Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.management.loading
Class MLet

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.lang.ClassLoader
      extended by java.security.SecureClassLoader
          extended by java.net.URLClassLoader
              extended by javax.management.loading.MLet
All Implemented Interfaces:
Externalizable, Serializable, MLetMBean, MBeanRegistration
Direct Known Subclasses:
PrivateMLet

public class MLet
extends URLClassLoader
implements MLetMBean, MBeanRegistration, Externalizable

Allows you to instantiate and register one or several MBeans in the MBean server coming from a remote URL. M-let is a shortcut for management applet. The m-let service does this by loading an m-let text file, which specifies information on the MBeans to be obtained. The information on each MBean is specified in a single instance of a tag, called the MLET tag. The location of the m-let text file is specified by a URL.

The MLET tag has the following syntax:

<MLET
CODE = class | OBJECT = serfile
ARCHIVE = "archiveList"
[CODEBASE = codebaseURL]
[NAME = mbeanname]
[VERSION = version]
>
[arglist]
</MLET>

where:

CODE = class
This attribute specifies the full Java class name, including package name, of the MBean to be obtained. The compiled .class file of the MBean must be contained in one of the .jar files specified by the ARCHIVE attribute. Either CODE or OBJECT must be present.
OBJECT = serfile
This attribute specifies the .ser file that contains a serialized representation of the MBean to be obtained. This file must be contained in one of the .jar files specified by the ARCHIVE attribute. If the .jar file contains a directory hierarchy, specify the path of the file within this hierarchy. Otherwise a match will not be found. Either CODE or OBJECT must be present.
ARCHIVE = "archiveList"
This mandatory attribute specifies one or more .jar files containing MBeans or other resources used by the MBean to be obtained. One of the .jar files must contain the file specified by the CODE or OBJECT attribute. If archivelist contains more than one file: All .jar files in archivelist must be stored in the directory specified by the code base URL.
CODEBASE = codebaseURL
This optional attribute specifies the code base URL of the MBean to be obtained. It identifies the directory that contains the .jar files specified by the ARCHIVE attribute. Specify this attribute only if the .jar files are not in the same directory as the m-let text file. If this attribute is not specified, the base URL of the m-let text file is used.
NAME = mbeanname
This optional attribute specifies the object name to be assigned to the MBean instance when the m-let service registers it. If mbeanname starts with the colon character (:), the domain part of the object name is the default domain of the MBean server, as returned by MBeanServer.getDefaultDomain().
VERSION = version
This optional attribute specifies the version number of the MBean and associated .jar files to be obtained. This version number can be used to specify that the .jar files are loaded from the server to update those stored locally in the cache the next time the m-let text file is loaded. version must be a series of non-negative decimal integers each separated by a period from the one that precedes it.
arglist
This optional attribute specifies a list of one or more parameters for the MBean to be instantiated. This list describes the parameters to be passed the MBean's constructor. Use the following syntax to specify each item in arglist:

<ARG TYPE=argumentType VALUE=value>

where:

The arguments' type in the argument list should be a Java primitive type or a Java basic type (java.lang.Boolean, java.lang.Byte, java.lang.Short, java.lang.Long, java.lang.Integer, java.lang.Float, java.lang.Double, java.lang.String).

When an m-let text file is loaded, an instance of each MBean specified in the file is created and registered.

The m-let service extends the java.net.URLClassLoader and can be used to load remote classes and jar files in the VM of the agent.

Note - The MLet class loader uses the MBeanServerFactory.getClassLoaderRepository(javax.management.MBeanServer) to load classes that could not be found in the loaded jar files.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Serialized Form

Constructor Summary
MLet()
          Constructs a new MLet using the default delegation parent ClassLoader.
MLet(URL[] urls)
          Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader.
MLet(URL[] urls, boolean delegateToCLR)
          Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader.
MLet(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent)
          Constructs a new MLet for the given URLs.
MLet(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent, boolean delegateToCLR)
          Constructs a new MLet for the given URLs.
MLet(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent, URLStreamHandlerFactory factory)
          Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory.
MLet(URL[] urls, ClassLoader parent, URLStreamHandlerFactory factory, boolean delegateToCLR)
          Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory.
 
Method Summary
 void addURL(String url)
          Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.
 void addURL(URL url)
          Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.
protected  URL check(String version, URL codebase, String jarfile, MLetContent mlet)
          This method is to be overridden when extending this service to support caching and versioning.
protected  Class<?> findClass(String name)
          This is the main method for class loaders that is being redefined.
protected  String findLibrary(String libname)
          Returns the absolute path name of a native library.
 String getLibraryDirectory()
          Gets the current directory used by the library loader for storing native libraries before they are loaded into memory.
 Set<Object> getMBeansFromURL(String url)
          Loads a text file containing MLET tags that define the MBeans to be added to the MBean server.
 Set<Object> getMBeansFromURL(URL url)
          Loads a text file containing MLET tags that define the MBeans to be added to the MBean server.
 URL[] getURLs()
          Returns the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources.
 Class<?> loadClass(String name, ClassLoaderRepository clr)
          Load a class, using the given ClassLoaderRepository if the class is not found in this MLet's URLs.
 void postDeregister()
          Allows the m-let to perform any operations needed after having been unregistered in the MBean server.
 void postRegister(Boolean registrationDone)
          Allows the m-let to perform any operations needed after having been registered in the MBean server or after the registration has failed.
 void preDeregister()
          Allows the m-let to perform any operations it needs before being unregistered by the MBean server.
 ObjectName preRegister(MBeanServer server, ObjectName name)
          Allows the m-let to perform any operations it needs before being registered in the MBean server.
 void readExternal(ObjectInput in)
          Restore this MLet's contents from the given ObjectInput.
 void setLibraryDirectory(String libdir)
          Sets the directory used by the library loader for storing native libraries before they are loaded into memory.
 void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out)
          Save this MLet's contents to the given ObjectOutput.
 
Methods inherited from class java.net.URLClassLoader
definePackage, findResource, findResources, getPermissions, newInstance, newInstance
 
Methods inherited from class java.security.SecureClassLoader
defineClass, defineClass
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.ClassLoader
clearAssertionStatus, defineClass, defineClass, defineClass, defineClass, definePackage, findLoadedClass, findSystemClass, getPackage, getPackages, getParent, getResource, getResourceAsStream, getResources, getSystemClassLoader, getSystemResource, getSystemResourceAsStream, getSystemResources, loadClass, loadClass, resolveClass, setClassAssertionStatus, setDefaultAssertionStatus, setPackageAssertionStatus, setSigners
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface javax.management.loading.MLetMBean
getResource, getResourceAsStream, getResources
 

Constructor Detail

MLet

public MLet()
Constructs a new MLet using the default delegation parent ClassLoader.


MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls)
Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the parent class loader.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.

MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls,
            ClassLoader parent)
Constructs a new MLet for the given URLs. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the specified parent class loader. The parent argument will be used as the parent class loader for delegation.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.
parent - The parent class loader for delegation.

MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls,
            ClassLoader parent,
            URLStreamHandlerFactory factory)
Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory. The parent argument will be used as the parent class loader for delegation. The factory argument will be used as the stream handler factory to obtain protocol handlers when creating new URLs.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.
parent - The parent class loader for delegation.
factory - The URLStreamHandlerFactory to use when creating URLs.

MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls,
            boolean delegateToCLR)
Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs using the default delegation parent ClassLoader. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the parent class loader.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.
delegateToCLR - True if, when a class is not found in either the parent ClassLoader or the URLs, the MLet should delegate to its containing MBeanServer's ClassLoaderRepository.

MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls,
            ClassLoader parent,
            boolean delegateToCLR)
Constructs a new MLet for the given URLs. The URLs will be searched in the order specified for classes and resources after first searching in the specified parent class loader. The parent argument will be used as the parent class loader for delegation.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.
parent - The parent class loader for delegation.
delegateToCLR - True if, when a class is not found in either the parent ClassLoader or the URLs, the MLet should delegate to its containing MBeanServer's ClassLoaderRepository.

MLet

public MLet(URL[] urls,
            ClassLoader parent,
            URLStreamHandlerFactory factory,
            boolean delegateToCLR)
Constructs a new MLet for the specified URLs, parent class loader, and URLStreamHandlerFactory. The parent argument will be used as the parent class loader for delegation. The factory argument will be used as the stream handler factory to obtain protocol handlers when creating new URLs.

Parameters:
urls - The URLs from which to load classes and resources.
parent - The parent class loader for delegation.
factory - The URLStreamHandlerFactory to use when creating URLs.
delegateToCLR - True if, when a class is not found in either the parent ClassLoader or the URLs, the MLet should delegate to its containing MBeanServer's ClassLoaderRepository.
Method Detail

addURL

public void addURL(URL url)
Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.

Specified by:
addURL in interface MLetMBean
Overrides:
addURL in class URLClassLoader
Parameters:
url - the URL to be added to the search path of URLs

addURL

public void addURL(String url)
            throws ServiceNotFoundException
Appends the specified URL to the list of URLs to search for classes and resources.

Specified by:
addURL in interface MLetMBean
Parameters:
url - the URL to add.
Throws:
ServiceNotFoundException - The specified URL is malformed.

getURLs

public URL[] getURLs()
Returns the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources. This includes the original list of URLs specified to the constructor, along with any URLs subsequently appended by the addURL() method.

Specified by:
getURLs in interface MLetMBean
Overrides:
getURLs in class URLClassLoader
Returns:
the search path of URLs for loading classes and resources.

getMBeansFromURL

public Set<Object> getMBeansFromURL(URL url)
                             throws ServiceNotFoundException
Loads a text file containing MLET tags that define the MBeans to be added to the MBean server. The location of the text file is specified by a URL. The MBeans specified in the MLET file will be instantiated and registered in the MBean server.

Specified by:
getMBeansFromURL in interface MLetMBean
Parameters:
url - The URL of the text file to be loaded as URL object.
Returns:
A set containing one entry per MLET tag in the m-let text file loaded. Each entry specifies either the ObjectInstance for the created MBean, or a throwable object (that is, an error or an exception) if the MBean could not be created.
Throws:
ServiceNotFoundException - One of the following errors has occurred: The m-let text file does not contain an MLET tag, the m-let text file is not found, a mandatory attribute of the MLET tag is not specified, the value of url is null.
IllegalStateException - MLet MBean is not registered with an MBeanServer.

getMBeansFromURL

public Set<Object> getMBeansFromURL(String url)
                             throws ServiceNotFoundException
Loads a text file containing MLET tags that define the MBeans to be added to the MBean server. The location of the text file is specified by a URL. The MBeans specified in the MLET file will be instantiated and registered in the MBean server.

Specified by:
getMBeansFromURL in interface MLetMBean
Parameters:
url - The URL of the text file to be loaded as String object.
Returns:
A set containing one entry per MLET tag in the m-let text file loaded. Each entry specifies either the ObjectInstance for the created MBean, or a throwable object (that is, an error or an exception) if the MBean could not be created.
Throws:
ServiceNotFoundException - One of the following errors has occurred: The m-let text file does not contain an MLET tag, the m-let text file is not found, a mandatory attribute of the MLET tag is not specified, the url is malformed.
IllegalStateException - MLet MBean is not registered with an MBeanServer.

getLibraryDirectory

public String getLibraryDirectory()
Gets the current directory used by the library loader for storing native libraries before they are loaded into memory.

Specified by:
getLibraryDirectory in interface MLetMBean
Returns:
The current directory used by the library loader.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this implementation does not support storing native libraries in this way.
See Also:
setLibraryDirectory(java.lang.String)

setLibraryDirectory

public void setLibraryDirectory(String libdir)
Sets the directory used by the library loader for storing native libraries before they are loaded into memory.

Specified by:
setLibraryDirectory in interface MLetMBean
Parameters:
libdir - The directory used by the library loader.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if this implementation does not support storing native libraries in this way.
See Also:
getLibraryDirectory()

preRegister

public ObjectName preRegister(MBeanServer server,
                              ObjectName name)
                       throws Exception
Allows the m-let to perform any operations it needs before being registered in the MBean server. If the ObjectName is null, the m-let provides a default name for its registration <defaultDomain>:type=MLet

Specified by:
preRegister in interface MBeanRegistration
Parameters:
server - The MBean server in which the m-let will be registered.
name - The object name of the m-let.
Returns:
The name of the m-let registered.
Throws:
Exception - This exception should be caught by the MBean server and re-thrown as an MBeanRegistrationException.

postRegister

public void postRegister(Boolean registrationDone)
Allows the m-let to perform any operations needed after having been registered in the MBean server or after the registration has failed.

Specified by:
postRegister in interface MBeanRegistration
Parameters:
registrationDone - Indicates whether or not the m-let has been successfully registered in the MBean server. The value false means that either the registration phase has failed.

preDeregister

public void preDeregister()
                   throws Exception
Allows the m-let to perform any operations it needs before being unregistered by the MBean server.

Specified by:
preDeregister in interface MBeanRegistration
Throws:
java.langException - This exception should be caught by the MBean server and re-thrown as an MBeanRegistrationException.
Exception - This exception will be caught by the MBean server and re-thrown as an MBeanRegistrationException.

postDeregister

public void postDeregister()
Allows the m-let to perform any operations needed after having been unregistered in the MBean server.

Specified by:
postDeregister in interface MBeanRegistration

writeExternal

public void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out)
                   throws IOException,
                          UnsupportedOperationException

Save this MLet's contents to the given ObjectOutput. Not all implementations support this method. Those that do not throw UnsupportedOperationException. A subclass may override this method to support it or to change the format of the written data.

The format of the written data is not specified, but if an implementation supports writeExternal(java.io.ObjectOutput) it must also support readExternal(java.io.ObjectInput) in such a way that what is written by the former can be read by the latter.

Specified by:
writeExternal in interface Externalizable
Parameters:
out - The object output stream to write to.
Throws:
IOException - If a problem occurred while writing.
UnsupportedOperationException - If this implementation does not support this operation.

readExternal

public void readExternal(ObjectInput in)
                  throws IOException,
                         ClassNotFoundException,
                         UnsupportedOperationException

Restore this MLet's contents from the given ObjectInput. Not all implementations support this method. Those that do not throw UnsupportedOperationException. A subclass may override this method to support it or to change the format of the read data.

The format of the read data is not specified, but if an implementation supports readExternal(java.io.ObjectInput) it must also support writeExternal(java.io.ObjectOutput) in such a way that what is written by the latter can be read by the former.

Specified by:
readExternal in interface Externalizable
Parameters:
in - The object input stream to read from.
Throws:
IOException - if a problem occurred while reading.
ClassNotFoundException - if the class for the object being restored cannot be found.
UnsupportedOperationException - if this implementation does not support this operation.

loadClass

public Class<?> loadClass(String name,
                          ClassLoaderRepository clr)
                   throws ClassNotFoundException

Load a class, using the given ClassLoaderRepository if the class is not found in this MLet's URLs. The given ClassLoaderRepository can be null, in which case a ClassNotFoundException occurs immediately if the class is not found in this MLet's URLs.

Parameters:
name - The name of the class we want to load.
clr - The ClassLoaderRepository that will be used to search for the given class, if it is not found in this ClassLoader. May be null.
Returns:
The resulting Class object.
Throws:
ClassNotFoundException - The specified class could not be found in this ClassLoader nor in the given ClassLoaderRepository.

findClass

protected Class<?> findClass(String name)
                      throws ClassNotFoundException
This is the main method for class loaders that is being redefined.

Overrides:
findClass in class URLClassLoader
Parameters:
name - The name of the class.
Returns:
The resulting Class object.
Throws:
ClassNotFoundException - The specified class could not be found.

findLibrary

protected String findLibrary(String libname)
Returns the absolute path name of a native library. The VM invokes this method to locate the native libraries that belong to classes loaded with this class loader. Libraries are searched in the JAR files using first just the native library name and if not found the native library name together with the architecture-specific path name (OSName/OSArch/OSVersion/lib/nativelibname), i.e.

the library stat on Solaris SPARC 5.7 will be searched in the JAR file as:

  1. libstat.so
  2. SunOS/sparc/5.7/lib/libstat.so
the library stat on Windows NT 4.0 will be searched in the JAR file as:
  1. stat.dll
  2. WindowsNT/x86/4.0/lib/stat.dll

More specifically, let nativelibname be the result of System.mapLibraryName(libname). Then the following names are searched in the JAR files, in order:
nativelibname
<os.name>/<os.arch>/<os.version>/lib/nativelibname
where <X> means System.getProperty(X) with any spaces in the result removed, and / stands for the file separator character (File.separator).

If this method returns null, i.e. the libraries were not found in any of the JAR files loaded with this class loader, the VM searches the library along the path specified as the java.library.path property.

Overrides:
findLibrary in class ClassLoader
Parameters:
libname - The library name.
Returns:
The absolute path of the native library.
See Also:
System.loadLibrary(String), System.mapLibraryName(String)

check

protected URL check(String version,
                    URL codebase,
                    String jarfile,
                    MLetContent mlet)
             throws Exception

This method is to be overridden when extending this service to support caching and versioning. It is called from getMBeansFromURL when the version, codebase, and jarfile have been extracted from the MLet file, and can be used to verify that it is all right to load the given MBean, or to replace the given URL with a different one.

The default implementation of this method returns codebase unchanged.

Parameters:
version - The version number of the .jar file stored locally.
codebase - The base URL of the remote .jar file.
jarfile - The name of the .jar file to be loaded.
mlet - The MLetContent instance that represents the MLET tag.
Returns:
the codebase to use for the loaded MBean. The returned value should not be null.
Throws:
Exception - if the MBean is not to be loaded for some reason. The exception will be added to the set returned by getMBeansFromURL.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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