Special Applet Attributes

Applets have default attributes associated with them. Special attributes like image and boxmessage can be associated with applets and used for customizing the applet window during downloading of an applet. JavaBeans component can also be customized using these special attributes. This section discusses the following :

Default Appearance of Applets

The default appearence of an Applet when no special attributes are used is as follows:

Special Attributes of Applets


The image attribute allows you to replace the default animation with a custom graphic. The format with the standard APPLET element is:

<APPLET ...>
<PARAM name="image" value="my_image.gif">

See Using OBJECT, EMBED and APPLET Tags in Java Plug-in for how this would be mapped to the OBJECT or the EMBED tags.

If a custom graphic is specified, it should be the same size as the area of the applet window. If these sizes do not match, the graphic will be placed in the upper left corner of the area specified for applet. If it is larger than the applet window, part of it will get chopped off. If it is smaller than the applet window, white, or whatever color is specified for boxbgcolor, will appear around it.

The image can be either a GIF or JPEG, and it should reside in the same directory where other resources for the applet reside; i.e., if the applet uses the codebase attribute, then this image should be in the codebase directory.

Note: The image file should not be in a packaged jar file with other applet resources, since the image needs to be displayed while downloading resources.

The status bar of the browser will display "Loading Java Applet ..." when the mouse is pointed at the applet window.


With the boxmessage attribute you can customize the text displayed in the status bar of the browser. This attribute will be in effect when image attribute is used. The format for using this with the standard APPLET element is:

<APPLET ...>
<PARAM name="boxmessage" value="<your custom message goes here>">

boxbgcolor, boxfgcolor

These attributes can be used to customize colors in the applet window.

These attributes will be in effect when the image attribute is used. Custom colors cannot be specified for the default appearance of the applet viewing area.

By default the applet window background color is white. The attribute boxbgcolor can be used to specify a different background color. The format for use with the standard APPLET element is:

<APPLET ...>
<PARAM name="boxbgcolor" value="<value>">

where <value> may be:

Examples of each item above: value="cyan", value="111,222,145", value="silver", value="#33FF33"

By default the applet window foreground color is black. The attribute boxfgcolor can be used to specify a different foreground color. The color values are the same as described above. The format for use with the standard APPLET element is:

<APPLET ...>
<PARAM name="boxfgcolor" value="<value>">


When the applet classloader needs to load a class or resource (for example, configuration files for pluggable service providers under the META-INF/services directory), it first searches for the required files in the applet JAR files and then from the applet codebase. Typically applets are deployed with all the needed classes and resources stored in the applet JAR files. In this case, the codebase lookup is unnecessary.

If the class or resource is not available from the applet JAR files, it may be better to have the classloader fail rather than attempt a codebase lookup. Otherwise, a connection has to be made to the applet codebase to search for the class or resource, and it may have performance impact on the applet runtime.

<APPLET ...>
<PARAM name="codebase_lookup" value="false">

Applet Attribute Precedence

The order of precedence for these attributes in applets is as follows:

1) If no parameters are provided, the default appearance described above is used.
2) If a custom graphic is specified via the image attribute, then the custom graphic will appear as described above under image.
3) If custom text is provided via the boxmessage attribute, then custom text will be displayed as described above under boxmessage.

With any combination of image and boxmessage attributes, custom colors can always be provided via the boxbgcolor and boxfgcolor attributes.

Troubleshooting Scenario

If an applet fails to load the following actions are performed:

The user can click in the applet window to get a popup menu to open one of the following options:


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