Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.naming
Class InitialContext

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.naming.InitialContext
All Implemented Interfaces:
Context
Direct Known Subclasses:
InitialDirContext

public class InitialContext
extends Object
implements Context

This class is the starting context for performing naming operations.

All naming operations are relative to a context. The initial context implements the Context interface and provides the starting point for resolution of names.

When the initial context is constructed, its environment is initialized with properties defined in the environment parameter passed to the constructor, and in any application resource files. In addition, a small number of standard JNDI properties may be specified as system properties or as applet parameters (through the use of Context.APPLET). These special properties are listed in the field detail sections of the Context and LdapContext interface documentation.

JNDI determines each property's value by merging the values from the following two sources, in order:

  1. The first occurrence of the property from the constructor's environment parameter and (for appropriate properties) the applet parameters and system properties.
  2. The application resource files (jndi.properties).
For each property found in both of these two sources, or in more than one application resource file, the property's value is determined as follows. If the property is one of the standard JNDI properties that specify a list of JNDI factories (see Context), all of the values are concatenated into a single colon-separated list. For other properties, only the first value found is used.

The initial context implementation is determined at runtime. The default policy uses the environment property "java.naming.factory.initial", which contains the class name of the initial context factory. An exception to this policy is made when resolving URL strings, as described below.

When a URL string (a String of the form scheme_id:rest_of_name) is passed as a name parameter to any method, a URL context factory for handling that scheme is located and used to resolve the URL. If no such factory is found, the initial context specified by "java.naming.factory.initial" is used. Similarly, when a CompositeName object whose first component is a URL string is passed as a name parameter to any method, a URL context factory is located and used to resolve the first name component. See NamingManager.getURLContext() for a description of how URL context factories are located.

This default policy of locating the initial context and URL context factories may be overridden by calling NamingManager.setInitialContextFactoryBuilder().

NoInitialContextException is thrown when an initial context cannot be instantiated. This exception can be thrown during any interaction with the InitialContext, not only when the InitialContext is constructed. For example, the implementation of the initial context might lazily retrieve the context only when actual methods are invoked on it. The application should not have any dependency on when the existence of an initial context is determined.

When the environment property "java.naming.factory.initial" is non-null, the InitialContext constructor will attempt to create the initial context specified therein. At that time, the initial context factory involved might throw an exception if a problem is encountered. However, it is provider implementation-dependent when it verifies and indicates to the users of the initial context any environment property- or connection- related problems. It can do so lazily--delaying until an operation is performed on the context, or eagerly, at the time the context is constructed.

An InitialContext instance is not synchronized against concurrent access by multiple threads. Multiple threads each manipulating a different InitialContext instance need not synchronize. Threads that need to access a single InitialContext instance concurrently should synchronize amongst themselves and provide the necessary locking.

Since:
JNDI 1.1 / Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition, v 1.3
See Also:
Context, NamingManager.setInitialContextFactoryBuilder

Field Summary
protected  Context defaultInitCtx
          Field holding the result of calling NamingManager.getInitialContext().
protected  boolean gotDefault
          Field indicating whether the initial context has been obtained by calling NamingManager.getInitialContext().
protected  Hashtable<Object,Object> myProps
          The environment associated with this InitialContext.
 
Fields inherited from interface javax.naming.Context
APPLET, AUTHORITATIVE, BATCHSIZE, DNS_URL, INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, LANGUAGE, OBJECT_FACTORIES, PROVIDER_URL, REFERRAL, SECURITY_AUTHENTICATION, SECURITY_CREDENTIALS, SECURITY_PRINCIPAL, SECURITY_PROTOCOL, STATE_FACTORIES, URL_PKG_PREFIXES
 
Constructor Summary
  InitialContext()
          Constructs an initial context.
protected InitialContext(boolean lazy)
          Constructs an initial context with the option of not initializing it.
  InitialContext(Hashtable<?,?> environment)
          Constructs an initial context using the supplied environment.
 
Method Summary
 Object addToEnvironment(String propName, Object propVal)
          Adds a new environment property to the environment of this context.
 void bind(Name name, Object obj)
          Binds a name to an object.
 void bind(String name, Object obj)
          Binds a name to an object.
 void close()
          Closes this context.
 Name composeName(Name name, Name prefix)
          Composes the name of this context with a name relative to this context.
 String composeName(String name, String prefix)
          Composes the name of this context with a name relative to this context.
 Context createSubcontext(Name name)
          Creates and binds a new context.
 Context createSubcontext(String name)
          Creates and binds a new context.
 void destroySubcontext(Name name)
          Destroys the named context and removes it from the namespace.
 void destroySubcontext(String name)
          Destroys the named context and removes it from the namespace.
static
<T> T
doLookup(Name name)
          A static method to retrieve the named object.
static
<T> T
doLookup(String name)
          A static method to retrieve the named object.
protected  Context getDefaultInitCtx()
          Retrieves the initial context by calling NamingManager.getInitialContext() and cache it in defaultInitCtx.
 Hashtable<?,?> getEnvironment()
          Retrieves the environment in effect for this context.
 String getNameInNamespace()
          Retrieves the full name of this context within its own namespace.
 NameParser getNameParser(Name name)
          Retrieves the parser associated with the named context.
 NameParser getNameParser(String name)
          Retrieves the parser associated with the named context.
protected  Context getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(Name name)
          Retrieves a context for resolving name.
protected  Context getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(String name)
          Retrieves a context for resolving the string name name.
protected  void init(Hashtable<?,?> environment)
          Initializes the initial context using the supplied environment.
 NamingEnumeration<NameClassPair> list(Name name)
          Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the class names of objects bound to them.
 NamingEnumeration<NameClassPair> list(String name)
          Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the class names of objects bound to them.
 NamingEnumeration<Binding> listBindings(Name name)
          Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the objects bound to them.
 NamingEnumeration<Binding> listBindings(String name)
          Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the objects bound to them.
 Object lookup(Name name)
          Retrieves the named object.
 Object lookup(String name)
          Retrieves the named object.
 Object lookupLink(Name name)
          Retrieves the named object, following links except for the terminal atomic component of the name.
 Object lookupLink(String name)
          Retrieves the named object, following links except for the terminal atomic component of the name.
 void rebind(Name name, Object obj)
          Binds a name to an object, overwriting any existing binding.
 void rebind(String name, Object obj)
          Binds a name to an object, overwriting any existing binding.
 Object removeFromEnvironment(String propName)
          Removes an environment property from the environment of this context.
 void rename(Name oldName, Name newName)
          Binds a new name to the object bound to an old name, and unbinds the old name.
 void rename(String oldName, String newName)
          Binds a new name to the object bound to an old name, and unbinds the old name.
 void unbind(Name name)
          Unbinds the named object.
 void unbind(String name)
          Unbinds the named object.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

myProps

protected Hashtable<Object,Object> myProps
The environment associated with this InitialContext. It is initialized to null and is updated by the constructor that accepts an environment or by the init() method.

See Also:
addToEnvironment(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object), removeFromEnvironment(java.lang.String), getEnvironment()

defaultInitCtx

protected Context defaultInitCtx
Field holding the result of calling NamingManager.getInitialContext(). It is set by getDefaultInitCtx() the first time getDefaultInitCtx() is called. Subsequent invocations of getDefaultInitCtx() return the value of defaultInitCtx.

See Also:
getDefaultInitCtx()

gotDefault

protected boolean gotDefault
Field indicating whether the initial context has been obtained by calling NamingManager.getInitialContext(). If true, its result is in defaultInitCtx.

Constructor Detail

InitialContext

protected InitialContext(boolean lazy)
                  throws NamingException
Constructs an initial context with the option of not initializing it. This may be used by a constructor in a subclass when the value of the environment parameter is not yet known at the time the InitialContext constructor is called. The subclass's constructor will call this constructor, compute the value of the environment, and then call init() before returning.

Parameters:
lazy - true means do not initialize the initial context; false is equivalent to calling new InitialContext()
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
Since:
1.3
See Also:
init(Hashtable)

InitialContext

public InitialContext()
               throws NamingException
Constructs an initial context. No environment properties are supplied. Equivalent to new InitialContext(null).

Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
InitialContext(Hashtable)

InitialContext

public InitialContext(Hashtable<?,?> environment)
               throws NamingException
Constructs an initial context using the supplied environment. Environment properties are discussed in the class description.

This constructor will not modify environment or save a reference to it, but may save a clone.

Parameters:
environment - environment used to create the initial context. Null indicates an empty environment.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
Method Detail

init

protected void init(Hashtable<?,?> environment)
             throws NamingException
Initializes the initial context using the supplied environment. Environment properties are discussed in the class description.

This method will modify environment and save a reference to it. The caller may no longer modify it.

Parameters:
environment - environment used to create the initial context. Null indicates an empty environment.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
Since:
1.3
See Also:
InitialContext(boolean)

doLookup

public static <T> T doLookup(Name name)
                  throws NamingException
A static method to retrieve the named object. This is a shortcut method equivalent to invoking:

InitialContext ic = new InitialContext(); Object obj = ic.lookup();

If name is empty, returns a new instance of this context (which represents the same naming context as this context, but its environment may be modified independently and it may be accessed concurrently).

Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
Since:
1.6
See Also:
doLookup(String), lookup(Name)

doLookup

public static <T> T doLookup(String name)
                  throws NamingException
A static method to retrieve the named object. See doLookup(Name) for details.

Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
Since:
1.6

getDefaultInitCtx

protected Context getDefaultInitCtx()
                             throws NamingException
Retrieves the initial context by calling NamingManager.getInitialContext() and cache it in defaultInitCtx. Set gotDefault so that we know we've tried this before.

Returns:
The non-null cached initial context.
Throws:
NoInitialContextException - If cannot find an initial context.
NamingException - If a naming exception was encountered.

getURLOrDefaultInitCtx

protected Context getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(String name)
                                  throws NamingException
Retrieves a context for resolving the string name name. If name name is a URL string, then attempt to find a URL context for it. If none is found, or if name is not a URL string, then return getDefaultInitCtx().

See getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(Name) for description of how a subclass should use this method.

Parameters:
name - The non-null name for which to get the context.
Returns:
A URL context for name or the cached initial context. The result cannot be null.
Throws:
NoInitialContextException - If cannot find an initial context.
NamingException - In a naming exception is encountered.
See Also:
NamingManager.getURLContext(java.lang.String, java.util.Hashtable)

getURLOrDefaultInitCtx

protected Context getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(Name name)
                                  throws NamingException
Retrieves a context for resolving name. If the first component of name name is a URL string, then attempt to find a URL context for it. If none is found, or if the first component of name is not a URL string, then return getDefaultInitCtx().

When creating a subclass of InitialContext, use this method as follows. Define a new method that uses this method to get an initial context of the desired subclass.

 protected XXXContext getURLOrDefaultInitXXXCtx(Name name) 
 throws NamingException {
  Context answer = getURLOrDefaultInitCtx(name);
  if (!(answer instanceof XXXContext)) {
    if (answer == null) {
            throw new NoInitialContextException();
    } else {
            throw new NotContextException("Not an XXXContext");
    }
        }
        return (XXXContext)answer;
 }
 
When providing implementations for the new methods in the subclass, use this newly defined method to get the initial context.

 public Object XXXMethod1(Name name, ...) {
        throws NamingException {
    return getURLOrDefaultInitXXXCtx(name).XXXMethod1(name, ...);
 }
 

Parameters:
name - The non-null name for which to get the context.
Returns:
A URL context for name or the cached initial context. The result cannot be null.
Throws:
NoInitialContextException - If cannot find an initial context.
NamingException - In a naming exception is encountered.
See Also:
NamingManager.getURLContext(java.lang.String, java.util.Hashtable)

lookup

public Object lookup(String name)
              throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the named object. See Context.lookup(Name) for details.

Specified by:
lookup in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

lookup

public Object lookup(Name name)
              throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the named object. If name is empty, returns a new instance of this context (which represents the same naming context as this context, but its environment may be modified independently and it may be accessed concurrently).

Specified by:
lookup in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.lookup(String), Context.lookupLink(Name)

bind

public void bind(String name,
                 Object obj)
          throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a name to an object. See Context.bind(Name, Object) for details.

Specified by:
bind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to bind; may not be empty
obj - the object to bind; possibly null
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if name is already bound
InvalidAttributesException - if object did not supply all mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

bind

public void bind(Name name,
                 Object obj)
          throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a name to an object. All intermediate contexts and the target context (that named by all but terminal atomic component of the name) must already exist.

Specified by:
bind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to bind; may not be empty
obj - the object to bind; possibly null
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if name is already bound
InvalidAttributesException - if object did not supply all mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.bind(String, Object), Context.rebind(Name, Object), DirContext.bind(Name, Object, javax.naming.directory.Attributes)

rebind

public void rebind(String name,
                   Object obj)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a name to an object, overwriting any existing binding. See Context.rebind(Name, Object) for details.

Specified by:
rebind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to bind; may not be empty
obj - the object to bind; possibly null
Throws:
InvalidAttributesException - if object did not supply all mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

rebind

public void rebind(Name name,
                   Object obj)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a name to an object, overwriting any existing binding. All intermediate contexts and the target context (that named by all but terminal atomic component of the name) must already exist.

If the object is a DirContext, any existing attributes associated with the name are replaced with those of the object. Otherwise, any existing attributes associated with the name remain unchanged.

Specified by:
rebind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to bind; may not be empty
obj - the object to bind; possibly null
Throws:
InvalidAttributesException - if object did not supply all mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.rebind(String, Object), Context.bind(Name, Object), DirContext.rebind(Name, Object, javax.naming.directory.Attributes), DirContext

unbind

public void unbind(String name)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Unbinds the named object. See Context.unbind(Name) for details.

Specified by:
unbind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to unbind; may not be empty
Throws:
NameNotFoundException - if an intermediate context does not exist
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

unbind

public void unbind(Name name)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Unbinds the named object. Removes the terminal atomic name in name from the target context--that named by all but the terminal atomic part of name.

This method is idempotent. It succeeds even if the terminal atomic name is not bound in the target context, but throws NameNotFoundException if any of the intermediate contexts do not exist.

Any attributes associated with the name are removed. Intermediate contexts are not changed.

Specified by:
unbind in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name to unbind; may not be empty
Throws:
NameNotFoundException - if an intermediate context does not exist
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.unbind(String)

rename

public void rename(String oldName,
                   String newName)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a new name to the object bound to an old name, and unbinds the old name. See Context.rename(Name, Name) for details.

Specified by:
rename in interface Context
Parameters:
oldName - the name of the existing binding; may not be empty
newName - the name of the new binding; may not be empty
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if newName is already bound
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

rename

public void rename(Name oldName,
                   Name newName)
            throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Binds a new name to the object bound to an old name, and unbinds the old name. Both names are relative to this context. Any attributes associated with the old name become associated with the new name. Intermediate contexts of the old name are not changed.

Specified by:
rename in interface Context
Parameters:
oldName - the name of the existing binding; may not be empty
newName - the name of the new binding; may not be empty
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if newName is already bound
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.rename(String, String), Context.bind(Name, Object), Context.rebind(Name, Object)

list

public NamingEnumeration<NameClassPair> list(String name)
                                      throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the class names of objects bound to them. See Context.list(Name) for details.

Specified by:
list in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to list
Returns:
an enumeration of the names and class names of the bindings in this context. Each element of the enumeration is of type NameClassPair.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

list

public NamingEnumeration<NameClassPair> list(Name name)
                                      throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the class names of objects bound to them. The contents of any subcontexts are not included.

If a binding is added to or removed from this context, its effect on an enumeration previously returned is undefined.

Specified by:
list in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to list
Returns:
an enumeration of the names and class names of the bindings in this context. Each element of the enumeration is of type NameClassPair.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.list(String), Context.listBindings(Name), NameClassPair

listBindings

public NamingEnumeration<Binding> listBindings(String name)
                                        throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the objects bound to them. See Context.listBindings(Name) for details.

Specified by:
listBindings in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to list
Returns:
an enumeration of the bindings in this context. Each element of the enumeration is of type Binding.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

listBindings

public NamingEnumeration<Binding> listBindings(Name name)
                                        throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Enumerates the names bound in the named context, along with the objects bound to them. The contents of any subcontexts are not included.

If a binding is added to or removed from this context, its effect on an enumeration previously returned is undefined.

Specified by:
listBindings in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to list
Returns:
an enumeration of the bindings in this context. Each element of the enumeration is of type Binding.
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.listBindings(String), Context.list(Name), Binding

destroySubcontext

public void destroySubcontext(String name)
                       throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Destroys the named context and removes it from the namespace. See Context.destroySubcontext(Name) for details.

Specified by:
destroySubcontext in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to be destroyed; may not be empty
Throws:
NameNotFoundException - if an intermediate context does not exist
NotContextException - if the name is bound but does not name a context, or does not name a context of the appropriate type
ContextNotEmptyException - if the named context is not empty
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

destroySubcontext

public void destroySubcontext(Name name)
                       throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Destroys the named context and removes it from the namespace. Any attributes associated with the name are also removed. Intermediate contexts are not destroyed.

This method is idempotent. It succeeds even if the terminal atomic name is not bound in the target context, but throws NameNotFoundException if any of the intermediate contexts do not exist.

In a federated naming system, a context from one naming system may be bound to a name in another. One can subsequently look up and perform operations on the foreign context using a composite name. However, an attempt destroy the context using this composite name will fail with NotContextException, because the foreign context is not a "subcontext" of the context in which it is bound. Instead, use unbind() to remove the binding of the foreign context. Destroying the foreign context requires that the destroySubcontext() be performed on a context from the foreign context's "native" naming system.

Specified by:
destroySubcontext in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to be destroyed; may not be empty
Throws:
NameNotFoundException - if an intermediate context does not exist
NotContextException - if the name is bound but does not name a context, or does not name a context of the appropriate type
ContextNotEmptyException - if the named context is not empty
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.destroySubcontext(String)

createSubcontext

public Context createSubcontext(String name)
                         throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Creates and binds a new context. See Context.createSubcontext(Name) for details.

Specified by:
createSubcontext in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to create; may not be empty
Returns:
the newly created context
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if name is already bound
InvalidAttributesException - if creation of the subcontext requires specification of mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

createSubcontext

public Context createSubcontext(Name name)
                         throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Creates and binds a new context. Creates a new context with the given name and binds it in the target context (that named by all but terminal atomic component of the name). All intermediate contexts and the target context must already exist.

Specified by:
createSubcontext in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context to create; may not be empty
Returns:
the newly created context
Throws:
NameAlreadyBoundException - if name is already bound
InvalidAttributesException - if creation of the subcontext requires specification of mandatory attributes
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.createSubcontext(String), DirContext.createSubcontext(javax.naming.Name, javax.naming.directory.Attributes)

lookupLink

public Object lookupLink(String name)
                  throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the named object, following links except for the terminal atomic component of the name. See Context.lookupLink(Name) for details.

Specified by:
lookupLink in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name, not following the terminal link (if any)
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

lookupLink

public Object lookupLink(Name name)
                  throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the named object, following links except for the terminal atomic component of the name. If the object bound to name is not a link, returns the object itself.

Specified by:
lookupLink in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the object to look up
Returns:
the object bound to name, not following the terminal link (if any).
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.lookupLink(String)

getNameParser

public NameParser getNameParser(String name)
                         throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the parser associated with the named context. See Context.getNameParser(Name) for details.

Specified by:
getNameParser in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context from which to get the parser
Returns:
a name parser that can parse compound names into their atomic components
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

getNameParser

public NameParser getNameParser(Name name)
                         throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the parser associated with the named context. In a federation of namespaces, different naming systems will parse names differently. This method allows an application to get a parser for parsing names into their atomic components using the naming convention of a particular naming system. Within any single naming system, NameParser objects returned by this method must be equal (using the equals() test).

Specified by:
getNameParser in interface Context
Parameters:
name - the name of the context from which to get the parser
Returns:
a name parser that can parse compound names into their atomic components
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.getNameParser(String), CompoundName

composeName

public String composeName(String name,
                          String prefix)
                   throws NamingException
Composes the name of this context with a name relative to this context. Since an initial context may never be named relative to any context other than itself, the value of the prefix parameter must be an empty name ("").

Specified by:
composeName in interface Context
Parameters:
name - a name relative to this context
prefix - the name of this context relative to one of its ancestors
Returns:
the composition of prefix and name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

composeName

public Name composeName(Name name,
                        Name prefix)
                 throws NamingException
Composes the name of this context with a name relative to this context. Since an initial context may never be named relative to any context other than itself, the value of the prefix parameter must be an empty name.

Specified by:
composeName in interface Context
Parameters:
name - a name relative to this context
prefix - the name of this context relative to one of its ancestors
Returns:
the composition of prefix and name
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.composeName(String, String)

addToEnvironment

public Object addToEnvironment(String propName,
                               Object propVal)
                        throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Adds a new environment property to the environment of this context. If the property already exists, its value is overwritten. See class description for more details on environment properties.

Specified by:
addToEnvironment in interface Context
Parameters:
propName - the name of the environment property to add; may not be null
propVal - the value of the property to add; may not be null
Returns:
the previous value of the property, or null if the property was not in the environment before
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.getEnvironment(), Context.removeFromEnvironment(String)

removeFromEnvironment

public Object removeFromEnvironment(String propName)
                             throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Removes an environment property from the environment of this context. See class description for more details on environment properties.

Specified by:
removeFromEnvironment in interface Context
Parameters:
propName - the name of the environment property to remove; may not be null
Returns:
the previous value of the property, or null if the property was not in the environment
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.getEnvironment(), Context.addToEnvironment(String, Object)

getEnvironment

public Hashtable<?,?> getEnvironment()
                              throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the environment in effect for this context. See class description for more details on environment properties.

The caller should not make any changes to the object returned: their effect on the context is undefined. The environment of this context may be changed using addToEnvironment() and removeFromEnvironment().

Specified by:
getEnvironment in interface Context
Returns:
the environment of this context; never null
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered
See Also:
Context.addToEnvironment(String, Object), Context.removeFromEnvironment(String)

close

public void close()
           throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Closes this context. This method releases this context's resources immediately, instead of waiting for them to be released automatically by the garbage collector.

This method is idempotent: invoking it on a context that has already been closed has no effect. Invoking any other method on a closed context is not allowed, and results in undefined behaviour.

Specified by:
close in interface Context
Throws:
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

getNameInNamespace

public String getNameInNamespace()
                          throws NamingException
Description copied from interface: Context
Retrieves the full name of this context within its own namespace.

Many naming services have a notion of a "full name" for objects in their respective namespaces. For example, an LDAP entry has a distinguished name, and a DNS record has a fully qualified name. This method allows the client application to retrieve this name. The string returned by this method is not a JNDI composite name and should not be passed directly to context methods. In naming systems for which the notion of full name does not make sense, OperationNotSupportedException is thrown.

Specified by:
getNameInNamespace in interface Context
Returns:
this context's name in its own namespace; never null
Throws:
OperationNotSupportedException - if the naming system does not have the notion of a full name
NamingException - if a naming exception is encountered

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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