Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.net.ssl
Class HttpsURLConnection

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.net.URLConnection
      extended by java.net.HttpURLConnection
          extended by javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection

public abstract class HttpsURLConnection
extends HttpURLConnection

HttpsURLConnection extends HttpURLConnection with support for https-specific features.

See http://www.w3.org/pub/WWW/Protocols/ and RFC 2818 for more details on the https specification.

This class uses HostnameVerifier and SSLSocketFactory. There are default implementations defined for both classes. However, the implementations can be replaced on a per-class (static) or per-instance basis. All new HttpsURLConnections instances will be assigned the "default" static values at instance creation, but they can be overriden by calling the appropriate per-instance set method(s) before connecting.

Since:
1.4

Field Summary
protected  HostnameVerifier hostnameVerifier
          The hostnameVerifier for this object.
 
Fields inherited from class java.net.HttpURLConnection
chunkLength, fixedContentLength, HTTP_ACCEPTED, HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY, HTTP_BAD_METHOD, HTTP_BAD_REQUEST, HTTP_CLIENT_TIMEOUT, HTTP_CONFLICT, HTTP_CREATED, HTTP_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE, HTTP_FORBIDDEN, HTTP_GATEWAY_TIMEOUT, HTTP_GONE, HTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR, HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED, HTTP_MOVED_PERM, HTTP_MOVED_TEMP, HTTP_MULT_CHOICE, HTTP_NO_CONTENT, HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE, HTTP_NOT_AUTHORITATIVE, HTTP_NOT_FOUND, HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, HTTP_NOT_MODIFIED, HTTP_OK, HTTP_PARTIAL, HTTP_PAYMENT_REQUIRED, HTTP_PRECON_FAILED, HTTP_PROXY_AUTH, HTTP_REQ_TOO_LONG, HTTP_RESET, HTTP_SEE_OTHER, HTTP_SERVER_ERROR, HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED, HTTP_UNAVAILABLE, HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_TYPE, HTTP_USE_PROXY, HTTP_VERSION, instanceFollowRedirects, method, responseCode, responseMessage
 
Fields inherited from class java.net.URLConnection
allowUserInteraction, connected, doInput, doOutput, ifModifiedSince, url, useCaches
 
Constructor Summary
protected HttpsURLConnection(URL url)
          Creates an HttpsURLConnection using the URL specified.
 
Method Summary
abstract  String getCipherSuite()
          Returns the cipher suite in use on this connection.
static HostnameVerifier getDefaultHostnameVerifier()
          Gets the default HostnameVerifier that is inherited by new instances of this class.
static SSLSocketFactory getDefaultSSLSocketFactory()
          Gets the default static SSLSocketFactory that is inherited by new instances of this class.
 HostnameVerifier getHostnameVerifier()
          Gets the HostnameVerifier in place on this instance.
abstract  Certificate[] getLocalCertificates()
          Returns the certificate(s) that were sent to the server during handshaking.
 Principal getLocalPrincipal()
          Returns the principal that was sent to the server during handshaking.
 Principal getPeerPrincipal()
          Returns the server's principal which was established as part of defining the session.
abstract  Certificate[] getServerCertificates()
          Returns the server's certificate chain which was established as part of defining the session.
 SSLSocketFactory getSSLSocketFactory()
          Gets the SSL socket factory to be used when creating sockets for secure https URL connections.
static void setDefaultHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier v)
          Sets the default HostnameVerifier inherited by a new instance of this class.
static void setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory sf)
          Sets the default SSLSocketFactory inherited by new instances of this class.
 void setHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier v)
          Sets the HostnameVerifier for this instance.
 void setSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory sf)
          Sets the SSLSocketFactory to be used when this instance creates sockets for secure https URL connections.
 
Methods inherited from class java.net.HttpURLConnection
disconnect, getErrorStream, getFollowRedirects, getHeaderField, getHeaderFieldDate, getHeaderFieldKey, getInstanceFollowRedirects, getPermission, getRequestMethod, getResponseCode, getResponseMessage, setChunkedStreamingMode, setFixedLengthStreamingMode, setFollowRedirects, setInstanceFollowRedirects, setRequestMethod, usingProxy
 
Methods inherited from class java.net.URLConnection
addRequestProperty, connect, getAllowUserInteraction, getConnectTimeout, getContent, getContent, getContentEncoding, getContentLength, getContentType, getDate, getDefaultAllowUserInteraction, getDefaultRequestProperty, getDefaultUseCaches, getDoInput, getDoOutput, getExpiration, getFileNameMap, getHeaderField, getHeaderFieldInt, getHeaderFields, getIfModifiedSince, getInputStream, getLastModified, getOutputStream, getReadTimeout, getRequestProperties, getRequestProperty, getURL, getUseCaches, guessContentTypeFromName, guessContentTypeFromStream, setAllowUserInteraction, setConnectTimeout, setContentHandlerFactory, setDefaultAllowUserInteraction, setDefaultRequestProperty, setDefaultUseCaches, setDoInput, setDoOutput, setFileNameMap, setIfModifiedSince, setReadTimeout, setRequestProperty, setUseCaches, toString
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

hostnameVerifier

protected HostnameVerifier hostnameVerifier
The hostnameVerifier for this object.

Constructor Detail

HttpsURLConnection

protected HttpsURLConnection(URL url)
Creates an HttpsURLConnection using the URL specified.

Parameters:
url - the URL
Method Detail

getCipherSuite

public abstract String getCipherSuite()
Returns the cipher suite in use on this connection.

Returns:
the cipher suite
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if this method is called before the connection has been established.

getLocalCertificates

public abstract Certificate[] getLocalCertificates()
Returns the certificate(s) that were sent to the server during handshaking.

Note: This method is useful only when using certificate-based cipher suites.

When multiple certificates are available for use in a handshake, the implementation chooses what it considers the "best" certificate chain available, and transmits that to the other side. This method allows the caller to know which certificate chain was actually sent.

Returns:
an ordered array of certificates, with the client's own certificate first followed by any certificate authorities. If no certificates were sent, then null is returned.
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if this method is called before the connection has been established.
See Also:
getLocalPrincipal()

getServerCertificates

public abstract Certificate[] getServerCertificates()
                                             throws SSLPeerUnverifiedException
Returns the server's certificate chain which was established as part of defining the session.

Note: This method can be used only when using certificate-based cipher suites; using it with non-certificate-based cipher suites, such as Kerberos, will throw an SSLPeerUnverifiedException.

Returns:
an ordered array of server certificates, with the peer's own certificate first followed by any certificate authorities.
Throws:
SSLPeerUnverifiedException - if the peer is not verified.
IllegalStateException - if this method is called before the connection has been established.
See Also:
getPeerPrincipal()

getPeerPrincipal

public Principal getPeerPrincipal()
                           throws SSLPeerUnverifiedException
Returns the server's principal which was established as part of defining the session.

Note: Subclasses should override this method. If not overridden, it will default to returning the X500Principal of the server's end-entity certificate for certificate-based ciphersuites, or throw an SSLPeerUnverifiedException for non-certificate based ciphersuites, such as Kerberos.

Returns:
the server's principal. Returns an X500Principal of the end-entity certiticate for X509-based cipher suites, and KerberosPrincipal for Kerberos cipher suites.
Throws:
SSLPeerUnverifiedException - if the peer was not verified
IllegalStateException - if this method is called before the connection has been established.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
getServerCertificates(), getLocalPrincipal()

getLocalPrincipal

public Principal getLocalPrincipal()
Returns the principal that was sent to the server during handshaking.

Note: Subclasses should override this method. If not overridden, it will default to returning the X500Principal of the end-entity certificate that was sent to the server for certificate-based ciphersuites or, return null for non-certificate based ciphersuites, such as Kerberos.

Returns:
the principal sent to the server. Returns an X500Principal of the end-entity certificate for X509-based cipher suites, and KerberosPrincipal for Kerberos cipher suites. If no principal was sent, then null is returned.
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if this method is called before the connection has been established.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
getLocalCertificates(), getPeerPrincipal()

setDefaultHostnameVerifier

public static void setDefaultHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier v)
Sets the default HostnameVerifier inherited by a new instance of this class.

If this method is not called, the default HostnameVerifier assumes the connection should not be permitted.

Parameters:
v - the default host name verifier
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the HostnameVerifier parameter is null.
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkPermission method does not allow SSLPermission("setHostnameVerifier")
See Also:
getDefaultHostnameVerifier()

getDefaultHostnameVerifier

public static HostnameVerifier getDefaultHostnameVerifier()
Gets the default HostnameVerifier that is inherited by new instances of this class.

Returns:
the default host name verifier
See Also:
setDefaultHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier)

setHostnameVerifier

public void setHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier v)
Sets the HostnameVerifier for this instance.

New instances of this class inherit the default static hostname verifier set by setDefaultHostnameVerifier. Calls to this method replace this object's HostnameVerifier.

Parameters:
v - the host name verifier
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the HostnameVerifier parameter is null.
See Also:
getHostnameVerifier(), setDefaultHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier)

getHostnameVerifier

public HostnameVerifier getHostnameVerifier()
Gets the HostnameVerifier in place on this instance.

Returns:
the host name verifier
See Also:
setHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier), setDefaultHostnameVerifier(HostnameVerifier)

setDefaultSSLSocketFactory

public static void setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory sf)
Sets the default SSLSocketFactory inherited by new instances of this class.

The socket factories are used when creating sockets for secure https URL connections.

Parameters:
sf - the default SSL socket factory
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the SSLSocketFactory parameter is null.
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkSetFactory method does not allow a socket factory to be specified.
See Also:
getDefaultSSLSocketFactory()

getDefaultSSLSocketFactory

public static SSLSocketFactory getDefaultSSLSocketFactory()
Gets the default static SSLSocketFactory that is inherited by new instances of this class.

The socket factories are used when creating sockets for secure https URL connections.

Returns:
the default SSLSocketFactory
See Also:
setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory)

setSSLSocketFactory

public void setSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory sf)
Sets the SSLSocketFactory to be used when this instance creates sockets for secure https URL connections.

New instances of this class inherit the default static SSLSocketFactory set by setDefaultSSLSocketFactory. Calls to this method replace this object's SSLSocketFactory.

Parameters:
sf - the SSL socket factory
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the SSLSocketFactory parameter is null.
See Also:
getSSLSocketFactory()

getSSLSocketFactory

public SSLSocketFactory getSSLSocketFactory()
Gets the SSL socket factory to be used when creating sockets for secure https URL connections.

Returns:
the SSLSocketFactory
See Also:
setSSLSocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory)

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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