exception. However, trying to invoke other methods on the resulting StringTokenizer may result in a NullPointerException.

Parameters:
str - a string to be parsed.
delim - the delimiters.
returnDelims - flag indicating whether to return the delimiters as tokens.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if str is null

StringTokenizer

public StringTokenizer(String str,
                       String delim)
Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string. The characters in the delim argument are the delimiters for separating tokens. Delimiter characters themselves will not be treated as tokens.

Note that if delim is null, this constructor does not throw an exception. However, trying to invoke other methods on the resulting StringTokenizer may result in a NullPointerException.

Parameters:
str - a string to be parsed.
delim - the delimiters.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if str is null

StringTokenizer

public StringTokenizer(String str)
Constructs a string tokenizer for the specified string. The tokenizer uses the default delimiter set, which is " \t\n\r\f": the space character, the tab character, the newline character, the carriage-return character, and the form-feed character. Delimiter characters themselves will not be treated as tokens.

Parameters:
str - a string to be parsed.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if str is null
Method Detail

hasMoreTokens

public boolean hasMoreTokens()
Tests if there are more tokens available from this tokenizer's string. If this method returns true, then a subsequent call to nextToken with no argument will successfully return a token.

Returns:
true if and only if there is at least one token in the string after the current position; false otherwise.

nextToken

public String nextToken()
Returns the next token from this string tokenizer.

Returns:
the next token from this string tokenizer.
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if there are no more tokens in this tokenizer's string.

nextToken

public String nextToken(String delim)
Returns the next token in this string tokenizer's string. First, the set of characters considered to be delimiters by this StringTokenizer object is changed to be the characters in the string delim. Then the next token in the string after the current position is returned. The current position is advanced beyond the recognized token. The new delimiter set remains the default after this call.

Parameters:
delim - the new delimiters.
Returns:
the next token, after switching to the new delimiter set.
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if there are no more tokens in this tokenizer's string.
NullPointerException - if delim is null

hasMoreElements

public boolean hasMoreElements()
Returns the same value as the hasMoreTokens method. It exists so that this class can implement the Enumeration interface.

Specified by:
hasMoreElements in interface Enumeration<Object>
Returns:
true if there are more tokens; false otherwise.
See Also:
Enumeration, hasMoreTokens()

nextElement

public Object nextElement()
Returns the same value as the nextToken method, except that its declared return value is Object rather than String. It exists so that this class can implement the Enumeration interface.

Specified by:
nextElement in interface Enumeration<Object>
Returns:
the next token in the string.
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if there are no more tokens in this tokenizer's string.
See Also:
Enumeration, nextToken()

countTokens

public int countTokens()
Calculates the number of times that this tokenizer's nextToken method can be called before it generates an exception. The current position is not advanced.

Returns:
the number of tokens remaining in the string using the current delimiter set.
See Also:
nextToken()

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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