Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.net.ssl
Class SSLContext

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.net.ssl.SSLContext

public class SSLContext
extends Object

Instances of this class represent a secure socket protocol implementation which acts as a factory for secure socket factories or SSLEngines. This class is initialized with an optional set of key and trust managers and source of secure random bytes.

Since:
1.4

Constructor Summary
protected SSLContext(SSLContextSpi contextSpi, Provider provider, String protocol)
          Creates an SSLContext object.
 
Method Summary
 SSLEngine createSSLEngine()
          Creates a new SSLEngine using this context.
 SSLEngine createSSLEngine(String peerHost, int peerPort)
          Creates a new SSLEngine using this context using advisory peer information.
 SSLSessionContext getClientSessionContext()
          Returns the client session context, which represents the set of SSL sessions available for use during the handshake phase of client-side SSL sockets.
static SSLContext getDefault()
          Returns the default SSL context.
 SSLParameters getDefaultSSLParameters()
          Returns a copy of the SSLParameters indicating the default settings for this SSL context.
static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol)
          Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.
static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol, Provider provider)
          Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.
static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol, String provider)
          Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.
 String getProtocol()
          Returns the protocol name of this SSLContext object.
 Provider getProvider()
          Returns the provider of this SSLContext object.
 SSLSessionContext getServerSessionContext()
          Returns the server session context, which represents the set of SSL sessions available for use during the handshake phase of server-side SSL sockets.
 SSLServerSocketFactory getServerSocketFactory()
          Returns a ServerSocketFactory object for this context.
 SSLSocketFactory getSocketFactory()
          Returns a SocketFactory object for this context.
 SSLParameters getSupportedSSLParameters()
          Returns a copy of the SSLParameters indicating the supported settings for this SSL context.
 void init(KeyManager[] km, TrustManager[] tm, SecureRandom random)
          Initializes this context.
static void setDefault(SSLContext context)
          Sets the default SSL context.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

SSLContext

protected SSLContext(SSLContextSpi contextSpi,
                     Provider provider,
                     String protocol)
Creates an SSLContext object.

Parameters:
contextSpi - the delegate
provider - the provider
protocol - the protocol
Method Detail

getDefault

public static SSLContext getDefault()
                             throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
Returns the default SSL context.

If a default context was set using the SSLContext.setDefault() method, it is returned. Otherwise, the first call of this method triggers the call SSLContext.getInstance("Default"). If successful, that object is made the default SSL context and returned.

The default context is immediately usable and does not require initialization.

Returns:
the default SSL context
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if the SSLContext.getInstance() call fails
Since:
1.6

setDefault

public static void setDefault(SSLContext context)
Sets the default SSL context. It will be returned by subsequent calls to getDefault(). The default context must be immediately usable and not require initialization.

Parameters:
context - the SSLContext
Throws:
NullPointerException - if context is null
SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkPermission method does not allow SSLPermission("setDefaultSSLContext")
Since:
1.6

getInstance

public static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol)
                              throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.

This method traverses the list of registered security Providers, starting with the most preferred Provider. A new SSLContext object encapsulating the SSLContextSpi implementation from the first Provider that supports the specified protocol is returned.

Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

Parameters:
protocol - the standard name of the requested protocol. See Appendix A in the Java Secure Socket Extension Reference Guide for information about standard protocol names.
Returns:
the new SSLContext object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if no Provider supports a TrustManagerFactorySpi implementation for the specified protocol.
See Also:
Provider

getInstance

public static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol,
                                     String provider)
                              throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
                                     NoSuchProviderException
Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.

A new SSLContext object encapsulating the SSLContextSpi implementation from the specified provider is returned. The specified provider must be registered in the security provider list.

Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

Parameters:
protocol - the standard name of the requested protocol. See Appendix A in the Java Secure Socket Extension Reference Guide for information about standard protocol names.
provider - the name of the provider.
Returns:
the new SSLContext object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if a SSLContextSpi implementation for the specified protocol is not available from the specified provider.
NoSuchProviderException - if the specified provider is not registered in the security provider list.
IllegalArgumentException - if the provider name is null or empty.
See Also:
Provider

getInstance

public static SSLContext getInstance(String protocol,
                                     Provider provider)
                              throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
Returns a SSLContext object that implements the specified secure socket protocol.

A new SSLContext object encapsulating the SSLContextSpi implementation from the specified Provider object is returned. Note that the specified Provider object does not have to be registered in the provider list.

Parameters:
protocol - the standard name of the requested protocol. See Appendix A in the Java Secure Socket Extension Reference Guide for information about standard protocol names.
provider - an instance of the provider.
Returns:
the new SSLContext object.
Throws:
NoSuchAlgorithmException - if a KeyManagerFactorySpi implementation for the specified protocol is not available from the specified Provider object.
IllegalArgumentException - if the provider name is null.
See Also:
Provider

getProtocol

public final String getProtocol()
Returns the protocol name of this SSLContext object.

This is the same name that was specified in one of the getInstance calls that created this SSLContext object.

Returns:
the protocol name of this SSLContext object.

getProvider

public final Provider getProvider()
Returns the provider of this SSLContext object.

Returns:
the provider of this SSLContext object

init

public final void init(KeyManager[] km,
                       TrustManager[] tm,
                       SecureRandom random)
                throws KeyManagementException
Initializes this context. Either of the first two parameters may be null in which case the installed security providers will be searched for the highest priority implementation of the appropriate factory. Likewise, the secure random parameter may be null in which case the default implementation will be used.

Only the first instance of a particular key and/or trust manager implementation type in the array is used. (For example, only the first javax.net.ssl.X509KeyManager in the array will be used.)

Parameters:
km - the sources of authentication keys or null
tm - the sources of peer authentication trust decisions or null
random - the source of randomness for this generator or null
Throws:
KeyManagementException - if this operation fails

getSocketFactory

public final SSLSocketFactory getSocketFactory()
Returns a SocketFactory object for this context.

Returns:
the SocketFactory object
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the SSLContextImpl requires initialization and the init() has not been called

getServerSocketFactory

public final SSLServerSocketFactory getServerSocketFactory()
Returns a ServerSocketFactory object for this context.

Returns:
the ServerSocketFactory object
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the SSLContextImpl requires initialization and the init() has not been called

createSSLEngine

public final SSLEngine createSSLEngine()
Creates a new SSLEngine using this context.

Applications using this factory method are providing no hints for an internal session reuse strategy. If hints are desired, createSSLEngine(String, int) should be used instead.

Some cipher suites (such as Kerberos) require remote hostname information, in which case this factory method should not be used.

Returns:
the SSLEngine object
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if the underlying provider does not implement the operation.
IllegalStateException - if the SSLContextImpl requires initialization and the init() has not been called
Since:
1.5

createSSLEngine

public final SSLEngine createSSLEngine(String peerHost,
                                       int peerPort)
Creates a new SSLEngine using this context using advisory peer information.

Applications using this factory method are providing hints for an internal session reuse strategy.

Some cipher suites (such as Kerberos) require remote hostname information, in which case peerHost needs to be specified.

Parameters:
peerHost - the non-authoritative name of the host
peerPort - the non-authoritative port
Returns:
the new SSLEngine object
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if the underlying provider does not implement the operation.
IllegalStateException - if the SSLContextImpl requires initialization and the init() has not been called
Since:
1.5

getServerSessionContext

public final SSLSessionContext getServerSessionContext()
Returns the server session context, which represents the set of SSL sessions available for use during the handshake phase of server-side SSL sockets.

This context may be unavailable in some environments, in which case this method returns null. For example, when the underlying SSL provider does not provide an implementation of SSLSessionContext interface, this method returns null. A non-null session context is returned otherwise.

Returns:
server session context bound to this SSL context

getClientSessionContext

public final SSLSessionContext getClientSessionContext()
Returns the client session context, which represents the set of SSL sessions available for use during the handshake phase of client-side SSL sockets.

This context may be unavailable in some environments, in which case this method returns null. For example, when the underlying SSL provider does not provide an implementation of SSLSessionContext interface, this method returns null. A non-null session context is returned otherwise.

Returns:
client session context bound to this SSL context

getDefaultSSLParameters

public final SSLParameters getDefaultSSLParameters()
Returns a copy of the SSLParameters indicating the default settings for this SSL context.

The parameters will always have the ciphersuites and protocols arrays set to non-null values.

Returns:
a copy of the SSLParameters object with the default settings
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if the default SSL parameters could not be obtained.
Since:
1.6

getSupportedSSLParameters

public final SSLParameters getSupportedSSLParameters()
Returns a copy of the SSLParameters indicating the supported settings for this SSL context.

The parameters will always have the ciphersuites and protocols arrays set to non-null values.

Returns:
a copy of the SSLParameters object with the supported settings
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if the supported SSL parameters could not be obtained.
Since:
1.6

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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