Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

org.ietf.jgss
Interface GSSCredential

All Superinterfaces:
Cloneable

public interface GSSCredential
extends Cloneable

This interface encapsulates the GSS-API credentials for an entity. A credential contains all the necessary cryptographic information to enable the creation of a context on behalf of the entity that it represents. It may contain multiple, distinct, mechanism specific credential elements, each containing information for a specific security mechanism, but all referring to the same entity. A credential may be used to perform context initiation, acceptance, or both.

Credentials are instantiated using one of the createCredential methods in the GSSManager class. GSS-API credential creation is not intended to provide a "login to the network" function, as such a function would involve the creation of new credentials rather than merely acquiring a handle to existing credentials. The section on credential acquisition in the package level description describes how existing credentials are acquired in the Java platform. GSS-API implementations must impose a local access-control policy on callers to prevent unauthorized callers from acquiring credentials to which they are not entitled.

Applications will create a credential object passing the desired parameters. The application can then use the query methods to obtain specific information about the instantiated credential object. When the credential is no longer needed, the application should call the dispose method to release any resources held by the credential object and to destroy any cryptographically sensitive information.

This example code demonstrates the creation of a GSSCredential implementation for a specific entity, querying of its fields, and its release when it is no longer needed:

    GSSManager manager = GSSManager.getInstance();

    // start by creating a name object for the entity
    GSSName name = manager.createName("myusername", GSSName.NT_USER_NAME);

    // now acquire credentials for the entity
    GSSCredential cred = manager.createCredential(name,
                    GSSCredential.ACCEPT_ONLY);

    // display credential information - name, remaining lifetime,
    // and the mechanisms it has been acquired over
    System.out.println(cred.getName().toString());
    System.out.println(cred.getRemainingLifetime());

    Oid [] mechs = cred.getMechs();
    if (mechs != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < mechs.length; i++)
                    System.out.println(mechs[i].toString());
    }

    // release system resources held by the credential
    cred.dispose();
 

Since:
1.4
See Also:
GSSManager.createCredential(int), GSSManager.createCredential(GSSName, int, Oid, int), GSSManager.createCredential(GSSName, int, Oid[], int), dispose()

Field Summary
static int ACCEPT_ONLY
          Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for context acceptance only.
static int DEFAULT_LIFETIME
          A lifetime constant representing the default credential lifetime.
static int INDEFINITE_LIFETIME
          A lifetime constant representing indefinite credential lifetime.
static int INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT
          Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for both context initiation and acceptance.
static int INITIATE_ONLY
          Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for context initiation only.
 
Method Summary
 void add(GSSName name, int initLifetime, int acceptLifetime, Oid mech, int usage)
          Adds a mechanism specific credential-element to an existing credential.
 void dispose()
          Releases any sensitive information that the GSSCredential object may be containing.
 boolean equals(Object another)
          Tests if this GSSCredential asserts the same entity as the supplied object.
 Oid[] getMechs()
          Returns a list of mechanisms supported by this credential.
 GSSName getName()
          Retrieves the name of the entity that the credential asserts.
 GSSName getName(Oid mech)
          Retrieves a Mechanism Name of the entity that the credential asserts.
 int getRemainingAcceptLifetime(Oid mech)
          Returns the lifetime in seconds for the credential to remain capable of accepting security contexts using the specified mechanism.
 int getRemainingInitLifetime(Oid mech)
          Returns the lifetime in seconds for the credential to remain capable of initiating security contexts using the specified mechanism.
 int getRemainingLifetime()
          Returns the remaining lifetime in seconds for a credential.
 int getUsage()
          Returns the credential usage mode.
 int getUsage(Oid mech)
          Returns the credential usage mode for a specific mechanism.
 int hashCode()
          Returns a hashcode value for this GSSCredential.
 

Field Detail

INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT

static final int INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT
Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for both context initiation and acceptance.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INITIATE_ONLY

static final int INITIATE_ONLY
Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for context initiation only.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

ACCEPT_ONLY

static final int ACCEPT_ONLY
Credential usage flag requesting that it be usable for context acceptance only.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

DEFAULT_LIFETIME

static final int DEFAULT_LIFETIME
A lifetime constant representing the default credential lifetime. This value it set to 0.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

INDEFINITE_LIFETIME

static final int INDEFINITE_LIFETIME
A lifetime constant representing indefinite credential lifetime. This value must is set to the maximum integer value in Java - Integer.MAX_VALUE.

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Method Detail

dispose

void dispose()
             throws GSSException
Releases any sensitive information that the GSSCredential object may be containing. Applications should call this method as soon as the credential is no longer needed to minimize the time any sensitive information is maintained.

Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.FAILURE

getName

GSSName getName()
                throws GSSException
Retrieves the name of the entity that the credential asserts.

Returns:
a GSSName representing the entity
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.FAILURE

getName

GSSName getName(Oid mech)
                throws GSSException
Retrieves a Mechanism Name of the entity that the credential asserts. This is equivalent to calling canonicalize on the value returned by the other form of getName.

Parameters:
mech - the Oid of the mechanism for which the Mechanism Name should be returned.
Returns:
a GSSName representing the entity canonicalized for the desired mechanism
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.BAD_MECH, GSSException.FAILURE

getRemainingLifetime

int getRemainingLifetime()
                         throws GSSException
Returns the remaining lifetime in seconds for a credential. The remaining lifetime is the minimum lifetime amongst all of the underlying mechanism specific credential elements.

Returns:
the minimum remaining lifetime in seconds for this credential. A return value of INDEFINITE_LIFETIME indicates that the credential does not expire. A return value of 0 indicates that the credential is already expired.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.FAILURE
See Also:
getRemainingInitLifetime(Oid), getRemainingAcceptLifetime(Oid)

getRemainingInitLifetime

int getRemainingInitLifetime(Oid mech)
                             throws GSSException
Returns the lifetime in seconds for the credential to remain capable of initiating security contexts using the specified mechanism. This method queries the initiator credential element that belongs to the specified mechanism.

Parameters:
mech - the Oid of the mechanism whose intiator credential element should be queried.
Returns:
the number of seconds remaining in the life of this credential element. A return value of INDEFINITE_LIFETIME indicates that the credential element does not expire. A return value of 0 indicates that the credential element is already expired.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.BAD_MECH, GSSException.FAILURE

getRemainingAcceptLifetime

int getRemainingAcceptLifetime(Oid mech)
                               throws GSSException
Returns the lifetime in seconds for the credential to remain capable of accepting security contexts using the specified mechanism. This method queries the acceptor credential element that belongs to the specified mechanism.

Parameters:
mech - the Oid of the mechanism whose acceptor credential element should be queried.
Returns:
the number of seconds remaining in the life of this credential element. A return value of INDEFINITE_LIFETIME indicates that the credential element does not expire. A return value of 0 indicates that the credential element is already expired.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.BAD_MECH, GSSException.FAILURE

getUsage

int getUsage()
             throws GSSException
Returns the credential usage mode. In other words, it tells us if this credential can be used for initiating or accepting security contexts. It does not tell us which mechanism(s) has to be used in order to do so. It is expected that an application will allow the GSS-API to pick a default mechanism after calling this method.

Returns:
The return value will be one of INITIATE_ONLY, ACCEPT_ONLY, and INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.FAILURE

getUsage

int getUsage(Oid mech)
             throws GSSException
Returns the credential usage mode for a specific mechanism. In other words, it tells us if this credential can be used for initiating or accepting security contexts with a given underlying mechanism.

Parameters:
mech - the Oid of the mechanism whose credentials usage mode is to be determined.
Returns:
The return value will be one of INITIATE_ONLY, ACCEPT_ONLY, and INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.BAD_MECH, GSSException.FAILURE

getMechs

Oid[] getMechs()
               throws GSSException
Returns a list of mechanisms supported by this credential. It does not tell us which ones can be used to initiate contexts and which ones can be used to accept contexts. The application must call the getUsage method with each of the returned Oid's to determine the possible modes of usage.

Returns:
an array of Oid's corresponding to the supported mechanisms.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.FAILURE

add

void add(GSSName name,
         int initLifetime,
         int acceptLifetime,
         Oid mech,
         int usage)
         throws GSSException
Adds a mechanism specific credential-element to an existing credential. This method allows the construction of credentials, one mechanism at a time.

This routine is envisioned to be used mainly by context acceptors during the creation of acceptor credentials which are to be used with a variety of clients using different security mechanisms.

This routine adds the new credential element "in-place". To add the element in a new credential, first call clone to obtain a copy of this credential, then call its add method.

As always, GSS-API implementations must impose a local access-control policy on callers to prevent unauthorized callers from acquiring credentials to which they are not entitled. Non-default values for initLifetime and acceptLifetime cannot always be honored by the underlying mechanisms, thus callers should be prepared to call getRemainingInitLifetime and getRemainingAcceptLifetime on the credential.

Parameters:
name - the name of the principal for whom this credential is to be acquired. Use null to specify the default principal.
initLifetime - the number of seconds that the credential element should remain valid for initiating of security contexts. Use GSSCredential.INDEFINITE_LIFETIME to request that the credentials have the maximum permitted lifetime for this. Use GSSCredential.DEFAULT_LIFETIME to request default credential lifetime for this.
acceptLifetime - the number of seconds that the credential element should remain valid for accepting security contexts. Use GSSCredential.INDEFINITE_LIFETIME to request that the credentials have the maximum permitted lifetime for this. Use GSSCredential.DEFAULT_LIFETIME to request default credential lifetime for this.
mech - the mechanism over which the credential is to be acquired.
usage - the usage mode that this credential element should add to the credential. The value of this parameter must be one of: INITIATE_AND_ACCEPT, ACCEPT_ONLY, and INITIATE_ONLY.
Throws:
GSSException - containing the following major error codes: GSSException.DUPLICATE_ELEMENT, GSSException.BAD_MECH, GSSException.BAD_NAMETYPE, GSSException.NO_CRED, GSSException.CREDENTIALS_EXPIRED, GSSException.FAILURE

equals

boolean equals(Object another)
Tests if this GSSCredential asserts the same entity as the supplied object. The two credentials must be acquired over the same mechanisms and must refer to the same principal.

Overrides:
equals in class Object
Parameters:
another - another GSSCredential for comparison to this one
Returns:
true if the two GSSCredentials assert the same entity; false otherwise.
See Also:
Object.hashCode(), Hashtable

hashCode

int hashCode()
Returns a hashcode value for this GSSCredential.

Overrides:
hashCode in class Object
Returns:
a hashCode value
See Also:
Object.equals(java.lang.Object), Hashtable

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

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