Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.swing
Class JOptionPane

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.awt.Component
      extended by java.awt.Container
          extended by javax.swing.JComponent
              extended by javax.swing.JOptionPane
All Implemented Interfaces:
ImageObserver, MenuContainer, Serializable, Accessible

public class JOptionPane
extends JComponent
implements Accessible

JOptionPane makes it easy to pop up a standard dialog box that prompts users for a value or informs them of something. For information about using JOptionPane, see How to Make Dialogs, a section in The Java Tutorial.

While the JOptionPane class may appear complex because of the large number of methods, almost all uses of this class are one-line calls to one of the static showXxxDialog methods shown below:

Method Name Description
showConfirmDialog Asks a confirming question, like yes/no/cancel.
showInputDialog Prompt for some input.
showMessageDialog Tell the user about something that has happened.
showOptionDialog The Grand Unification of the above three.
Each of these methods also comes in a showInternalXXX flavor, which uses an internal frame to hold the dialog box (see JInternalFrame). Multiple convenience methods have also been defined -- overloaded versions of the basic methods that use different parameter lists.

All dialogs are modal. Each showXxxDialog method blocks the caller until the user's interaction is complete.

icon message
input value
option buttons
The basic appearance of one of these dialog boxes is generally similar to the picture at the right, although the various look-and-feels are ultimately responsible for the final result. In particular, the look-and-feels will adjust the layout to accommodate the option pane's ComponentOrientation property.

Parameters:
The parameters to these methods follow consistent patterns:

parentComponent
Defines the Component that is to be the parent of this dialog box. It is used in two ways: the Frame that contains it is used as the Frame parent for the dialog box, and its screen coordinates are used in the placement of the dialog box. In general, the dialog box is placed just below the component. This parameter may be null, in which case a default Frame is used as the parent, and the dialog will be centered on the screen (depending on the L&F).
message
A descriptive message to be placed in the dialog box. In the most common usage, message is just a String or String constant. However, the type of this parameter is actually Object. Its interpretation depends on its type:
Object[]
An array of objects is interpreted as a series of messages (one per object) arranged in a vertical stack. The interpretation is recursive -- each object in the array is interpreted according to its type.
Component
The Component is displayed in the dialog.
Icon
The Icon is wrapped in a JLabel and displayed in the dialog.
others
The object is converted to a String by calling its toString method. The result is wrapped in a JLabel and displayed.
messageType
Defines the style of the message. The Look and Feel manager may lay out the dialog differently depending on this value, and will often provide a default icon. The possible values are:
  • ERROR_MESSAGE
  • INFORMATION_MESSAGE
  • WARNING_MESSAGE
  • QUESTION_MESSAGE
  • PLAIN_MESSAGE
optionType
Defines the set of option buttons that appear at the bottom of the dialog box:
  • DEFAULT_OPTION
  • YES_NO_OPTION
  • YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
  • OK_CANCEL_OPTION
You aren't limited to this set of option buttons. You can provide any buttons you want using the options parameter.
options
A more detailed description of the set of option buttons that will appear at the bottom of the dialog box. The usual value for the options parameter is an array of Strings. But the parameter type is an array of Objects. A button is created for each object depending on its type:
Component
The component is added to the button row directly.
Icon
A JButton is created with this as its label.
other
The Object is converted to a string using its toString method and the result is used to label a JButton.
icon
A decorative icon to be placed in the dialog box. A default value for this is determined by the messageType parameter.
title
The title for the dialog box.
initialValue
The default selection (input value).

When the selection is changed, setValue is invoked, which generates a PropertyChangeEvent.

If a JOptionPane has configured to all input setWantsInput the bound property JOptionPane.INPUT_VALUE_PROPERTY can also be listened to, to determine when the user has input or selected a value.

When one of the showXxxDialog methods returns an integer, the possible values are:

Examples:
Show an error dialog that displays the message, 'alert':
JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "alert", "alert", JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);

Show an internal information dialog with the message, 'information':
JOptionPane.showInternalMessageDialog(frame, "information",
      "information", JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE);

Show an information panel with the options yes/no and message 'choose one':
JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null,
      "choose one", "choose one", JOptionPane.YES_NO_OPTION);

Show an internal information dialog with the options yes/no/cancel and message 'please choose one' and title information:
JOptionPane.showInternalConfirmDialog(frame,
      "please choose one", "information",
      JOptionPane.YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE);

Show a warning dialog with the options OK, CANCEL, title 'Warning', and message 'Click OK to continue':
Object[] options = { "OK", "CANCEL" };
JOptionPane.showOptionDialog(null, "Click OK to continue", "Warning",
      JOptionPane.DEFAULT_OPTION, JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE,
      null, options, options[0]);

Show a dialog asking the user to type in a String:
String inputValue = JOptionPane.showInputDialog("Please input a value");

Show a dialog asking the user to select a String:
Object[] possibleValues = { "First", "Second", "Third" };
Object selectedValue = JOptionPane.showInputDialog(null,
      "Choose one", "Input",
      JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE, null,
      possibleValues, possibleValues[0]);

Direct Use:
To create and use an JOptionPane directly, the standard pattern is roughly as follows:
     JOptionPane pane = new JOptionPane(arguments);
     pane.set.Xxxx(...); // Configure
     JDialog dialog = pane.createDialog(parentComponent, title);
     dialog.show();
     Object selectedValue = pane.getValue();
     if(selectedValue == null)
       return CLOSED_OPTION;
     //If there is not an array of option buttons:
     if(options == null) {
       if(selectedValue instanceof Integer)
          return ((Integer)selectedValue).intValue();
       return CLOSED_OPTION;
     }
     //If there is an array of option buttons:
     for(int counter = 0, maxCounter = options.length;
        counter < maxCounter; counter++) {
        if(options[counter].equals(selectedValue))
        return counter;
     }
     return CLOSED_OPTION;
 

Warning: Swing is not thread safe. For more information see Swing's Threading Policy.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see XMLEncoder.

See Also:
JInternalFrame

Nested Class Summary
protected  class JOptionPane.AccessibleJOptionPane
          This class implements accessibility support for the JOptionPane class.
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
JComponent.AccessibleJComponent
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Container
Container.AccessibleAWTContainer
 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class java.awt.Component
Component.AccessibleAWTComponent, Component.BaselineResizeBehavior, Component.BltBufferStrategy, Component.FlipBufferStrategy
 
Field Summary
static int CANCEL_OPTION
          Return value from class method if CANCEL is chosen.
static int CLOSED_OPTION
          Return value from class method if user closes window without selecting anything, more than likely this should be treated as either a CANCEL_OPTION or NO_OPTION.
static int DEFAULT_OPTION
          Type meaning Look and Feel should not supply any options -- only use the options from the JOptionPane.
static int ERROR_MESSAGE
          Used for error messages.
protected  Icon icon
          Icon used in pane.
static String ICON_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for icon.
static int INFORMATION_MESSAGE
          Used for information messages.
static String INITIAL_SELECTION_VALUE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for initialSelectionValue.
static String INITIAL_VALUE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for initialValue.
protected  Object initialSelectionValue
          Initial value to select in selectionValues.
protected  Object initialValue
          Value that should be initially selected in options.
static String INPUT_VALUE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for inputValue.
protected  Object inputValue
          Value the user has input.
protected  Object message
          Message to display.
static String MESSAGE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for message.
static String MESSAGE_TYPE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for type.
protected  int messageType
          Message type.
static int NO_OPTION
          Return value from class method if NO is chosen.
static int OK_CANCEL_OPTION
          Type used for showConfirmDialog.
static int OK_OPTION
          Return value form class method if OK is chosen.
static String OPTION_TYPE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for optionType.
protected  Object[] options
          Options to display to the user.
static String OPTIONS_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for option.
protected  int optionType
          Option type, one of DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION or OK_CANCEL_OPTION.
static int PLAIN_MESSAGE
          No icon is used.
static int QUESTION_MESSAGE
          Used for questions.
static String SELECTION_VALUES_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for selectionValues.
protected  Object[] selectionValues
          Array of values the user can choose from.
static Object UNINITIALIZED_VALUE
          Indicates that the user has not yet selected a value.
protected  Object value
          Currently selected value, will be a valid option, or UNINITIALIZED_VALUE or null.
static String VALUE_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for value.
static String WANTS_INPUT_PROPERTY
          Bound property name for wantsInput.
protected  boolean wantsInput
          If true, a UI widget will be provided to the user to get input.
static int WARNING_MESSAGE
          Used for warning messages.
static int YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
          Type used for showConfirmDialog.
static int YES_NO_OPTION
          Type used for showConfirmDialog.
static int YES_OPTION
          Return value from class method if YES is chosen.
 
Fields inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
accessibleContext, listenerList, TOOL_TIP_TEXT_KEY, ui, UNDEFINED_CONDITION, WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT, WHEN_FOCUSED, WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.Component
BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT, CENTER_ALIGNMENT, LEFT_ALIGNMENT, RIGHT_ALIGNMENT, TOP_ALIGNMENT
 
Fields inherited from interface java.awt.image.ImageObserver
ABORT, ALLBITS, ERROR, FRAMEBITS, HEIGHT, PROPERTIES, SOMEBITS, WIDTH
 
Constructor Summary
JOptionPane()
          Creates a JOptionPane with a test message.
JOptionPane(Object message)
          Creates a instance of JOptionPane to display a message using the plain-message message type and the default options delivered by the UI.
JOptionPane(Object message, int messageType)
          Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type and the default options,
JOptionPane(Object message, int messageType, int optionType)
          Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type and options.
JOptionPane(Object message, int messageType, int optionType, Icon icon)
          Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, options, and icon.
JOptionPane(Object message, int messageType, int optionType, Icon icon, Object[] options)
          Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, icon, and options.
JOptionPane(Object message, int messageType, int optionType, Icon icon, Object[] options, Object initialValue)
          Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, icon, and options, with the initially-selected option specified.
 
Method Summary
 JDialog createDialog(Component parentComponent, String title)
          Creates and returns a new JDialog wrapping this centered on the parentComponent in the parentComponent's frame.
 JDialog createDialog(String title)
          Creates and returns a new parentless JDialog with the specified title.
 JInternalFrame createInternalFrame(Component parentComponent, String title)
          Creates and returns an instance of JInternalFrame.
 AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
          Returns the AccessibleContext associated with this JOptionPane.
static JDesktopPane getDesktopPaneForComponent(Component parentComponent)
          Returns the specified component's desktop pane.
static Frame getFrameForComponent(Component parentComponent)
          Returns the specified component's Frame.
 Icon getIcon()
          Returns the icon this pane displays.
 Object getInitialSelectionValue()
          Returns the input value that is displayed as initially selected to the user.
 Object getInitialValue()
          Returns the initial value.
 Object getInputValue()
          Returns the value the user has input, if wantsInput is true.
 int getMaxCharactersPerLineCount()
          Returns the maximum number of characters to place on a line in a message.
 Object getMessage()
          Returns the message-object this pane displays.
 int getMessageType()
          Returns the message type.
 Object[] getOptions()
          Returns the choices the user can make.
 int getOptionType()
          Returns the type of options that are displayed.
static Frame getRootFrame()
          Returns the Frame to use for the class methods in which a frame is not provided.
 Object[] getSelectionValues()
          Returns the input selection values.
 OptionPaneUI getUI()
          Returns the UI object which implements the L&F for this component.
 String getUIClassID()
          Returns the name of the UI class that implements the L&F for this component.
 Object getValue()
          Returns the value the user has selected.
 boolean getWantsInput()
          Returns the value of the wantsInput property.
protected  String paramString()
          Returns a string representation of this JOptionPane.
 void selectInitialValue()
          Requests that the initial value be selected, which will set focus to the initial value.
 void setIcon(Icon newIcon)
          Sets the icon to display.
 void setInitialSelectionValue(Object newValue)
          Sets the input value that is initially displayed as selected to the user.
 void setInitialValue(Object newInitialValue)
          Sets the initial value that is to be enabled -- the Component that has the focus when the pane is initially displayed.
 void setInputValue(Object newValue)
          Sets the input value that was selected or input by the user.
 void setMessage(Object newMessage)
          Sets the option pane's message-object.
 void setMessageType(int newType)
          Sets the option pane's message type.
 void setOptions(Object[] newOptions)
          Sets the options this pane displays.
 void setOptionType(int newType)
          Sets the options to display.
static void setRootFrame(Frame newRootFrame)
          Sets the frame to use for class methods in which a frame is not provided.
 void setSelectionValues(Object[] newValues)
          Sets the input selection values for a pane that provides the user with a list of items to choose from.
 void setUI(OptionPaneUI ui)
          Sets the UI object which implements the L&F for this component.
 void setValue(Object newValue)
          Sets the value the user has chosen.
 void setWantsInput(boolean newValue)
          Sets the wantsInput property.
static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Brings up a dialog with the options Yes, No and Cancel; with the title, Select an Option.
static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType)
          Brings up a dialog where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType)
          Brings up a dialog where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter, where the messageType parameter determines the icon to display.
static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType, Icon icon)
          Brings up a dialog with a specified icon, where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent.
static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, Object initialSelectionValue)
          Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user and parented to parentComponent.
static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType)
          Shows a dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent with the dialog having the title title and message type messageType.
static Object showInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType, Icon icon, Object[] selectionValues, Object initialSelectionValue)
          Prompts the user for input in a blocking dialog where the initial selection, possible selections, and all other options can be specified.
static String showInputDialog(Object message)
          Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user.
static String showInputDialog(Object message, Object initialSelectionValue)
          Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user, with the input value initialized to initialSelectionValue.
static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel with the options Yes, No and Cancel; with the title, Select an Option.
static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType)
          Brings up a internal dialog panel where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter, where the messageType parameter determines the icon to display.
static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType, Icon icon)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel with a specified icon, where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
static String showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Shows an internal question-message dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent.
static String showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType)
          Shows an internal dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent with the dialog having the title title and message type messageType.
static Object showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType, Icon icon, Object[] selectionValues, Object initialSelectionValue)
          Prompts the user for input in a blocking internal dialog where the initial selection, possible selections, and all other options can be specified.
static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Brings up an internal confirmation dialog panel.
static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel that displays a message using a default icon determined by the messageType parameter.
static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType, Icon icon)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel displaying a message, specifying all parameters.
static int showInternalOptionDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType, Icon icon, Object[] options, Object initialValue)
          Brings up an internal dialog panel with a specified icon, where the initial choice is determined by the initialValue parameter and the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message)
          Brings up an information-message dialog titled "Message".
static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType)
          Brings up a dialog that displays a message using a default icon determined by the messageType parameter.
static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int messageType, Icon icon)
          Brings up a dialog displaying a message, specifying all parameters.
static int showOptionDialog(Component parentComponent, Object message, String title, int optionType, int messageType, Icon icon, Object[] options, Object initialValue)
          Brings up a dialog with a specified icon, where the initial choice is determined by the initialValue parameter and the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.
 void updateUI()
          Notification from the UIManager that the L&F has changed.
 
Methods inherited from class javax.swing.JComponent
addAncestorListener, addNotify, addVetoableChangeListener, computeVisibleRect, contains, createToolTip, disable, enable, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, fireVetoableChange, getActionForKeyStroke, getActionMap, getAlignmentX, getAlignmentY, getAncestorListeners, getAutoscrolls, getBaseline, getBaselineResizeBehavior, getBorder, getBounds, getClientProperty, getComponentGraphics, getComponentPopupMenu, getConditionForKeyStroke, getDebugGraphicsOptions, getDefaultLocale, getFontMetrics, getGraphics, getHeight, getInheritsPopupMenu, getInputMap, getInputMap, getInputVerifier, getInsets, getInsets, getListeners, getLocation, getMaximumSize, getMinimumSize, getNextFocusableComponent, getPopupLocation, getPreferredSize, getRegisteredKeyStrokes, getRootPane, getSize, getToolTipLocation, getToolTipText, getToolTipText, getTopLevelAncestor, getTransferHandler, getVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget, getVetoableChangeListeners, getVisibleRect, getWidth, getX, getY, grabFocus, isDoubleBuffered, isLightweightComponent, isManagingFocus, isOpaque, isOptimizedDrawingEnabled, isPaintingForPrint, isPaintingTile, isRequestFocusEnabled, isValidateRoot, paint, paintBorder, paintChildren, paintComponent, paintImmediately, paintImmediately, print, printAll, printBorder, printChildren, printComponent, processComponentKeyEvent, processKeyBinding, processKeyEvent, processMouseEvent, processMouseMotionEvent, putClientProperty, registerKeyboardAction, registerKeyboardAction, removeAncestorListener, removeNotify, removeVetoableChangeListener, repaint, repaint, requestDefaultFocus, requestFocus, requestFocus, requestFocusInWindow, requestFocusInWindow, resetKeyboardActions, reshape, revalidate, scrollRectToVisible, setActionMap, setAlignmentX, setAlignmentY, setAutoscrolls, setBackground, setBorder, setComponentPopupMenu, setDebugGraphicsOptions, setDefaultLocale, setDoubleBuffered, setEnabled, setFocusTraversalKeys, setFont, setForeground, setInheritsPopupMenu, setInputMap, setInputVerifier, setMaximumSize, setMinimumSize, setNextFocusableComponent, setOpaque, setPreferredSize, setRequestFocusEnabled, setToolTipText, setTransferHandler, setUI, setVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget, setVisible, unregisterKeyboardAction, update
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Container
add, add, add, add, add, addContainerListener, addImpl, addPropertyChangeListener, addPropertyChangeListener, applyComponentOrientation, areFocusTraversalKeysSet, countComponents, deliverEvent, doLayout, findComponentAt, findComponentAt, getComponent, getComponentAt, getComponentAt, getComponentCount, getComponents, getComponentZOrder, getContainerListeners, getFocusTraversalKeys, getFocusTraversalPolicy, getLayout, getMousePosition, insets, invalidate, isAncestorOf, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusCycleRoot, isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, isFocusTraversalPolicySet, layout, list, list, locate, minimumSize, paintComponents, preferredSize, printComponents, processContainerEvent, processEvent, remove, remove, removeAll, removeContainerListener, setComponentZOrder, setFocusCycleRoot, setFocusTraversalPolicy, setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider, setLayout, transferFocusBackward, transferFocusDownCycle, validate, validateTree
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.Component
action, add, addComponentListener, addFocusListener, addHierarchyBoundsListener, addHierarchyListener, addInputMethodListener, addKeyListener, addMouseListener, addMouseMotionListener, addMouseWheelListener, bounds, checkImage, checkImage, coalesceEvents, contains, createImage, createImage, createVolatileImage, createVolatileImage, disableEvents, dispatchEvent, enable, enableEvents, enableInputMethods, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, firePropertyChange, getBackground, getBounds, getColorModel, getComponentListeners, getComponentOrientation, getCursor, getDropTarget, getFocusCycleRootAncestor, getFocusListeners, getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, getFont, getForeground, getGraphicsConfiguration, getHierarchyBoundsListeners, getHierarchyListeners, getIgnoreRepaint, getInputContext, getInputMethodListeners, getInputMethodRequests, getKeyListeners, getLocale, getLocation, getLocationOnScreen, getMouseListeners, getMouseMotionListeners, getMousePosition, getMouseWheelListeners, getName, getParent, getPeer, getPropertyChangeListeners, getPropertyChangeListeners, getSize, getToolkit, getTreeLock, gotFocus, handleEvent, hasFocus, hide, imageUpdate, inside, isBackgroundSet, isCursorSet, isDisplayable, isEnabled, isFocusable, isFocusOwner, isFocusTraversable, isFontSet, isForegroundSet, isLightweight, isMaximumSizeSet, isMinimumSizeSet, isPreferredSizeSet, isShowing, isValid, isVisible, keyDown, keyUp, list, list, list, location, lostFocus, mouseDown, mouseDrag, mouseEnter, mouseExit, mouseMove, mouseUp, move, nextFocus, paintAll, postEvent, prepareImage, prepareImage, processComponentEvent, processFocusEvent, processHierarchyBoundsEvent, processHierarchyEvent, processInputMethodEvent, processMouseWheelEvent, remove, removeComponentListener, removeFocusListener, removeHierarchyBoundsListener, removeHierarchyListener, removeInputMethodListener, removeKeyListener, removeMouseListener, removeMouseMotionListener, removeMouseWheelListener, removePropertyChangeListener, removePropertyChangeListener, repaint, repaint, repaint, resize, resize, setBounds, setBounds, setComponentOrientation, setCursor, setDropTarget, setFocusable, setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled, setIgnoreRepaint, setLocale, setLocation, setLocation, setName, setSize, setSize, show, show, size, toString, transferFocus, transferFocusUpCycle
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

UNINITIALIZED_VALUE

public static final Object UNINITIALIZED_VALUE
Indicates that the user has not yet selected a value.


DEFAULT_OPTION

public static final int DEFAULT_OPTION
Type meaning Look and Feel should not supply any options -- only use the options from the JOptionPane.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

YES_NO_OPTION

public static final int YES_NO_OPTION
Type used for showConfirmDialog.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION

public static final int YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
Type used for showConfirmDialog.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

OK_CANCEL_OPTION

public static final int OK_CANCEL_OPTION
Type used for showConfirmDialog.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

YES_OPTION

public static final int YES_OPTION
Return value from class method if YES is chosen.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

NO_OPTION

public static final int NO_OPTION
Return value from class method if NO is chosen.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

CANCEL_OPTION

public static final int CANCEL_OPTION
Return value from class method if CANCEL is chosen.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

OK_OPTION

public static final int OK_OPTION
Return value form class method if OK is chosen.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

CLOSED_OPTION

public static final int CLOSED_OPTION
Return value from class method if user closes window without selecting anything, more than likely this should be treated as either a CANCEL_OPTION or NO_OPTION.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

ERROR_MESSAGE

public static final int ERROR_MESSAGE
Used for error messages.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INFORMATION_MESSAGE

public static final int INFORMATION_MESSAGE
Used for information messages.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

WARNING_MESSAGE

public static final int WARNING_MESSAGE
Used for warning messages.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

QUESTION_MESSAGE

public static final int QUESTION_MESSAGE
Used for questions.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

PLAIN_MESSAGE

public static final int PLAIN_MESSAGE
No icon is used.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

ICON_PROPERTY

public static final String ICON_PROPERTY
Bound property name for icon.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MESSAGE_PROPERTY

public static final String MESSAGE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for message.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

VALUE_PROPERTY

public static final String VALUE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for value.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

OPTIONS_PROPERTY

public static final String OPTIONS_PROPERTY
Bound property name for option.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INITIAL_VALUE_PROPERTY

public static final String INITIAL_VALUE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for initialValue.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MESSAGE_TYPE_PROPERTY

public static final String MESSAGE_TYPE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for type.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

OPTION_TYPE_PROPERTY

public static final String OPTION_TYPE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for optionType.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

SELECTION_VALUES_PROPERTY

public static final String SELECTION_VALUES_PROPERTY
Bound property name for selectionValues.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INITIAL_SELECTION_VALUE_PROPERTY

public static final String INITIAL_SELECTION_VALUE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for initialSelectionValue.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INPUT_VALUE_PROPERTY

public static final String INPUT_VALUE_PROPERTY
Bound property name for inputValue.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

WANTS_INPUT_PROPERTY

public static final String WANTS_INPUT_PROPERTY
Bound property name for wantsInput.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

icon

protected transient Icon icon
Icon used in pane.


message

protected transient Object message
Message to display.


options

protected transient Object[] options
Options to display to the user.


initialValue

protected transient Object initialValue
Value that should be initially selected in options.


messageType

protected int messageType
Message type.


optionType

protected int optionType
Option type, one of DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION or OK_CANCEL_OPTION.


value

protected transient Object value
Currently selected value, will be a valid option, or UNINITIALIZED_VALUE or null.


selectionValues

protected transient Object[] selectionValues
Array of values the user can choose from. Look and feel will provide the UI component to choose this from.


inputValue

protected transient Object inputValue
Value the user has input.


initialSelectionValue

protected transient Object initialSelectionValue
Initial value to select in selectionValues.


wantsInput

protected boolean wantsInput
If true, a UI widget will be provided to the user to get input.

Constructor Detail

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane()
Creates a JOptionPane with a test message.


JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message)
Creates a instance of JOptionPane to display a message using the plain-message message type and the default options delivered by the UI.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message,
                   int messageType)
Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type and the default options,

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message,
                   int messageType,
                   int optionType)
Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type and options.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
optionType - the options to display in the pane: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, OK_CANCEL_OPTION

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message,
                   int messageType,
                   int optionType,
                   Icon icon)
Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, options, and icon.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
optionType - the options to display in the pane: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, OK_CANCEL_OPTION
icon - the Icon image to display

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message,
                   int messageType,
                   int optionType,
                   Icon icon,
                   Object[] options)
Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, icon, and options. None of the options is initially selected.

The options objects should contain either instances of Components, (which are added directly) or Strings (which are wrapped in a JButton). If you provide Components, you must ensure that when the Component is clicked it messages setValue in the created JOptionPane.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
optionType - the options to display in the pane: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, OK_CANCEL_OPTION
icon - the Icon image to display
options - the choices the user can select

JOptionPane

public JOptionPane(Object message,
                   int messageType,
                   int optionType,
                   Icon icon,
                   Object[] options,
                   Object initialValue)
Creates an instance of JOptionPane to display a message with the specified message type, icon, and options, with the initially-selected option specified.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
optionType - the options to display in the pane: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, OK_CANCEL_OPTION
icon - the Icon image to display
options - the choices the user can select
initialValue - the choice that is initially selected; if null, then nothing will be initially selected; only meaningful if options is used
Method Detail

showInputDialog

public static String showInputDialog(Object message)
                              throws HeadlessException
Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user. The dialog uses the default frame, which usually means it is centered on the screen.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showInputDialog

public static String showInputDialog(Object message,
                                     Object initialSelectionValue)
Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user, with the input value initialized to initialSelectionValue. The dialog uses the default frame, which usually means it is centered on the screen.

Parameters:
message - the Object to display
initialSelectionValue - the value used to initialize the input field
Since:
1.4

showInputDialog

public static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message)
                              throws HeadlessException
Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent. The dialog is displayed on top of the Component's frame, and is usually positioned below the Component.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showInputDialog

public static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message,
                                     Object initialSelectionValue)
Shows a question-message dialog requesting input from the user and parented to parentComponent. The input value will be initialized to initialSelectionValue. The dialog is displayed on top of the Component's frame, and is usually positioned below the Component.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
initialSelectionValue - the value used to initialize the input field
Since:
1.4

showInputDialog

public static String showInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message,
                                     String title,
                                     int messageType)
                              throws HeadlessException
Shows a dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent with the dialog having the title title and message type messageType.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
title - the String to display in the dialog title bar
messageType - the type of message that is to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showInputDialog

public static Object showInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message,
                                     String title,
                                     int messageType,
                                     Icon icon,
                                     Object[] selectionValues,
                                     Object initialSelectionValue)
                              throws HeadlessException
Prompts the user for input in a blocking dialog where the initial selection, possible selections, and all other options can be specified. The user will able to choose from selectionValues, where null implies the user can input whatever they wish, usually by means of a JTextField. initialSelectionValue is the initial value to prompt the user with. It is up to the UI to decide how best to represent the selectionValues, but usually a JComboBox, JList, or JTextField will be used.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
title - the String to display in the dialog title bar
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the Icon image to display
selectionValues - an array of Objects that gives the possible selections
initialSelectionValue - the value used to initialize the input field
Returns:
user's input, or null meaning the user canceled the input
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showMessageDialog

public static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message)
                              throws HeadlessException
Brings up an information-message dialog titled "Message".

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showMessageDialog

public static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message,
                                     String title,
                                     int messageType)
                              throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog that displays a message using a default icon determined by the messageType parameter.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showMessageDialog

public static void showMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                     Object message,
                                     String title,
                                     int messageType,
                                     Icon icon)
                              throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog displaying a message, specifying all parameters.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - an icon to display in the dialog that helps the user identify the kind of message that is being displayed
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showConfirmDialog

public static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                    Object message)
                             throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog with the options Yes, No and Cancel; with the title, Select an Option.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showConfirmDialog

public static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                    Object message,
                                    String title,
                                    int optionType)
                             throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an int designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, or OK_CANCEL_OPTION
Returns:
an int indicating the option selected by the user
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showConfirmDialog

public static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                    Object message,
                                    String title,
                                    int optionType,
                                    int messageType)
                             throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter, where the messageType parameter determines the icon to display. The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the Look and Feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used.
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, or OK_CANCEL_OPTION
messageType - an integer designating the kind of message this is; primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showConfirmDialog

public static int showConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                    Object message,
                                    String title,
                                    int optionType,
                                    int messageType,
                                    Icon icon)
                             throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog with a specified icon, where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter. The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the look and feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an int designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, or OK_CANCEL_OPTION
messageType - an int designating the kind of message this is, primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the icon to display in the dialog
Returns:
an int indicating the option selected by the user
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showOptionDialog

public static int showOptionDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                   Object message,
                                   String title,
                                   int optionType,
                                   int messageType,
                                   Icon icon,
                                   Object[] options,
                                   Object initialValue)
                            throws HeadlessException
Brings up a dialog with a specified icon, where the initial choice is determined by the initialValue parameter and the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.

If optionType is YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION and the options parameter is null, then the options are supplied by the look and feel.

The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the look and feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, or OK_CANCEL_OPTION
messageType - an integer designating the kind of message this is, primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the icon to display in the dialog
options - an array of objects indicating the possible choices the user can make; if the objects are components, they are rendered properly; non-String objects are rendered using their toString methods; if this parameter is null, the options are determined by the Look and Feel
initialValue - the object that represents the default selection for the dialog; only meaningful if options is used; can be null
Returns:
an integer indicating the option chosen by the user, or CLOSED_OPTION if the user closed the dialog
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

createDialog

public JDialog createDialog(Component parentComponent,
                            String title)
                     throws HeadlessException
Creates and returns a new JDialog wrapping this centered on the parentComponent in the parentComponent's frame. title is the title of the returned dialog. The returned JDialog will not be resizable by the user, however programs can invoke setResizable on the JDialog instance to change this property. The returned JDialog will be set up such that once it is closed, or the user clicks on one of the buttons, the optionpane's value property will be set accordingly and the dialog will be closed. Each time the dialog is made visible, it will reset the option pane's value property to JOptionPane.UNINITIALIZED_VALUE to ensure the user's subsequent action closes the dialog properly.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the frame in which the dialog is displayed; if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
title - the title string for the dialog
Returns:
a new JDialog containing this instance
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

createDialog

public JDialog createDialog(String title)
                     throws HeadlessException
Creates and returns a new parentless JDialog with the specified title. The returned JDialog will not be resizable by the user, however programs can invoke setResizable on the JDialog instance to change this property. The returned JDialog will be set up such that once it is closed, or the user clicks on one of the buttons, the optionpane's value property will be set accordingly and the dialog will be closed. Each time the dialog is made visible, it will reset the option pane's value property to JOptionPane.UNINITIALIZED_VALUE to ensure the user's subsequent action closes the dialog properly.

Parameters:
title - the title string for the dialog
Returns:
a new JDialog containing this instance
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
Since:
1.6
See Also:
GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

showInternalMessageDialog

public static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message)
Brings up an internal confirmation dialog panel. The dialog is a information-message dialog titled "Message".

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the object to display

showInternalMessageDialog

public static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message,
                                             String title,
                                             int messageType)
Brings up an internal dialog panel that displays a message using a default icon determined by the messageType parameter.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE

showInternalMessageDialog

public static void showInternalMessageDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message,
                                             String title,
                                             int messageType,
                                             Icon icon)
Brings up an internal dialog panel displaying a message, specifying all parameters.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
title - the title string for the dialog
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - an icon to display in the dialog that helps the user identify the kind of message that is being displayed

showInternalConfirmDialog

public static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                            Object message)
Brings up an internal dialog panel with the options Yes, No and Cancel; with the title, Select an Option.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the Object to display
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user

showInternalConfirmDialog

public static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                            Object message,
                                            String title,
                                            int optionType)
Brings up a internal dialog panel where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the object to display in the dialog; a Component object is rendered as a Component; a String object is rendered as a string; other objects are converted to a String using the toString method
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user

showInternalConfirmDialog

public static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                            Object message,
                                            String title,
                                            int optionType,
                                            int messageType)
Brings up an internal dialog panel where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter, where the messageType parameter determines the icon to display. The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the Look and Feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the object to display in the dialog; a Component object is rendered as a Component; a String object is rendered as a string; other objects are converted to a String using the toString method
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
messageType - an integer designating the kind of message this is, primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user

showInternalConfirmDialog

public static int showInternalConfirmDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                            Object message,
                                            String title,
                                            int optionType,
                                            int messageType,
                                            Icon icon)
Brings up an internal dialog panel with a specified icon, where the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter. The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the look and feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the object to display in the dialog; a Component object is rendered as a Component; a String object is rendered as a string; other objects are converted to a String using the toString method
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION.
messageType - an integer designating the kind of message this is, primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the icon to display in the dialog
Returns:
an integer indicating the option selected by the user

showInternalOptionDialog

public static int showInternalOptionDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                           Object message,
                                           String title,
                                           int optionType,
                                           int messageType,
                                           Icon icon,
                                           Object[] options,
                                           Object initialValue)
Brings up an internal dialog panel with a specified icon, where the initial choice is determined by the initialValue parameter and the number of choices is determined by the optionType parameter.

If optionType is YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION and the options parameter is null, then the options are supplied by the Look and Feel.

The messageType parameter is primarily used to supply a default icon from the look and feel.

Parameters:
parentComponent - determines the Frame in which the dialog is displayed; if null, or if the parentComponent has no Frame, a default Frame is used
message - the object to display in the dialog; a Component object is rendered as a Component; a String object is rendered as a string. Other objects are converted to a String using the toString method
title - the title string for the dialog
optionType - an integer designating the options available on the dialog: YES_NO_OPTION, or YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION
messageType - an integer designating the kind of message this is; primarily used to determine the icon from the pluggable Look and Feel: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the icon to display in the dialog
options - an array of objects indicating the possible choices the user can make; if the objects are components, they are rendered properly; non-String objects are rendered using their toString methods; if this parameter is null, the options are determined by the Look and Feel
initialValue - the object that represents the default selection for the dialog; only meaningful if options is used; can be null
Returns:
an integer indicating the option chosen by the user, or CLOSED_OPTION if the user closed the Dialog

showInternalInputDialog

public static String showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message)
Shows an internal question-message dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent. The dialog is displayed in the Component's frame, and is usually positioned below the Component.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display

showInternalInputDialog

public static String showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message,
                                             String title,
                                             int messageType)
Shows an internal dialog requesting input from the user parented to parentComponent with the dialog having the title title and message type messageType.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
title - the String to display in the dialog title bar
messageType - the type of message that is to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE

showInternalInputDialog

public static Object showInternalInputDialog(Component parentComponent,
                                             Object message,
                                             String title,
                                             int messageType,
                                             Icon icon,
                                             Object[] selectionValues,
                                             Object initialSelectionValue)
Prompts the user for input in a blocking internal dialog where the initial selection, possible selections, and all other options can be specified. The user will able to choose from selectionValues, where null implies the user can input whatever they wish, usually by means of a JTextField. initialSelectionValue is the initial value to prompt the user with. It is up to the UI to decide how best to represent the selectionValues, but usually a JComboBox, JList, or JTextField will be used.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the dialog
message - the Object to display
title - the String to display in the dialog title bar
messageType - the type of message to be displayed: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
icon - the Icon image to display
selectionValues - an array of Objects that gives the possible selections
initialSelectionValue - the value used to initialize the input field
Returns:
user's input, or null meaning the user canceled the input

createInternalFrame

public JInternalFrame createInternalFrame(Component parentComponent,
                                          String title)
Creates and returns an instance of JInternalFrame. The internal frame is created with the specified title, and wrapping the JOptionPane. The returned JInternalFrame is added to the JDesktopPane ancestor of parentComponent, or components parent if one its ancestors isn't a JDesktopPane, or if parentComponent doesn't have a parent then a RuntimeException is thrown.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the parent Component for the internal frame
title - the String to display in the frame's title bar
Returns:
a JInternalFrame containing a JOptionPane
Throws:
RuntimeException - if parentComponent does not have a valid parent

getFrameForComponent

public static Frame getFrameForComponent(Component parentComponent)
                                  throws HeadlessException
Returns the specified component's Frame.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the Component to check for a Frame
Returns:
the Frame that contains the component, or getRootFrame if the component is null, or does not have a valid Frame parent
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
getRootFrame(), GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

getDesktopPaneForComponent

public static JDesktopPane getDesktopPaneForComponent(Component parentComponent)
Returns the specified component's desktop pane.

Parameters:
parentComponent - the Component to check for a desktop
Returns:
the JDesktopPane that contains the component, or null if the component is null or does not have an ancestor that is a JInternalFrame

setRootFrame

public static void setRootFrame(Frame newRootFrame)
Sets the frame to use for class methods in which a frame is not provided.

Note: It is recommended that rather than using this method you supply a valid parent.

Parameters:
newRootFrame - the default Frame to use

getRootFrame

public static Frame getRootFrame()
                          throws HeadlessException
Returns the Frame to use for the class methods in which a frame is not provided.

Returns:
the default Frame to use
Throws:
HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless returns true
See Also:
setRootFrame(java.awt.Frame), GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless()

setUI

public void setUI(OptionPaneUI ui)
Sets the UI object which implements the L&F for this component.

Parameters:
ui - the OptionPaneUI L&F object
See Also:
UIDefaults.getUI(javax.swing.JComponent)

getUI

public OptionPaneUI getUI()
Returns the UI object which implements the L&F for this component.

Returns:
the OptionPaneUI object

updateUI

public void updateUI()
Notification from the UIManager that the L&F has changed. Replaces the current UI object with the latest version from the UIManager.

Overrides:
updateUI in class JComponent
See Also:
JComponent.updateUI()

getUIClassID

public String getUIClassID()
Returns the name of the UI class that implements the L&F for this component.

Overrides:
getUIClassID in class JComponent
Returns:
the string "OptionPaneUI"
See Also:
JComponent.getUIClassID(), UIDefaults.getUI(javax.swing.JComponent)

setMessage

public void setMessage(Object newMessage)
Sets the option pane's message-object.

Parameters:
newMessage - the Object to display
See Also:
getMessage()

getMessage

public Object getMessage()
Returns the message-object this pane displays.

Returns:
the Object that is displayed
See Also:
setMessage(java.lang.Object)

setIcon

public void setIcon(Icon newIcon)
Sets the icon to display. If non-null, the look and feel does not provide an icon.

Parameters:
newIcon - the Icon to display
See Also:
getIcon()

getIcon

public Icon getIcon()
Returns the icon this pane displays.

Returns:
the Icon that is displayed
See Also:
setIcon(javax.swing.Icon)

setValue

public void setValue(Object newValue)
Sets the value the user has chosen.

Parameters:
newValue - the chosen value
See Also:
getValue()

getValue

public Object getValue()
Returns the value the user has selected. UNINITIALIZED_VALUE implies the user has not yet made a choice, null means the user closed the window with out choosing anything. Otherwise the returned value will be one of the options defined in this object.

Returns:
the Object chosen by the user, UNINITIALIZED_VALUE if the user has not yet made a choice, or null if the user closed the window without making a choice
See Also:
setValue(java.lang.Object)

setOptions

public void setOptions(Object[] newOptions)
Sets the options this pane displays. If an element in newOptions is a Component it is added directly to the pane, otherwise a button is created for the element.

Parameters:
newOptions - an array of Objects that create the buttons the user can click on, or arbitrary Components to add to the pane
See Also:
getOptions()

getOptions

public Object[] getOptions()
Returns the choices the user can make.

Returns:
the array of Objects that give the user's choices
See Also:
setOptions(java.lang.Object[])

setInitialValue

public void setInitialValue(Object newInitialValue)
Sets the initial value that is to be enabled -- the Component that has the focus when the pane is initially displayed.

Parameters:
newInitialValue - the Object that gets the initial keyboard focus
See Also:
getInitialValue()

getInitialValue

public Object getInitialValue()
Returns the initial value.

Returns:
the Object that gets the initial keyboard focus
See Also:
setInitialValue(java.lang.Object)

setMessageType

public void setMessageType(int newType)
Sets the option pane's message type. The message type is used by the Look and Feel to determine the icon to display (if not supplied) as well as potentially how to lay out the parentComponent.

Parameters:
newType - an integer specifying the kind of message to display: ERROR_MESSAGE, INFORMATION_MESSAGE, WARNING_MESSAGE, QUESTION_MESSAGE, or PLAIN_MESSAGE
Throws:
RuntimeException - if newType is not one of the legal values listed above
See Also:
getMessageType()

getMessageType

public int getMessageType()
Returns the message type.

Returns:
an integer specifying the message type
See Also:
setMessageType(int)

setOptionType

public void setOptionType(int newType)
Sets the options to display. The option type is used by the Look and Feel to determine what buttons to show (unless options are supplied).

Parameters:
newType - an integer specifying the options the L&F is to display: DEFAULT_OPTION, YES_NO_OPTION, YES_NO_CANCEL_OPTION, or OK_CANCEL_OPTION
Throws:
RuntimeException - if newType is not one of the legal values listed above
See Also:
getOptionType(), setOptions(java.lang.Object[])

getOptionType

public int getOptionType()
Returns the type of options that are displayed.

Returns:
an integer specifying the user-selectable options
See Also:
setOptionType(int)

setSelectionValues

public void setSelectionValues(Object[] newValues)
Sets the input selection values for a pane that provides the user with a list of items to choose from. (The UI provides a widget for choosing one of the values.) A null value implies the user can input whatever they wish, usually by means of a JTextField.

Sets wantsInput to true. Use setInitialSelectionValue to specify the initially-chosen value. After the pane as been enabled, inputValue is set to the value the user has selected.

Parameters:
newValues - an array of Objects the user to be displayed (usually in a list or combo-box) from which the user can make a selection
See Also:
setWantsInput(boolean), setInitialSelectionValue(java.lang.Object), getSelectionValues()

getSelectionValues

public Object[] getSelectionValues()
Returns the input selection values.

Returns:
the array of Objects the user can select
See Also:
setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[])

setInitialSelectionValue

public void setInitialSelectionValue(Object newValue)
Sets the input value that is initially displayed as selected to the user. Only used if wantsInput is true.

Parameters:
newValue - the initially selected value
See Also:
setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[]), getInitialSelectionValue()

getInitialSelectionValue

public Object getInitialSelectionValue()
Returns the input value that is displayed as initially selected to the user.

Returns:
the initially selected value
See Also:
setInitialSelectionValue(java.lang.Object), setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[])

setInputValue

public void setInputValue(Object newValue)
Sets the input value that was selected or input by the user. Only used if wantsInput is true. Note that this method is invoked internally by the option pane (in response to user action) and should generally not be called by client programs. To set the input value initially displayed as selected to the user, use setInitialSelectionValue.

Parameters:
newValue - the Object used to set the value that the user specified (usually in a text field)
See Also:
setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[]), setInitialSelectionValue(java.lang.Object), setWantsInput(boolean), getInputValue()

getInputValue

public Object getInputValue()
Returns the value the user has input, if wantsInput is true.

Returns:
the Object the user specified, if it was one of the objects, or a String if it was a value typed into a field
See Also:
setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[]), setWantsInput(boolean), setInputValue(java.lang.Object)

getMaxCharactersPerLineCount

public int getMaxCharactersPerLineCount()
Returns the maximum number of characters to place on a line in a message. Default is to return Integer.MAX_VALUE. The value can be changed by overriding this method in a subclass.

Returns:
an integer giving the maximum number of characters on a line

setWantsInput

public void setWantsInput(boolean newValue)
Sets the wantsInput property. If newValue is true, an input component (such as a text field or combo box) whose parent is parentComponent is provided to allow the user to input a value. If getSelectionValues returns a non-null array, the input value is one of the objects in that array. Otherwise the input value is whatever the user inputs.

This is a bound property.

See Also:
setSelectionValues(java.lang.Object[]), setInputValue(java.lang.Object)

getWantsInput

public boolean getWantsInput()
Returns the value of the wantsInput property.

Returns:
true if an input component will be provided
See Also:
setWantsInput(boolean)

selectInitialValue

public void selectInitialValue()
Requests that the initial value be selected, which will set focus to the initial value. This method should be invoked after the window containing the option pane is made visible.


paramString

protected String paramString()
Returns a string representation of this JOptionPane. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.

Overrides:
paramString in class JComponent
Returns:
a string representation of this JOptionPane

getAccessibleContext

public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()
Returns the AccessibleContext associated with this JOptionPane. For option panes, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJOptionPane. A new AccessibleJOptionPane instance is created if necessary.

Specified by:
getAccessibleContext in interface Accessible
Overrides:
getAccessibleContext in class JComponent
Returns:
an AccessibleJOptionPane that serves as the AccessibleContext of this AccessibleJOptionPane

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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