Using Adapter Activators

When creating a new POA, the application developer may declare specific policy choices for the new POA and provide a different adapter activator and servant manager (these are callback objects used by the POA to activate POAs on demand and activate servants). Creating new POAs also allows the application developer to partition the name space of objects, as Object Ids are interpreted relative to a POA. Finally, by creating new POAs, the developer can independently control request processing for multiple sets of objects.

An adapter activator is optional. You would use an adapter activator if POAs need to be created during request processing. If all needed POAs are created when the application is initialized, an adapter activator is not required.

An adapter activator supplies a POA with the ability to create child POAs on demand, as a side-effect of receiving a request that names the child POA (or one of its children), or when the find_POA method is called with an activate parameter value of TRUE. The ORB will invoke an operation on an adapter activator when a request is received for a child POA that does not currently exist. The adapter activator can then create the required POA on demand.

A request must be capable of conveying the Object Id of the target object as well as the identification of the POA that created the target object reference. When a client issues a request, the ORB first locates an appropriate server (perhaps starting one if needed) and then it locates the appropriate POA within that server.

If the POA does not exist in the server process, the application has the opportunity to re-create the required POA by using an adapter activator. An adapter activator is a user-implemented object that can be associated with a POA. It is invoked by the ORB when a request is received for a nonexistent child POA. The adapter activator has the opportunity to create the required POA. If it does not, the client receives the ADAPTER_NONEXISTENT exception.

Once the ORB has located the appropriate POA, it delivers the request to that POA. The further processing of that request depends both upon the policies associated with that POA as well as the object's current state of activation.

An Example Using Adapter Activators

The following example code shows an application that uses Adapter Activators to enable the POA to be created during request processing. This application builds on the "Hello World" example. The following files are included in this example:

For instructions on running this example, see Running the Example Adapter Activator Application.

Client.java

The code for the example client initializes the ORB, resolves HelloServant, and invokes the sayHello() method.


//Client.java
import org.omg.CORBA.ORB;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContext;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContextHelper;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NameComponent;

public class Client {

    public void run(String[] args) {
        try {
            //initialize the orb
            ORB orb = ORB.init(args, null);
            System.out.println("ORB initialized");

            NamingContext namingContext = NamingContextHelper.narrow(
                orb.resolve_initial_references("NameService"));
            NameComponent[] nc = { new NameComponent("HelloServer", "") };

            //resolve HelloServant and invoke sayHello()
            Hello helloRef = HelloHelper.narrow(namingContext.resolve(nc));
            System.out.println("Resolved HelloServant");

            System.out.println(helloRef.sayHello());

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new Client().run(args);
    }
}

Server.java

The code for the server does the following:


//Server.java
import org.omg.CORBA.ORB;
import org.omg.CORBA.LocalObject;
import org.omg.CORBA.Policy;
import org.omg.PortableServer.POA;
import org.omg.PortableServer.POAHelper;
import org.omg.PortableServer.AdapterActivator;
import org.omg.PortableServer.IdAssignmentPolicyValue;
import org.omg.PortableServer.LifespanPolicyValue;
import org.omg.PortableServer.ImplicitActivationPolicyValue;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContext;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContextHelper;
import org.omg.CosNaming.NameComponent;

public class Server {

    public void run(String[] args) {
        try {
            //initialize the orb
            ORB orb = ORB.init(args, null);
            System.out.println("ORB initialized");

            //resolve RootPOA
            POA rootPOA = POAHelper.narrow(
                orb.resolve_initial_references("RootPOA"));

            //register adapter activator with rootPOA so that child POAs can
            //be created on demand
            rootPOA.the_activator(new MyAdapterActivator());

            //find_POA with an activate parameter TRUE would cause the
            //adapter activator associated with rootPOA to be invoked if
            //'HelloPOA' does not exist
            POA childPOA = rootPOA.find_POA("HelloPOA", true);

            //Create the object reference for HelloServant
            //and register with naming service
            org.omg.CORBA.Object obj = childPOA.id_to_reference(
                "abcd".getBytes());
            Hello helloRef = HelloHelper.narrow(obj);

            NamingContext namingContext = NamingContextHelper.narrow(
                orb.resolve_initial_references("NameService"));
            NameComponent[] nc = { new NameComponent("HelloServer", "") };
            namingContext.rebind(nc, helloRef);

            //Destroy 'HelloPOA'. This POA will be transparently recreated when
            //ORB receives a request on HelloPOA using the adapter activator we
            //registered with the RootPOA
            childPOA.destroy(true, true);

            //activate rootPOA
            rootPOA.the_POAManager().activate();

            //wait for incoming requests
            System.out.println("Server ready and running....");
            orb.run();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new Server().run(args);
    }
}

class MyAdapterActivator extends LocalObject implements AdapterActivator {

    public boolean unknown_adapter(POA parent, String name) {
        System.out.println("unknown_adapter() invoked for POA - " + name);
        try {
            // create the POA with appropriate policies
            // this sample uses PERSISTENT, NO_IMPLICIT_ACTIVATION
            // and USER_ID policies
            Policy[] policy = new Policy[3];
            policy[0] = parent.create_lifespan_policy(
                LifespanPolicyValue.PERSISTENT);
            policy[1] = parent.create_id_assignment_policy(
                IdAssignmentPolicyValue.USER_ID);
            policy[2] = parent.create_implicit_activation_policy(
                ImplicitActivationPolicyValue.NO_IMPLICIT_ACTIVATION);

            POA child = parent.create_POA(name, null, policy);

            //Associate the servant with the new POA
            HelloServant hello = new HelloServant();
            child.activate_object_with_id("abcd".getBytes(), hello);

            //activate the new POA
            child.the_POAManager().activate();

            return true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }
}

Hello.idl

This Interface Definition Language (IDL) file is used in all of the "Hello World" example variations on this site. This IDL file describes a CORBA object whose sayHello() operation returns a string.

interface Hello {
   string sayHello();
};

HelloServant.java

The servant is the implementation of the Hello IDL interface; each Hello instance is implemented by a HelloServant instance. The servant is a subclass of HelloPOA, which is generated by the idlj compiler from the example IDL. The servant contains one method for each IDL operation, in this example, the sayHello() method. Servant methods are just like ordinary Java methods; the extra code to deal with the ORB, with marshaling arguments and results, and so on, is provided by the skeleton.

//HelloServant.java
public class HelloServant extends HelloPOA {

    public String sayHello() {
        return "Hello :)";
    }
}

Makefile

The make program generates a sequence of commands for execution by the Unix shell.


JAVA_HOME=<path_to_your_Java_installation_bin_directory>

#setup tools
JAVA=$(JAVA_HOME)/bin/java
JAVAC=$(JAVA_HOME)/bin/javac
IDLJ=$(JAVA_HOME)/bin/idlj
ORBD=$(JAVA_HOME)/bin/orbd

all     : clean build run

clean   :
        - rm -rf classes orb.db

build   :
        mkdir -p classes
        $(IDLJ) -fall -td classes Hello.idl
        $(JAVAC) -classpath classes -d classes HelloServant.java Server.java Client.java

run     : runorbd register runclient

runorbd :
        $(ORBD) -ORBInitialPort 10001 &
        sleep 20

register:
        #servertool does not support script based register due to a bug
        #using class instead
        #Please note that the name of the servertool 
        #class may change in future releases.
        $(JAVA) com.sun.corba.se.internal.Activation.ServerTool \
        -ORBInitialPort 10001 -cmd \
        register -server Server -classpath classes

runclient :
        $(JAVA) -classpath classes Client -ORBInitialPort 10001



run.bat

The bat utility generates a sequence of commands for execution by the Microsoft Windows command shell.


SET JAVA_HOME=<path_to_your_Java_installation_build_directory>

mkdir classes

%JAVA_HOME%\bin\idlj -fall -td classes Hello.idl
%JAVA_HOME%\bin\javac -classpath classes -d classes HelloServant.java Server.java Client.java

REM - Start the ORB daemon

start %JAVA_HOME%\bin\orbd -ORBInitialPort 10001 -ORBDebug orbd
@echo Wait 10-15 seconds for the orbd to start
@pause

REM - Register the persistent server with orbd using servertool
REM - Please note that the name of the servertool 
REM - class may change in future releases.
%JAVA_HOME%\bin\java com.sun.corba.se.internal.Activation.ServerTool -ORBInitialPort 10001 -cmd register -server Server -classpath classes

%JAVA_HOME%\bin\java -classpath classes Client -ORBInitialPort 10001


Running the Example Adapter Activator Application

To run this example,

You will see output generated to the terminal window similar to that below when you run the Makefile:


rm -rf classes orb.db
mkdir -p classes
/j2sdk1.5.0/bin/idlj -fall -td classes Hello.idl
/j2sdk1.5.0/bin/javac -classpath classes -d classes HelloServant.java Server.java Client.java
/j2sdk1.5.0/bin/orbd -ORBInitialPort 10001 &
sleep 20
#servertool does not support script based register due to a bug
#using class instead
#Please note that the name of the servertool 
#class may change in future releases.
/j2sdk1.5.0/bin/java com.sun.corba.se.internal.Activation.ServerTool \
-ORBInitialPort 10001 -cmd \
register -server Server -classpath classes

        server registered (serverid = 257).

/j2sdk1.5.0/bin/java -classpath classes Client -ORBInitialPort 10001
ORB initialized
Resolved HelloServant
Hello :)

Shut down ORBD when you have completed this example.

Further Information

For more information on Adapter Activators, please refer to section 11.3.3 of the CORBA 2.3.1 Specification or the AdapterActivatorOperations API documentation.


Java IDL Home

Oracle and/or its affiliates
Java Technology

Copyright © 1993, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Contact Us