Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.swing
Class JButton

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.awt.Component
      extended by java.awt.Container
          extended by javax.swing.JComponent
              extended by javax.swing.AbstractButton
                  extended by javax.swing.JButton
All Implemented Interfaces:
ImageObserver, ItemSelectable, MenuContainer, Serializable, Accessible, SwingConstants
Direct Known Subclasses:
BasicArrowButton, MetalComboBoxButton

public class JButton
extends AbstractButton
implements Accessible

An implementation of a "push" button.

Buttons can be configured, and to some degree controlled, by Actions. Using an Action with a button has many benefits beyond directly configuring a button. Refer to Swing Components Supporting Action for more details, and you can find more information in How to Use Actions, a section in The Java Tutorial.

See How to Use Buttons, Check Boxes, and Radio Buttons in The Java Tutorial for information and examples of using buttons.

Warning: Swing is not thread safe. For more information see Swing's Threading Policy.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see XMLEncoder.


Nested Class Summary
protected  class JButton.AccessibleJButton
          This class implements accessibility support for the JButton class.
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class javax.swing.AbstractButton
AbstractButton.AccessibleAbstractButton, AbstractButton.ButtonChangeListener
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
JComponent.AccessibleJComponent
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Container
Container.AccessibleAWTContainer
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Component
Component.AccessibleAWTComponent, Component.BaselineResizeBehavior, Component.BltBufferStrategy, Component.FlipBufferStrategy
 
Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class javax.swing.AbstractButton
actionListener, BORDER_PAINTED_CHANGED_PROPERTY, changeEvent, changeListener, CONTENT_AREA_FILLED_CHANGED_PROPERTY, DISABLED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, DISABLED_SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, FOCUS_PAINTED_CHANGED_PROPERTY, HORIZONTAL_ALIGNMENT_CHANGED_PROPERTY, HORIZONTAL_TEXT_POSITION_CHANGED_PROPERTY, ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, itemListener, MARGIN_CHANGED_PROPERTY, MNEMONIC_CHANGED_PROPERTY, model, MODEL_CHANGED_PROPERTY, PRESSED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, ROLLOVER_ENABLED_CHANGED_PROPERTY, ROLLOVER_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, ROLLOVER_SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY, TEXT_CHANGED_PROPERTY, VERTICAL_ALIGNMENT_CHANGED_PROPERTY, VERTICAL_TEXT_POSITION_CHANGED_PROPERTY
 
Fields inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
accessibleContext, listenerList, TOOL_TIP_TEXT_KEY, ui, UNDEFINED_CONDITION, WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT, WHEN_FOCUSED, WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.Component
BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT, CENTER_ALIGNMENT, LEFT_ALIGNMENT, RIGHT_ALIGNMENT, TOP_ALIGNMENT
 
Fields inherited from interface javax.swing.SwingConstants
BOTTOM, CENTER, EAST, HORIZONTAL, LEADING, LEFT, NEXT, NORTH, NORTH_EAST, NORTH_WEST, PREVIOUS, RIGHT, SOUTH, SOUTH_EAST, SOUTH_WEST, TOP, TRAILING, VERTICAL, WEST
 
Fields inherited from interface java.awt.image.ImageObserver
ABORT, ALLBITS, ERROR, FRAMEBITS, HEIGHT, PROPERTIES, SOMEBITS, WIDTH
 
Constructor Summary
JButton()
          Creates a button with no set text or icon.
JButton(Action a)
          Creates a button where properties are taken from the Action supplied.
JButton(Icon icon)
          Creates a button with an icon.
JButton(String text)
          Creates a button with text.
JButton(String text, Icon icon)
          Creates a button with initial text and an icon.
 
Method Summary
 AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
          Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JButton.
 String getUIClassID()
          Returns a string that specifies the name of the L&F class that renders this component.
 boolean isDefaultButton()
          Gets the value of the defaultButton property, which if true means that this button is the current default button for its JRootPane.
 boolean isDefaultCapable()
          Gets the value of the defaultCapable property.
protected  String paramString()
          Returns a string representation of this JButton.
 void removeNotify()
          Overrides JComponent.removeNotify to check if this button is currently set as the default button on the RootPane, and if so, sets the RootPane's default button to null to ensure the RootPane doesn't hold onto an invalid button reference.
 void setDefaultCapable(boolean defaultCapable)
          Sets the defaultCapable property, which determines whether this button can be made the default button for its root pane.
 void updateUI()
          Resets the UI property to a value from the current look and feel.
 
Methods inherited from class javax.swing.AbstractButton
actionPropertyChanged, addActionListener, addChangeListener, addImpl, addItemListener, checkHorizontalKey, checkVerticalKey, configurePropertiesFromAction, createActionListener, createActionPropertyChangeListener, createChangeListener, createItemListener, doClick, doClick, fireActionPerformed, fireItemStateChanged, fireStateChanged, getAction, getActionCommand, getActionListeners, getChangeListeners, getDisabledIcon, getDisabledSelectedIcon, getDisplayedMnemonicIndex, getHideActionText, getHorizontalAlignment, getHorizontalTextPosition, getIcon, getIconTextGap, getItemListeners, getLabel, getMargin, getMnemonic, getModel, getMultiClickThreshhold, getPressedIcon, getRolloverIcon, getRolloverSelectedIcon, getSelectedIcon, getSelectedObjects, getText, getUI, getVerticalAlignment, getVerticalTextPosition, imageUpdate, init, isBorderPainted, isContentAreaFilled, isFocusPainted, isRolloverEnabled, isSelected, paintBorder, removeActionListener, removeChangeListener, removeItemListener, setAction, setActionCommand, setBorderPainted, setContentAreaFilled, setDisabledIcon, setDisabledSelectedIcon, setDisplayedMnemonicIndex, setEnabled, setFocusPainted, setHideActionText, setHorizontalAlignment, setHorizontalTextPosition, setIcon, setIconTextGap, setLabel, setLayout, setMargin, setMnemonic, setMnemonic, setModel, setMultiClickThreshhold, setPressedIcon, setRolloverEnabled, setRolloverIcon, setRolloverSelectedIcon, setSelected, setSelectedIcon, setText, setUI, setVerticalAlignment, setVerticalTextPosition
 
Methods inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
addAncestorListener, addNotify, addVetoableChangeListener, computeVisibleRect, contains, createToolTip, disable, enable, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, fireVetoableChange, getActionForKeyStroke, getActionMap, getAlignmentX, getAlignmentY, getAncestorListeners, getAutoscrolls, getBaseline, getBaselineResizeBehavior, getBorder, getBounds, getClientProperty, getComponentGraphics, getComponentPopupMenu, getConditionForKeyStroke, getDebugGraphicsOptions, getDefaultLocale, getFontMetrics, getGraphics, getHeight, getInheritsPopupMenu, getInputMap, getInputMap, getInputVerifier, getInsets, getInsets, getListeners, getLocation, getMaximumSize, getMinimumSize, getNextFocusableComponent, getPopupLocation, getPreferredSize, getRegisteredKeyStrokes, getRootPane, getSize, getToolTipLocation, getToolTipText, getToolTipText, getTopLevelAncestor, getTransferHandler, getVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget, getVetoableChangeListeners, getVisibleRect, getWidth, getX, getY, grabFocus, isDoubleBuffered, isLightweightComponent, isManagingFocus, isOpaque, isOptimizedDrawingEnabled, isPaintingForPrint, isPaintingTile, isRequestFocusEnabled, isValidateRoot, paint, paintChildren, paintComponent, paintImmediately, paintImmediately, print, printAll, printBorder, printChildren, printComponent, processComponentKeyEvent, processKeyBinding, processKeyEvent, processMouseEvent, processMouseMotionEvent, putClientProperty, registerKeyboardAction, registerKeyboardAction, removeAncestorListener, removeVetoableChangeListener, repaint, repaint, requestDefaultFocus, requestFocus, requestFocus, requestFocusInWindow, requestFocusInWindow, resetKeyboardActions, reshape, revalidate, scrollRectToVisible, setActionMap, setAlignmentX, setAlignmentY, setAutoscrolls, setBackground, setBorder, setComponentPopupMenu, setDebugGraphicsOptions, setDefaultLocale, setDoubleBuffered, setFocusTraversalKeys, setFont, setForeground, setInheritsPopupMenu, setInputMap, setInputVerifier, setMaximumSize, setMinimumSize, setNextFocusableComponent, setOpaque, setPreferredSize, setRequestFocusEnabled, setToolTipText, setTransferHandler, setUI, setVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget, setVisible, unregisterKeyboardAction, update
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Container
add, add, add, add, add, addContainerListener, addPropertyChangeListener, addPropertyChangeListener, applyComponentOrientation, areFocusTraversalKeysSet, countComponents, deliverEvent, doLayout, findComponentAt, findComponentAt, getComponent, getComponentAt, getComponentAt, getComponentCount, getComponents, getComponentZOrder, getContainerListeners, getFocusTraversalKeys, getFocusTraversalPolicy, getLayout, getMousePosition, insets, invalidate, isAncestorOf, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, isFocusTraversalPolicySet, layout, list, list, locate, minimumSize, paintComponents, preferredSize, printComponents, processContainerEvent, processEvent, remove, remove, removeAll, removeContainerListener, setComponentZOrder, setFocusCycleRoot, setFocusTraversalPolicy, setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, transferFocusBackward, transferFocusDownCycle, validate, validateTree
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Component
action, add, addComponentListener, addFocusListener, addHierarchyBoundsListener, addHierarchyListener, addInputMethodListener, addKeyListener, addMouseListener, addMouseMotionListener, addMouseWheelListener, bounds, checkImage, checkImage, coalesceEvents, contains, createImage, createImage, createVolatileImage, createVolatileImage, disableEvents, dispatchEvent, enable, enableEvents, enableInputMethods, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, getBackground, getBounds, getColorModel, getComponentListeners, getComponentOrientation, getCursor, getDropTarget, getFocusCycleRootAncestor, getFocusListeners, getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, getFont, getForeground, getGraphicsConfiguration, getHierarchyBoundsListeners, getHierarchyListeners, getIgnoreRepaint, getInputContext, getInputMethodListeners, getInputMethodRequests, getKeyListeners, getLocale, getLocation, getLocationOnScreen, getMouseListeners, getMouseMotionListeners, getMousePosition, getMouseWheelListeners, getName, getParent, getPeer, getPropertyChangeListeners, getPropertyChangeListeners, getSize, getToolkit, getTreeLock, gotFocus, handleEvent, hasFocus, hide, inside, isBackgroundSet, isCursorSet, isDisplayable, isEnabled, isFocusable, isFocusOwner, isFocusTraversable, isFontSet, isForegroundSet, isLightweight, isMaximumSizeSet, isMinimumSizeSet, isPreferredSizeSet, isShowing, isValid, isVisible, keyDown, keyUp, list, list, list, location, lostFocus, mouseDown, mouseDrag, mouseEnter, mouseExit, mouseMove, mouseUp, move, nextFocus, paintAll, postEvent, prepareImage, prepareImage, processComponentEvent, processFocusEvent, processHierarchyBoundsEvent, processHierarchyEvent, processInputMethodEvent, processMouseWheelEvent, remove, removeComponentListener, removeFocusListener, removeHierarchyBoundsListener, removeHierarchyListener, removeInputMethodListener, removeKeyListener, removeMouseListener, removeMouseMotionListener, removeMouseWheelListener, removePropertyChangeListener, removePropertyChangeListener, repaint, repaint, repaint, resize, resize, setBounds, setBounds, setComponentOrientation, setCursor, setDropTarget, setFocusable, setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, setIgnoreRepaint, setLocale, setLocation, setLocation, setName, setSize, setSize, show, show, size, toString, transferFocus, transferFocusUpCycle
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

JButton

public JButton()
Creates a button with no set text or icon.


JButton

public JButton(Icon icon)
Creates a button with an icon.

Parameters:
icon - the Icon image to display on the button

JButton

public JButton(String text)
Creates a button with text.

Parameters:
text - the text of the button

JButton

public JButton(Action a)
Creates a button where properties are taken from the Action supplied.

Parameters:
a - the Action used to specify the new button
Since:
1.3

JButton

public JButton(String text,
               Icon icon)
Creates a button with initial text and an icon.

Parameters:
text - the text of the button
icon - the Icon image to display on the button
Method Detail

updateUI

public void updateUI()
Resets the UI property to a value from the current look and feel.

Overrides:
updateUI in class AbstractButton
See Also:
JComponent.updateUI()

getUIClassID

public String getUIClassID()
Returns a string that specifies the name of the L&F class that renders this component.

Overrides:
getUIClassID in class JComponent
Returns:
the string "ButtonUI"
See Also:
JComponent.getUIClassID(), UIDefaults.getUI(javax.swing.JComponent)

isDefaultButton

public boolean isDefaultButton()
Gets the value of the defaultButton property, which if true means that this button is the current default button for its JRootPane. Most look and feels render the default button differently, and may potentially provide bindings to access the default button.

Returns:
the value of the defaultButton property
See Also:
JRootPane.setDefaultButton(javax.swing.JButton), isDefaultCapable()

isDefaultCapable

public boolean isDefaultCapable()
Gets the value of the defaultCapable property.

Returns:
the value of the defaultCapable property
See Also:
setDefaultCapable(boolean), isDefaultButton(), JRootPane.setDefaultButton(javax.swing.JButton)

setDefaultCapable

public void setDefaultCapable(boolean defaultCapable)
Sets the defaultCapable property, which determines whether this button can be made the default button for its root pane. The default value of the defaultCapable property is true unless otherwise specified by the look and feel.

Parameters:
defaultCapable - true if this button will be capable of being the default button on the RootPane; otherwise false
See Also:
isDefaultCapable()

removeNotify

public void removeNotify()
Overrides JComponent.removeNotify to check if this button is currently set as the default button on the RootPane, and if so, sets the RootPane's default button to null to ensure the RootPane doesn't hold onto an invalid button reference.

Overrides:
removeNotify in class AbstractButton
See Also:
JComponent.registerKeyboardAction(java.awt.event.ActionListener, java.lang.String, javax.swing.KeyStroke, int)

paramString

protected String paramString()
Returns a string representation of this JButton. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.

Overrides:
paramString in class AbstractButton
Returns:
a string representation of this JButton

getAccessibleContext

public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JButton. For JButtons, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJButton. A new AccessibleJButton instance is created if necessary.

Specified by:
getAccessibleContext in interface Accessible
Overrides:
getAccessibleContext in class JComponent
Returns:
an AccessibleJButton that serves as the AccessibleContext of this JButton

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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