Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.print
Interface Doc

All Known Implementing Classes:
SimpleDoc

public interface Doc

Interface Doc specifies the interface for an object that supplies one piece of print data for a Print Job. "Doc" is a short, easy-to-pronounce term that means "a piece of print data." The client passes to the Print Job an object that implements interface Doc, and the Print Job calls methods on that object to obtain the print data. The Doc interface lets a Print Job:

Each method in an implementation of interface Doc is permitted always to return the same object each time the method is called. This has implications for a Print Job or other caller of a doc object whose print data representation object "consumes" the print data as the caller obtains the print data, such as a print data representation object which is a stream. Once the Print Job has called getPrintData() and obtained the stream, any further calls to getPrintData() will return the same stream object upon which reading may already be in progress, not a new stream object that will re-read the print data from the beginning. Specifying a doc object to behave this way simplifies the implementation of doc objects, and is justified on the grounds that a particular doc is intended to convey print data only to one Print Job, not to several different Print Jobs. (To convey the same print data to several different Print Jobs, you have to create several different doc objects on top of the same print data source.)

Interface Doc affords considerable implementation flexibility. The print data might already be in existence when the doc object is constructed. In this case the objects returned by the doc's methods can be supplied to the doc's constructor, be stored in the doc ahead of time, and simply be returned when called for. Alternatively, the print data might not exist yet when the doc object is constructed. In this case the doc object might provide a "lazy" implementation that generates the print data representation object (and/or the print data) only when the Print Job calls for it (when the Print Job calls the getPrintData() method).

There is no restriction on the number of client threads that may be simultaneously accessing the same doc. Therefore, all implementations of interface Doc must be designed to be multiple thread safe.

However there can only be one consumer of the print data obtained from a Doc.

If print data is obtained from the client as a stream, by calling Doc's getReaderForText() or getStreamForBytes() methods, or because the print data source is already an InputStream or Reader, then the print service should always close these streams for the client on all job completion conditions. With the following caveat. If the print data is itself a stream, the service will always close it. If the print data is otherwise something that can be requested as a stream, the service will only close the stream if it has obtained the stream before terminating. That is, just because a print service might request data as a stream does not mean that it will, with the implications that Doc implementors which rely on the service to close them should create such streams only in response to a request from the service.



Method Summary
 DocAttributeSet getAttributes()
          Obtains the set of printing attributes for this doc object.
 DocFlavor getDocFlavor()
          Determines the doc flavor in which this doc object will supply its piece of print data.
 Object getPrintData()
          Obtains the print data representation object that contains this doc object's piece of print data in the format corresponding to the supported doc flavor.
 Reader getReaderForText()
          Obtains a reader for extracting character print data from this doc.
 InputStream getStreamForBytes()
          Obtains an input stream for extracting byte print data from this doc.
 

Method Detail

getDocFlavor

DocFlavor getDocFlavor()
Determines the doc flavor in which this doc object will supply its piece of print data.

Returns:
Doc flavor.

getPrintData

Object getPrintData()
                    throws IOException
Obtains the print data representation object that contains this doc object's piece of print data in the format corresponding to the supported doc flavor. The getPrintData() method returns an instance of the representation class whose name is given by getDocFlavor().getRepresentationClassName(), and the return value can be cast from class Object to that representation class.

Returns:
Print data representation object.
Throws:
IOException - Thrown if the representation class is a stream and there was an I/O error while constructing the stream.

getAttributes

DocAttributeSet getAttributes()
Obtains the set of printing attributes for this doc object. If the returned attribute set includes an instance of a particular attribute X, the printer must use that attribute value for this doc, overriding any value of attribute X in the job's attribute set. If the returned attribute set does not include an instance of a particular attribute X or if null is returned, the printer must consult the job's attribute set to obtain the value for attribute X, and if not found there, the printer must use an implementation-dependent default value. The returned attribute set is unmodifiable.

Returns:
Unmodifiable set of printing attributes for this doc, or null to obtain all attribute values from the job's attribute set.

getReaderForText

Reader getReaderForText()
                        throws IOException
Obtains a reader for extracting character print data from this doc. The Doc implementation is required to support this method if the DocFlavor has one of the following print data representation classes, and return null otherwise: The doc's print data representation object is used to construct and return a Reader for reading the print data as a stream of characters from the print data representation object. However, if the print data representation object is itself a Reader, then the print data representation object is simply returned.

Returns:
Reader for reading the print data characters from this doc. If a reader cannot be provided because this doc does not meet the criteria stated above, null is returned.
Throws:
IOException - Thrown if there was an I/O error while creating the reader.

getStreamForBytes

InputStream getStreamForBytes()
                              throws IOException
Obtains an input stream for extracting byte print data from this doc. The Doc implementation is required to support this method if the DocFlavor has one of the following print data representation classes, and return null otherwise: This doc's print data representation object is obtained, then an input stream for reading the print data from the print data representation object as a stream of bytes is created and returned. However, if the print data representation object is itself an input stream, then the print data representation object is simply returned.

Returns:
Input stream for reading the print data bytes from this doc. If an input stream cannot be provided because this doc does not meet the criteria stated above, null is returned.
Throws:
IOException - Thrown if there was an I/O error while creating the input stream.

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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