Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.imageio.stream
Class ImageInputStreamImpl

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.imageio.stream.ImageInputStreamImpl
All Implemented Interfaces:
DataInput, ImageInputStream
Direct Known Subclasses:
FileCacheImageInputStream, FileImageInputStream, ImageOutputStreamImpl, MemoryCacheImageInputStream

public abstract class ImageInputStreamImpl
extends Object
implements ImageInputStream

An abstract class implementing the ImageInputStream interface. This class is designed to reduce the number of methods that must be implemented by subclasses.

In particular, this class handles most or all of the details of byte order interpretation, buffering, mark/reset, discarding, closing, and disposing.


Field Summary
protected  int bitOffset
          The current bit offset within the stream.
protected  ByteOrder byteOrder
          The byte order of the stream as an instance of the enumeration class java.nio.ByteOrder, where ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN indicates network byte order and ByteOrder.LITTLE_ENDIAN indicates the reverse order.
protected  long flushedPos
          The position prior to which data may be discarded.
protected  long streamPos
          The current read position within the stream.
 
Constructor Summary
ImageInputStreamImpl()
          Constructs an ImageInputStreamImpl.
 
Method Summary
protected  void checkClosed()
          Throws an IOException if the stream has been closed.
 void close()
          Closes the stream.
protected  void finalize()
          Finalizes this object prior to garbage collection.
 void flush()
          Discards the initial position of the stream prior to the current stream position.
 void flushBefore(long pos)
          Discards the initial portion of the stream prior to the indicated postion.
 int getBitOffset()
          Returns the current bit offset, as an integer between 0 and 7, inclusive.
 ByteOrder getByteOrder()
          Returns the byte order with which data values will be read from this stream as an instance of the java.nio.ByteOrder enumeration.
 long getFlushedPosition()
          Returns the earliest position in the stream to which seeking may be performed.
 long getStreamPosition()
          Returns the current byte position of the stream.
 boolean isCached()
          Default implementation returns false.
 boolean isCachedFile()
          Default implementation returns false.
 boolean isCachedMemory()
          Default implementation returns false.
 long length()
          Returns -1L to indicate that the stream has unknown length.
 void mark()
          Pushes the current stream position onto a stack of marked positions.
abstract  int read()
          Reads a single byte from the stream and returns it as an int between 0 and 255.
 int read(byte[] b)
          A convenience method that calls read(b, 0, b.length).
abstract  int read(byte[] b, int off, int len)
          Reads up to len bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index off.
 int readBit()
          Reads a single bit from the stream and returns it as an int with the value 0 or 1.
 long readBits(int numBits)
          Reads a bitstring from the stream and returns it as a long, with the first bit read becoming the most significant bit of the output.
 boolean readBoolean()
          Reads a byte from the stream and returns a boolean value of true if it is nonzero, false if it is zero.
 byte readByte()
          Reads a byte from the stream and returns it as a byte value.
 void readBytes(IIOByteBuffer buf, int len)
          Reads up to len bytes from the stream, and modifies the supplied IIOByteBuffer to indicate the byte array, offset, and length where the data may be found.
 char readChar()
          Equivalent to readUnsignedShort, except that the result is returned using the char datatype.
 double readDouble()
          Reads 8 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a double.
 float readFloat()
          Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a float.
 void readFully(byte[] b)
          Reads b.length bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index 0.
 void readFully(byte[] b, int off, int len)
          Reads len bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index off.
 void readFully(char[] c, int off, int len)
          Reads len chars (unsigned 16-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into c starting at index off.
 void readFully(double[] d, int off, int len)
          Reads len doubles (64-bit IEEE double-precision floats) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into d starting at index off.
 void readFully(float[] f, int off, int len)
          Reads len floats (32-bit IEEE single-precision floats) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into f starting at index off.
 void readFully(int[] i, int off, int len)
          Reads len ints (signed 32-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into i starting at index off.
 void readFully(long[] l, int off, int len)
          Reads len longs (signed 64-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into l starting at index off.
 void readFully(short[] s, int off, int len)
          Reads len shorts (signed 16-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into s starting at index off.
 int readInt()
          Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as an int.
 String readLine()
          Reads the next line of text from the input stream.
 long readLong()
          Reads 8 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a long.
 short readShort()
          Reads two bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, and returns the result as a short value.
 int readUnsignedByte()
          Reads a byte from the stream, and (conceptually) converts it to an int, masks it with 0xff in order to strip off any sign-extension bits, and returns it as a byte value.
 long readUnsignedInt()
          Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, converts the result to a long, masks it with 0xffffffffL in order to strip off any sign-extension bits, and returns the result as an unsigned long value.
 int readUnsignedShort()
          Reads two bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, converts the resulting value to an int, masks it with 0xffff in order to strip off any sign-extension buts, and returns the result as an unsigned int value.
 String readUTF()
          Reads in a string that has been encoded using a modified UTF-8 format.
 void reset()
          Resets the current stream byte and bit positions from the stack of marked positions.
 void seek(long pos)
          Sets the current stream position to the desired location.
 void setBitOffset(int bitOffset)
          Sets the bit offset to an integer between 0 and 7, inclusive.
 void setByteOrder(ByteOrder byteOrder)
          Sets the desired byte order for future reads of data values from this stream.
 int skipBytes(int n)
          Advances the current stream position by calling seek(getStreamPosition() + n).
 long skipBytes(long n)
          Advances the current stream position by calling seek(getStreamPosition() + n).
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

byteOrder

protected ByteOrder byteOrder
The byte order of the stream as an instance of the enumeration class java.nio.ByteOrder, where ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN indicates network byte order and ByteOrder.LITTLE_ENDIAN indicates the reverse order. By default, the value is ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN.


streamPos

protected long streamPos
The current read position within the stream. Subclasses are responsible for keeping this value current from any method they override that alters the read position.


bitOffset

protected int bitOffset
The current bit offset within the stream. Subclasses are responsible for keeping this value current from any method they override that alters the bit offset.


flushedPos

protected long flushedPos
The position prior to which data may be discarded. Seeking to a smaller position is not allowed. flushedPos will always be >= 0.

Constructor Detail

ImageInputStreamImpl

public ImageInputStreamImpl()
Constructs an ImageInputStreamImpl.

Method Detail

checkClosed

protected final void checkClosed()
                          throws IOException
Throws an IOException if the stream has been closed. Subclasses may call this method from any of their methods that require the stream not to be closed.

Throws:
IOException - if the stream is closed.

setByteOrder

public void setByteOrder(ByteOrder byteOrder)
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Sets the desired byte order for future reads of data values from this stream. For example, the sequence of bytes '0x01 0x02 0x03 0x04' if read as a 4-byte integer would have the value '0x01020304' using network byte order and the value '0x04030201' under the reverse byte order.

The enumeration class java.nio.ByteOrder is used to specify the byte order. A value of ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN specifies so-called big-endian or network byte order, in which the high-order byte comes first. Motorola and Sparc processors store data in this format, while Intel processors store data in the reverse ByteOrder.LITTLE_ENDIAN order.

The byte order has no effect on the results returned from the readBits method (or the value written by ImageOutputStream.writeBits).

Specified by:
setByteOrder in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
byteOrder - one of ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN or java.nio.ByteOrder.LITTLE_ENDIAN, indicating whether network byte order or its reverse will be used for future reads.
See Also:
ByteOrder, ImageInputStream.getByteOrder(), ImageInputStream.readBits(int)

getByteOrder

public ByteOrder getByteOrder()
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Returns the byte order with which data values will be read from this stream as an instance of the java.nio.ByteOrder enumeration.

Specified by:
getByteOrder in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
one of ByteOrder.BIG_ENDIAN or ByteOrder.LITTLE_ENDIAN, indicating which byte order is being used.
See Also:
ByteOrder, ImageInputStream.setByteOrder(java.nio.ByteOrder)

read

public abstract int read()
                  throws IOException
Reads a single byte from the stream and returns it as an int between 0 and 255. If EOF is reached, -1 is returned.

Subclasses must provide an implementation for this method. The subclass implementation should update the stream position before exiting.

The bit offset within the stream must be reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
read in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
the value of the next byte in the stream, or -1 if EOF is reached.
Throws:
IOException - if the stream has been closed.

read

public int read(byte[] b)
         throws IOException
A convenience method that calls read(b, 0, b.length).

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
read in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
b - an array of bytes to be written to.
Returns:
the number of bytes actually read, or -1 to indicate EOF.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if b is null.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

read

public abstract int read(byte[] b,
                         int off,
                         int len)
                  throws IOException
Reads up to len bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index off. If no bytes can be read because the end of the stream has been reached, -1 is returned.

The bit offset within the stream must be reset to zero before the read occurs.

Subclasses must provide an implementation for this method. The subclass implementation should update the stream position before exiting.

Specified by:
read in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
b - an array of bytes to be written to.
off - the starting position within b to write to.
len - the maximum number of bytes to read.
Returns:
the number of bytes actually read, or -1 to indicate EOF.
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if off is negative, len is negative, or off + len is greater than b.length.
NullPointerException - if b is null.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readBytes

public void readBytes(IIOByteBuffer buf,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads up to len bytes from the stream, and modifies the supplied IIOByteBuffer to indicate the byte array, offset, and length where the data may be found. The caller should not attempt to modify the data found in the IIOByteBuffer.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readBytes in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
buf - an IIOByteBuffer object to be modified.
len - the maximum number of bytes to read.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readBoolean

public boolean readBoolean()
                    throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads a byte from the stream and returns a boolean value of true if it is nonzero, false if it is zero.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readBoolean in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readBoolean in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a boolean value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the end of the stream is reached.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readByte

public byte readByte()
              throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads a byte from the stream and returns it as a byte value. Byte values between 0x00 and 0x7f represent integer values between 0 and 127. Values between 0x80 and 0xff represent negative values from -128 to /1.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readByte in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readByte in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a signed byte value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the end of the stream is reached.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readUnsignedByte

public int readUnsignedByte()
                     throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads a byte from the stream, and (conceptually) converts it to an int, masks it with 0xff in order to strip off any sign-extension bits, and returns it as a byte value.

Thus, byte values between 0x00 and 0x7f are simply returned as integer values between 0 and 127. Values between 0x80 and 0xff, which normally represent negative bytevalues, will be mapped into positive integers between 128 and 255.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readUnsignedByte in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readUnsignedByte in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an unsigned byte value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the end of the stream is reached.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readShort

public short readShort()
                throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads two bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, and returns the result as a short value.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readShort in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readShort in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a signed short value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readUnsignedShort

public int readUnsignedShort()
                      throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads two bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, converts the resulting value to an int, masks it with 0xffff in order to strip off any sign-extension buts, and returns the result as an unsigned int value.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readUnsignedShort in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readUnsignedShort in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an unsigned short value from the stream, as an int.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readChar

public char readChar()
              throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Equivalent to readUnsignedShort, except that the result is returned using the char datatype.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readChar in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readChar in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an unsigned char value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.readUnsignedShort()

readInt

public int readInt()
            throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as an int.

The bit offset within the stream is ignored and treated as though it were zero.

Specified by:
readInt in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readInt in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a signed int value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readUnsignedInt

public long readUnsignedInt()
                     throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order, converts the result to a long, masks it with 0xffffffffL in order to strip off any sign-extension bits, and returns the result as an unsigned long value.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readUnsignedInt in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an unsigned int value from the stream, as a long.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readLong

public long readLong()
              throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads 8 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a long.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readLong in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readLong in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a signed long value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readFloat

public float readFloat()
                throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads 4 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a float.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFloat in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readFloat in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a float value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readDouble

public double readDouble()
                  throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads 8 bytes from the stream, and (conceptually) concatenates them according to the current byte order and returns the result as a double.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readDouble in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readDouble in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a double value from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getByteOrder()

readLine

public String readLine()
                throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads the next line of text from the input stream. It reads successive bytes, converting each byte separately into a character, until it encounters a line terminator or end of file; the characters read are then returned as a String. Note that because this method processes bytes, it does not support input of the full Unicode character set.

If end of file is encountered before even one byte can be read, then null is returned. Otherwise, each byte that is read is converted to type char by zero-extension. If the character '\n' is encountered, it is discarded and reading ceases. If the character '\r' is encountered, it is discarded and, if the following byte converts to the character '\n', then that is discarded also; reading then ceases. If end of file is encountered before either of the characters '\n' and '\r' is encountered, reading ceases. Once reading has ceased, a String is returned that contains all the characters read and not discarded, taken in order. Note that every character in this string will have a value less than \u0100, that is, (char)256.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readLine in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readLine in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a String containing a line of text from the stream.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readUTF

public String readUTF()
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads in a string that has been encoded using a modified UTF-8 format. The general contract of readUTF is that it reads a representation of a Unicode character string encoded in modified UTF-8 format; this string of characters is then returned as a String.

First, two bytes are read and used to construct an unsigned 16-bit integer in the manner of the readUnsignedShort method, using network byte order (regardless of the current byte order setting). This integer value is called the UTF length and specifies the number of additional bytes to be read. These bytes are then converted to characters by considering them in groups. The length of each group is computed from the value of the first byte of the group. The byte following a group, if any, is the first byte of the next group.

If the first byte of a group matches the bit pattern 0xxxxxxx (where x means "may be 0 or 1"), then the group consists of just that byte. The byte is zero-extended to form a character.

If the first byte of a group matches the bit pattern 110xxxxx, then the group consists of that byte a and a second byte b. If there is no byte b (because byte a was the last of the bytes to be read), or if byte b does not match the bit pattern 10xxxxxx, then a UTFDataFormatException is thrown. Otherwise, the group is converted to the character:


 (char)(((a& 0x1F) << 6) | (b & 0x3F))
 
If the first byte of a group matches the bit pattern 1110xxxx, then the group consists of that byte a and two more bytes b and c. If there is no byte c (because byte a was one of the last two of the bytes to be read), or either byte b or byte c does not match the bit pattern 10xxxxxx, then a UTFDataFormatException is thrown. Otherwise, the group is converted to the character:


 (char)(((a & 0x0F) << 12) | ((b & 0x3F) << 6) | (c & 0x3F))
 
If the first byte of a group matches the pattern 1111xxxx or the pattern 10xxxxxx, then a UTFDataFormatException is thrown.

If end of file is encountered at any time during this entire process, then an EOFException is thrown.

After every group has been converted to a character by this process, the characters are gathered, in the same order in which their corresponding groups were read from the input stream, to form a String, which is returned.

The current byte order setting is ignored.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Note: This method should not be used in the implementation of image formats that use standard UTF-8, because the modified UTF-8 used here is incompatible with standard UTF-8.

Specified by:
readUTF in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readUTF in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a String read from the stream.
Throws:
EOFException - if this stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
UTFDataFormatException - if the bytes do not represent a valid modified UTF-8 encoding of a string.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(byte[] b,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
b - an array of bytes to be written to.
off - the starting position within b to write to.
len - the maximum number of bytes to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(byte[] b)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads b.length bytes from the stream, and stores them into b starting at index 0. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface DataInput
Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
b - an array of bytes.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(short[] s,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len shorts (signed 16-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into s starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
s - an array of shorts to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of shorts to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(char[] c,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len chars (unsigned 16-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into c starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
c - an array of chars to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of chars to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(int[] i,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len ints (signed 32-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into i starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
i - an array of ints to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of ints to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(long[] l,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len longs (signed 64-bit integers) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into l starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
l - an array of longs to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of longs to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(float[] f,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len floats (32-bit IEEE single-precision floats) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into f starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
f - an array of floats to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of floats to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readFully

public void readFully(double[] d,
                      int off,
                      int len)
               throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads len doubles (64-bit IEEE double-precision floats) from the stream according to the current byte order, and stores them into d starting at index off. If the end of the stream is reached, an EOFException will be thrown.

The bit offset within the stream is reset to zero before the read occurs.

Specified by:
readFully in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
d - an array of doubles to be written to.
off - the starting position withinb to write to.
len - the maximum number of doubles to read.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bytes.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

getStreamPosition

public long getStreamPosition()
                       throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Returns the current byte position of the stream. The next read will take place starting at this offset.

Specified by:
getStreamPosition in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
a long containing the position of the stream.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

getBitOffset

public int getBitOffset()
                 throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Returns the current bit offset, as an integer between 0 and 7, inclusive. The bit offset is updated implicitly by calls to the readBits method. A value of 0 indicates the most-significant bit, and a value of 7 indicates the least significant bit, of the byte being read.

The bit offset is set to 0 when a stream is first opened, and is reset to 0 by calls to seek, skipBytes, or any read or readFully method.

Specified by:
getBitOffset in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an int containing the bit offset between 0 and 7, inclusive.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.setBitOffset(int)

setBitOffset

public void setBitOffset(int bitOffset)
                  throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Sets the bit offset to an integer between 0 and 7, inclusive. The byte offset within the stream, as returned by getStreamPosition, is left unchanged. A value of 0 indicates the most-significant bit, and a value of 7 indicates the least significant bit, of the byte being read.

Specified by:
setBitOffset in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
bitOffset - the desired offset, as an int between 0 and 7, inclusive.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.getBitOffset()

readBit

public int readBit()
            throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads a single bit from the stream and returns it as an int with the value 0 or 1. The bit offset is advanced by one and reduced modulo 8.

Specified by:
readBit in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
an int containing the value 0 or 1.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bits.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

readBits

public long readBits(int numBits)
              throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Reads a bitstring from the stream and returns it as a long, with the first bit read becoming the most significant bit of the output. The read starts within the byte indicated by getStreamPosition, at the bit given by getBitOffset. The bit offset is advanced by numBits and reduced modulo 8.

The byte order of the stream has no effect on this method. The return value of this method is constructed as though the bits were read one at a time, and shifted into the right side of the return value, as shown by the following pseudo-code:

 long accum = 0L;
 for (int i = 0; i < numBits; i++) {
   accum <<= 1; // Shift left one bit to make room
   accum |= readBit();
 }
 
Note that the result of readBits(32) may thus not be equal to that of readInt() if a reverse network byte order is being used (i.e., getByteOrder() == false).

If the end of the stream is encountered before all the bits have been read, an EOFException is thrown.

Specified by:
readBits in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
numBits - the number of bits to read, as an int between 0 and 64, inclusive.
Returns:
the bitstring, as a long with the last bit read stored in the least significant bit.
Throws:
EOFException - if the stream reaches the end before reading all the bits.
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

length

public long length()
Returns -1L to indicate that the stream has unknown length. Subclasses must override this method to provide actual length information.

Specified by:
length in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
-1L to indicate unknown length.

skipBytes

public int skipBytes(int n)
              throws IOException
Advances the current stream position by calling seek(getStreamPosition() + n).

The bit offset is reset to zero.

Specified by:
skipBytes in interface DataInput
Specified by:
skipBytes in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
n - the number of bytes to seek forward.
Returns:
an int representing the number of bytes skipped.
Throws:
IOException - if getStreamPosition throws an IOException when computing either the starting or ending position.

skipBytes

public long skipBytes(long n)
               throws IOException
Advances the current stream position by calling seek(getStreamPosition() + n).

The bit offset is reset to zero.

Specified by:
skipBytes in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
n - the number of bytes to seek forward.
Returns:
a long representing the number of bytes skipped.
Throws:
IOException - if getStreamPosition throws an IOException when computing either the starting or ending position.

seek

public void seek(long pos)
          throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Sets the current stream position to the desired location. The next read will occur at this location. The bit offset is set to 0.

An IndexOutOfBoundsException will be thrown if pos is smaller than the flushed position (as returned by getflushedPosition).

It is legal to seek past the end of the file; an EOFException will be thrown only if a read is performed.

Specified by:
seek in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
pos - a long containing the desired file pointer position.
Throws:
IOException - if any other I/O error occurs.

mark

public void mark()
Pushes the current stream position onto a stack of marked positions.

Specified by:
mark in interface ImageInputStream

reset

public void reset()
           throws IOException
Resets the current stream byte and bit positions from the stack of marked positions.

An IOException will be thrown if the previous marked position lies in the discarded portion of the stream.

Specified by:
reset in interface ImageInputStream
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

flushBefore

public void flushBefore(long pos)
                 throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Discards the initial portion of the stream prior to the indicated postion. Attempting to seek to an offset within the flushed portion of the stream will result in an IndexOutOfBoundsException.

Calling flushBefore may allow classes implementing this interface to free up resources such as memory or disk space that are being used to store data from the stream.

Specified by:
flushBefore in interface ImageInputStream
Parameters:
pos - a long containing the length of the stream prefix that may be flushed.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

flush

public void flush()
           throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Discards the initial position of the stream prior to the current stream position. Equivalent to flushBefore(getStreamPosition()).

Specified by:
flush in interface ImageInputStream
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

getFlushedPosition

public long getFlushedPosition()
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Returns the earliest position in the stream to which seeking may be performed. The returned value will be the maximum of all values passed into previous calls to flushBefore.

Specified by:
getFlushedPosition in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
the earliest legal position for seeking, as a long.

isCached

public boolean isCached()
Default implementation returns false. Subclasses should override this if they cache data.

Specified by:
isCached in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
true if this ImageInputStream caches data.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.isCachedMemory(), ImageInputStream.isCachedFile()

isCachedMemory

public boolean isCachedMemory()
Default implementation returns false. Subclasses should override this if they cache data in main memory.

Specified by:
isCachedMemory in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
true if this ImageInputStream caches data in main memory.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.isCached(), ImageInputStream.isCachedFile()

isCachedFile

public boolean isCachedFile()
Default implementation returns false. Subclasses should override this if they cache data in a temporary file.

Specified by:
isCachedFile in interface ImageInputStream
Returns:
true if this ImageInputStream caches data in a temporary file.
See Also:
ImageInputStream.isCached(), ImageInputStream.isCachedMemory()

close

public void close()
           throws IOException
Description copied from interface: ImageInputStream
Closes the stream. Attempts to access a stream that has been closed may result in IOExceptions or incorrect behavior. Calling this method may allow classes implementing this interface to release resources associated with the stream such as memory, disk space, or file descriptors.

Specified by:
close in interface ImageInputStream
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs.

finalize

protected void finalize()
                 throws Throwable
Finalizes this object prior to garbage collection. The close method is called to close any open input source. This method should not be called from application code.

Overrides:
finalize in class Object
Throws:
Throwable - if an error occurs during superclass finalization.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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