ActiveX Bridge Developer Guide

Implementation for SDK/JRE 1.4.2 and Above

This document includes the following topics:

The Example Applications chapter describes two example applications.

Overview

The ActiveX Bridge allow a component based on JavaBeans(TM) component architecture ("bean") to be effectively packaged as an ActiveX control, thereby allowing it to be used as a functional component in an ActiveX container.

Note that this implementation of the ActiveX Bridge may not be compatible with the previous implementation for SDK/JRE 1.1 through 1.3.1. In order to use the new bridge, beans will need to be repackaged.

Supported OSs and ActiveX Containers

For development purposes, this implementation supports the following OSs and ActiveX Containers:

OSs: Windows NT, 2000, XP.

ActiveX Containers: Visual Studio 6.0 with SP3.

Note that packaged beans should run on any Windows platform and in any ActiveX container—not just those platforms and containers listed above.

Packaging the Bean

Notes

1. Running the packager (packager.exe) requires that you have the following installed on your computer:

  • SDK 1.4.2 or higher
  • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 with SP3

2. In order for packager to work you must first run VCVARS32.BAT. cd to the /bin directory where it is located in your Microsoft Visual C++ installation and type VCVARS32.

Use packager.exe to generated the .dll for the bean.

Use of packager.exe is as follows:

Packager Usage

Usage: packager [-options] <jar file name> <bean name>

where options include:
   -clsid <class-id>         CLSID for the packaged bean
   -out <output directory>   destination directory for the packaged bean
   -reg                      consent to register the Active-X control

Additional Information

Example

For example, suppose <bean>.jar is jelly.jar; jelly.jar is located at C:\my_bean_jars; the fully qualified bean name is sunw.demo.jelly.JellyBean; and the SDK is j2sdk1.4.2. You could run packager.exe as follows:

C:\j2sdk1.4.2\bin\packager -clsid {D824B185-AE3C-11D6-ABF5-00B0D07B8581} -out C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.2\axbridge\bin -reg C:\my_bean_jars\jelly.jar sunw.demo.jelly.JellyBean

The packager would:

Manually Registering the bean .dll

If you don't use the -reg option with packager.exe as shown above, you can manually register the .dll with regsvr32.exe. cd to the directory where the .dll file is located (e.g., C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.2\axbridge\bin) and type:

<path_regsvr32>\regsvr32 <bean name>.dll

Suppose you are running Windows 2000. regsvr32.exe is located at C:\winnt\system32 on Windows 2000. Then to register JellyBean.dll you would do this:

C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.2\axbridge\bin>C:\winnt\system32\regsvr32 JellyBean.dll

This will:

Using the Bean in an Application

Now that the bean is registered as an ActiveX control, you should be able to insert it into an ActiveX container. In the case of the ActiveX Control Test Container that comes with Visual Studio, on the main menu go to Edit>Insert New Control... and scroll down the list until you find the bean control. In the case of the JellyBean.dll control, it shows up as JellyBean Bean Control. Below it is shown inserted into the Visual Studio test container.

Deployment

To deploy a bean packaged as an ActiveX control in an application, you will need to include registration of the .dll as part of the installation process. The .dll should be installed into the <jre_home>axbridge\bin directory, and it should be registered there with regsvr32.exe. As stated previously, when the .dll is registered, the bean .jar will be placed in the <jre_home>\axbridge\lib directory.

Java Objects in the ActiveX Bridge Environment

Java objects are accessible via wrapper objects supporting the IDispatch interface; i.e., they are accessed indirectly through the ActiveX Bridge. For example, if you are working with a packaged bean in Visual Basic (VB) and want to pass a Java object as an argument to a bean method, it is necessary that either (1) the bean has a method that returns the required type of Java object; or (2) the Java object is available as a bean property.

For example, consider the calendar example, JCalendarPanel, in the Examples chapter.

If you were working directly in Java with this bean, you would create a Date object, set its properties, then pass it as an argument to the setSelectedDate() method of JCalendarePanel. The way this is done with the ActiveX Bridge as follows:

Assuming you are working in VB and have an instance of JCalendarPanel called JCalendarPanel1, in VB you could use the JCalendarPanel1.selectedDate property to get a Date object:

Set dat = JCalendarPanel1.selectedDate

Then you would use the VB methods of the Date object (dat) to set it. For instance:

dat.setYear (1986 - 1900)
dat.setMonth (11 - 1)
dat.setDate 24

Finally, you would use the setSelectedDate method of JCalendarPanel1 to set the date:

JCalendarPanel1.setSelectedDate dat

Other Considerations

Methods and Method Overloading

All the methods provided by the BeanInfo via getMethodDescriptors() are accessible from ActiveX containers.

However, if a method is overloaded, only the method which takes the highest number of arguments will be available. This is because COM IDL does not support overloading. However, the argument and return value type will be VARIANT. Each argument is optional. For any overloaded method you will need to refer to the bean documentation to know the exact number of arguments and their types. Methods or property names which are identical to any MIDL keyword are dropped.

Properties

All the properties are accessible though the bridge with the same access right as defined in the BeanInfo via PropertyDescriptor. The ActiveX bridge will invoke the accessor methods as defined in the PropertyDescriptor.

If the bean property is bound or constrained, the bindable or requestedit flags are set in the attributes of the COM property. The container is notified of the property change through IPropertyNotifySink interface. If the property is constrained and the container denies the property change, then the bean PropertyVetoException is thrown by the bridge.

For primitive types and for string, font, and color properties, most ActiveX containers like Visual Basic will allow direct manipulation of properties in their PropertySheet. For all other properties, such as arrays or objects, the properties will not be accessible in the PropertySheet but can still be invoked through the scripting language associated with the container.

Ambient Properties

The bridge will support four ambient properties that get translated to the bean properties if the bean component implements these properties. These ambient properties will be read and set on the bean component when the component is initialized and each time a change notification for the ambient properties is received.

DISPID_BACKCOLOR
DISPID_FORECOLOR
DISPID_FONT
DISPID_ENABLED

The bridge will forward ActiveX container ambient property changes to the bean via setting properties.

Events

All source interfaces that are declared as default in the EventSetDescriptor array returned by the BeanInfo will be merged into one interface which is declared as being the ActiveX default source interface. It is an ActiveX requirement that at least the default source interface is accessible by ActiveX containers.

Each method returned by the getListenerMethodDescriptors API of the EventSetDescriptor is mapped to an ActiveX event. The event name is the method name. Since all default interfaces of beans are merged to a unique interface, interfaces that contain the same method name are not allowed.

Consider, for example the java.awt.event.ActionListener source interface:

public interface ActionListener extends EventListener {

  public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e);

}

The ActiveX event name generated from this interface definition is actionPerformed. For example, in case of Visual Basic the event signature looks like this:

Private Sub Button_actionPerformed (ByVal evt As Object)

  MsgBox evt.toString

End-Sub

The evt provided to the container is an automation object, which represents the java.awt.AWTEvent Object. Containers could access the information on the event by invoking the methods supported by the AWTEvent class.

Security

The bean packaged as an ActiveX control will be part of a stand-alone application. Hence it will be executed outside the applet sand box security model.

In Internet Explorer scripting of the bean is not safe, as it has been granted the AllPermission permission.

JVM Configuration

Note that you can configure the JVM through the Java Plug-in Control Panel. The following tabs are relevant to the ActiveX Bridge:

You can use the Java Console for debugging beans.

 


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