Supported Encodings

The classes java.io.InputStreamReader, java.io.OutputStreamWriter, java.lang.String, and classes in the java.nio.charset package can convert between Unicode and a number of other character encodings. The supported encodings vary between different implementations of the Java platform. The class description for java.nio.charset.Charset lists the encodings that any implementation of the Java Platform, Standard Edition 6 is required to support.

Sun's Java SE Development Kit 6 for all platforms (SolarisTM operating environment, Linux, and Microsoft Windows) and the Java SE Runtime Environment 6 for Solaris and Linux support all encodings shown on this page. Sun's Java SE Runtime Environment 6 for Windows may be installed as a complete international version or as a European languages version. The JRE installer by default installs a European languages version if it recognizes that the host operating system only supports European languages. If the installer recognizes that any other language is needed, or if the user requests support for non-European languages in a customized installation, a complete international version is installed. The European languages version only supports the encodings shown in the first table. The international version (which includes the lib/charsets.jar file) supports all encodings shown on this page.

The following tables show the encoding sets supported by Java SE 6. The canonical names used by the new java.nio APIs are in many cases not the same as those used in the java.io and java.lang APIs.

Basic Encoding Set (contained in lib/rt.jar)

Canonical Name for java.nio API

Canonical Name for java.io and java.lang API

Description

IBM00858

Cp858

Variant of Cp850 with Euro character

IBM437

Cp437

MS-DOS United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa

IBM775

Cp775

PC Baltic

IBM850

Cp850

MS-DOS Latin-1

IBM852

Cp852

MS-DOS Latin-2

IBM855

Cp855

IBM Cyrillic

IBM857

Cp857

IBM Turkish

IBM862

Cp862

PC Hebrew

IBM866

Cp866

MS-DOS Russian

ISO-8859-1

ISO8859_1

ISO-8859-1, Latin Alphabet No. 1

ISO-8859-2

ISO8859_2

Latin Alphabet No. 2

ISO-8859-4

ISO8859_4

Latin Alphabet No. 4

ISO-8859-5

ISO8859_5

Latin/Cyrillic Alphabet

ISO-8859-7

ISO8859_7

Latin/Greek Alphabet (ISO-8859-7:2003)

ISO-8859-9

ISO8859_9

Latin Alphabet No. 5

ISO-8859-13

ISO8859_13

Latin Alphabet No. 7

ISO-8859-15

ISO8859_15

Latin Alphabet No. 9

KOI8-R

KOI8_R

KOI8-R, Russian

KOI8-U

KOI8_U

KOI8-U, Ukrainian

US-ASCII

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

UTF-8

UTF8

Eight-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format

UTF-16

UTF-16

Sixteen-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, byte order identified by an optional byte-order mark

UTF-16BE

UnicodeBigUnmarked

Sixteen-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, big-endian byte order

UTF-16LE

UnicodeLittleUnmarked

Sixteen-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, little-endian byte order

UTF-32

UTF_32

32-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, byte order identified by an optional byte-order mark

UTF-32BE

UTF_32BE

32-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, big-endian byte order

UTF-32LE

UTF_32LE

32-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, little-endian byte order

x-UTF-32BE-BOM

UTF_32BE_BOM

32-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, big-endian byte order, with byte-order mark

x-UTF-32LE-BOM

UTF_32LE_BOM

32-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, little-endian byte order, with byte-order mark

windows-1250

Cp1250

Windows Eastern European

windows-1251

Cp1251

Windows Cyrillic

windows-1252

Cp1252

Windows Latin-1

windows-1253

Cp1253

Windows Greek

windows-1254

Cp1254

Windows Turkish

windows-1257

Cp1257

Windows Baltic

Not available

UnicodeBig

Sixteen-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, big-endian byte order, with byte-order mark

x-IBM737

Cp737

PC Greek

x-IBM874

Cp874

IBM Thai

x-UTF-16LE-BOM

UnicodeLittle

Sixteen-bit Unicode (or UCS) Transformation Format, little-endian byte order, with byte-order mark

 

Extended Encoding Set (contained in lib/charsets.jar)

Canonical Name for java.nio API

Canonical Name for java.io and java.lang API

Description

Big5

Big5

Big5, Traditional Chinese

Big5-HKSCS

Big5_HKSCS

Big5 with Hong Kong extensions, Traditional Chinese (incorporating 2001 revision)

EUC-JP

EUC_JP

JISX 0201, 0208 and 0212, EUC encoding Japanese

EUC-KR

EUC_KR

KS C 5601, EUC encoding, Korean

GB18030

GB18030

Simplified Chinese, PRC standard

GB2312

EUC_CN

GB2312, EUC encoding, Simplified Chinese

GBK

GBK

GBK, Simplified Chinese

IBM-Thai

Cp838

IBM Thailand extended SBCS

IBM01140

Cp1140

Variant of Cp037 with Euro character

IBM01141

Cp1141

Variant of Cp273 with Euro character

IBM01142

Cp1142

Variant of Cp277 with Euro character

IBM01143

Cp1143

Variant of Cp278 with Euro character

IBM01144

Cp1144

Variant of Cp280 with Euro character

IBM01145

Cp1145

Variant of Cp284 with Euro character

IBM01146

Cp1146

Variant of Cp285 with Euro character

IBM01147

Cp1147

Variant of Cp297 with Euro character

IBM01148

Cp1148

Variant of Cp500 with Euro character

IBM01149

Cp1149

Variant of Cp871 with Euro character

IBM037

Cp037

USA, Canada (Bilingual, French), Netherlands, Portugal, Brazil, Australia

IBM1026

Cp1026

IBM Latin-5, Turkey

IBM1047

Cp1047

Latin-1 character set for EBCDIC hosts

IBM273

Cp273

IBM Austria, Germany

IBM277

Cp277

IBM Denmark, Norway

IBM278

Cp278

IBM Finland, Sweden

IBM280

Cp280

IBM Italy

IBM284

Cp284

IBM Catalan/Spain, Spanish Latin America

IBM285

Cp285

IBM United Kingdom, Ireland

IBM297

Cp297

IBM France

IBM420

Cp420

IBM Arabic

IBM424

Cp424

IBM Hebrew

IBM500

Cp500

EBCDIC 500V1

IBM860

Cp860

MS-DOS Portuguese

IBM861

Cp861

MS-DOS Icelandic

IBM863

Cp863

MS-DOS Canadian French

IBM864

Cp864

PC Arabic

IBM865

Cp865

MS-DOS Nordic

IBM868

Cp868

MS-DOS Pakistan

IBM869

Cp869

IBM Modern Greek

IBM870

Cp870

IBM Multilingual Latin-2

IBM871

Cp871

IBM Iceland

IBM918

Cp918

IBM Pakistan (Urdu)

ISO-2022-CN

ISO2022CN

GB2312 and CNS11643 in ISO 2022 CN form, Simplified and Traditional Chinese (conversion to Unicode only)

ISO-2022-JP

ISO2022JP

JIS X 0201, 0208, in ISO 2022 form, Japanese

ISO-2022-KR

ISO2022KR

ISO 2022 KR, Korean

ISO-8859-3

ISO8859_3

Latin Alphabet No. 3

ISO-8859-6

ISO8859_6

Latin/Arabic Alphabet

ISO-8859-8

ISO8859_8

Latin/Hebrew Alphabet

JIS_X0201

JIS_X0201

JIS X 0201

JIS_X0212-1990

JIS_X0212-1990

JIS X 0212

Shift_JIS

SJIS

Shift-JIS, Japanese

TIS-620

TIS620

TIS620, Thai

windows-1255

Cp1255

Windows Hebrew

windows-1256

Cp1256

Windows Arabic

windows-1258

Cp1258

Windows Vietnamese

windows-31j

MS932

Windows Japanese

x-Big5_Solaris

Big5_Solaris

Big5 with seven additional Hanzi ideograph character mappings for the Solaris zh_TW.BIG5 locale

x-euc-jp-linux

EUC_JP_LINUX

JISX 0201, 0208, EUC encoding Japanese

x-EUC-TW

EUC_TW

CNS11643 (Plane 1-7,15), EUC encoding, Traditional Chinese

x-eucJP-Open

EUC_JP_Solaris

JISX 0201, 0208, 0212, EUC encoding Japanese

x-IBM1006

Cp1006

IBM AIX Pakistan (Urdu)

x-IBM1025

Cp1025

IBM Multilingual Cyrillic: Bulgaria, Bosnia, Herzegovinia, Macedonia (FYR)

x-IBM1046

Cp1046

IBM Arabic - Windows

x-IBM1097

Cp1097

IBM Iran (Farsi)/Persian

x-IBM1098

Cp1098

IBM Iran (Farsi)/Persian (PC)

x-IBM1112

Cp1112

IBM Latvia, Lithuania

x-IBM1122

Cp1122

IBM Estonia

x-IBM1123

Cp1123

IBM Ukraine

x-IBM1124

Cp1124

IBM AIX Ukraine

x-IBM1381

Cp1381

IBM OS/2, DOS People's Republic of China (PRC)

x-IBM1383

Cp1383

IBM AIX People's Republic of China (PRC)

x-IBM33722

Cp33722

IBM-eucJP - Japanese (superset of 5050)

x-IBM834

Cp834

IBM EBCDIC DBCS-only Korean

x-IBM856

Cp856

IBM Hebrew

x-IBM875

Cp875

IBM Greek

x-IBM921

Cp921

IBM Latvia, Lithuania (AIX, DOS)

x-IBM922

Cp922

IBM Estonia (AIX, DOS)

x-IBM930

Cp930

Japanese Katakana-Kanji mixed with 4370 UDC, superset of 5026

x-IBM933

Cp933

Korean Mixed with 1880 UDC, superset of 5029

x-IBM935

Cp935

Simplified Chinese Host mixed with 1880 UDC, superset of 5031

x-IBM937

Cp937

Traditional Chinese Host miexed with 6204 UDC, superset of 5033

x-IBM939

Cp939

Japanese Latin Kanji mixed with 4370 UDC, superset of 5035

x-IBM942

Cp942

IBM OS/2 Japanese, superset of Cp932

x-IBM942C

Cp942C

Variant of Cp942

x-IBM943

Cp943

IBM OS/2 Japanese, superset of Cp932 and Shift-JIS

x-IBM943C

Cp943C

Variant of Cp943

x-IBM948

Cp948

OS/2 Chinese (Taiwan) superset of 938

x-IBM949

Cp949

PC Korean

x-IBM949C

Cp949C

Variant of Cp949

x-IBM950

Cp950

PC Chinese (Hong Kong, Taiwan)

x-IBM964

Cp964

AIX Chinese (Taiwan)

x-IBM970

Cp970

AIX Korean

x-ISCII91

ISCII91

ISCII91 encoding of Indic scripts

x-ISO2022-CN-CNS

ISO2022_CN_CNS

CNS11643 in ISO 2022 CN form, Traditional Chinese (conversion from Unicode only)

x-ISO2022-CN-GB

ISO2022_CN_GB

GB2312 in ISO 2022 CN form, Simplified Chinese (conversion from Unicode only)

x-iso-8859-11

x-iso-8859-11

Latin/Thai Alphabet

x-JIS0208

x-JIS0208

JIS X 0208

x-JISAutoDetect

JISAutoDetect

Detects and converts from Shift-JIS, EUC-JP, ISO 2022 JP (conversion to Unicode only)

x-Johab

x-Johab

Korean, Johab character set

x-MacArabic

MacArabic

Macintosh Arabic

x-MacCentralEurope

MacCentralEurope

Macintosh Latin-2

x-MacCroatian

MacCroatian

Macintosh Croatian

x-MacCyrillic

MacCyrillic

Macintosh Cyrillic

x-MacDingbat

MacDingbat

Macintosh Dingbat

x-MacGreek

MacGreek

Macintosh Greek

x-MacHebrew

MacHebrew

Macintosh Hebrew

x-MacIceland

MacIceland

Macintosh Iceland

x-MacRoman

MacRoman

Macintosh Roman

x-MacRomania

MacRomania

Macintosh Romania

x-MacSymbol

MacSymbol

Macintosh Symbol

x-MacThai

MacThai

Macintosh Thai

x-MacTurkish

MacTurkish

Macintosh Turkish

x-MacUkraine

MacUkraine

Macintosh Ukraine

x-MS950-HKSCS

MS950_HKSCS

Windows Traditional Chinese with Hong Kong extensions

x-mswin-936

MS936

Windows Simplified Chinese

x-PCK

PCK

Solaris version of Shift_JIS

x-windows-50220

Cp50220

Windows Codepage 50220 (7-bit implementation)

x-windows-50221

Cp50221

Windows Codepage 50221 (7-bit implementation)

x-windows-874

MS874

Windows Thai

x-windows-949

MS949

Windows Korean

x-windows-950

MS950

Windows Traditional Chinese

x-windows-iso2022jp

x-windows-iso2022jp

Variant ISO-2022-JP (MS932 based)


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